155,259 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,047 bibliographic items, 435,064 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Class Synurophyceae

Synurophyceae R.A.Andersen 1987.

Key References
Andersen, R.A. (1987). Synurophyceae classis nov., a new class of algae. American Journal of Botany 74: 337-353.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Andersen, R.A. (1989). The Synurophyceae and their relationship to other golden algae. Beiheft zur Nova Hedwigia 95: 1-26.

Andersen, R.A. (2007). Molecular systematics of the Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae. In: Unravelling the algae: the past, present, and future of algal systematics. The Systematics Association Special Volume Series, 75. (Brodie, J. & Lewis, J. Eds), pp. 285-313. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Ariztia, E.V., Andersen, R.A. & Sogin, M.L. (1991). A new phylogeny for chromophyte algae using 16S-like rRNA sequences from Mallomonas papillosa (Synurophyceae) and Tribonema aequale (Xanthophyceae). Journal of Phycology 27: 428-436.

Barreto, Sára (2002 "2001"). Three new Mallomonas species (Synurophyceae) from a mountain area in North-Hungary. Nordic J. Bot. 21(4): 437-447, 5 fig., 4 tables.

Beech, P.L. & Wetherbee, R. (1990). Direct observations on flagellar transformation in Mallomonas splendens (Synurophyceae). Journal of Phycology 26: 90-95, 18 figs.

Beech, P.L. & Wetherbee, R. (1990). Flagellar apparatus behaviour during cell division in Mallomonas splendens (Synurophyceae). British Phycological Journal 25: 84.

Beech, P.L. & Wetherbee, R. (1990). The flagellar apparatus of Mallomonas splendens (Synurophyceae) at interphase and its development during the cell cycle. Journal of Phycology 26: 95-111, 73 figs.

Beech, P.L., Wetherbee, R. & Pickett-Heaps, J.D. (1990). Secretion and deployment of bristles in Mallomonas splendens (Synurophyceae). Journal of Phycology 26: 112-122, 34 figs.

Calado, A. & Rino, J. (1994). Chlorodesmos hispidus, a morphological expression of Synura spinosa (Synurophyceae, Synuraceae). Nord. J. Bot. 14: 235-239.

Cumming, B.F., Smol, J.P. & Birks, H.J.B. (1992). Scaled chrysophytes (Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae) from Adirondack drainage lakes and their relationship to environmental variables. Journal of Phycology 28: 162-178, 4 figs, 8 tables.

Goldstein, M., McLachlan, J. & Moore, J. (2005). Morphology and reproduction of Synura lapponica (Synurophyceae). Phycologia 44: 566-571.

Graham, L.E., Graham, J.M. & Wujek, D.E. (1993). Ultrastructure of Chrysodidymus synuroideus (Synurophyceae). Journal of Phycology 29: 330 -341, 21 figs.

Gusev, E.S. (2012). A new species of the genus Mallomonas (Synurophyceae), Mallomonas spinosa sp. nov., from Vietnam. Phytotaxa 66: 1-5, 11 fig.

Ikävalko, J. & Thomsen, H.A. (1996). Scale-covered and loricate flagellates (Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae) from Baltic sea ice. Chrysophytes Progress and New Horizons 114: 147-160.

Ikävalko, J., Thomsen, H.A. & M. Carstens (1996). A preliminary study of NE Greenland shallow meltwater ponds with particular emphasis on loricate and scale-covered forms (Choanoflagellida, Chrysophyceae sensu lato, Synurophyceae, Heliozoea), including the descriptions of Epipyxis thamnoides sp. nov. and Pseudokephyrion poculiforme sp. nov. (Chrysophyceae). Arch. Protistenk. 147: 29-42, 40 fig., 2 tables.

Jo, B.Y., Kim, J.I., Škaloud, P., Siver, P.A. & Shin, W. (2016). Multigene phylogeny of Synura (Synurophyceae) and descriptions of four new species based on morphological and DNA evidence. European Journal of Phycology 51(4): 413-430, 25 fig., 3 tables.

Jo, B.Y., Shin, W., Boo, S.M., Kim, H.S. & Siver, P.A. (2011). Studies on ultrastructure and three-gene phylogeny of the genus Mallomonas (Synurophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 415-425.

Jo, B.Y., Shin, W., Kim, H.S., Siver, P.A. & Andersen, R.A. (2013). Phylogeny of the genus Mallomonas (Synurophyceae) and descriptions of five new species based on morphological evidence. Phycologia 52(3): 266-278.

Kim, H.S. & J.H. Kim (2008). Mallomonas koreana sp. nov. (Synurophyceae), a new species from South Korea. Nova Hedwigia 86(3/4): 468-476, 14 fig., 1 table.

Kim, H.S. (1995). Morphological notes on the scales and bristles of Mallomonas trummensis new to Korea and M. sp. (Mallomonadaceae, Synurophyceae). Korean Journal of Phycology 10(2): 77-80, 11 figs.

Kim, H.S. (1996). Silica-scales chrysophytes (Synurophyceae) in several reservoirs, swamps and a highland pond from Changnyong County, Korea. Algae 12(1): 1-10, 45 figs, 2 tables.

Kim, J.E. & H.S. Kim (2010). Mallomonas jejuensis sp. nov. (Synurophyceae) from Jeju Island, South Korea. Nordic Journal of Botany 28: 350-533, 10 fig.

Kristiansen, J. & Lind, J.F. (1995). On the taxonomic relation between Synura curtispina and S. favus (Synurophyceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 15: 443-448.

Kristiansen, J. & Preisig, H.R. (2007). Chrysophyte and Haptophyte algae. Part 2: Synurophyceae. In: Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe. (Büdel, B., Gärtner, G., Krienitz, L., Preisig, H.R. & Schagerl, M. Eds) Vol.1, pp. [i-v], vi [vi-vii], 1-252. Berlin & Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Kristiansen, J. & Vigna, M.S. (1994). Tubular scales in Synura and the possible origin of bristles in Mallomonas (Synurophyceae). Phycologia 33: 67-70, 11 figs.

Lavau, S., Saunders, G.W. & Wetherbee, R. (1997). A phylogenetic analysis of the Synurophyceae using molecular data and scale case morphology. Journal of Phycology 33: 135-151, 19 figs, 4 tables.

Leadbeater, B.S.C. (1990). Ultrastructure and assembly of the scale case in Synura (Synurophyceae Andersen). British Phycological Journal 25: 117-132, 21 figs, 1 table.

Menezes, M. (2010). Synurophyceae. In: Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil. Vol. 1. (Forzza, R.C. Eds), pp. 436-438. Rio de Janeiro: Andrea Jakobsson Estúdio; Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Nemcova, Y. (2010). Diversity and ecology of silica-scaled chrysophytes (Synurophyceae, Chrysophyceae) in the National Nature Monument Swamp and Brehynsky Pond, Czech Republic. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 229-243.

Nemcová, Y., Nováková, S. & Rezácová-Skaloudová, M. (2008). Synura obesa sp. nov. (Synurophyceae) and other silica-scaled chrysophytes from Abisko (Swedish Lapland). Nova Hedwigia 86: 243-254.

Neustupa, J. & Nemcova, Y. (2007). A geometric morphometric study of the variation in scales of Mallomonas sriata (Synurophyceae, Heterokontophyta). Phycologia 46: 123-130.

Neustupa, J. & Rezácová, M. (2007). The genus Mallomonas (Mallomonadales, Synurophyceae) in several Southeast Asian urban water bodies - the biogrographic implications. Nova Hedwigia 84: 249-259.

Nielsen, Y. (1994). Spiniferomonas abrupta, sp. nov. and some rare species of Synurophyceae and Chrysophyceae, not formerly recorded from Denmark. Nordic Journal of Botany 14(4): 473-480, 12 figs, 2 tables.

Pipes, L.D. & Leedale, G.F. (1992). Scale formation in Tessellaria volvocina (Synurophyceae). British Phycological Journal 27: 11-19, 13 figs.

Pipes, L.D., Leedale, G.F. & Tyler, P.A. (1991). Ultrastructure of Tessellaria volvocina (Synurophyceae). British Phycological Journal 26: 259-278, 39 figs, 1 table.

Rezácova, M. (2006). Mallomonas kalinae (Synurophyceae), a new species of alga from northern Bohemia, Czech Republic. Preslia 78: 353-358.

Saxby-Rouen, K.J., Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Reynolds, C.S. (1997). The growth response of Synura petersenii (Synurophyceae) to photon flux density, temperature, and pH. Phycologia 36: 233-243, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Saxby-Rouen, K.J., Leadbeater, B.S.C. & Reynolds, C.S. (1999 '1998'). The relationship between the growth of Synura petersenii (Synurophyceae) and components of the dissolved inorganic carbon system. Phycologia 37: 467-477, 3 figs, 5 tables.

Siver, P. & Wujek, D. (1993). Scaled Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae from Florida, IV. The flower of Lake Myakka and Lake Tarpon. Florida Sci. 56: 109-117.

Siver, P. & Wujek, D. (1999). Scaled Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae from Florida, U.S.A., VI. Preliminary observations on the flora from waterbodies in the Ocala National Forest. Nova Hedwigia 68: 75-92.

Siver, P. (1994). Mallomonas wujekii (Synurophyceae), a new species from Florida, U.S.A.. Nord. J. Bot. 14: 467-471.

Siver, P.A (2018). Mallomonas aperturae sp. nov. (Synurophyceae) reveals that the complex cell architecture observed on modern synurophytes was well established by the middle Eocene. Phycologia 57(3): 273-279.

Siver, P.A. & Hamer, J.S. (1992). Seasonal periodicity of Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae in a small New England lake: implications for paleolimnological research. Journal of Phycology 28: 186-198, 8 figs, 1 table.

Siver, P.A. & Lott, A.M. (2016). Descriptions of two new species of Synurophyceae from a bog in Newfoundland, Canada: Mallomonas baskettii sp. nov. and Synura kristiansenii sp. nov. Nova Hedwigia 102(3/4): 501-511, 3 fig., 1 table.

Siver, P.A. & Wolfe, A.P. (2016). Mallomonas elephanthus sp. nov. (Synurophyceae), an extinct fossil lineage bearing unique scales from the Eocene. Nova Hedwigia 103(1/2): 211-223, 5 fig.

Siver, P.A. (2001). Mallomonas nieringii sp. nov., a new species of Synurophyceae from a suite of ponds on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S.A.. Nordic Journal of Botany 21(2): 201-206, 6 figs. 1 table.

Siver, P.A. (2002). Two new taxa in the Section Papillosae of the genus Mallomonas (Synurophyceae) from the Ocala National Forest, Florida, USA. Nordic Journal of Botany 22: 123-128, 6 figs.

Siver, P.A. (2003). Mallomonas multiunca var. pocosinensis var. nov. (Synurophyceae) from freshwater localities along coastal sections of North Carolina, U.S.A.. Nova Hedwigia 76: 147-156.

Siver, P.A., Lott, A.M. & Wolfe, A.P. (2009). Taxonomic significance of asymmetrical helmet and lance bristles in the genus Mallomonas (Synurophyceae) and their discovery in Eocene lake sediments. European Journal of Phycology 44(4): 447-460.

Skaloud, P., Kynclová, A., Benada, O., Kofronová, O. & Skaloudová, M. (2012). Toward a revision of the genus Synura, section Petersenianae (Synurophyceae, Heterokontophyta): morphological characterization of six pseudo-cryptic species. Phycologia 51(3): 303-329.

Täuscher, L. (2012). Checklisten und Gefährdungsgrade der Algen des Landes Brandenburg II. Checklisten und Gefährdungsgrade der Chrysophyceae sensu lato (= Chrysophyceae sensu stricto, Phaeothamniophyceae et Synurophyceae), der Xanthophyceae/Tribophyceae und der Eustigmatophyceae. Verhandlungen des Botanischen Vereins von Berlin und Brandenburg 145: 219-233.

Voloshko, L.N. (2009). New taxa of the Genus Mallomonas (Chrysophyta, Synurophyceae) from Lakes of the Polar Urals. Bot. Zhurn. 94: 1068-1076.

Voloshko, L.N. (2012). A new species of the genus Mallomonas (Chrysophyta, Synurophyceae) from the Lakes in Vorkutinskaya tundra. Bot. Zhur. 97: 1226-1234.

Weatherill, K., Lambiris, I., Pickett-Heaps, J.D., Deane, J.A. & Beech, P.L. (2007). Plastic division in Mallomonas (Synurophyceae, heterokonta). Journal of Phycology 43(3): 535-541, 5 figs.

Wee, J., Booth, D. & Bossier, M. (1993). Synurophyceae from the southern Atlantic coastal plain of North America: a preliminary survey in Louisiana, U.S.A.. Nordic J. Bot. 13: 95-106.

Wee, J.L., Chesnick, J. & Cattolico, R.A. (1993). Note: Partial characterization of the chloroplast genome from the chromophytic alga Synura petersenii (Synurophyceae). Journal of Phycology 29: 96 -99, 1 fig, 1 table.

Wee, J.L., Millie, D.F. & Walton, S.P. (1991). A statistical characterization of growth among clones of Synura petersenii (Synurophyceae). Journal of Phycology 27: 570-575, 3 figs, 2 tables.

Wujek, D. & Siver, P. (1997). Studies on Florida Chrysohyceae (Paraphysomonadaceae) and Synurophyceae (Mallomonadaceae), V. The flora of north-central Florida. Florida Sci. 60: 21-27.

Wujek, D. (1999). Silica-scaled Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae (Chrysophyta) from Mississippi. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences 44: 160-166.

Wujek, D.E. & Saha, L.C. (1996). Scale-bearing Chrysophytes (Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae) from India. II. Nova Hedwigia 112: 367-377.

Wujek, D.E. (2013). Silica-scaled chrysophytes (Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae) from New Zealand freshwaters. II. Additions to the flora. Pacific Science 67(1): 113-118, 1 fig.

Wujek, D.E., Adesalu, T.A. & Nwankwo, D.I. (2004). Silica-scaled Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae (Chrysophyta) from Nigeria. II. Lake Lekki. Tropical Freshwater Biology 12/13: 99-103, 19 fig.

Wujek, D.E., Wright, E.M. & WIlliams, D.L. (2004). Mallomonas weei (Synurophyceae), a new species from North Carolina, U.S.A. Nordic Journal of Botany : 261-264, 10 figs.

Zhang, X., Inouye, I. & Chihara, M. (1990). An unusual short flagellum in Mallomonas guttata (Synurophyceae, Chrysophyta). Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 103(1): 97-101.

Zhang, X., Inouye, I. & Chihara, M. (1990). Taxonomy and ultrastructure of a freshwater scaly flagellate Mallomonas tonsurata var. etortisetifera var. nov. (Synurophyceae, Chromophyta). Phycologia 29(1): 65-73, 26 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 May 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4339

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