155,259 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,047 bibliographic items, 435,064 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Phylum Euglenozoa

Euglenozoa Cavalier-Smith, 1981: 468.

Source: Cavalier-Smith, T. (2016). Higher classification and phylogeny of Euglenozoa. European Journal of Protistology 56: 250–276, 2 figs.

Original publication: Cavalier-Smith, T. (1981). Eukaryote kingdoms: seven or nine?. Biosystems 14: 461-481.

Mitochondrial cristae narrow-necked flattened discs. Golgi cisternae stacked. Pellicle, but no cell wall. Two (or one) anterior cilia (cilium) with dense intraciliary rod and generally non-tubular mastigon- emes. Photosynthetic, phagotrophic, or saprotrophic. Plastids, if present, with three envelope membranes, stacked thylakoids, and chlorophyll b. Mitosis closed with endonuclear spindle; nucleolus persistent or dispersive. Lysine synthesis by AAA (Euglenida) or DAP (Kinetoplastida) pathways. Unicellular.

"Kingdom Euglenozoa: Distinguishing characters and constituent Phylum" consituted simultaenous description of Kingdom and Phylum." Valid under ICZN.

Nomenclatural notes:

Cavalier-Smith (2016: 255) notes "If botanists wish for historical reasons to treat photosynthetic euglenoids under the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants, that is not unreasonable provided that this policy is strictly limited to Euglenophyceae as circumscribed here (as it includes Rapazida, broader than Euglenophycidae of Busse and Preisfeld (2003) and compositionally equivalent Euglenophyceae sensu Marin et al. 2003). The botanical division/phylum name Euglenophyta Pascher, 1931 should not be applied to Euglenozoa or Euglenoida as a whole as it is profoundly misleading for either of these ancestrally phagotrophic, non-photosynthetic, non-algal protozoan taxa. I considered using Euglenidea, already in use decades ago (e.g. Fernández-Galiano 1990), as a ‘zoological’ tradition class name instead of Euglenophyceae, but settled on the latter as it should be more acceptable to both phycologists and protozoologists and thus promote future stability."

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Allison, F.R. & Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Euglenozoa: euglenoids, bondonoids, trypanosomes. In: New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume Three. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. (Gordon, D.P. Eds), pp. 70-79. Christchurch: Canterbury University Press.

Busse, I. & Preisfeld, A. (2003). Systematics of primary osmotrophic euglenids: a molecular approach to the phylogeny of Distigma and Astasia (Euglenozoa).. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53(2): 617-624.

Busse, I., Patterson, D.J. & Preisfeld, A. (2003). Phylogeny of phagotrophic euglenids (Euglenozoa): a molecular approach based on culture material and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 39: 828-836.

Cavalier-Smith, T. (2016). Higher classification and phylogeny of Euglenozoa. European Journal of Protistology 56: 250–276, 2 figs.

Hirose, E., Nozawa, A., Kumagai, A. & Kitamura, S. (2012). Azumiobodo hoyamushi gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Euglenozoa, Kinetoplastea, Neobodonida): a pathogenic kinetoplastid causing the soft tunic syndrome in ascidian aquaculture.. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 97: 227–235.

Preisfeld, A., Berger, S., Busse, I., Liller, S. & Ruppel, H.G. (2000). Phylogenetic analyses of various euglenoid taxa (Euglenozoa) based on 18S rDNA sequence data. Journal of Phycology 36: 220-226.

Sittenfeld, A., Vargas, M., Sánchez, E., Mora, M. & Serrano, A (2004). Una nueva especie de Euglena (Euglenozoa: Euglenales) aislada de ambientes extremófilos en las Pailas de Barro del Volcán Rincón de la Vieja, Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 52(1): 27-30.

Stutz, S. & Mattern, H. (eds), Helisch, H., Hennecke, M., King, L., Schütz, W. Schweikert, M. & Van de Vijver, B. (2018). Beiträge zu den Algen Baden-Württembergs. Band 2 Spezieller Teil: Euglenozoa und Heterokontobionta p.p.. pp. [1]-451, 382 figs. Remshalden: Verlag Manfred Hennecke.

Yamaguchi, A., Yubuk, N. & Leander, B.S. (2012). Morphostasis in a novel eukaryote illuminates the evolutionary transition from phagotrophy to phototrophy: description of Rapaza viridis n. gen. et sp. (Euglenozoa, Euglenida). BMC Evolutionary Biology 12(29): 1-16.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=117576

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 May 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:117576

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