155,254 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,045 bibliographic items, 435,060 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Class Cryptophyceae

Cryptophyceae F.E.Fritsch in G.S.West & F.E.Fritsch, 1927: 23, 387.

Source: Silva, P.C. (1980). Names of classes and families of living algae: with special reference to their use in the Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Regnum Vegetabile 103: 1-156.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Adolf, J.E., Place, A.R., Stoecker, D.K. & Harding L.W. Jr. (2007). Modulation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in mixotrophic Karlodinium veneficum (Dinophyceae) and its prey, Storeatula major (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 43: 1259-1270.

Adolf, J.E., Stoecker, D.K. & Harding, Jr, L.W. (2003). Autotrophic growth and photoacclimation in Karlodinium micrum (Dinophyceae) and Storeatula major (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 1101-1108.

Alvárez Cobelas, M. (1984). Catálogo de las algas continentales españolas. II. Craspedophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Dinophyceae, Euglenophyceae, Haptophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Rhodophyceae, Xanthophyceae. Acta Bot. Malacitana 9: 27-40.

Álvarez Cobelas, M., Haering, F.G. & Zarco, J. (1989). Lista florística y bibliográfica de Criptofíceas (Cryptophyceae) y Dinoflagelados (Dinophyceae) continentales de España. .: Asociación Española de Limnología. Madrid.

Bartual, A., Lubián, L.M., Gálvez, J.A. & Niell, F.X. (2003). Effect of irradiance on growth, photosynthesis, pigment content and nutrient comsumption in dense cultures of Rhodomonas salina Wislouch (Cryptophyceae). Ciencias Marinas 28(4): 381-392.

Bicudo, C.E. de M. (1989). Validation of the generic name Protocryptomonas (Cryptophyceae: Cryptomonadaceae). Taxon 38(1): 82-83.

Bicudo, C.E.M. & Tell, G. (1988). Pseudocryptomonas, a new genus of Cryptophyceae from southern Brazil. Nova Hedwigia 46(3/4): 407-411, 11 fig.

Bicudo, C.E.M. (1966). Bjornbergiella, a new genus of Cryptophyceae from Hawaiian soil. Phycologia 5: 217-221, 14 figs.

Bicudo, C.E.M., Ferragut, C. & Massagardi, M.R. (2009). Cryptophyceae population dynamics in an oligo-mesotrophic reservoir (Ninféias pond) in São Paulo, southeast Brazil. Hoehnea 36(1): 99-111, 10 fig.

Brett, S.J. & Wetherbee, R. (1986). A comparitive study of periplast structure in Cryptomonas cryophila and C. ovata (Cryptophyceae). Protoplasma 131: 23-31.

Butcher, R.W. (1961). Taxonomy of the Cryptophyceae. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 103.

Butcher, R.W. (1967). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part IV: Cryptophyceae. Fisheries Investigations, London, series IV 1967: [i]-vi, [1]-54, 22 pls.

Castro, A.A.J. & Bicudo, C.E.M. (2007). Cryptophyceae. In: Bicudo, C.E.M. (Org.). Flora ficológica do estado de São Paulo. Vol. 11. São Carlos: RiMa Editora. 136 p., ilustr. ( Eds)

Castro, A.A.J., Bicudo, C.E.M. & Bicudo, D.C. (1992 '1991'). Criptógamos do Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga, São Paulo, SP. Algas 2: Cryptophyceae. Hoehnea 18: 87-105.

Choi, B., Son, M., Kim, J.I. & Shon, W. (2013). Taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae, Cryptophyta) from Korea. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 28(4): 307-330.

Cloern, J.E. (1977). Effects of light intensity and temperature on Cryptomonas ovata (Cryptophyceae) growth and nutrient uptake rates. Journal of Phycology 13: 389-395, 8 figs, 1 table.

Daugbjerg, N., Norlin, A. & Lovejoy, C. (2018). Baffinella frigidus gen. et sp. nov. (Baffinellaceae fam. nov., Cryptophyceae) from Baffin Bay: morphology, pigment profile, phylogeny, and growth rate response to three abiotic factors. Journal of Phycology 54(5): 665-680.

Deane, J.A., Hill, D.R.A., Brett, S.J. & McFadden, G.I. (1998). Hanusia phi gen. et sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae): characterization of 'Cryptomonas sp. F'. European Journal of Phycology 33: 149-154, 13 figs.

Dillard, G.E. (2007). Freshwater algae of the southeastern United States Part 8. Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Cryptophyceae and Dinophyceae. Bibliotheca Phycologica 112: [i-vi], 1-127, 22 pls.

Dodge, J.D. (1969). The ultrastructure of Chroomonas mesostigmatica Butcher (Cryptophyceae). Archiv für Mikrobiologie 69: 266-280.

Douglas, S.E. & Murphy, C.A. (1994). Structural, transcriptional, and phylogenetic analyses of the atpB gene cluster from the plastid of Cryptomonas F (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 30: 329-340, 7 figs.

Erata, M. & Chihara, M. (1989). Re-examination of Pyrenomonas and Rhodomonas (Class Cryptophyceae) through survey of red pigmented Cryptomonads. Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 102: 429-443.

Fields, S.D. & Rhodes, R.G. (1991). Ingestion and retention of Chroomonas spp. (Cryptophyceae) by Gymnodinium acidotum (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 27: 525-529, 8 figs, 1 table.

Fritsch, F.E. (1935). The structure and reproduction of the algae. Volume I. Introduction, Chlorophyceae. Xanthophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Dinophyceae, Chloromonineae, Euglenineae, Colourless Flagellata. pp. i-xvii, 1-791. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gantt, E. (1971). Micromorphology of the periplast of Chroomonas sp. (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 7: 177-184, 12 figs.

Greenwood, A.D., Griffiths, H.B. & Santore, U.J. (1977). Chloroplasts and cell compartments in Cryptophyceae. British Phycological Journal 12: 119.

Hager, A. & Stransky, H. (1970). The carotenoid pattern and the occurrence of the light induced xanthophyll cycle in various classes of algae V. A few members of Cryptophyceae, Euglenophyceae/Bacillariophyceae, Chrysophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 73: 77-89.

Hibberd, D.J., Greenwood, A.D. & Griffiths, H.B. (1971). Observations on the ultrastructure of the flagella and periplast in the Cryptophyceae. British Phycological Journal 6: 61-72, 20 figs.

Hill, D.R.A. & Rowan, K.S. (1989). The biliproteins of the Cryptophyceae. Phycologia 28: 455-463.

Hill, D.R.A. & Wetherbee, R. (1986). Proteomonas sulcata gen. et sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae), a cryptomonad with two morphologically distinct and alternating forms. Phycologia 25: 521-543.

Hill, D.R.A. & Wetherbee, R. (1988). The structure and taxonomy of Rhinomonas pauca gen et sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae). Phycologia 27: 355-365.

Hill, D.R.A. & Wetherbee, R. (1989). A reappraisal of the genus Rhodomonas (Cryptophyceae). Phycologia 28: 143-158.

Hill, D.R.A. & Wetherbee, R. (1990). Guillardia theta gen. et sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 1873-1876.

Hill, D.R.A. (1991). A revised circumscription of Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae) based on examination of Australian strains. Phycologia 30: 170-188, 40 figs, 2 tables.

Hoef-Emden, K. & Melkonian, M. (2003). Revision of the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae): a combination of molecular phylogeny and morphology provides insights into a long-hidden dimorphism. Protist 154: 371-409, 34 figs, 4 tables.

Hoef-Emden, K. (2007). Revision of the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae) II: incongruences between the classical morphospecies concept and molecular phylogeny in smaller pyrenoid-less cells. Phycologia 46(4): 402-428, 33 figs, 3 tables, 2 appendix.

Huber-Pestalozzi, G. & Fott, B. (1968). Das phytoplankton des Süsswassers. Cryptophyceae, Chloromonadophyceae, Dinophyceae. In: Die Binnengewässer. (Thienemann, A. Eds) Vol.16(3), pp. 1-322. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart'sche.

Ishimitsu, M. & Chihara, M. (1984). Four species of Cryptomonas (Class Cryptophyceae) in Japan. Japanese Journal of Botany 59: 161-169.

Javornicky, P. (2001). Freshwater Rhodomonas (Cryptophyceae). Algolgical Studies 102: 93-116, 6 pls.

Javornicky, P. (2003). Taxonomic notes on some freshwater planktonic Cryptophyceae based on light microscopy. Hydrobiologia 502: 271-283.

Javornicky, P. (2014). Light microscopical observations of the sigmoid species of the genus Cryptomonas Ehrenberg (Cryptophyceae) and their eventual pyrenoids. Acta Musei Silesiae Scientiarum Naturalium 62: 1-24, 61 figs.

Klaveness, D. (1985). Classical and modern criteria for determining species of Cryptophyceae. Bulletin of Plankton Society of Japan 32: 111-128.

Knapp, C.W., deNoyelles Jr, F., Graham, D.W. & Bergin, S. (2003). Physical and chemical conditions surrounding the diurnal vertical migration of Cryptomonas spp. (Cryptophyceae) in a seasonally stratified midwestern resevoir (USA). Journal of Phycology 39: 855-861.

Kristiansen, J. & A.Kristiansen (1999). A new species of Chroomonas (Cryptophyceae) living inside the submarine ikaite columns in the Ikkafjord, Southwest Greenland, with remarks on its ultrastructure and ecology. Nord. J. Bot. 19(6): 747-758, 21 fig., 1 table.

Lane, C.E. & Archibald, J.M. (2008). New marine members of the genus Hemiselmis (Cryptomonadales, Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 44: 439-450.

Lawrenz, E. & Richardson, T.L. (2017). Differential effects of changes in spectral irradiance on photoacclimation, primary productivity and growth in Rhodomonas salina (Cryptophyceae) and Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae) in simulated blackwater environments. Journal of Phycology 53(6): 1241-1254.

Laza-Martinez, A. (2012). Urgorri complanatus gen. et sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae), a red-tide-forming specis in brackish waters. Journal of Phycoogy 48(2): 423-435.

Laza-Martinez, A. Arluzea, J. Miguel I. & Orive, E. (2012). Morphological and molecular characterization of Teleaulax gracilis sp. nov. and T. minuta sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae). Phycologia 51(6): 649-661.

Lee, R.E. (1974). Mitosis in Cryptophyceae. Nature, London 247: 300.

Lee, R.E., Kugrens, P. & Mylnikov, A.P. (1991). Feeding apparatus of the colorless flagellate Katablepharis (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 27: 725-733, 23 figs.

Lee, R.E., Kugrens, P. & Mylnikov, A.P. (1992). The structure of the flagellar apparatus of two strains of Katablepharis (Cryptophyceae). British Phycological Journal 27: 369-380, 39 figs.

Lewitus, A.J., Caron, D.A. & Miller, K.R. (1991). Effects of light and glycerol on the organization of the photosynthetic apparatus in the facultative heterotroph Pyrenomonas salina (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 27: 578-587, 7 figs, 2 tables.

Lichtlé, C. & Dubacq, J.P. (1984). Lipid modifications related to encystment and excystment of Cryptomonas rufescens Skuja (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 20: 8-12, 3 figs, 5 tables.

Lucas, I.A.N. (1968). Three new species of the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae). British Phycological Bulletin 3: 535-541, 7 figs.

Lucas, I.A.N. (1970). Observations on the fine structure of the cryptophyceae. I. The genus Cryptomonas. Journal of Phycology 6: 30-38, 19 figs.

Lucas, I.A.N. (1970). Observations on the ultrastructure of representatives of the general Hemiselmis and Chroomonas (Cryptophyceae). British Phycological Journal 5: 29-37, 15 figs.

Lucas, I.A.N. (1982). Observations on the fine structure of the Cryptophyceae. II. The eyespot. British Phycological Journal 17: 13-19, 3 figs.

Menezes, M. & Bicudo, C.E.M. (2010). Cryptophyceae. In: Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil. Vol. 1. (Forzza, R.C. Eds), pp. 354-365. Rio de Janeiro: Andrea Jakobsson Estúdio; Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Metfies, K., Gescher, C., Frickenhaus, S., Niestroy, R. Wichels, A., Gerdts, G., Knefelkamp, B., Wiltshire, K. & Medlin, L. (2010). Contribution of the class Cryptophyceae to phytoplankton structure in the German Bight. Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1152-1160.

Meyer, S.R. & Pienaar, R.N. (1984). Mitosis and cytokinesis in Chroomonas africana Meyer & Pienaar (Cryptophyceae). South African Journal of Botany 3: 320-330.

Meyer, S.R. & Pienaar, R.N. (1984). The microanatomy of Chroomonas africana sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae). South African Journal of Botany 3: 306-319.

Morgan, K.C. & Kalff, J. (1979). Effect of light and temperature interactions on growth of Cryptomonas erosa (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 15: 127-134.

Morrall, S. & Greenwood, A.D. (1980). A comparison of the periodic substructure of the trichocysts of the Cryptophyceae and Prasinophyceae. BioSystems 12: 71-83.

Nam, S.W. & Shin, W. (2016). Ultrastructure of the flagellar apparatus in cryptomorphic Cryptomonas curvata (Cryptophyceae) with an emphasis on taxonomic and phylogenetic implications. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 31(2): 117-128.

Novarino, G. & Lucas, I.A.N. (1993). A comparison of some morphological characters in Chroomonas ligulata sp. nov. and C. placoidea sp. nov. (Cryptophyceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 13: 583-591.

Novarino, G. & Lucas, I.A.N. (1993). Some proposals for a new classification system of the Cryptophyceae. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 111: 3-21.

Novarino, G. (1991). Observations on Rhinomonas reticulata comb. nov. and Rhinomonas reticulata var. eleniana var. nov. (Cryptophyceae), with comments on the genera Pyrenomonas and Rhodomonas. Nordic Journal of Botany 11: 243-252.

Novarino, G. (1991). Observations on some new and interesting Cryptophyceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 11: 599-611.

Novarino, G. (2005). Nanoplankton protists from the wstern Mediterranean Sea. II. Cryptomonads (Cryptophyceae = Cryptomonadea). Scientia Marina 69(1): 47-74, 14 figs.

Novarino, G., Lucas, I.A.N. & Morrall, S. (1994). Observations on the genus Plagioselmis (Cryptophyceae). Cryptogamie, Algologie 15: 87-107.

Oakley, B.R. & Bisalputra, T. (1977). Mitosis and cell division in Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 55: 2789-2800.

Oakley, B.R. & Dodge, J.D. (1973). Mitosis in the Cryptophyceae. Nature, London 244: 521-522.

Oakley, B.R. (1978). Mitotic spindle formation in Cryptomonas and Chroomonas (Cryptophyceae). Protoplasma 95: 333-346.

Paulsen, B.S., Vieira, A.A.H. & Klaveness, D. (1992). Note: Structure of extracellular polysaccharides produced by a soil Cryptomonas sp. (Cryptophyceae). Journal of Phycology 28: 61-63, 2 tables.

Pennington, F.C., Haxo, F.T., Borch, G. & Liaaen-Jensen, S. (1985). Carotenoids of Cryptophyceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 13: 215-219.

Pringsheim, E.G. (1944). Some aspects of taxonomy in the Cryptophyceae. New Phytologist 43(2): 143-150.

Roberts, K.R., Stewart, K.D. & Mattox, K.R. (1981). The flagellar apparatus of Chilomonas paramecium (Cryptophyceae) and its comparison with certain zooflagellates. Journal of Phycology 17: 159-167, 23 figs.

Santore, U.J. (1977). Scanning electron microscopy and comparative micromorphology of the periplast of Hemiselmis rufescens, Chroomonas sp., Chroomonas salina and members of the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae). British Phycological Journal 12: 255-270, 23 figs.

Santore, U.J. (1978). Light- and electron-microscopic observations of the palmelloid phase in members of the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae). Archiv für Protistenkunde 120: 420-435.

Santore, U.J. (1982). The ultrastructure of Hemiselmis brunnescens and Hemiselmis virescens with additional observations on Hemiselmis rufescens and comments on the Hemiselmidaceae as a natural group of the Cryptophyceae. British Phycological Journal 17: 81-99, 17 figs.

Santore, U.J. (1983). Flagellar and body scales in the Cryptophyceae. British Phycological Journal 18: 239-248, 6 figs.

Santore, U.J. (1984). Some aspects of taxonomy in the Cryptophyceae. New Phytologist 98: 627-646.

Santore, U.J. (1985). A cytological survey of the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae) with comments on its taxonomy. Archiv für Protistenkunde 130: 1-52.

Santore, U.J. (1986). The ultrastructure of Pyrenomonas heteromorpha comb. nov. (Cryptophyceae). Botanica Marina 29: 75-82.

Schnepf, E. & Melkonian, M. (1990). Bacteriophage-like particles in endocytic bacteria of Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae). Phycologia 29: 338-343, 16 figs.

Starmach, K. (1974). Cryptophyceae-Kryptofity. Dinophyceae-Dinofity. Raphidophyceae-Rafidofity. In: Flora slodkowodna Polski. Tom 4. (Starmach, K. & Sieminska, J. Eds), pp. 520. Warszawa, Kraków: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Thakur, M. & Godward, M.B.E. (1965). The cytology of members of the Cryptophyceae. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 518.

Thinh, L.-V. (1983). Effect of irradiance on the physiology and ultrastructure of the marine cryptomonad, Cryptomonas strain Lis (Cryptophyceae). Phycologia 22: 7-11, 3 figs, 1 table.

Täuscher, L. (2013). Checklisten und Gefährdungsgrade der Algen des Landes Brandenburg III. Checklisten und Gefährdungsgrade der Raphidophyceae/ Chloromonadophyceae, Haptophyta (Haptophyceae/ Prymnesiophyceae), Cryptophyta (Cryptophyceae),Dinophyta (Dinophyceae) und Euglenophyta (Euglenophyceae). Verh. Bot. Ver. Berlin Brandenburg 146: 109-128.

Ward, B. & Bowen, M. (1979). Cytokinesis in Cryptomonas ovata (Cryptophyceae). Protoplasma 98: 275-277.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 May 2019.

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