152,947 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,947 images, 59,170 bibliographic items, 408,277 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Class Phaeophyceae

Phaeophyceae Kjellman, 1891: 176.

Type of name: Type not designated: nomen descrip.

Source: Yang, E.C., Boo, G.H., Kim, H.J., Cho, S.M., Boo, S.M., Andersen, R.A. & Yoon, H.S. (2012). Supermatrix data highlight the phylogenetic relationships of photosynthetic stramenopiles. Protist 163(2): 217-231.

Original publication: Kjellman, F.R. (1891). Phaeophyceae (Fucoideae). In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 176-181. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.

Description:
Filamentous, syntagmatic or parenchymatous; cell wall present, containing alginate compounds and cellulose; plasmodesmata or pores between cells in parenchymatous forms; chloroplasts with girdle lamella; outer chloroplast endoplasmic reticulum membrane with direct membrane connection to the outer nuclear envelope membrane; plastid DNA with ring-type genophore; eyespots present or absent; plastid pigments include chlorophylls a and c1 and c2, fucoxanthin, and violaxanthin; swimming cells with two flagella usually inserted laterally, one anteriorly directed, one posteriorlydirected; usually four microtubular kinetosome roots but no striated kinetosome root (rhizoplast); flagellar transitional helix typically with 6 gyres located above the major transitional plate; no paraflagellar rod; little to substantial tissue differentiation occurring in parenchymatous forms.

Comments:
Major taxa separated on the basis of life history and gene sequence information, but taxonomic classification still in flux.

Key References
Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

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Aguilar-Rosas, R., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Cho, G.Y. & Boo, S.M. (2006). First record of Scytosiphon gracilis Kogame (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) for the Pacific coast of Mexico. Algae 21(1): 11-13, 3 figs.

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Buggeln, R.G. (1978). Physiological investigations on Alaria esculenta (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) III. Exudation by the blade. Journal of Phycology 14: 54-56.

Buggeln, R.G. (1981). Note: Source-sink relationship in the blade of Alaria esculenta (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 17: 102-104, 2 figs, 1 table.

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Busch, S. & Schmid, R. (2001). Enzymes associated with beta-carboxylation in Ectocarpus siliculosus (Phaeophyceae): Are they involved in net carbon acquisition?. European Journal of Phycology 36: 61-70.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 September 2018.

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