155,266 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,052 bibliographic items, 435,064 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Nostocales

Nostocales Borzì, 1914: 352.

Source: Büdel, B. & Kauff, F. (2012). Prokaryotic algae, blue-green Algae. In: Syllabus of Plant Families, 13th ed., Part 1/1 Blue-green algae, Myxomycetes and Myxomycete-like organisms, Phytoparasitic protists, heterotrophic Heterokontobionta and Fungi p.p. (Frey, W. Eds), pp. 3-39. Stuttgart: Borntraeger.

Original publication: Borzì, A. (1914). Studi sulle Mixoficee. I. Cenni generali - Systema Myxophycearum. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano Ser 2, 21: 307-360.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aguilera, A., Berrendero Gómez, E., Kastovsky, J., Echenique, R.O. & Salerno, G.L. (2018). The polyphasic analysis of two native Raphidiopsis isolates supports the unification of the genera Raphidiopsis and Cylindrospermopsis (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Phycologia 57(2): 130-146.

Berrendero Gómez, E.B., Johansen, J.R., Kastovsky, J., Bohunická, M. & Capková, K. (2016). Macrochaete gen. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria), a taxon morphologically and molecularly distinct from Calothrix. Journal of Phycology 52(4): 638-655.

Bohunicka, M., Pietrasiak, N., Johansen, J.R., Berrendero Gómez, N., Hauer, T., Gasina, L.A. & Lukensová, A. (2015). Roholtiella, gen. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) - a tapering and branching cyanobacteria of the family Nostocaceae. Phytotaxa 197(2): 84-103.

Cai, F., Yang, Y., Wen, Q. & Li, R. (2018). Desmonostoc danxiaense sp. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) from Danxia mountain in China based on polyphasic approach. Phytotaxa 367(3): 233-244, 5 fig., 2 tables.

Canini, A., Grilli Caiola, M., Civitareale, P. & Galiazzo, F. (1992). Superoxide dismutase in symbiotic, free-living and wild Anabaena and Nostoc (Nostocales, Cyanophyta). Phycologia 31: 225-230, 1 fig, 3 tables.

Castenholz, R.W. (1989). Order Oscillatoriales. Order Nostocales. Order Stigonematales. In: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. ( Eds) Vol.3, pp. 1771-1780; 1780-1793; 1794-1799. Williams & Wilkins: Baltimore.

Choi, H.J., Joo, J.-H., Kim, J.-H., Wang, P., Ki, J.-S. & Han, M.-S. (2018). Morphological characterization and molecular phylogenetic analysis of Dolichospermum hangangense (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) sp. nov. from Han River, Korea. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 33(2): 143-156.

Couté, A., Leitao, M. & Sarmento, H. (2004). Cylindrospermopsis sinuosa spec. nova (Cyanophyceae, Nostocales), une nuovelle espece du sud-ouest de la France. Algological Studies 111: 1-15.

Couté, Al. & Bouvy, M. (2004). A new species of the genus Cylindrospermopsis, C. acuminato-crispa spec. nova (Cyanophyceae, Nostocales) from Ingazeira reservoir, Northeast Brazil. Algological Studies 113: 57-72.

Forastier, M.E., Zalocar de Domitrovic, Y. & Komárek, J. (2011). Distribution and morphological variation of Aphanizemenon platensis (Nostocales,Cyanobacteria) from Corrientes Province (Argentina). Cryptogamie Algologie 32(3): 243-253.

González-Resendiz, L., Johansen, J.R., Alba-Lois, L., Segal-Kischinevzky, C., Escobar-Sámche, V., Jiménez-García, L.F., Huaer, T. & León-Tejera, H. (2018). Nunduva, a new marine genus of Rivulariaceae (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) from marine rocky shores. Fottea 18(1): 86-105, 12 fig., 2 tables.

Graham, L.e., Knack, J.J., Piotrowski, M.J., Wilcox, L.W., Cook, M.E., Wellman, C.H., Taylor, W., Lewis, L.A. & Arancibia-Avila, P. (2014). Lacustrine Nostoc (Nostocales) and associated microbiome generate a new type of modern clotted microbialite. Journal of Phycology 50(2): 280-291.

Hauer, T., Bohunická, M. & Mühlsteinová, R. (2013). Calochaete gen. nov. (Cyanobacteria, Nostocales), a new cyanobacterial type from the "páramo" zone in Costa Rica. Phytotaxa 109(1): 36-44, 3 figs.

Heiskanen, A.-S. & Olli, K. (1996). Sedimentation and buoyancy of Aphanizomenon cf. flos-aquae (Nostocales, Cyanophyta) in a nutrient-replete and nutrient-depleted coastal area of the Baltic Sea. Phycologia 35: 94-101, 10 figs.

Jodlowska, S. & Latala, A. (2010). Photoacclimation strategies in the toxic cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena (Nostocales, Cyanobateria). Phycologia 49(3): 203-211.

Jovanovic, J., Karadzic, V., Predojevic, D., Blagojevic, A., Popovic, S., Trbojevic, I. & Subakov Simic, G. (2015). Morphological and ecological characteristics of potentially toxic invasive cyanobacterium Sphaerospermopsis aphanizomenoides (Forti) Zapomelová, Jezberová, Hrouzek, Hisem, Reháková & Komárková (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) in Serbia. Brazilian Journal of Botany 00(0): [1-6].

Kankaanpää, H.T., Sipiä, V.O, Kuparinen, J.S., Ott, J.L. & Carmichael, W.W. (2001). Nodularin analyses and toxicity of a Nodularia spumigena (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) water-bloom in the western Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, in August 1999. Phycologia 40: 268-274.

Karosiene J., Kasperoviciene J. (2009). Filamentous epiphyton cyanobacteria (Oscillatoriales, Nostocales) new to algal flora of Lithuanian freshwater. Botanica Lithuanica 15(2): 79-91.

Keshri, J.P. & Chatterjee, S. (2013). First record of two cyanoprokaryotes, Oscillatoria (Oscillatoriales) and Nostoc (Nostocales), endophytic within the angiosperm Alternanthera sessilis (Amaranthaceae) from India. Algological Studies/Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement Volumes 135: 83-88.

Kilgore, C., Johansen, J.R., Mai, T., Hauer, T., Casamatta, D.A. & Shiel, C.S. (2018). Molecular characterization of Geitleria appalachiana sp. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) and formation of Geitleriaceae fam. nov. Fottea 18(2): 150-163, 27 figs, 3 tables.

Kirjakov, I.K. & Velichkova, K.N. (2016). A new cyanobacterial species of Anabaena genus (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) from Bulgaria. Anales de Biologia 38: 69-72, 1 fig, 2 tables.

Kokocinski, M. & Soininen, J. (2012). Environmental factors related to the occurrence of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanophyta) at the north-eastern limit of its geographical range. European Journal of Phycology 47(1): 12-21.

Kokocinski, M., Stefaniak, K., Mankiewicz-Boczek, J., Izydorczyk, K. & Soininen, J. (2010). The ecology of the invasive cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanophyta) in two hypereutrophic lakes dominated by Planktothrix agardhii (Oscillatoriales, Cyanophyta). European Journal of Phycology 45(4): 365-374.

Komárek, J. & Anagnostidis, K. (1989). Modern approach to the classification system of Cyanophytes 4 - Nostocales. Algological Studies 56: 247-345.

Kozlíková-Zapomělová, E., Chatchawan, Th., Kaštovský, J. & J.Komárek (2016). Phylogenetic and taxonomic position of the genus Wollea with the description of Wollea salina sp. nov. (Cyanobacteria, Nostocales). Fottea, Olomouc 16(1): 43-55, 7 fig., 1 table.

Krüger, T., Oelmüller, R., Luckas, B. (2009). Comparative PCR analysis of toxic Nodularia spumigena and non-toxic Nodularia harveyana (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) with respect to the nodularin synthetase gene cluster. European Journal of Phycology 44(3): 291-195.

Lamprinou, V., Skaraki. K., Kotoulas, G., Economou-Amilli, A. & Pantazidou, A. (2012). Toxopsis calypsus gen. nov., sp. nov. (Cyanobacteria, Nostocales) from cave 'Francthi', Peloponnese, Greece: a morphological and molecular evaluation. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 62: 2870-2877.

Li, R. & Watanabe, M.M. (1999). Anabaena eucompacta sp. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria), a new planktonic species with tightly spiraled filaments from Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series A (Botany) 25: 89-94.

Li, X., Yang, Y. & Li, R. (2015). Phenotypic and genotypic validation of the rare species Spaerospermopsis eucompacta comb. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) isolated from China. Phycologia 54(3): 299-306.

Li, X., Yang, Y., Cai, F., Yang, P., Song, L. & Li, R. (2016). New insights into the taxonomy of the genus Sphaerospermopsis (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) with the description of Sphaerospermopsis crassa sp. nov. Phycologia 56(2): 147-158, 56 fig. 4 tables.

Li, X., Yang, Y., Cai, F., Yang, P., Song, L. & Li, R. (2017). New insights into the taxonomy of the genus Sphaerospermopsis (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) with the description of Sphaerospermopsis crassa sp. nov.. Phycologia 56(2): 147-158.

Lukesová, A., Johansen, J.R., Martin, M.P. & Casamatta, D.A. (2009). Aulosira bohemensis sp. nov.: further phylogenetic uncertainty at the base of the Nostocales (Cyanobacteria). Phycologia 48(2): 118-129, 54 figs, 2 tables.

Lücking, R., Barrie, F.R. & Genney, D. (2014). Dictyonema coppinsii, a new name for the European species known as Dictyonema interruptum (Basidiomycota: Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae), with a validation of its photobiont Rhizonema (Cyanoprokariota: Nostocales: Rhizonemataceae). The Lichenologist 46(3): 261-267, 1 fig.

Mares, J., Lara, Y., Dadáková, I., Hauer, T., Uher, B., Wilmotte, A. & Kastovsky, J. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of cultivation-resistant terrestrial cyanobacteria with massive sheaths (Stigonema spp. and Petalonema alatum, Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) using single-cell and filament sequencing of environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 288-297.

McCausland, M.A., Thompson, P.A. & Blackburn, S.I. (2005). Ecophysiological influence of light and mixing on Anabaena circinalis (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). European Journal of Phycology 40: 9-20.

McCausland, M.A., Thompson, P.A. & Blackburn, S.I. (2002). The effect of changes in light availability caused by mixing on the growth of Anabaena circinalis (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) and Aulacoseira sp. (Centrales, Bacillariophyceae). Phycologia 40: 530-541.

McGregor, G. (2018). Freshwater Cyanobacteria from North-Eastern Australia: 3. Nostocales . Phytotaxa 359: 1-166, 91 figs.

Moore, D., McGregor, G.B. & Shaw, G. (2004). Morphological changes during akinete germination in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 40: 1098-1105.

Otaño, S.H. (2012). Aphanizomenon favaloroi spec. nov. (Cyanobacteria, Nostocales), a new planktic species from Argentina. Algological Studies 138: 27-36.

Pomati, F., Neilan, B.A., Suzuki, T., Manarolla, G. & Rosetti, C. (2003). Enhancement of intracellular saxitoxin accumulation by lidocaine hydrochloride in the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii T3 (Nostocales). Journal of Phycology 39: 535-542.

Rajaniemi, P., Hrouzek, P., Ka (2005). Phylogenetic and morphological evaluation of the genera Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Trichormus and Nostoc (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 55: 11-26.

Saker, M.L. & Griffiths, D.J. (2000). The effect of temperature on growth and cylindrospermopsin content of seven isolates of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanophyceae) from water bodies in northern Australia. Phycologia 39: 349-354.

Shalygin, S., Pietrasiak, N., Gomez, F., Mlewski, C., Gerard, E. & Johansen, J.R. (2018). Rivularia halophila sp. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria): the first species of Rivularia described with the modern polyphasic approach. European Journal of Phycology 53(4): 537-548.

Shalygin, S., Shalygina, R., Johansen, J.R., Pietrasiak, N., Berrendero Gómez, E., Bohunická, M., Mareš, J. & Sheil, C.A. (2017). Cyanomargarita gen. nov. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria): convergent evolution resulting in a cryptic genus. Journal of Phycology 53(4): 762-777, 6 figs.

Skácelová, O. (2006). Dichothrix ledereri sp. nova, a new cyanobacterium from old coal/mining deposits, and occurrence of the genus Dichothrix (Cyanobacteria, Nostocales) in the Czech Republic. Algological Studies 121: 1-21, figs 1-33.

Stuken, A., Rucker, J., Endrulat, T., Preussel, K., Hemm, M., Nixdorf, B., Karsten, U. & Wiedner, C. (2006). Distribution of three alien cyanobacterial species (Nostocales) in northeast Germany: Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, Anabaena bergii and Aphanizomenon aphanizomenoides. Phycologia 45(6): 696-703.

Sukenik, A., Kaplan-Levy, R.N., Viner-Mozzini, Y., Quesada, A. & Hadas, O. (2013). Potassium deficiency triggers the development of dormant cells (akinetes) in Aphanizomenon ovalisporum (Nostocales, Cyanoprokaryota). Journal of Phycology 49(3): 580-587.

Thomazeau, S., Houdan-Fourmont, A., Couté, A., Duval, C., Couloux, A., Rousseau, F. & Bernard, C. (2010). The contribution of sub-Saharan African strains to the phylogeny of cyanobacteria: focusing on the Nostacaceae (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 46(3): 564-579.

Tiwari, G.L. (1972). Nostoc spinosa sp. nov. (Cyanophyta, Nostocales) from India. Nova Hedwigia 31(1/2): 493-495.

Uher, B. (2007). Morphological characterization of three subaerial Calothrix species (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Fottea, Olomouc 7: 33-38.

Umezaki, I. & Watanabe, M. (1994). Enumeration of the Cyanophyta (blue-green algae) of Japan. 2. Nostocales and Stigonematales. Japanese Journal of Phycology 42(3): 301-324.

Vaccarino, M.A. & Johansen, J.R. (2011). Scytonematopsis contorta sp. nov. (Nostocales), a new species from the Hawaiian Islands. Fottea 11(1): 149-161.

Vaccarino, M.A. & Johansen, J.R. (2012). Brasilonema angustatum sp. nov. (Nostocales), a new filamentous cyanobacterial species from the Hawaiian Islands. Journal of Phycology 48(5): 1178-1186.

Velzeboer, R.M.A., Baker, P.D. & Rositano, J. (2001). Saxitoxins associated with the growth of the cyanobacterium Anabaena circinalis (Nostocales, Cyanophyta) under varying sources and concentrations of nitrogen. Phycologia 40: 305-312.

Velzeboer, R.M.A., Baker, P.D., Rositano, J., Heresztyn, T., Codd, G.A. & Raggett, S.L. (2001 '2000'). Geographical patterns of occurance and composition of saxitoxins in the cyanobacterial genus Anabaena (Nostocales, Cyanophyta) in Australia. Phycologia 39: 395-407.

Villanueva, C.D., Garvey, A.D., Hašler, P., Dvořák, P., Poulícková, A., Norwich, A.R. & Casamatta, D.A. (2019). Descriptions of Brasilonema geniculatum and Calothrix dumus (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria): two new taxa isolated from cementery tomstones. Phytotaxa 387(1): 1-20, 10 fig., 5 tables.

Wang, L., Lei, X., Yang, J., Wang, S., Liu, Y. & Liang, W. (2018). Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals that photosynthesis contributes to drought tolerance of Nostoc flagelliforme (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Phycologia 57(1): 113-120.

Werner, V.R., Laughinghouse, H.D.IV, Fiore, M.F., Sant'Anna, C.L., Hoff, C., de Souza Santos, K.R., Neuhaus, E.B., Molica, R.J.R., Honda, R.Y. & Echenique, R.O. (2012). Morphological and molecular studies of Sphaerospermopsis torques-reginae (Cyanobacteria, Nostocales) from South American water blooms. Phycologia 51(2): 228-238.

Wu, Z., Shi, J., Lin, S. & Li, R. (2010). Unraveling molecular diversity and phylogeny of Aphanizomenon (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) strains isolated from China . Journal of Phycology 46(5): 1048-1058.

Zapomelová, E., Hrouzek, P., Rezanka, T., Jezberová, J., Reháková, K., Hisem, D. & Komárková, J. (2011). Polyphasic characterization of Dolichospermum spp. and Sphaerospermopsis spp. (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria): morphology, 16S rRNA gene sequences and fatty acid and secondary metabolites profiles. Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1152-1163.

Zapomelová, E., Skaácelová, O., Pumann, P., Kopp, R. & Janecek, E. (2012). Biogeographically interesting planktonic Nostocales (Cyanobacteria) in the Czech Republic and their polyphasic evaluation resulting in taxonomic revisions of Anabaena bergii Ostenfeld 1908 (Chrysosporum gen. nov.) and A. tenericaulis Nygaard 1949 (Dolichospermum tenericaule comb. nova). Hydrobiologia 698: 353-365.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 May 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4530

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