155,248 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,041 bibliographic items, 435,057 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Superclass Dinoflagellata

Dinoflagellata Bütschli 1885.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abé, T.H. (1966). The armoured Dinoflagellata: I. Podolampidae. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 14(2): 129-154.

Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata. II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (B). Dinophysis and its allied genera. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 15(1): 37-78.

Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophisidae (A). Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 14(5): 369-385.

Abé, T.H. (1967). The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (C). -Ornithocercus, Histioneis, Amphisolenia and others. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 15(2): 79-116.

Abé, T.H. (1981). Studies on the family Peridiniidae. An unfinished monograph of the armoured Dinoflagellata. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. Special Publication Series 6: 1-411, 65 figs.

Balech, E. (1994). Contribución a la taxonomía y nomenclatura del género Protoperidinium (Dinoflagellata). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia", Hidrobiología 7(4): 61-80.

Balech, E. & Borgese, B. (1990). Diplopsalopsis latipeltata, una nueva especie de Dinoflagellata. Anal. Acad. Nac. Cs. Ex. Fís. Nat., Buenos Aires 42: 251-255.

Balech, E. (1962). Tintinnoinea y Dinoflagellata del Pacífico según material de las expediciones Norpac y Downwind del Instituto Scripps de Oceanografía. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Nueva Serie 7(1): 1-253, 26 pls.

Balech, E. (1963). La familia Podolampacea [sic] (Dinoflagellata). Boletin del Instituto de Biologia Marina, Mar del Plata 2: 1-32.

Balech, E. (1967). Palaeophalacroma Schiller, otro miembro de la Familia Cladopyxidae (Dinoflagellata). Neotropica (La Plata) 13(42): 105-112.

Balech, E. (1976). Some Norwegian Dinophysis species (Dinoflagellata). Sarsia 61: 75-94.

Balech, E. (1977). Cuatro especies de Gonyaulax sensu lato, y consideraciones sobre el género (Dinoflagellata). Rev. Mus. Arg. Cs. Nat. "B. Rivadavia", Hidrobiol. 5(6): 115-143.

Balech, E. (1979 '1978'). El género Pyrophacus Stein (Dinoflagellata). Physis Secciones A 38(94): 27-38.

Balech, E. (1979). El género Goniodoma Stein (Dinoflagellata). Lilloa 35(2): 97-109.

Balech, E. (1988 '1987'). Una especie nueva del género Fragilidium, (Dinoflagellata) de la bahía de Chamela, Jalisco, México. Anales del Instituto de Biología serie Zoología - Revistas UNAM 58: 479-486.

Balech, E. (1994). Three new species of the genus Alexandrium (Dinoflagellata). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 113(2): 216-220, 15 figs.

Balech, E. (1995). The genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata). pp. 1-151. Sherkin Island: Sherkin Island Marine Station.

Balech, E. (1999). Protoperidinium (Dinoflagellata) nuevos o interesantes de la Bahía de Manila (Filipinas). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Nueva Serie 1(2): 165-171.

Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellata. In: European register of marine species. A check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification (Patrimoines naturels Vol. 50). (Costello, M.T., Emblow, C.S. & White, R.G. Eds), pp. 47-53. Paris: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.

Chatton, É. (1952). Classes des Dinoflagellés ou Péridiniens (Dinoflagellata Bütschli, 1885 Peridinaea Ehrenberg, 1830 Peridiniales Schütt, 1896). In: Traité de Zoologie Anatomie, Systematique, Biologie Vol. 1 Phylogenie. Protozoaires: Généralités. Flagellés. Premier fascicule. (Grassé, P.-P. Eds), pp. 309-406. Paris: Masson et Cie Éditeurs.

Coats, D.W., Bachvaroff, T.R. & Delwiche, C.F. (2012). Revision of the family Duboscquellidae with description of Euduboscquella crenulata n. gen., n. sp. Dinoflagellata, Syndinea), an intracellular parasite of the ciliate Favella panamenensis Kofoid & Campbell, 1929. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59: 1-11.

Coats, D.W., Kim, S., Bachvaroff, T.R., Handy, S.M. & Delwiche, C.F. (2010). Tintinnophagus acutus n. g., n. sp. (Phylum Dinoflagellata), an ectoparasite of the ciliate Tintinnopsis cylindrica Daday 1887, and its relationship to Duboscquodinium collini Grassé 1952.. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 57: 468-482.

Cohen-Fernandez, E.J., Del Castillo, E.M., Ugarte, I.H.S. & Pedroche, F.F. (2006). Contribution of external morphology in solving a species complex: The case of Prorocentrum micans, Prorocentrum gracile and Prorocentrum sigmoides (Dinoflagellata) from the Mexican Pacific Coast. Phycological Research 54(4): 330-340.

Dürr, G. & Netzel, H. (1974). The fine structure of the cell surface in Gonyaulax polyedra (Dinoflagellata). Cell Tiss. Res. 150: 21-41.

Escalera, L., Italiano, A., Pistocchi, R., Montresor, M. & Zingone, A. (2018). Gonyaulax hyalina and Gonyaulax fragilis (Dinoflagellata), two names associated with 'mare sporco', indicate the same species. Phycologia 57(4): 453-464.

Esqueda-Lara, K., Parra-Toriz, D. & Hernández-Becerril, D.U. (2013). Morphology and taxonomy of Dinophysis species of the section Hastata (Dinoflagellata), including the description of Dinophysis conjuncta sp. nov., from the Mexican marine waters. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 93(5): 1187-1202, 83 fig., 2 tables.

Fay, S.A. & Weber, M.X. (2012). The occurrence of mixed infections of Symbiodinium (Dinoflagellata) within individual hosts (minireview). Journal of Phycology 48(6): 1306-1316.

Gómez, F. (2013). Morphology and distribution of Pronoctiluca (Dinoflagellata, incertae sedis) in the Pacific Ocean. Acta Oceanologia Sinica 32(4): 71-76.

Gómez, F. (2012). A quantitative review of the lifestyle, habitat and trophic diversity of dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata). Systematics and Biodiversity 10: 267-275.

Harris, T.M. (1940). A contribution to the knowledge of the British freshwater Dinoflagellata. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 152: 1-33.

Harris, T.M. (1940). A contribution to the knowledge of the British freshwater Dinoflagellata.. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 152: 4-33.

Javornicky, P. (1965). Unarmoured Dinoflagellata from two small Mazurian Lakes. Phycologia 5: 53-60.

Jung, J.-H., Choi, J.M., Coats, D.W. & Y.-O.Kim (2015). Euduboscquella costata n. sp. (Dinoflagellata, Syndinea), an intracelular parasite of the ciliate Schmidingerella arcuata: morphology, molecular phylogeny, life cycle, prevalence and infection intensity. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 63(1): 3-15, 6 fig., 2 tables.

Kim, S., Yoon, J. & Park, M.G. (2015). Obligate mixotrophy of the pigmented dinoflagellate Polykrikos lebourae (Dinophyceae, Dinoflagellata). Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 30(1): 35-47.

Kofoid, C.A (1911). Dinoflagellata of the San Diego Region, IV. The genus Gonyaulax with notes on the skeletal morphology. University of California Publications in Zoology 8(4): 187-287, pls 9-17.

Kofoid, C.A (1911). Dinoflagellata of the San Diego region, V. On Spiraulax, a new genus of the Peridinida. University of California Publications in Zoology 8(6): 295-300, pl. 19.

Kofoid, C.A. (1931). Report of the biological survey of Mutsu Bay. 18. Protozoan fauna of Mutsu Bay. Subclass Dinoflagellata; Tribe Gymnodinoidae. Scientific Reports of Tohoku University, Series 4 6: 1-43.

Kofoid, C.A. & Adamson, A. (1933). The Dinoflagellata: the family Heterodiniidae of the family Peridinioidae. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 54(1): 1-136, pls 1-22.

Kofoid, C.A. & Skogsberg, T. (1928). Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding. [No.] XXXV. The Dinoflagellata: the Dinophysoidae. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. 51: 1-766.

Kofoid, C.A. & Swezy, O. (1921). The free-living unarmored Dinoflagellata. Memoirs of the University of California 5: i-viii, 1-562.

Kofoid, C.A. (1906). Dinoflagellata of the San Diego region. I. On Heterodinium, a new genus of the Peridinidae. University of California Publications in Zoology 2: 341-368, 3 pls.

Kofoid, C.A. (1906). Dinoflagellata of the San Diego region. II. On Triposolenia, a new genus of the Dinophysidae. University of California Publications in Zoology 3(6): 93-116, pls 15-17.

Krakhmalny, A.F. & Zarei Darki, B. (2018). Protoperidinium hormusum sp. nov. (Dinoflagellata) from the Strait of Hormuz (Iran). International Journal on Algae 20(3): 231-238, 2 figs, 1 pl.

Krakhmalny, A.F. (2013). Novyy rod presnovodnykh dinoflagellyat Matvienkodinium (Matv.) Krachmalny genus novum (Dinophyta, Dinoflagellata). In: Actual Problems of Ecology. Materials of the Firth [Fourth] International Scientific Practical Conference. October 17-18. 2013. . (Anon. Eds), pp. 78-80. Karaganda: KarSU Publishing House.

Krakhmalnyi, A.F. (2015). Gymnodinium feofanium Krachm. sp. nov. (Dinophyta, Dinoflagellata). Algologia 25(2): 211-217, 2 fig.

Mclean, N. & Galt, C.P. (1990). Apodinium floodi n sp., a dinoflagellate (Dinoflagellata, Apodinidae) ectoparasitic on Oikopleura labradoriensis (Urochordata, Larvacea). Disease Aquat Org 9(3): 213-219.

McLean, N. & Nielsen, C. (1989). Oodinium jordani n. sp., a dinoflagellate (Dinoflagellata: Oodinida) ectoparasitic on Sagitta elegans (Chaetognatha). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 7: 61-66.

Mills, C.E. & Mclean, N. (1991). Ectoparasitism by a dinoflagellate (Dinoflagellata, Oodinidae) on 5-Ctenophores (Ctenophora) and a Hydromedusa (Cnidaria). Disease Aquat Org 10(3): 211-216.

Nie, D. & Wang, C.-C. (1941). Dinoflagellata of the Hainan Region, III. On Metadinophysis sinensis, a new genus and species of Dinophysidae. Sinensia 12: 217-226.

Nie, D. & Wang, C.-C. (1944). Dinoflagellata of the Hainan Region. VIII. On Sinophysis microcephalus, a new genus and species of Dinophysidae. Sinensia 15: 145-151.

Nie, D. (1943). Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. IV. On the genus Diplopsalis. Sinensia 14: 1-21.

Nie, D. (1945). Sinodiniidae, a new family of Peridiniida (Protozoa, Dinoflagellata). Trans. Amer. Microscop. Soc. 64: 196-202.

Okolodkov, Y.B. (2005). Protoperidinium Bergh (Dinoflagellata) in the southeastern Mexian Pacific Ocean: part I. Botanica Marina 48: 284-296.

Okolodkov, Y.B. (2003). Further observations on a hypothecal pore in the genus Protoperidinium Bergh (Dinoflagellata). Hidrobiológica 13(4): 263-269, 11 figs, 2 tables.

Pospelova, V. & Head, M.J. (2002). Islandinium brevispinosum sp. nov. (Dinoflagellata), a new organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst from modern estuarine sediments of New England (USA). Journal of Phycology 38: 593-601.

Potvin, É., Kim, S.-Y., Yang, E.J., Head, M.J., Kim, H.-C., Nam, S.-I., Yim, J.H. & Kang, S.-H. (2018). Islandinium minutum subsp. barbatum subsp. nov. (Dinoflagellata), a new organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst from the western Arctic: morphology, phylogenetic position based on SSU rDNA and LSU rDNA, and distribution. J. Eukaryotic Microbiology 65(6): 750-772, 11 fig., 2 tables.

Price, D.C. & Bhattacharya, D. (2017). Robust Dinoflagellata phylogeny inferred from public transcriptome databases (Note). Journal of Phylogeny 53(3): 725-729.

Riding, J.B. (2006 '2005'). Fostericysta Riding nom. nov. (Division Dinoflagellata). Taxon 54(4): 1091 only.

Saldarriaga, J.F., Leander, B.S., Taylor, F.J.R. & Keeling, P.J. (2003). Lessardia elongata gen. et sp. nov. (Dinoflagellata, Peridinales), Podolampaceae and the taxonomic position of the genus Roscoffia. Journal of Phycology 39: 368-378.

Schiller, J. (1928). Die planktischen Vegetationen des adriatischen Meeres. C. Dinoflagellata. 1 Teil. Adiniferidea, Dinophysidaceae. Archiv für Protistenkunde 61: 45-91.

Schiller, J. (1928). Die planktischen Vegetationen des adriatischen Meeres. C. Dinoflagellata. II Teil. Gymnodiniales. Archiv für Protistenkunde 62(1): 119-166, pl. 6.

Schütt, F. (1896). Peridiniales (Peridineae, Dinoflagellata, Cilioflagellata, arthrodele Flagellaten). Bacillariales (Diatomeae). In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien...I. Teil. Abt. 1b. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 1-153. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.

Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015.

Tillmann, U. & Hoppenrath, M. (2013). Life cycle of the pseudocolonial dinoflagellate Polykrikos kofoidii (Gymnodiniales, Dinoflagellata). Journal of Phycology 49(2): 298-317.

Whedon, W.F. & Kofoid, C.A. (1936). Dinoflagellata of the San Francisco region. I. On the skeletal morphology of two new species, Gonyaulax catenella and G. acatenella. University of California Publications in Zoology 41: 25-34.

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Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 May 2019.

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