155,254 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,045 bibliographic items, 435,060 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Class Cyanophyceae

Cyanophyceae Schaffner, 1909: 446.

Source: Silva, P.C. (1980). Names of classes and families of living algae: with special reference to their use in the Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Regnum Vegetabile 103: 1-156.

Key References
Thomazeau, S., Houdan-Fourmont, A., Couté, A., Duval, C., Couloux, A., Rousseau, F. & Bernard, C. (2010). The contribution of sub-Saharan African strains to the phylogeny of cyanobacteria: focusing on the Nostacaceae (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 46(3): 564-579.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aboal, M. & Fletcher, L. (1996). Structure and ecology of Placoma vesiculosum (Entophysalidaceae, Cyanophyceae) from a southeastern Spanish saltwater torrent. Phycologia 35: 537-541, 10 figs, 2 tables.

Aboal, M. (1988). Aportación al conocimiento de las algas epicontinentales del Sudeste de España. III. Cianofíceas (Cyanophyceae Schaffner 1909). Anales Jardín Botánico de Madrid 45(1): 3-46.

Aboal, M., Cristobal, J.C. & Marín-Murcia, J.P. (2010). Sobre la presencia de Nostoc commune var. flagelliforme (Nostocaceae, Cyanophyceae) en suelos arcillosos de regiones áridas del Sureste español. Acta Botanica Malacitana 35: 156-161.

Ahlgren, G. & Hyenstrand, P. (2003). Nitrogen limitation effects of different nitrogen sources on nutritional quality of two freshwater organisms, Scenedesmus quadricauda (Chlorophyceae) and Synechococcus sp. (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 906-917.

Alfinito, S. (2011). A check list of the freshwater algal flora of Sierra Leone, Tropical West Africa. I. Cyanophyceae to Conjugatophyceae (exclusive of Bacillariophyceae). Biodiversity Journal 2(3): 121-144.

Alvarez-Cobelas, M. & Gallardo, T. (1988). Catálogo de las algas continentales españolas V. Cyanophyceae Schaffner 1909. Acta Botanica Malacitana 13: 53-76.

Anagnostidis, K. & Pantazidou, A. (1988). Hyella kalligrammos sp. nov., Hyella maxima (Geitl.) comb. nov., and other freshwater morphotypes of the genus Hyella Born. et Flah. (Chroococcales, Cyanophyceae). Algological Studies/Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement Volumes 50-53: 227-247.

Andreis, C. (1975). A survey of different types of vacuoles in the Cyanophyceae. Giornale Botanico Italiano 109: 193-204.

Asencio, A.D. & Aboal, M. (2003). The presence of Arthronema africanum (Cyanophyceae/Cyanobacteria, Oscillatoriales) in Almería desert, SE Spain, with implications on its biogeographical distribution. Algological Studies 108 (Cyanobacterial Research 3): 7-14.

Azevedo, M.T. de P., Nogueira, N.M.C. & Sant'Anna, C.L. (1996). Criptógamos do Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga, São Paulo, SP. Algas, 8 : Cyanophyceae. Hoehnea 23(1): 1-38, 158 fig.

Azevedo, M.T.P. & SantAnna, C.L. (1999). Coelosphaerium evidenter-marginatum, a new planktic species of Cyanophyceae/Cyanobacteria from São Paulo State, Southeastern Brazil. Algological Studies 94: 35-43.

Azevedo, M.T.P. & Sant'Anna, C.L. (1993). New taxa of Oscillatoriaceae (Cyanophyceae) from São Paulo State, Brazil. Cryptogamic Botany 3(2/3): 207-212, 26 figs., 5 tables.

Azevedo, M.T.P. & Sant'Anna, C.L. (1994). Cyanostylon gelatinosus, a new species (Chroococcaceae, Cyanophyceae) from Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Arch. Hydrobiol./Algolog. Stud. 75: 75-78.

Azevedo, M.T.P. & Sant'Anna, C.L. (1994). Hormothece geitleriana: A new edaphic chroococcal Cyanophyceae from Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Arch. Hydrobiol./Algolog. Stud. 75: 75-78.

Azevedo, M.T.P., de Souza, C.A., Rosado, T., Huszar, V. & Roland, F. (2003). Limnothrix bicudoi, a new species of Cyanophyceae/Cyanobacteria from southeast of Brazil. Algological Studies 109: 93-102, 23 figs, 2 tables.

Azevedo, M.T.P., Souza, C.A. & Menezes, M. (1999). Synechococcaceae (Cyanophyceae/ Cyanobacteria) from a tropical brackish water lagoon, Brazil. Algological Studies 94: 45-61.

Bailey-Watts, A.E. & Komárek, J. (1991). Towards a formal description of a new species of Synechococcus (Cyanobacteria/Cyanophyceae) from the freshwater picoplankton. Arch. Hydrobiol./Algolog. Stud. 61: 5-19.

Baileywatts, A.E. & Komarek, J. (1991). Towards a formal description of a new species of Synechococcus (Cyanobacteria Cyanophyceae) from the freshwater picoplankton. Arch Hydrobiol (S88): 5-19.

Barriga, A., Gomez, P.I., Gonzalez, M.A. & Montoya, R. (2006). Analyses of rhibsomal sequences and biotechnological potential as sourcves of C-phycocyanin in one Chilean strain of Spirulina and two foreign strains of Arthrospira (Cyanophyceae). Cryptogamie, Algologie 27: 185-198, 5 figs.

Baurain, D., Renquin, L., Grubisic, S., Scheldeman, P., Belay, A. & Wilmotte, A. (2002). Remarkable conservation of internally transcribed spacer sequences of Arthrospira ("Spirulina") (Cyanophyceae, Cyanobacteria) strains from four continents and of recent and 30-year-old dried samples from Africa. Journal of Phycology 38(2): 384-393.

Ben-Porath, J., Carpenter, E.J. & Zehr, J.P. (1993). Note: Genotypic relationships in Trichodesmium (Cyanophyceae) based on nifH sequence comparisons. Journal of Phycology 29: 806 -810, 1 fig.

Bicudo, C.E.M. & Martau, L. (1974). Catálogo das algas de águas continentais do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: II - Charophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Rhodophyceae e Xanthophyceae. Iheringia Serie Botanica 19: 31-40.

Bicudo, C.E.M. & Senna, P.A.C (1977). Morphological variation in Oscillatoria (Cyanophyceae) in the field and its taxonomical implications. Arch. Hydrobiol. / Suppl. 51. Algological Studies 18: 25-32, 14 fig.

Bird, C.J. & McLachlan, J. (1977). Investigations of the marine algae of Nova Scotia: XIII. Cyanophyceae. Proc. N. S. Acad. Sci. 28: 65-86.

Bittencourt-Oliveira, M. do C., de Oliveira, M.C. & Bolch, C.J.S. (2001). Genetic variability of Brazilian strains of the Microcystis aeruginosa complex (Cyanobacteria/Cyanophyceae) using the phycocyanin intergenic spacer and flanking regions (cpcBA). Journal of Phycology 37: 810-818.

Blair, S.M. & Meyer, M.C. (1986). Productivity of Microcoleus lyngbyaceus (Cyanophyceae; Oscillatoriceae) in various light and temperature conditions. Botanica Marina 29: 297-287.

Boyer, S.L., Johansen, J.R., Flechtner, V.R. & Howard, G.L. (2002). Phylogeny and genetic variance in terrestrial Microcoleus (Cyanophyceae) species based on sequence analysis of the 16s rRNA gene and associated 16S-23S ITS region. Journal of Phycology 38: 1222-1235.

Branco, L.H.Z.; Necchi, O.Jr. & Branco C.C.Z. (1999). Cyanophyceae from Iotic ecosystems of Sao Paulo State, southeastern Brasil. Arch. Hydrobiol./Algological Studies 94: 63-87.

Brock, T.D. (1975). Effect of water potential on a Microcoleus (Cyanophyceae) from a desert crust. Journal of Phycology 1: 316-320.

Brunberg, A.-K. & Blomqvist, P. (2003). Recruitment of Microcystis (Cyanophyceae) from lake sediments: the importance of littoral inocula. Journal of Phycology 39: 58-63.

Burnham, J.C. & Sun, D. (1977). Electron microscope observations on the interaction of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus with Phormidium luridum and Synechococcus sp. (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 13: 203-208, 13 figs.

Büdel, B. & Henssen, A. (1983). Chroococcidiopsis (Cyanophyceae), a phycobiont in the lichen family Lichinaceae. Phycologia 22: 367-375, 31 figs.

Calvo, S. & Barbara, I. (2003). Cyanophyceae from Galician salt-marshes (NW Spain). In: . ( Eds) Vol.109, pp. 139-170.

Cannon, R.E., Shane, M.S. & Whitaker, J.M. (1976). Interaction of Plectonema boryanum (Cyanophyceae) and the LPP-cyanophages in continuous culture. Journal of Phycology 12: 418-421, 4 figs.

Carlton, R.G. & Paerl, H.W. (1989). Oxygen-induced changes in morphology of aggregates of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (Cyanophyceae): implications for nitrogen fixation potentials. Journal of Phycology 25: 326-333.

Carvalho, J.C.M., Francisco, F.R., Almeida, K.A., Sato, S. & Converti, A. (2004). Cultivation of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis (Cyanophyceae) by fed-batch addition of ammonium chloride at exponentially increasing feeding rates . Journal of Phycology 40: 589-597.

Chaloub, R.M., Magalhães, C.C.P. and dos Santos, C.P. (2005). Early toxic effects of zinc on PSII of Synechocystis aquatilis f. aquatilis (Cyanophyceae) . Journal of Phycology 41: 1162-1168.

Cheng, H., Dai, G., Yu, L., Zhong, X., Juneau, P. & Qui, B. (2008). Influence of CO2 concentrating mechanism on photoinhibition in Synechococcus sp. PCC7942 (Cyanophyceae). Phycologia 47: 588-598.

Cmiech, H.A. & Leedale, G.F. (1987). Morphological and ultrastructural variability of planktonic Cyanophyceae in relation to seasonal periodicity III. Gomphosphaeria naegeliana. British Phycological Journal 22: 339-343.

Cmiech, H.A., Leedale, G.F. & Reynolds, C.S. (1984). Morphological and ultrastructural variability of planktonic Cyanophyceae in relation to seasonal periodicity I. Gloeotrichia echinulata: vegetative cells, polarity, heterocysts, akinetes. British Phycological Journal 19: 259-275, 45 figs.

Cmiech, H.A., Leedale, G.F. & Reynolds, C.S. (1986). Morphological and ultrastructural variability of planktonic cyanophyceae in relation to seasonal periodicity II. Anabaena solitaria: vegetative cells, heterocysts, akinetes. British Phycological Journal 21: 81-92.

Cmiech, H.A., Leedale, G.F. & Reynolds, C.S. (1988). Morphological and ultrastructural variability of planktonic Cyanophyceae in relation to seasonal periodicity. IV. Aphanizomenon flos-aquae: vegetatice cells, heterocysts, akinetes. British Phycological Journal 23: 239-250.

Cmiech, H.A., Reynolds, C.S. & Leedale, G.F. (1984). Seasonal periodicity, heterocyst differentiation and sporulation of planktonic Cyanophyceae in a shallow lake, with special reference to Anabaena solitaria. British Phycological Journal 19: 245-257.

Collins, C.D. & Boylen, C.W. (1982). Physiological responses of Anabaena variabilis (Cyanophyceae) to instantaneous exposure to various combinations of light intensity and temperature. Journal of Phycology 18: 206-211, 8 figs, 1 table.

Cordero, P.A., Jr (1976). The marine algae of Batan Island, Northern Philippines, I: Cyanophyceae and Phaeophyceae. Fisheries Research Journal of the Philippines 1(2): 3-29, Figs. A-O.

Couté, A., Leitao, M. & Sarmento, H. (2004). Cylindrospermopsis sinuosa spec. nova (Cyanophyceae, Nostocales), une nuovelle espece du sud-ouest de la France. Algological Studies 111: 1-15.

Couté, A., Tell, G. & Thérézein, Y. (1999). Cyanophyceae (Cyanobacteria) aérophiles de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Cryptogamie: Algologie 20(4): 301-344, 101 figs.

Couté, Al. & Bouvy, M. (2004). A new species of the genus Cylindrospermopsis, C. acuminato-crispa spec. nova (Cyanophyceae, Nostocales) from Ingazeira reservoir, Northeast Brazil. Algological Studies 113: 57-72.

Craig, S.R. & Budd, K. (1979). Chloride uptake by Anacystis nidulans (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 15: 300-304, 3 figs, 3 tables.

Crow, W.B. (1927). Crinalium, a new genus of Cyanophyceae, and its bearing on the morphology of the group. Annals of Botany 41: 161-166.

Curren, E., & Leong, S.C.Y. (2018). Lyngbya regalis sp. nov. (Oscillatoriales, Cyanophyceae), a new tropical marine cyanobacterium. Phytotaxa 367(2): 120-132, 4 fig., 5 tables.

de Magalhaes, C.C.P., Cardoso, D., dos Santos, C.P. & Chaloub, R.M. (2004). Physiological and photosynthetic responses of Synechocystis aquatilis f. aquatilis (Cyanophyceae) to elevated levels of zinc. Journal of Phycology 40: 496-504.

de Nobel, W.T., Snoep, J.L., Westerhoff, H.V. & Mur, L.R. (1997). Interaction of nitrogen fixation and phosphorus limitation in Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 33: 794-799, 4 figs, 2 tables.

De Vecchi, L. & Caiola, M.G. (1986). An ultrastructural and cytochemical study of Anabaena sp. (Cyanophyceae) envelopes. Phycologia 25: 415-422.

Diannelidis, T. (1953). Contribution à la connaissance des algues marines des Sporades du Nord (Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Rhodophyceae). Prak. Hellenic Hydrobiol. Inst. 6: 41-84.

Elder, R.G. & Parker, M. (1984). Growth response of a nitrogen fixer (Anabaena flos-aquae, Cyanophyceae) to low nitrate. Journal of Phycology 20: 296-301.

Elenkin, A.A. (1935). Ob osnovnykh printsipakh sistemy Cyanophyceae (razrabotannoj mnoyu v monografii sinezelenykh vodoroslej SSSR, v svyazi s kriticheskimi primechaniyami k sisteme Geitler'a 1925 i 1932 gg). Sovetskaya Botanika 1934(5): 51-83.

Elenkin, A.A. (1938). Sinezelenyye vodorosli SSSR. Monografiya presnovodnykh i nazemnykh Cyanophyceae, obnaruzhennykh v predelakh SSSR. Spetsial'naya (sistematicheskaya) chast'. Vyp. 2. [[Blue green algae USSR. Monograph of freshwater and terrestrial Cyanophyceae, found within the USSR. Special (systematic) part. Issue 2.. pp. 1-1908. Moskva-Leningrad: Izd. AN SSSR.

Elenkin, A.A. (1938). Sinezelenyye vodorosli SSSR. Monografiya presnovodnykh i nazemnykh Cyanophyceae, obnaruzhennykh v predelakh SSSR. Spetsial'naya (sistematicheskaya) chast'. Vyp. I. [1. Chroococcaceae. 2. Chamaesiphoneae. 3. Hormogoneae (nachalo)]. [Blue green algae USSR. Monograph of freshwater and terrestrial Cyanophyceae, found within the USSR. Special (systematic) part. Issue I. [1. Chroococcaceae. 2. Chamaesiphoneae. 3. Hormogoneae (beginning)]. pp. 1-984, 290 figs. Moscow: Akademiia Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Emlyn-Jones, D., Woodger, F.J., Andrews, T.J., Price, G.D. & Whitney, S.M. (2006). A Synechococcus PCC7942 ccmM (Cyanophyceae) mutant pseudoreverts to air growth without regaining carboxysomes. Journal of Phycology 42: 769-777.

Ermolajeva, L.M. & Fedorov, V.G. (1968). Cyanophyceae pro URSS bovae ex aquariis regionis Omskensis. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Non Vascularium 3: 3-4.

Faridi, M.A.F. & Khalil, Z. (1974). A new species of Oscillatoria (Cyanophyceae) Pakistan. Biologia (Pakistan) 20(1): 65-??.

Fedorov, V.G. (1967). Nonnullae Cyanophyceae e Sibiria occidentali. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Non Vascularium 4: 11-15.

Feldmann, J. & Feldmann, G. (1953). Observations sur les genres Dermocarpa et Dermocarpella (Cyanophyceae). Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift 100(4/5): 505-514.

Feldmann, J. & Feldmann, G. (1953). Observations sur les genres Dermocarpella (Cyanophyceae). Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift 100: 505-514, 3 figs.

Fjerdingstad, E. (1969). Cell dimensions and taxonomy of Anabaena variabilis Kütz. emend. (Cyanophyceae). Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 31: 59-80.

Flechtner, V.R., Boyer, S.L., Johansen, J.R. & DeNoble, M.L. (2002). Spirirestis rafaelensis gen. et sp. nov. (Cyanophyceae), a new cyanobacterial genus from arid soils. Nova Hedwigia 74: 1-24.

Fott, B. (1972). On the occurrence and the taxonomy of the genus Microcrocis P. Richter (Cyanophyceae). Preslia (Praha) 44: 97-99.

Frémy, P. & Børgesen, F. (1936). Marine algae from the Canary Islands especially from Teneriffe and Gran Canaria IV. Cyanophyceae. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Meddelelser 12(5): 1-43.

Frémy, P. (1939). Cyanophyceae. In: Marine algae from the Iranian Gulf especially from the innermost part near Bushire and the Island Kharg. (Børgesen, F. Eds), pp. 55-57. Copenhagen:

Frémy, P. (1949). Cyanophyceae. Exploration du Parc National Albert Park, Mission H. Dumas 19: 17-51.

Fresnedo, O. & Serra, J.L. (1992). Effect of nitrogen starvation on the biochemistry of Phormidium laminosum (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 28: 786-793, 5 figs, 2 tables.

Friedmann, E.I. (1979). The genus Geitleria (Cyanophyceae, Cyanobacteria): Distribution of G. calcarea and G. floridana n. sp.. Plant Systematics and Evolution 131: 169-178.

Gao, K. & Ai, H. (2004). Relationship of growth and photosynthesis with colony size in an edible cyanobacterium, Ge-Xian-Mi Nostoc (Cyanophyceae) (Note). Journal of Phycology 40: 523-526.

Gao, K. & Zou, D. (2001). Photosynthetic bicarbonate utilization by a terrestrial cyanobacterium, Nostoc flagelliforme (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 37: 768-771.

Gardner, N.L. (1906). Cytological studies in Cyanophyceae. University of California Publications in Botany 2(12): 237-296.

Ge, H., Zhang, J., Zhou, X., Xia, L. & Hu, C. (2014). Effects of light intensity on components and topographical structures of extracellular polymeric substances from Microcoleus vaginatus (cyanophyceae). Phycologia 53(2): 167-173.

Geitler, L. (1925). Cyanophyceae. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. (Pascher, A. Eds) Vol.12, pp. 1-450. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Geitler, L. (1930). Cyanophyceae. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Ed. 2. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds) Vol. 14, pp. [1]-288. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft.

Geitler, L. (1931). Cyanophyceae. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Ed. 2. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds) Vol. 14, pp. 289-672. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft.

Geitler, L. (1932). Cyanophyceae. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Ed. 2. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds) Vol. 14, pp. 673-1196, i-[vi]. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft.

Geitler, L. (1982). Eine bemerkenswerte Oscillatoriacee, Katagnymene accurata n. sp. (Cyanophyceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution Supplement 140: 293-306.

Gonzalez-Gil, S., Aguilera, A., Lopez-Rodas, V. & Costas, E. (1999). Characterization of morphospecies and strains of Pseudanabaena (Cyanophyceae) from laboratory cultures using antibodies and lectins. European Journal of Phycology 34: 27-33, 7 tables.

Gruia, L. (1966). Xenococcus irregularis Gruia n. sp.: a new terricolouss Cyanophyceae. Revista de Biologia (Lisbon) 5(3-4): ???-??? [214].

Guener, H., Aysel, V., Sukatar, A. & OEztuerk, M. (1984). Check-list of Izmir Bay marine algae: II. Phaeophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Cyanophyceae. Ege University, Faculty of Sciences Journal Ser. B., 7: 57-65.

Gupta, M. & Pandey, D.C. (1974). On an interesting species of Cylindrospermum Kützing (Cyanophyceae). Phykos 13(1): 16-21.

Gupta, P. (2012). Algae of India Volume 1. A checklist of Cyanoprokaryota (Cyanophyceae). pp. [i]-xii, [1]-160, 8 pls. Salt Lake, Kolkata: Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests.

Hašler, P., Pentecost, A., Jahodářova, E., Dvořák, P. & Poulučková, A. (2018). Taxonomic revision of Ulva montana (Lightfoot 1777) and description of a new genus of Lightfootiella (Cyanophyceae, Chroococcaceae). Phytotaxa 362(2): 173–186, 7 figs.

Halfen, L.N. & Halfen, M.E. (1978). Influence of trichome length on linear translation in Oscillatoria princeps (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 14: 437-439, 1 fig, 2 tables.

Hassler, C.S., Twiss, M.R., McKay, R.M.L. & Bullerjahn, G.S. (2006). Optimization of iron-dependent cyanobacterial (Synechococcus, Cyanophyceae) bioreporters to measure iron bioavailability. Journal of Phycology 42: 324-335.

Healey, P.F. (1985). Interacting effects of light and nutrient limitation on the growth rate of Synechoccus linearis (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 21: 134-146, 12 figs, 1 table.

Henley, W.J. & Yin, Y. (1998). Growth and photosynthesis of marine Synechococcus (Cyanophyceae) under iron stress. Journal of Phycology 34: 94-103, 6 figs, 3 tables.

Hiramatsu, N. (1967). Cyanophyceae from Nagasaki Prefecture. Japanese Journal of Botany 42: 33-43.

Hirano, M. (1962). Cyanophyceae collected in moorwaters of Japan. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 20: 322-341. [in Japanese]

Hoffman, L. (1991). Terrestrial Cyanophyceae of Papua New Guinea. II. Cyanobotrys lambinonii gen. et spec. nov. (Stigonematales). Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplementbände (Algological Studies) 92: 349-355.

Hoffmann, L. & Compère, P. (1990). Nomenclatural notes in the Cyanophyceae. Taxon 39(2): 307-310.

Hoffmann, L. & Demoulin, V. (1991). Marine Cyanophyceae of Papua New Guinea. II. Lyngbya bouillonii sp. nov., a remarkable tropical reef-inhabiting blue-green alga. Belgian Journal of Botany 124(1): 82-88, 8 figs.

Hoffmann, L. & Demoulin, V. (1993). Marine Cyanophyceae of Papua New Guinea. III. The genera Borzia and Oscillatoria. Botanica Marina 36: 451-459, 13 figs.

Hoffmann, L. (1988). The development of hormogonia, a possible taxonomic criterium in false-branching blue-green algae (Cyanophyceae, Cyanobacteria). Archiv für Protistenkunde 135: 41-43.

Hoffmann, L. (1992). Marine Cyanophyceae of Papua New Guinea. IV. New Chroococcales. Belgian Journal of Botany 125(1): 29-32, 4 figs.

Hoffmann, L. (1994). Marine Cyanophyceae of Papua New Guinea. VI. The genus Lyngbya s.l. Belgian Journal of Botany 127(1): 79-86, 15 figs..

Hollerbach, M.M. (1935). Nouvelles especes de Cyanophyceae decouvertes dans le sols. Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS Ser 2, 2: 49-50.

Huang, T.C. & Grobbelaar, N. (1989). Isolation and characterization of endosymbiotic Calothrix (Cyanophyceae) in Encephalartos hildenbrandtii (Cycadales). Phycologia 28: 464-468.

Hynes, A.M., Webb, E.A., Doney, S.C. & Waterbury, J.B. (2012). Comparison of cultured Trichodesmium (Cyanophyceae) with species characterized from the field. Journal of Phycology 48(1): 196-210.

Ihle, T., Jähnichen, S. & Benndorf, J. (2005). Wax and wane of Microcystis (Cyanophyceae) and microcystins in lake sediments: a case study in Quitzdorf Reservoir (Germany). Journal of Phycology 41: 479-488.

Islam, A.K.M.N. (1985). Occurrence of Johannesbaptistia (Cyanophyceae) in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 14: 73-75, 5 figs.

Jensen, T.E. (1979). Note: Occurrence of tri-lamellar bodies in isolates of Nostoc (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 15: 112-114, 4 figs.

Jiang, H. & Qiu, B. (2005). Photosynthetic adaptation of a bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa (Cyanophyceae) to prolonged UV-B exposure . Journal of Phycology 41: 983-992.

Jónsson, D. (1903). The marine algae of Iceland. III. Chlorophyceae; IV. Cyanophyceae. Botanisk Tidsskrift 25(3): 337-381.

Jurán, J., Hauer, T., Johansen, J.R. & Krienitz, L. (2015). (2365) Proposal to conserve the name Cyanospira G. Florenz. & al.(Cyanophyceae) against Cyanospira Chodat (Euglenophyceae). Taxon 64(4): 845-846, no figs.

Kaliamurthi, S., Selvaraj, G., Cakmak, Z.E. & Cakmak, T. (2016). Production and characterization of spherical thermostable silver nanoparticles from Spirulina platensis (Cyanophyceae). Phycologia 55(5): 568-576.

Kamat, N.D. (1962). The Cyanophyceae and Chlorophyceae of Panhata. Journal of the University of Bombay 30(3-5): 22-31.

Kann, E. (1972). Zur Systematik und Ökologie der Gattung Chamaesiphon (Cyanophyceae) 1. Systematik. Algological Studies/Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement Volumes 7: 117-171.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 May 2019.

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