155,248 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,041 bibliographic items, 435,057 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Phylum Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria Stanier ex Cavalier-Smith 2002.


Also known as the Cyanophyta.


Syn: Cyanophyta

Taxonomic notes:

Thomazeae et al. (2011: 575) note that the most recent botanical classification of Cyanobacteria was based on multiple criteria (Hoffmann et al. 2005) and defines six orders (Chroococcales, Gloeobaterales, Nostocales, Oscillatoriales, Pseudanabaenales, and Synechococcales.They confirm the monophyly of Synechococcales, Chroococcales, Oscillatoriales, excluding a Phormidium-like lineage (P. murrayi, D, Fig. 2), and Nostocales, including this Phormidium-like lineage. They show that the Pseudanabaenales appeared as paraphyletic with three distinct lineages but note that Willame et al. (2006) showed that it is a monophyletic order.

Key References
Thomazeau, S., Houdan-Fourmont, A., Couté, A., Duval, C., Couloux, A., Rousseau, F. & Bernard, C. (2010). The contribution of sub-Saharan African strains to the phylogeny of cyanobacteria: focusing on the Nostacaceae (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 46(3): 564-579.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abdel-Hafez, S.I.I., Abo-Elyousr, K.A.M. & Abdel-Rahim, I.R. (2015). Fungicidal activity of extracellular products of cyanobacteria against Alternaria porri. European Journal of Phycology 50(2): 239-245.

Abed, R.M.M., Garcia-Pichel, F. & Hernández-Mariné (2002). Polyphasic characterization of benthic, moderately halophilic, moderately thermophilic cyanobacteria with very thin trichomes and the proposal of Halomicronema excentricum gen. nov., sp. nov. Archives of Microbiology 177: 361-370.

Abed, R.M.M., Golubic, S., Garcia-Pichel, F., Camoin, G.F. & Sprachta, S. (2003). Characterization of microbialite-forming cyanobacteria in a tropical lagoon: Tikehau Atoll, Tuamotu, French Polynesia. Journal of Phycology 39: 862-873.

Aboal, M., Asencio, A.D. & López-Jiménez, E. (2003). Morphological, ultrastructural and ecological study of Asterocapsa divina Komárek (Chroococcaceae, Cyanobacteria) from a cave of Southeastern Spain. Algological Studies 109 (Cyanobacterial Research 4): 57-65.

Adamec, F., Kaftan, D. & Nedbal, L. (2005). Stress-induced filament fragmentation of Calothrix elenkinii (Cyanobacteria) is facilitated by death of high-fluorescence cells. Journal of Phycology 41: 835-839.

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Alvarenga, D.O., Rigonato, J., Branco, L.H.Z., Melo, I.S. & Fiore, M.F. (2016). Phyllonema aviceniicola gen. nov., sp. nov. and Foliisarcina bertiogensis gen. nov., sp. nov., epiphyllic cyanobacteria associated with Avicennia schaueriana leaves. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 66: 689-700, 4 figs.

Alvarenga, L.V. de, Vieira Vaz, M.G.M., Genuário, D.B., Esteves-Ferreira, A.A., Almeida, A.V.M., Castro, N.V. de, Lizieri, C., Souza, J.J.L.L., Schaefer, C.E.G.R., Nunes-Nesi, A. & Araújo, W. L. (2018). Extending the ecological distribution of Desmonostoc genus: proposal of Desmonostoc salinum sp. nov., a novel Cyanobacteria from a saline-alkaline lake. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 68(9): 2770-2782, 6 fig., 1 table.

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Assis, G.F.P., Silva, S.P., Silva, L.F.S., Costa, R.L. & Fonseca, L.W., De-Lamonica-Freire, E.M., Figueireido, D.M., Teixeira-Oliveira, M. (). Inventory of cyanobacteria and microalgae cited for the National Park of the Chapada dos Guimarães (MT) and 80 new records from the region. Biota Neotropica 18(2 e20170399): 1-15.

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Azevedo, M.T.P. & SantAnna, C.L. (1999). Coelosphaerium evidenter-marginatum, a new planktic species of Cyanophyceae/Cyanobacteria from São Paulo State, Southeastern Brazil. Algological Studies 94: 35-43.

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Backhaus, D. (2010). Phormidium ingrediens sp. nova (Cyanobacteria, Oscillatoriales), a limestone-boring euendolithic inhabitant of flowing waters. Carolinea 68: 15-25.

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Barberousse, H., Tell, G., Yéprémian, C. & Couté, A. (2006). Diversity of algae and cyanobacteria growing on building facades in France. Algological Studies 120: 81-105.

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Barinova, S. & Kukhaleishvili, L. (2017). Diversity and ecology of algae and cyanobacteria in the Aragvi River, Georgia. Elixir Bio Sciences 104: 45934-45947.

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Barker, G.L.A., Konopka, A., Handley, B.A. & Hayes, P.K. (2000). Genetic variation in Aphanizomenon (Cyanobacteria) colonies from the Baltic Sea and North America. Journal of Phycology 36: 947-950.

Barone, R. (2004). Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan (Rhodophyta) E Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg (Cyanobacteria), due taxa algali tropicali identificati nelle acque costiere della Sicilia. Naturalista sicil., S. 4(28): 183-203.

Batley, J. & Hayes, P.K. (2003). Development of high throughput single nucleotide polymorphism genotypinc for the analysis of Nodularia (Cyanobacteria) population genetics. Journal of Phycology 39: 248-252.

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Becerra-Absalón, I., Johansen, J.R., Muñoz-Martín, M.A. & Montejano, G. (2018). Chroakolemma gen. nov. (Leptolyngbyaceae, Cyanobacteria) from soil biocrusts in the semi-desert Central Region of Mexico . Phytotaxa 367(3): 201-218, 4 fig., 3 tables.

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Dadheech, P.K., Abed, R.M.M., Mahmoud, H., Mohan, M.K. & Krienitz, L. (2012). Polyphasic characterization of cyanobacteria isolated from desert crusts, and the description of Desertifilum tharense gen. et sp. nov. (Oscillatoriales). Phycologia 51(3): 260-270.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 May 2019.

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