154,916 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,880 bibliographic items, 431,338 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Class Trebouxiophyceae

Trebouxiophyceae Friedl 1995.

Source: Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T.C., Guiry, M.D. & Kirk, P.M (2014). A higher level classification of all living organisms. Plos One 10(4): e0119248.

Original publication: Friedl, T. (1995). Inferring taxonomic positions and testing genus level assignments in coccoid green lichen algae: a phylogenetic analysis of 18S ribosomal RNA sequences from Dictyochloropsis reticulata and from members of the genus Myrmecia (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae cl. nov.). Journal of Phycology 31(4): 632-639, 1 fig.

Swimming cells with one or two pairs of flagella, without mastigonemes; basal bodies with four microtubular rootlets in cruciate arrangement, including a multilayered structure, and a smaller root, alternating between two or more microtubules; basal bodies with prominent rhizoplast, cruciate, displaced counter-clockwise; counter-clockwise basal body orientation; closed mitosis with metacentric spindle, semi-closed mitosis, cytokinesis with phycoplast; asexual reproduction by autospores or zoospores; sexual reproduction reported; lichenose and free-living forms; osmotrophy and autotrophy.

Taxonomic notes:

Typus: Trebouxia impressa V. Ahmadjian 1960: 681 (Friedl 1995: 638).

Key References
Zuccarello, G.C., Price, N., Verbruggen, H. & Leliaert, F. (2009). Analysis of a plastid multigene data set and the phylogenetic position of the marine macroalga Caulerpa filiformis (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1206-1212.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aslam, Z., Shin, W., Kim, M.K., Im, W-T. & Lee, S-T. (2007). Marinichlorella kaistiae gen. et sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) based on polyphasic taxonomy. Journal of Phycology 43: 576-584, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Barcyte, D., Hodac, L. & Nedbalová, L. (2017). Lunachloris lukesovae gen. et sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a novel coccoid green alga isolated from soil in South Bohemia, Czech Republic. European Journal of Phycology 52(3): 281-291.

Bock, C., Krienitz, L. & Pröschold, T. (2011). Taxonomic reassessment of the genus Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae) using molecular signatures (barcodes), including description of seven new species. Fottea 11(2): 293-312.

Bock, C., Luo, W., Kusber, W.-H., Hegewald, E., Pazoutová, M. & Krienitz, L. (2013). Classification of crucigenoid algae: phylogenetic position of the reinstated genus Lemmermannia , Tetrastrum spp. Crucigenia tetrapedia, and C. lauternornii (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 49(2): 3290339.

Bock, C., Proschold, T. & Krienitz, L. (2010). Two new Dictyosphaerium-morphotype lineages of the Chlorellaceae (Trebouxiophyceae): Heynigia gen. nov. and Hindakia gen. nov.. European Journal Of Phycology 45(3): 267-277.

Bock, C., Pröschold, T. & Krienitz, L. (2011). Updating the genus Dictyosphaerium and description of Mucidosphaerium gen. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 47(3): 638-652.

Cao, S., Zhang, F., Zheng, H., Peng, F., Liu, C. & Zhou, Q. (2018). Coccomyxa greatwallensis (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a lichen epiphytic alga from Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica. PhytoKeys 110: 39-50, 3 fig., 1 table.

Carvalho, E.L., Wallau, G.L., Rangel, D.L., Machado, L.C., Pereira, A.B., Victoria, F.D.C., Boldo, J.T. & Pinto, P.M. (2017). Phylogenetic positioning of the Antarctic alga Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae) using organellar genomes and their structural analysis (Note). Journal of Phycology 53(4): 908-915.

Carvalho, E.L., Wallau, G.L., Rangel, D.L., Machado, L.C., Pereira, A.B., Victoria, F.SD (). Phylogenetic positioning of the Antarctic alga Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae) using organellar genomes and their structural analysis (Note). : .

Carvalho, E.L., Wallau, G.L., Rangel, D.L., Machado, L.C., Pereira, A.B., Victoria, F.SD (). Phylogenetic positioning of the Antarctic alga Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae) using organellar genomes and their structural analysis (Note). : .

Cheng-Wu, Z., Cohen, Z., Knozin-Goldberg, I. & Richmond, A. (2002). Characterization of growth and arachidonic acid production of Parietochloris incisa. comb. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta).. J. Appl. Phycol. 14: 453-460.

Chia, M.A., Lombardi, A.T., Da Graca Gama Melao, M. & Parrish, C.C. (2013). Effects of cadmium and nitrogen on lipid composition of Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 48(1): 1-11.

Darienko, T. & Pröschold, T. (2015). Genetic variability and taxonomic revision of the genus Auxenochlorella (Shihira et Krauss) Kalina et Puncocharova (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) (Note). Journal of Phycology 51(2): 394-400.

Darienko, T. & Pröschold, T. (2018). Watanabea borysthenica sp. nov., including 'Watanabea pyrenoidosa' nom. inval. (Trebouxiaceae, Trebouxiophyceae). Notulae Algarum 73: 1-3, 3 figs.

Darienko, T. & Pröschold, T. (2019). The genus Jaagichlorella Reisigl (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) and its close relatives: an evolutionary puzzle. Phytotaxa 388(1): 47-68, 8 fig., 3 tables.

Darienko, T., Gustavs, L. & Pröschold, T. (2016). Species concept and nomenclatural changes within the genera Elliptochloris and Pseudochlorella (Trebouxiophyceae) based on an integrative approach. Journal of Phycology 52(6): 1125-1145, 12 fig., 2 tables.

Darienko, T., Gustavs, L., Eggert, A., Wolf, W. & T.Pröschlod (2015). Evaluating the species boundaries of green microalgae (Coccomyxa, Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) using integrative taxonomy and DNA barcoding with further implications for the species identification in environmental samples. PLOS ONE 10 (6): e0127838: 31 pp., 10 fig.

Darienko, T., Gustavs, L., Mudimu, O., Menendez, C.R., Schumann, R., Karsten, U., Friedl, T. Proschold, T. (2010). Chloroidium, a common terrestrial coccoid green alga previously assigned to Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 45(1): 79-95.

Darienko, T., Lukešová, A., & Pröschold, T. (2018). The polyphasic approach revealed new species of Chloroidium (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Phytotaxa 372(1): 51-66, 6 fig.

Dimier, C., Corato, F., Saviello, G. & Brunet, C. (2007). Photophysiological properties of the marine picoeukaryote Picochlorum RCC237 (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 43(2): 275-283, 6 figs.

Eixler, S., Karsten, U. & Selig, U. (2006). Phosphorus storage in Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) cells and its dependence on phosphate supply. Phycologia 45: 53-60.

Eliás, M. & Neustupa, J. (2009). Pseudomarvania, gen. nov. (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae), a new genus for "budding" subaerial green algae Marvania aerophytica. Fottea, Olomouc 9(2): 169-177.

Elias, M., Neustupa, J. & Skaloud, P. (2008). Elliptochloris bilobata var. corticola var. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a novel subaerial coccal green alga. Biologia 63: 791-8.

Evens, T.J. & Niedz, R.P. (2010). Quantification of nutrient-replete growth rates in five-ion hyperspace for Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae) and Peridinium cinctum (Dinophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 247-257.

Fanés Treviño, I., Sánchez-Castillo, P. & Comas González, A. (2009). Contribution to the taxonomic study of the family Botryococcaceae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) in southern Spain. Cryptogamie, Algologie 30(1): 17-30.

Friedl, T. (1995). Inferring taxonomic positions and testing genus level assignments in coccoid green lichen algae: a phylogenetic analysis of 18S ribosomal RNA sequences from Dictyochloropsis reticulata and from members of the genus Myrmecia (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae cl. nov.). Journal of Phycology 31(4): 632-639, 1 fig.

Fucíková, K., Lewis, P.O. & Lewis, L.A. (2014). Widespread desert affiliation of Trebouxiophycean algae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) including discovery of three new desert genera. Phycological Research 62(4): 294-305, 5 fig., 1 table.

Fucíková, K., Pazoutová, M. & Rindi, F. (2015). Meiotic genes and sexual reproduction in the green algal class Trebouxiophyceae (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 51(3): 419-430.

Fuentes, J.L., Huss, V.A.R., Montero, Z., Torronteras, R., Cuaresma, M., Garbayo, I. & Vilchez, C. (2016). Phylogenetic characterization and morphological and physiological aspects of a novel acidotolerant and halotolerant microalga Coccomyxa onubensis sp. nov. (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae). J. Appl. Phycol 28: 3269-3279.

Gaysina, L., Nemcova, Y., Skaloud, P., Sevcikova, T. & Elias, M. (2013). Chloropyrula uraliensis gen. et sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a new green coccoid alga with a unique ultrastructure, isolated from soil in South Urals. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 51: 476-484.

Gustavs, L., Gors, M. & Karsten, U. (2011). Polyol patterns in biofilm-forming aeroterrestrial green algae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) (Note). Journal of Phycology 47(3): 533-537.

Gustavs, L., Schumann, R., Karsten, U. & Lorenz, M. (2016). Mixotrophy in the terrestrial green alga Apatococcus lobatus (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) (Note). Journal of Phycology 52(2): 311-314.

Gärtner G. & Ingolic E. (2003). Further studies on Desmococcus Brand emend. Vischer (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae) and a new species Desmococcus spinocystis sp. nov. from soil. Biologia (Bratislava) 58: 517-523.

Gärtner, G. & Ingolic, E. (2003). Further studies on Desmococcus emend. Vischer (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae) and a new species Desmococcus spinocystis sp. nov. from soil. Biologia, Bratislava 58(4): 517-523.

Hanagata, N., Karube, I., Chihara, M. & Silva, P.C. (1998). Reconsideration of the taxonomy of ellipsoidal species of Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), with establishment of Watanabea gen. nov. . Phycological Research 46(4): 221-229, 40 figs.

Handa, S., Nakahara, M., Tsubota, H., Deguchi, H. & Nakano, T. (2003). A new aerial alga, Stichococcus ampulliformis sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) from Japan. Phycological Research 51(3): 203-210.

Heesch, S., Pazoutová, M., Moniz, M.B.J. & Rindi, F. (2016). Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) of the Svalbard Archipelago: diversity, biogeography and description of the new genera Prasionella and Prasionema. European Journal of Phycology 51(1): 171-187.

Heesch, S., Sutherland, J.E. & Nelson, W.A. (2012). Marine Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) from New Zealand and the Balleny Islands, with descriptions of Prasiola novaezelandiae sp. nov. and Rosenvingiella australis sp. nov.. Phycologia 51(2): 217-227.

Henley, W.J., Hironaka, J.L., Guillou, L., Buchheim, M.A., Buchheim, J.A., Fawley, M.W. & Fawley, K.P. (2004). Picochlorum oklahomensis gen. et sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Phycologia 43: 641-652.

Holzinger, A., Herburger, K., Blaas, K., Lewis, L.A. & Karsten, U. (2017). The terrestrial green macroalga Prasiola calophylla (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta): ecophysiological performance under water-limiting conditions. Protoplasma 000: 000-000.

Hoshina, R. & Nakada, T. (2018). Carolibrandtia nom. nov. as a replacement name for Brandtia Hoshina (Chlorellaceae, Trebouxiophyceae) . Phycological Research 66(1): 82-83.

Hoshina, R. & Y. Fujiwara, (2013). Molecular characterization of Chlorella cultures of the National Institute for Environment Studies culture collection with description of Micractinium inermum sp. nov., Didymogenes sphaerica sp. nov. and Didymogenes soliella sp. nov. (Chlorellaceae, Trebouxiophyceae). Phycological Research 61(2): 124-132, 9 fig., 2 tables.

Hoshina, R., Iwataki, M. & Imamura, N. (2010). Chlorella variabilis and Micractinium reisseri sp. nov. (Chlorellaceae, Trebouxiophyceae): Redescription of the endosymbiotic green algae of Paramecium bursaria (Peniculia, Oligohymenophorea) in the 120th year. Phycological Research 58(3): 188-210.

Hoshina, R., Kobayashi, M., Suzaki, T. & Kusuoka, Y. (2017). Brandtia ciliaticola gen. et sp. nov. (Chorellaceae, Trebouxiophyceae) a commom symbiotic green coccoid of various ciliate species. Phycological Research 66(1): 76-81, 4 fig., 1 table.

Hotter, V., Glaser, K., Hartmann, A., Ganzera, M. & Karsten, U. (2018). Polyols and UV-suscreens in the Prasiola-clade (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) as metabolites for stress response and chemotaxonomy. Journal of Phycology 54(2): 264-274.

Hu, H., Li, H. & Xu, X. (2008). Alternative cold response modes in Chlorella (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae) from Antarctica. Phycologia 47: 28-34.

Ioki, M., Baba, M., Nakajima, N., Shiraiwa, Y. Watanabe, M.M. (2013). Codon usage of Botryococcus braunii (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta): implications for genetic engineering applications. Phycologia 52(4): 352-356.

John, D.M., Wynne, M.J. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2014). Reinstatement of the genus Willea Schmidle 1900 for Crucigeniella Lemmermann 1900 nom. illeg. (Chlorellales, Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Phytotaxa 167(2): 212-214, no figs.

Juárez, A.B., Vélez, C.G., Iniguez, A.R., Martinez, D.E., Rodriguez M.C., Vigna, M.S. & del Carmen Rios de Molina, M. (2011). A Parachlorella kessleri (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) strain from an extremely acidic geothermal pond in Argentina. Phycologia 50(4): 413-421.

Karbovska, V.M. & Kostikov, I.Y. (2012). Chlorella sphaerica and its position in the genus Diplosphaera (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae). Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology 20(1): 34-42, 61059.

Karsten, U., Friedl, T., Schumann, R., Hoyer, K. & Lembcke, S. (2005). Mycosporine-like amino acids and phylogenies in green algae: Prasiola and its relatives from the Trebouxiophyceae (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 557-566.

Karsten, U., Friedl, T., Schumann, R., Hoyer, K. & Lembcke, S. (2005). Mycosporine-like amino acids and phylogenies in green algae: Prasiola and its relatives from the Trebouxiophyceae (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 557-566.

Kim, J.I., Nam, S.W., So, J.E., Hong, S.G., Choi, H.-G. & Shin, W. (2017). Asterochloris sejongensis sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) from King George Island, Antarctica. Phytotaxa 295(1): 60-70, 4 fig.

Krienitz, L. & Bock, C. (2011). Elongatocystis ecballocystiformis gen. et comb. nov., and some reflections on systematics of Oocystaceae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Fottea 11(2): 271-278.

Krienitz, L., Bock, C., Kotut, K. & Pröschold, T. (2012). Genotypic diversity of Dictyosphaerium-morphospecies (Chlorellaceae, Trebouxiophyceae) in African inland waters, including the description of four new genera. Fottea 12(2): 231-253, 20 fig., 3 tables.

Krienitz, L., Bock, C., Luo, W. & Proschold, T. (2010). Polyphyletic origin of the Dictyosphaerium morphotype within Chlorellaceae (Trebouxiophyceae) (Note). Journal of Phycology 46(3): 559-563.

Krienitz, L., Hegewald, E.H., Hepperle, D., Huss, V.A.R., Rohr, T. & Wolf, M. (2004). Phylogenetic relationship of Chlorella and Parachlorella gen. nov. (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae). Phycologia 43: 529-542, 19 figs, 3 tables.

Letsch, M.R., Muller-Parker, G, Friedl, T. & Lewis, L.A. (2009). Elliptochloris marina sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), symbiotic green alga of the temperate Pacific sea anemones Anthopleura xanthogrammica and A. elegantissima (Anthozoa, Cnidaria). Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1127-1135.

Liu, J.C., Cohen, Z. & Richmond, A. (2002). Fatty acid profile in a high cell density culture of arachidonic acid-rich Parietochloris incisa (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) exposed to high PFD. Chi. J. Oceanol. Limnol. 20: 149-156.

Liu, X., Zhu, H., Liu, B., Liu, G. & Hu, Z. (2017). Classification of Planctonema-like algae, including a new genus Planctonemopsis gen. nov., a new species Planctonema gelatinosum sp.nov. and a reinstated genus Psephonema (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) . Journal of Phycology 53(4): 869-879.

Liu, X., Zhu, H., Song, H., Liu, B., Wang, Q., Liu, G. & Hu, Z. (2018). Quadricoccopsis gen. nov., a new genus of Quadricoccus-like algae in Oocystaceae from China (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) . Fottea 18(2): 189-199, 6 fig., 1 table.

Liu, X., Zhu, H., Song, H., Wang, Q., Xiong, X., Wu, C., Liu, G. & Hu, Z. (2017). Euchlorocystis gen. nov. and Densicystis gen. nov., two new genera of Oocystaceae algae from high-altitude semi-saline habitat (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). J. Eukaryotic Microbiology 65(2): 200-210, 7 fig.

Lokhorst, G.M., Star, W. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2004). New genus Koliellopsis (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta); its phylogenetic position inferred from ultrastructure and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Phycological Research 52(3): 235-243.

Ma, S., Huss, V.A.R., Tan, D., Sun, D., Sun, X., Chen, J., Xie, Y. & Zhang, J. (2013). A novel species in the genus Heveochlorella (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) witnesses the evolution from an epiphytic into an endophytic lifestyle in tree-dwelling green algae. European Journal of Phycology 48(2): 200-2009.

Malavasi, V., Skaloud, P., Rindi, F., Tempesta, S., Paoletti, M. & M.Pasqualetti (2016). DNA-based taxonomy in ecologically versatile microalgae: a re-evaluation of the species concept within the coccoid green algal genus Coccomyxa (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). PLOS ONE 11(3): e0151127: 25 pp., 6 fig., 3 tables.

Merzlyak, M.N., Chivkunova, O.B., Gorelova, O.A., Reshetnikova, I.V., Solovchenko, A.E., Khozin-Goldberg, I. & Cohen, Z. (2007). Effect of nitrogen starvation on optical properties, pigments, and arachidonic acid content of the unicellular green alga Parietochloris incisa (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 43: 833-843.

Mikhailyuk, T.I., Demchenko, E.M. & Kondratyuk, S.Y. (2003). Parietochloris ovoideus sp. nova (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a new aerophyte alga from Ukraine. Algological Studies 110: 1-16.

Moniz, M.B.J., Guiry, M.D. & Rindi, F. (2014). tufA phylogeny and species boundaries in the green algal order Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Phycologia 53(4): 396-406.

Moniz, M.B.J., Rindi, F. & Guiry, M.D. (2012). Phylogeny and taxonomy of Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) from Tasmania, including Rosenvingiella tasmanica sp. nov. Phycologia 51(1): 86-97.

Moniz, M.B.J., Rindi, F., Novis, P.M., Broady, P.A. & Guiry, M.D. (2012). Molecular phylogeny of Antarctic Prasiola (Prasiolales, Trebouxiophyceae) reveals extensive cryptic diversity. Journal of Phycology 48(4): 940-955.

Muggia, L., Leavitt, s. & Barreno, e. (2018). The hidden diversity of lichenised Trebouxiophyceae (Chlorophyta). Phycologia 57(5): 503-524.

Müller, J., Friedl, T., Hepperle, D., Lorenz, M. & Day, J.G. (2005). Distinction between multiple isolates of Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorophyta, Trebouxiophyceae) and testing for conspecificity using amplified fragment length polymorphism and ITS rDNA sequences. Journal of Phycology 41: 1236-1247.

Neustupa, J., Eliás, M. & Sejnohová, L. (2007). A taxonomic study of two Stichococcus species (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) with a starch-enveloped pyrenoid. Nova Hedwigia 84: 51-63.

Neustupa, J., Eliás, M., Skaloud, P., Nemcová, Y. & Sejnohová, L. (2011). Xylochloris irregularis gen. et sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a novel subaerial coccoid green alga. Phycologia 50(1): 57-66.

Neustupa, J., Nemcová, Y., Eliéas, M. & Skaloud, P. (2009). Kalinella bambusicola gen. etsp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a novel coccoid Chlorella-like subaerial alga from Southeast Asia. Phycological Research 57(3): 159-169.

Neustupa, J., Nemcová, Y., Veselá, J., Steinová, J. & Skaloud, P. (2013). Leptochlorella corticola gen. et sp. nov. and Kalinella apyrenoidosa sp. nov.: two new Chlorella-like green microalgae (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) from subaerial habitats. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63: 377-387.

Neustupa, J., Nemcová, Y., Veselá, J.., Steinová J. & Skaloud, P. (2013). Parachloroidium gen. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a novel genus of coccoid green algae from subaerial corticolous biofilms. Phycologia 52(5): 411-421.

Pazoutová, M., Skaloud, P. & Nemjová, K. (2010). Phylogenetic position of Ooplanctella planoconvexa, gen. et comb. nova and Echinocoleum elegans (Oocystaceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Fottea, Olomouc 10(1): 75-82.

Procházková, K., Němková, Y. & Neustupa, J. (2016). Phyllosiphon ari sp. nov. (Watanabea clade, Trebouxiophyceae), a new parasitic species isolated from leaves of Arum italicum (Araceae). Phytotaxa 283(2): 181-187, 4 fig., 1 table.

Procházková, K., Nemcová, Y. & Neustra, J. (2018). Phyllosiphon duini (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a species isolated from a corticolous phototrophic biofilm. Cryptogamie Algologie 39(1): 23-34.

Pröschold, T., Bock, C. Luo, W. & Krienitz, L. (2010). Polyphyletic distribution of bristle formation in Chlorellaceae: Micractinium, Diacanthos, Didymogenes and Hegewaldia gen. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Phycological Research 58(1): 1-8.

Queiroz Mendes, M.C. de, González, A.A.C., Moreno, M.L.V., Figueira, C.P. & Castro Nunes, J.M. de (2012). Morphological and ultrastructural features of a strain of Botryococcus terribilis (Trebouxiophyceae) from Brazil. Journal of Phycology 48(5): 1099-1106.

Ramos Targarona, R. & Pizarro, R. (2018). Crecimiento y capacidad de biorremediación de Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) cultivada en aguas residuales generadas en el cultivo del pez dorado Seriola lalandi (Perciformes: Carangidae). Revista de Biologia Marina y Oceanografia 53(1): 75-86.

Ramos, G.J.P., Bicudo, C.E. de M. & Moura, C.W. do N. (2015). Trebouxiophyceae (Chlorophyta) from Marimbus Wetlands, Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil. Iheringia Série Botanica 70(1): 57-72.

Ramos, J.P.R., Bicudo, C.E. de M. & Moura, C.W. do N. (2015). Oocystis apicurvata sp. nov. (Oocystaceae, Trebouxiophyceae), a new species of green algae from Chapada Diamantina, northeast Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Botany 38(1): 171-173.

Rindi, F. (2010). Reproduction and life history of the green alga Prasiola linearis Jao (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Botanica marina 53: 1-8.

Rindi, F., McIvor, L., Sherwood, A.R., Friedl, T., Guiry, M.D. & Sheath, R.G. (2007). Molecular phylogeny of the green algal order Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 43: 811-822.

Rivasseau, C., Farhi, E., Compagnon, E., de Gouvion Saint Cyr, D., van Lis, R., Falconet, D., Kuntz, M., Atteia, A. & Couté, A. (2016). Coccomyxa actinabiotis sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a new green microalga living in the spent fuel cooling pool of a nuclear reactor. Journal of Phycology 52(5): 689-703.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 March 2019.

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