153,581 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,369 bibliographic items, 411,009 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Ulotrichales

Ulotrichales Borzì, 1895: 348.

Source: Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Original publication: Borzí, A. (1895). Studi algologici: saggio di richerche sulla biologia delle alghe. Fasc. II. pp. [121]-378, pls X-XXXI. Palermo: Alberto Reber Libreria Carlo Clausen.

Description:
Thalli microscopic or macroscopic, including coccoid, sarcinoid, filamentous or blade-like forms. Cells uni- or multinucleate, generally possessing a single parietal chloroplast with one to several pyrenoids. Life history variable, some members have a diplohaplontic cell cycle, isomorphic or heteromorphic with filamentous or blade-like gametophyte and unicellular, microscopic, usually stalked sporophyte (Codiolum stage); in other members sexual reproduction and Codiolum stage unknown. Motile cells covered with tiny diamond-shaped organic body scales.

Key References
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Al-Houty, F.A.A. & Syrett, P.J. (1984). The occurrence of urease/urea amidolyase and glycollate oxidase/dehydrogenase in Klebsormidium spp. and members of the Ulotrichales. British Phycological Journal 19: 1-10, 1 fig, 7 tables.

Bae, H.B. (2010). Ulotrichales, Ulvales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 1, Number 1. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Cladophorales, Bryopsidales. Marine green algae. (Bae, E.H., Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J., Hwang, I.-K., Kiim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. Eds), pp. 7-52. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Berger-Perrot, Y. (1981). Création du genre Ulotrichella nov. gen. (Chlorophycées, Ulotrichales). Revue Générale de Botanique 88: 83-86.

Berger-Perrot, Y., Thomas, J.C. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. (1986). Fine structure of the flagellar apparatus of gametes in situ and motile zygotes of the green alga Ulothrix flacca var. roscoffensis (Ulotrichales) (Chlorophyta). Protoplasma 134: 17-29.

Bicudo, C.E.M. & Pereira, F.C. (2003). Criptógamos do Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga, São Paulo, SP. Algas, 16: Chlorophyceae (Ulotrichales). Hoehnea 30(1): 31-37, 12 fig.

Chappell, D.F. & O‘Kelly, C.J. (1991). Ultrastructure and taxonomy of the Antarctic terrestrial algae Trichosarcina mucosa (Broady) comb. nov. (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta). Cryptogamic Botany 2/3: 252-257.

Chaudhary, B.T. (1979). Some observations on the morphology, reproduction and cytology of the genus Uronema Lagh. (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae) (Note). Phycologia 18: 299-302, 8 figs, 2 tables.

Clewell, A.F. & Friedmann, E.I. (1969). Helicodictyon planctonicum (Ulotrichales) in Florida.. American Midland Naturalist (82): 295.

Dillard, G.E. (1989). Freshwater algae of the southeastern United States, Part 2. Chlorophyceae: Ulotrichales, Oedogoniales. Bibliotheca Phycologica 83: 1-163, 41 pls..

Ding, L. & Luan, R. (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus IV Chlorophyta No. I Ulotrichales Chaetophorales, Phaeophilales, Ulvales, Acrosiphoniales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-173, pls I-VI. Beijing: Science Press.

Floyd, G.L. & O'Kelly, C.J. (1984). Motile cell ultrastructure and the circumscription of the orders Ulotrichales and Ulvales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta). American Journal of Botany 71: 111-120.

Fott, B. (1973). Protoderma daphnicola sp. nov. (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae), a new epibiontic alga growing on Daphnia. British Phycological Journal 8: 39-41, 7 figs.

Gauthier-Liévre, I. (1956). Ulotrichales africaines I. Genres Aphanochaete et Coleochaete. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle d'Afrique du Nord 47: 31-49.

Golden, L. & Cole, K.M. (1986). Studies on the green alga Kornmannia (Kornmanniaceae fam. nov., Ulotrichales) in British Columbia. Japanese Journal of Phycology 34: 263-274.

Hanic, L.A. (2005). Taxonomy, gamete morphology and mating types of Urospora (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta) in North America. Phycologia 44: 183-193.

Hindák, F. (1996). Key to the unbranched filamentous green algae (Ulotrichineae, Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae). Bull. Slovensk. Bot. Spol. SAV, supl. 1: 1-77.

Hindák, F. (1996). New taxa and nomenclatural changes in the Ulotrichineae (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta). Biologia, Bratislava 51: 357-364.

Ho, K.K., Tan, K.H. & Wee, Y.C. (1983). Growth conditions of Trentepohlia odorata (Chlorophyta, Ulotrichales). Phycologia 22: 303-308, 8 figs.

Hoek, C. van den (1966). Jaosaccion (Chlorophyceae, Ulotrichales), a nomenclatural change. Blumea 13: 409.

Jao, C.-C. (1947). Studies on the freshwater algae of China. XVII. Ulotrichales, Siphonocladiales and Siphonales from Kwangsi. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 1: 257-269, 3 figs.

John, D.M. & Johnson, L.R. (1989). A cultural assessment of the freshwater species of Pseudendoclonium Wille (Ulotrichales, Ulvophyceae) Chlorophyta). Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Suppl. 82 (Algological Studies) 54: 79-112.

John, D.M. (2002). Orders Chaetophorales, Klebshormidiales, Microsporales, Ulotrichales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 433-468. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Orders Chaetophorales, Microsporales, Ulotrichales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 524-554. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kargupta, A.N. & Mishra, V. (1992). A new species of Cylindrocapsa (Chlorophyceae, Ulotrichales) - C. iyengari sp. nov. from Bihar, India. Nova Hedwigia 55(3/4): 527-531.

Keshri, J.P. (2010). Contribution to our knowledge of Ulotrichales (Chlorophyta) of West Bengal, India. Algol. Studies 133: 29-41, 16 fig.

Keshri, J.P. (2010). Contribution to our knowledge of Ulotrichales (Chlorophyta) of West Bengal, India. Algological Studies/Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement Volumes 133: 29-42.

Kornmann, P. (1963). Die Ulotrichales, neu geordnet auf der entwicklungsgeschichtlicher Befunde. Phycologia 3: 60-68.

Kornmann, P. (1965). Ontogenie und Lebenszyklus der Ulotrichales in phylogenetischer Sicht. Phycologia 4: 163-172.

Lee, K.W. (1978). Uronema trentonense sp. nov. (Chlorophycophyta, Ulotrichales): a new edaphic alga from New Jersey. Phycologia 17: 191-195, 12 figs.

Lemmermann, E. (1910). Ulotrichales. In: Wissenschaftliche ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Africa-Expedition, 1907-1908 : unter Führung Adolf Friedrichs, herzogs zu Mecklenburg. Band II. Botanik. (Mildbraed, J. Eds), pp. 92 only. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann.

Lindstrom, S.C. & Hanic, L.A. (2005). The phylogeny of North American Urospora (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta) based on sequence analysis of nuclear ribosomal genes, introns and spacers. Phycologia 44: 194-201.

Lokhorst, G.M. & Vroman, M. (1974). Taxonomic studies on the genus, Ulothrix (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae). II. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 23: 361-398.

Lokhorst, G.M. & Vroman, M. (1974). Taxonomic studies on the genus, Ulothrix (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae). III. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 23(4): 369-398.

Lokhorst, G.M. (1984). Current ideas on classification of the Ulotrichales Borzi. In: Systematics of the Green Algae Special Volume No. 27. Proceedings of an International Symposium held at The Polytechnic of North London 29-31 March 1983. (Irvine, D.E.G. & John, D.M. Eds), pp. 179-206. London: Published for the Systematics Association by Academic Press.

Lokhorst, G.M. (1991). Synopsis of genera of Klebsormidiales and Ulotrichales. Cryptogamic Botany 2: 274-288.

Morison, M.O. & Sheath, R.G. (1985). Responses to desiccation stress by Klebsormidium rivulare (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta) from a Rhode Island stream. Phycologia 24: 129-145.

Moshkova, N.O. & Hollerbach, M.M. (1986). [Determiner of freshwater algae of the USSR. Issue. 10. Green algae. Chlorophyta: Ulotrichophyceae, Ulotrichales]. pp. 1-360. Lenigrad: Nauka.

Pellizzari, F., Oliveira, M.C., da Silva Medeiros, A., Yokoya, N.S. & Oliveira, E.C. (2013). Morphology, ontogeny, and phylogenetic position of Gayralia brasiliensis sp. nov. (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta) from the southern coast of Brazil. Botanica Marina 56(2): 197-205.

Pellizzari, F., Oliveira, M.C., Medeiros, A. da S., Yokoya, N.S. & Oliveira, E.C. (2013). Morphology, ontogeny, and phylogenetic position of Gayralia brasiliensis sp. nov. (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta) from the southern coast of Brazil. Botanica Marina 56(2): 197.

Permyakov, A., Osipova, S., Bondarenko, N., Obolkina, L., Timoshkin, O., Boedeker, C., Geist, B. & Schäffner, A.R. (2016). Proteins homologous to aquaporins of higher plants in the freshwater alga Ulothrix zonata (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 51(1): 99-106.

Ramanathan, K.R. (1964). Ulotrichales. pp. 1-188. New Delhi: Indian Council for Agricultural Research Monographs on Algae.

Randhawa, M.S. (1948). Notes on some Ulotrichales from Northern India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B (Biological Sciences) 14(8): 367-399.

Roleda, M.Y., Campana, G.L., Wiencke, C., Hanelt, D., Quartino, M.L. & Wulff, A. (2009). Sensitivity of Antarctic Urospora penicilliformis (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyta) to ultraviolet radiation is life-stage dependent. Journal of Phycology 45(3): 600-609, 5 figs, 2 tables.

Sarma, P. & Prakash Keshri (1995). The genus Pearsoniella Fritsch et Rich 1924 (Order Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae) in India. Journal of the Indian Botanical Society 74: 313-314.

Sarma, Y.S.R.K. (1958). Chromosome numbers in Ulotrichales and allied groups. British Phycological Bulletin 1(6): 22-24.

Sarma, Y.S.R.K. (1962). Contributions to the Karyology of the Ulotrichales-1. Ulothrix. Phycologia 2: 173-183, 17 figs.

Silverberg, B.A. (1975). Ultrastructural localization of lead in Stigeoclonium tenue (Chlorophyceae, Ulotrichales) as demonstrated by cytochemical and X-ray microanalysis. Phycologia 14: 265-274, 12 figs, 1 table.

Srivastava, P.N. (1974). Prasadiella indica gen. et sp. nov., a new member of Ulotrichales (Chlorophyta). Phycologia 13: 209-214, 18 figs.

Starmach, K. (1972). Chlorophyta III. Zielenice nitkowate: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Prasiolales, Sphaeropleales, Cladophorales, Trentepohliales, Sipholales, Dichotomosiphonales. In: Flora slodkowodna Polski. Volume 10. (Starmach, K. & Sieminska, J. Eds), pp. 1-750. Warszawa & Krakow: Panstwowe Wyadwnictwo Naukowe.

Stewart, K.D., Mattox, K.R. & Floyd, G.L. (1973). Mitosis, cytokinesis, the distribution of plasmodesmata and other cytological characteristics of the Ulotrichales, Ulvales and Chaetophorales: phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations. Journal of Phycology 9: 128-141.

Tiwari, G.L. & Pandey, D.C. (1972). On a new variety of Geminella planctonica (Balachonzew) comb. nov. (Chlorophyceae, Ulotrichales). Phycologia 11: 193-196, 14 figs.

Transeau, E.N. (1943). Two new Ulotrichales. Ohio Journal of Science 43: 212-213.

van den Hoek, C. & Donze, M. (1966). A contribution to the knowledge of Ulva rhacodes (Chlorophyceae, Ulotrichales). Nova Hedwigia 10: 495-498.

Weber, A. (1973). On the chlorophylls and carotenoids of some Ulotrichales. Mitt. Staatsinst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 14: 25-29.

Weber, A. (1975). Chlorophylls and carotenoids of the Chaetophorineae (Chlorophyceae; Ulotrichales) 2. The effect of different nitrogen concentrations on pigment composition and morphogenesis of the green alga Fritschiella tuberosa Iyengar. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 102: 45-52.

Wetherbee, R. & Verbruggen, H. (2016). Kraftionema allantoideum, a new genus and family of Ulotrichales (Chlorophyta) adapted for survival in high intertidal pools. Journal of Phycology 52(5): 704-715, 4 figs, 1 table.

Whitford, L.A. & Schumacher, G.J. (1966). Helicodictyon nom. nov. pro Heterodictyon and Helicodictyaceae fam. nov. (Ulotrichales). Phycologia 5: 274-276.

Škaloud,, P., Nedbalová, L., Elster, J. & Komárek, J. (2013). A curious occurrence of Hazenia broadyi spec. nova in Antarctica and the review of the genus Hazenia (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae). Polar Biology 36(9): 1281-1291.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 November 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4566

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