152,938 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,947 images, 59,153 bibliographic items, 408,271 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Gigartinaceae

Gigartinaceae Bory, 1828: 149.

Source: Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Original publication: Bory de St. Vincent, J.B. (1828). Botanique, Cryptogamie. In: Voyage autour du monde, exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la corvette de Sa Majesté, la Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. (Duperrey, L.I. Eds), pp. 97-200. Paris: Bertrand.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Avila, M., Candia, A., Nunez, M. & Romo, H. (1999). Reproductive biology of Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Chile.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 149-157.

Barwell, C.J., Farnham, W.F. & Fletcher, R.L. (1982). The occurrence of hordenine in European members of the Phyllophoraceae and Gigartinaceae. British Phycological Journal 17: 229.

Bell, E.C. (1999). Applying flow tank measurements to the surf zone: predicting dislodgment of the Gigartinaceae. Phycological Research 47: 159-166.

Bellgrove, A. & Aoki, M.N. (2008). Variation in gametophyte dominance in populations of Chondrus verrucosus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 56(4): 246-254.

Bolton, J. J. & Joska, M. A. P. (1993). Population studies on a South African carrageenophyte : Iridaea capenis (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 191-195.

Bolton, J.J. & Joska, M.A.P. (1993). Population studies on a South African carrageenophyte: Iridaea capensis (gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 260/261: 191-195.

Bolton, J.J., Levitt,G.J. & Morley, T. (2003). Population biology and experimental harvesting of Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta) on the west coast of South Africa. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 151-158.

Bown, P., Plumb, J., Sánchez-Baracaldo, P., Hayes, P.K. & Brodie, J. (2003). Sequence heterogeneity of green (Chlorophyta) endophytic algae associated with a population of Chondrus crispus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 38(2): 153-164.

Braud, J.-P. & Amat, M. A. (1996). Chondrus crispus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) tank cultivation: optimizing carbon input by a fixed pH and use of a salt well. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 335-340.

Brodie, J., Masuda, M. & Guiry, M.D. (1994). Life history and photoperiodic responses in Chondrus giganteus forma flabellatus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Japan. European Journal of Phycology 29: 159-164, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Brodie, J., Masuda, M., Mine, I. & Guiry, M.D. (1997). Two morphologically similar biological species: Chondrus pinnulatus and C. armatus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 33: 682-698.

Candia, A. & Infante, R. (1988). Cultivation of Gracilaria verrucosa (Hudson) Papenfuss and Iridaea ciliata Kutzing (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae),"in vitro" : induced shedding and carpospore colonisation on different substrates.. Guyana. Bot 45((1-4)): 297-304.

Chen, L.C.-M. & McLachlan, J. (1979). Rhodoglossum affine (Harv.) Kylin (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) in culture. Syesis 12: 113-116.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Scammacca, B. & Alongi, G. (1996). Summer biomass of a population of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Antarctica. Hydrobiologia 326/327: 267-272, 4 figs, 1 table.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Scammacca, B. & Alongi, G. (1996). Summer biomass of a population of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Antarctica. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 267-272.

Dyck, L., De Wreede, R.E. & Garbary, D. (1985). Life history phases in Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae): relative abundance and distribution from British Columbia to California. Japanese Journal of Phycology 33: 225-232.

Edyvane, K.S. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1993). Morphology and taxonomy of Rhodoglossum gigartinoides (Sonder) comb. nov. (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Australia and New Zealand. Phycologia 32: 237-250, 27 figs.

Edyvane, K.S. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). Family Gigartinaceae Kützing 1843: 389. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Rhodophyta - Part IIIA. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 285-314. Canberra:

Edyvane, K.S. (1989). Taxonomy and reproductive biology of southern Australian representatives of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Doctor of Philosophy : 169.

Estevez, J.M., Ciancia, M. & Cerezo, A.S. (2002). Carrageenans biosynthesizes by carposporophytes of red seaweeds Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinaceae) and Gymnogongrus torulosus (Phyllophoraceae). Journal of Phycology 38: 344-350.

Falshaw, R. & Furneaux, R.H. (2009). Chemotaxonomy of New Zealand red algae in the family Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta) based on galactan structures from the tetrasporophyte life-stage. Carbohydrate Research 344(2): 210-216.

Fredericq, S., Brodie, J. & Hommersand, M.H. (1992). Developmental morphology of Chondrus crispus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 31: 542-563.

Gabrielson, P.W. (1989). On the identity of Iridaea punicea Postels & Ruprecht (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Taxon 38: 389-393.

Garbary, D.J. & DeWreede, R.E. (1987). Life history phases in natural populations of Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta): quantification using resorcinol. . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

García Tasende, M., Cid, M. & Fraga, M.I. (2012). Spatial and temporal variations of Chondrus crispus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) carrageenan content in natural populations from Galicia (NW Spain). J. Appl, Phycol. 24: 941-951.

Guiry, M.D. & Garbary, D.J. (1990). A preliminary phylogenetic analysis of the Phyllophoraceae, Gigartinaceae and Petrocelidaceae (Rhodophyta) in the North Atlantic and the North Pacific. In: Evolutionary Biogeography of the Marine Algae of the North Atlantic. (Garbary, D.J. & South, G.R. Eds), pp. 265-290. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Hansen, J. E. (1981). Studies on the population dynamics of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 336-341.

Hansen, J.E. & Doyle, W.T. (1976). Ecology and natural history of Iridaea cordata (Rhodophyta; Gigartinaceae): population structure. Journal of Phycology 12: 273-278, 4 figs.

Ho Kim, D. & Norris, R. E. (1981). Possible pathways in world distribution of the Gigartinaceae. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 377-382.

Hommersand, M., Fredericq, S. & Cabioch, J. (1992). Developmental morphology of Gigartina pistillata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 31: 300-325.

Hommersand, M.H., Fredericq, S. & Freshwater, D.W. (1994). Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) based on sequence analysis of rbcL. Botanica Marina 37: 193-203, 2 figs, 3 tables.

Hommersand, M.H., Fredericq, S., Freshwater, D.W. & Hughey, J. (1999). Recent developments in the systematics of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analysis and morphological evidence. Phycological Research 47: 139-152.

Hommersand, M.H., Guiry, M.D., Fredericq, S. & Leister, G.L. (1993). New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 105-120, 41 figs.

Hughey, J.R. & Hommersand, M.H. (2008). Morphological and molecular systematic study of Chondracanthus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Pacific North America. Phycologia 47: 124-155.

Hughey, J.R., Silva, P.C. & Hommersand, M.H. (2001). Solving taxonomic and nomenclatural problems in Pacific Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta) using DNA from type material. Journal of Phycology 37: 1091-1109.

Hughey, J.R., Silva, P.C. & Hommersand, M.H. (2002). ITS1 sequences of type specimens of Gigartina and Sarcothalia and their significance for the classification of South African Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 37: 209-216.

Kim, D.H. (1976 '1975'). A study of the development of cystocarps and tetrasporangial sori in Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). Nova Hedwigia 27: [i]-vi, 1-146, 237 figs, 6 tables, 1 map.

Kraft, G.T. (2003). The morphology of Ostiophyllum sonderopeltae gen. et sp. nov. (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from south-eastern Australia. Phycologia 42: 18-25.

Lazo, M.L., Greenwell, M. & McLachlan, J. (1989). Population structure of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) along the coast of Prince Edward Island, Canada: distribution of gametophytic and sporophytic fronds. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 126: 45-58.

May, G. (1986). Life history variations in a predominantly gametophytic population of Irideae cordata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyceae). Journal of Phycology 22: 448-455.

McCandless, E. L. & Gretz, M. R. (1984). Biochemical and immunochemical analysis of carrageenans of the Gigartinaceae and Phyllophoraceae. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 11: 175-186.

McCandless, E.L. & Gretz, M.R. (1983). Biochemical and immunochemical analysis of carrageenans of the Gigartinaceae and Phyllophoraceae. Hydrobiologia 116/117: 175-178.

McCandless, E.L., Craigie, J.S. & Hansen, J.E. (1975). Carrageenans of gametangial and tetrasporangial stages of Iridaea cordata (Gigartinaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 53: 2315-2318.

McCandless, E.L., West, J.A. & Guiry, M.D. (1983). Carrageenan patterns in the Gigartinaceae. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 11: 175-182.

Mikami, H. (1965). A systematic study of the Phyllophoraceae and Gigartinaceae from Japan and its vicinity. Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 5(2): 181-285.

Neill, K.F., Nelson, W.A., Falshaw, R. & Hurd, C.L. (2016). Clump structure, population structure and non-destructive biomass estimation of the New Zealand carrageenophyte Sarcothalia lanceata (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 59(5): 373-385.

Nelson, W.A., Leister, G.L. & Hommersand, M.H. (2011). Psilophycus alveatus gen. et comb. nov., a basal taxon in the Gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta) from New Zealand. Phycologia 50(3): 219-231.

Norris, R.E. & Kim, D.H. (1972). Development of thalli in some Gigartinaceae. pp. 265-279. Kobe, Japan: Japanese Society of Phycology.

Opazo, L.F. & Otaiza, R.D. (2007). Vertical distribution of spores of blade-forming Sarcothalia crispata (Gigartinaceae) and crustose corallines (Corallinaceae) in the water column . Botanica Marina 50(2): 97-105.

Pacheco-Ruiz, I., Cabello-Pasini, A., Zertuche-González, J.A., Murray, S., Espinoza-Avalos, J. & Dreyfuss-Leon, M.J. (2011). Carpospore and tetraspore release and survival in Chondracanthus squarrulosus (Rhodophyta: Gigartinaceae) from the Gulf of California. Botanica Marina 54(2): 127-134.

Pereira, L. & Mesquita, J.F. (2004). Population studies and carrageenan properties of Chondracanthus teedei var. lusitanicus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology 16: 369-383.

Santelices, B. & Martínz, E.A. (1997). Hierarchical analysis of reproductive potential in Mazzaella laminarioides (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 195-207, 12 figs.

Schmitz, F. & Hauptfleisch, P. (1897). Gigartinaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 352-366. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.

Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2005). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 7. Additions to the flora, including Chondracanthus saundersii sp. nov. (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae) based on rbcL sequence analysis. Phycologia 44: 72-83, 19 figs, 1 table.

Scrosati, R. & DeWreede, R.E. (1997). Dynamics of the biomass-density relationship and frond biomass inequality for Mazzaella cornucopiae (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta): implications for the understanding of frond interactions. Phycologia 36: 506-516, 6 figs, 2 tables.

Scrosati, R. & deWreede, R.E. (1998). The impact of frond crowing on frond bleaching in the clonal intertidal alga Mazzaella cornucopiae (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae) from British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Phycology 34: 228-232, 1 fig.

Scrosati, R. & DeWreede, R.E. (1999). Demographic models to simulate the stable ratio between ecologically similar gametophytes and tetrasporophytes in populations of the gigartinaceae (Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 47: 153-159.

Scrosati, R. & Mudge, B. (2004). Effects of elevation, wave exposure, and year on the proportion of gametophytes and tetrasporophytes in Mazzaella parksii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae) populations. Hydrobiologia 520: 199-205.

Scrosati, R. & Mudge, B. (2004). Persistence of gametophyte predominance in Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae) from Nova Scotia after 12 years. Hydrobiologia 519: 215-218.

Scrosati, R. (1996). The relationship between stand biomass and frond density in the clonal alga Mazzaella cornucopiae (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 259-265.

Scrosati, R. (1998). Population structure and dynamics of the clonal alga Mazzaella cornucopiae (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae) from Barkley Sound, Pacific coast of Canada. Botanica Marina 41: 483-493, 4 figs, 1 table.

Scrosati, R. (1999). Regeneration and reproduction of Mazzaella cornucopiae (Rhodophyta, Gigartinaceae) after frond harvesting. Journal of Applied Phycology 10: 531-537.

Shaughnessy, F.J. (1996). Identification and microgeographic distribution of Mazzaella splendens (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 999-1008.

Tasende, M.G. (2000). Fatty acid and sterol composition of gametophytes and sporophytes of Chondrus crispus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Sci. Mar. 64: 421-426.

Verlaque, M. & Latala, A. (1996). Sur une espèce Japonaise de Chondrus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) accidentellement introduite dans l'étang de Thau (France, Méditerranée. Cryptogamie, Algologie 17: 153-164, 16 figs, 1 table.

Vinogradova, K.L. (1995). [The new subspecies Mazzaella cornucopiae subsp. angusta (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Bering and Chukchi seas]. Bot. Zhurn. 80 {12}: 108-113, 5 fig. [in Russian]

Yang, M.Y., Macaya, E. C. & Kim, M.S. (2015). Molecular evidence for verifying the distribution of Chondracanthus chamissoi and C. teedei (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 58(2): 103-113.

Yermak, I.M., Barabanova, A.O., Glazunov, V.P. , Isakov, V.V., Hwan, K.Y. & Shin Kwang Soon, T.V. (2007). Carrageenans from cystocarpic and sterile plants of Chondrus pinnulatus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) collected from the Russian Pacific coast. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 135-142.

Yermak, I.M., Kim, Y.H., Titlyanov, E.A., Isakov, V.V. & Solov'eva, T.F. (1999). Chemical structure and gel properties of carrageenans from algae belonging to the Gigartinaceae and Tichocarpaceae, collected from the Russian Pacific coast. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 555-562.

Zamorano P., J. & Westermeier H., R. (1996). Phenology of Gigartina skottsbergii (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) in Ancud Bay, southern Chile. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 253-258.

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Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 September 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:147862

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