152,885 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,939 images, 59,127 bibliographic items, 408,269 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Class Ulvophyceae

Ulvophyceae K.R.Mattox & K.D.Stewart, 1984: 41, 66.

Type of name: Ulva Linnaeus

Source: Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T.C., Guiry, M.D. & Kirk, P.M (2014). A higher level classification of all living organisms. Plos One 10(4): e0119248.

Original publication: Mattox, K.R. & Stewart, K.D. (1984). Classification of the green algae: a concept based on comparative cytology. In: Systematics of the Green Algae Special Volume No. 27. Proceedings of an International Symposium held at The Polytechnic of North London 29-31 March 1983. (Irvine, D.E.G. & John, D.M. Eds), pp. 29-72. London: Published for the Systematics Association by Academic Press.

Authority notes: ULVOPHYCEAE K.R. Mattox & K.D. Stewart

Description:
Swimming cells with one or two pairs of flagella, without mastigonemes; basal bodies with four microtubular rootlets in cruciate arrangement, and smaller roots of two sizes, alternating between two or more microtubules; flagella with scales and rhizoplasts; cell wall more or less calcified; cell division by furrowing with mitotic spindle closed, centric and persistent; phycoplast absent; thallus can be branched or unbranched, mono- or distromatic sheet (phyllose), or cushionlike forms of compacted tubes; thallus often multinucleate and siphonous; free-living diplobiontic life cycle, iso- or heteromorphic

Key References
Zuccarello, G.C., Price, N., Verbruggen, H. & Leliaert, F. (2009). Analysis of a plastid multigene data set and the phylogenetic position of the marine macroalga Caulerpa filiformis (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1206-1212.

Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Carvalho, M.C., de M. Carneiro, P.B., Dellatorre, F.G., Gibilisco, P.E., Sachs, J. & Eyre, B.D. (2017). Bulk hydrogen stable isotope composition of seaweeds: clear separation between Ulvophyceae and other classes. Journal of Phycology 53(5): 961-969.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aboal, M., Egidos, A.I., Marín, J.P. & Asencio, A.D. (2002). Trentepohlia jolithus (L.) Wallroth 1833 (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae) in subaerial habitats from southeastern Spain. Algological Studies 107: 153-162.

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Boedeker, C., Leliaert, F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2017). Genetic diversity and biogeography in Chaetomorpha melagonium (Ulvophyceae, Cladophorales) based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS rDNA) sequences. Botanica Marina 60(3): 319-325.

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Graham, J.M., Kranzfelder, J.A. & Auer, M.T. (1985). Light and temperature as factors regulating seasonal growth and distribution of Ulothrix zonata (Ulvophyceae). Journal of Phycology 21: 228-234, 4 figs, 4 tables.

Guo, Y., Wang, H.Z., Wu, C.H., Fu, H.H. & Jiang, P. (2017). Cloning and characterization of nitrate reductase gene in Ulva prolifera (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 53(5): 1035-1043.

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Rindi, F., López-Bautista, J.M., Sherwood, A.R. & Guiry, M.D. (2006). Morphology and phylogenetic position of Spongiochrysis hawaiiensis gen. et sp. nov., the first known terrestrial member of the order Cladophorales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 56: 913-922.

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Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2018.

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