153,581 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,369 bibliographic items, 411,009 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Bangiales

Bangiales Nägeli, 1847: 136, 252.

Source: Kamiya, M., Lindstrom, S.C., Nakayama, T., Yokoyama, A., Lin, S.-M., Guiry, M.D., Gurgel, F.D.G., Huisman, J.M., Kitayama, T., Suzuki, M., Cho, T.O. & Frey, W. (2017). Rhodophyta. In: Syllabus of Plant Families, 13th ed. Part 2/2 Photoautotrophic eukaryotic Algae. (Frey, W. Eds), pp. [i]-xii, [1]-171. Stuttgart: Borntraeger Science Publishers.

Original publication: Nägeli, C. (1847). Die neuern Algensysteme und Versuch zur Begründung eines eigenen Systems der Algen und Florideen. Neue Denkschriften der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten 9(2): 1-275, pls I-X.

Nomenclatural notes:

See Athanasiadis (2016: 6); included the families Lyngbyaceae ('Lyngbyeae') and Ulvaceae ('Ulveae').

Key References
Sutherland, J.E., Lindstrom, S.C., Nelson, W.A., Brodie, J., Lynch, M.D., Hwang, M.S., Choi, H.-G., Miyata, M., Kikuchi, N., Oliveira, M.C., Farr, T., Neefus, C., Mols-Mortensen, A. Milstein, D. & Müller, K.M. (2011). A new look at an ancient order: generic revision of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1131-1151.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Acleto, O.C. & Endo, A.J. (1977). Las especies peruanas de Porphyra (Rhodophyta, Bangiales), I. Tanonomía y distribución geográfica. Publ. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, Botanica, Ser. B 29: 1-19.

Alongi, G. (1998). Struttura e periodismo del popolamento a Bangia atropurpurea (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in due stazioni della Sicilia orientale. Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. 30(353): , 7 figs, 3 tables.

Alongi, G. (1998). Struttura e periodismo del popolamento a Porphyra leucosticta (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in due stazioni della Sicilia orientale. Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. 30(353): 167-185, 9 figs, 4 tables.

Anilkumar, C. & Rao, P.S.N. (2005). A new species of Porphyra (Rhodophyta, Bangiales) from the Malvan coast of Maharashtra (India). Feddes Repertorium 116: 222-225.

Araki, S., Sakurai, T., Oohusa, T. & Sato, N. (1992). Comparative restriction endonuclease analysis of rhodoplast DNA from different species of Porphyra (Bangiales, rhodophyta). Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 58(3): 477-480.

Avila, M., Santelices, B. & McLachlan, J. (1986). Photoperiod and temperature regulation of the life history of Porphyra columbina (Rhodophyta, Bangiales) from central Chile. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 1867-1872.

Aye-Mon-Sein, D., Ni-Ni-Win, D., San-Tha-Htun, U., Soe-Htun, U. & Ohno, M. (2003). Studies on Porphyra suborbiculata Kjellman (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from Myanmar. I. The morphology and life history in culture. Bulletin of Marine Sciences and Fisheries Kochi University 22: 65-79.

Bird, C.J. (1973). Aspects of the life history and ecology of Porphyra linearis (Bangiales, Rhodophyceae) in nature. Canadian Journal of Botany 51: 2371-2379.

Bird, C.J., Chen, L.C.-M. & McLachlan, J. (1972). The culture of Porphyra linearis (Bangiales, Rhodophyceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 50: 1859-1863.

Boedeker, C. & Karsten, U. (2005). The occurrence of mycosporine-like amino acids in the gametophytic and sporophytic stages of Bangia (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 44: 403-408.

Boedeker, C., Farr, T.J. & Nelson, W.A. (2007). Unusual rhizoidal development in Bangia (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) - another form of vegetative reproduction?. Algae 22(1): 31-36, 12 figs.

Boedeker, C., Farr, T.J. & Nelson, W.A. (2008). Comparative culture experiments with filamentous members of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta) from New Zealand: Insights into ecologic adaptation and biogeography. Phycological Research 56(3): 183-192.

Bray, T.L., Neefus, C.D. & Mathieson, A.C. (2007). A morphological and molecular investigation of Porphyra purpurea (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) complex in the Northwest Atlantic. Nova Hedwigia 84: 277-298.

Brodie, J., Bartsch, I., Neefus, C., Orfanidis, S., Bray, T.& Mathieson, A.C. (2007). New insights into the cryptic diversity of the North Atlantic-Mediterranean 'Porphyra leucosticta' complex: P. olivii sp. nov. and P. rosengurttii (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 42: 3-28.

Brodie, J., Mortensen, A.M., Ramirez, M.E., Russell, S. & Rinkel, B. (2009 '2008'). Making the links: towards a global taxonomy for the red algal genus Porphyra (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 19: 489-499, 3 figs, 3 tables.

Broom, J.E., Nelson, W.A., Yarish, C., Jones, W.A., Aguilar Rosas, R. & Aguilar Rosas, L.E. (2002). A reassessment of the taxonomic status of Poprhyra suborbiculata, Poprhyra carolinensis and Porphyra lilliputiana (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. European Journal of Phycology 37: 227-235.

Brown, M.T., Frazer, A.W.J. & Melton, L.D. (1990). Growth and reproduction of Porphyra columbina Mont. (Bangiales, Rhodophyceae) from southern New Zealand. Journal of Applied Phycology 2: 35-44.

Børgesen, F. (1927). Marine algae from the Canary Islands especially from Teneriffe and Gran Canaria. III. Rhodophyceae. Part I. Bangiales and Nemalionales. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Meddelelser 6(6): 1-97, 49 figs.

Børgesen, F. (1942). Some marine algae from Mauritius. III. Rhodophyceae. Part 1. Porphyridiales, Bangiales, Nemalionales. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Meddelelser 17(5): 64, 27 figs, 2 plates.

Candia, A., Cordeiro-Marino, M. & Reyes, E. (1990). Karyological studies in Porphyra C. Agardh I. Chromosome numbers in phases of Porphyra columbina Montagne (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Hoehnea 17((1)): 91-97.

Candia, A., Lindstrom, S. & Reyes, E. (1999). Porphyra sp. (Bangiales, Rhodophyta): reproduction and life form.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 115-119.

Cannon, M.I. (1989). Note: Cell division patterns and diurnal cycle of Porphyra abbottae (Rhodophyta, Bangiales) carpogonial and carpospore development. Journal of Phycology 25: 612-615, 10 figs.

Cao, Y., Wang, W.-J., Liu, F.L., Liang, Z.-R., Sun, X.-Y., Li, X.-L., Sun, T.-Q. & Wang, F.-J. (2018). AFLP fingerprints of Pyropia yezoensis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) populations revealed the important effect of farming protocols on genetic diversity. Botanica Marina 61(2): 141-147.

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Coll, J. & de Oliveira Filho, E.C. (1977). The nuclear state of 'reproductive' cells of Porphyra leucosticta Thuret in Le Jolis (Rhodophyta, Bangiales). Phycologia 16: 227-229.

Coll, J. & Oliveira Filho, E.C. de (1976). The genus Porphyra C. Ag. (Rhodophyta-Bangiales) in the American South Atlantic. II. Uruguayan species. Botanica Marina 19: 191-196.

Coll, J. & Oliveira, E.C. (2001). Porphyra drewiana, a new species of red algae (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from Brazil. Phycological Research 49: 67-72.

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Conway, E. & Cole, K. (1977). Studies in the Bangiaceae: structure and reproduction of the conchocelis of Porphyra and Bangia in culture (Bangiales, Rhodophyceae). Phycologia 16: 205-216.

Conway, E. & Cole, K. (1983). Observations on an unusual form of reproduction in Porphyra (Rhodophyceae, Bangiales). Phycologia 12: 213-225.

Conway, E. (1974). An examination of the original specimens of Porphyra perforata J. Ag. (Rhodophyceae, Bangiales). Phycologia 13(2): 173-177, 7 figs.

Dawson, E.Y. (1953). Marine red algae of Pacific Mexico. Part 1. Bangiales to Corallinaceae subf. Corallinoidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 17: 1-239, Plates 1-33.

Dhargalkar, V.K., Agadi, V.V. & Untawale, A.G. (1981). Occurrence of Porphyra vietnamensis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) along the Goa coast. Mahasagar - Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography (India) 14: 75-77, 3 figs, 1 plate.

Diehl, N., Kim, G.H. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2017). A pathogen of New Zealand Pyropia plicata (Bangiales, Rhodophyta), Pythium porphyrae (Oomycota). Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 32(1): 29-39.

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Du, Y., Guan, J., Xu, R., Liu, X., Shen, W., Ma, Y., He, Y. & Shen, S. (2017). Molecular cloning and expression analysis of the first two key genes through 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway from Pyropia haitanensis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 32(4): 359-377.

Dumilag, R.V. & Aguinaldo, Z.-Z. A. (2017). Genetic differentiation and distribution of Pyropia acanthophora (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in the Philippines. European Journal of Phycology 52(1): 104-115.

Dumilag, R.V., Aguinaldo, Z.-Z.A., Mintu, C.B., Quinton, M.P., Ame, E.C., Andres, R.C., Monotilla, W.D., Yap, S.L., Cao, E.P., Vital, P.G. & Fontanilla, I.K.C. (2017). A review of the current taxonomic status of foliose Bangiales (Rhodophyta) in the Philippines. Phytotaxa 312(1): 47-59, 3 figs.

Eriksen, R.L., Green, L.A. & Klein, A. S. (2016). Genetic variation within and among asexual populations of Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in the Gulf of Maine, USA. 59(1): 1-12.

Farr, T., Nelson, W. and Broom, J. (2003). A challenge to the taxonomy of Porphyra in Australia: the New Zealand red alga Porphyra rakiura (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) occurs in southern Australia and is distinct from P. lucasii. Australian Systematic Botany 16: 569-575.

Figueroa, F.L., Aguilera, J. & Niell, F.X. (1995). Red and blue light regulation of growth and photosynthetic metabolism in Porphyra umbilicalis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 30: 11-18, 10 figs, 3 tables.

Frazer, A.W.J. & Brown, M.T. (1995). Growth of the conchocelis phase of Porphyra columbina (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) at different temperatures and levels of light, nitrogen and phosphoros. Phycological Research 43: 249-253.

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Gargiulo, G.M., De Masi, F., Genovese, G. & Tripodi, G. (1994). Karyology and effects of temperature and photoperiod on the life-cycle of Porphyra leucosticta Thuret in Le Jolis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from the Mediterranean Sea. Japanese Journal of Phycology 42: 271-280.

Gargiulo, G.M., Genovese, G., Culoso, F. & De Masi, F. (1999 '1998' ). Karyotype analysis of marine and freshwater populations of Bangia (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in Italy. Phycologia 37: 405-411, 12 figs, 4 tables.

Gargiulo, G.M., Genovese, G., Morabito, M., Culoso, F. & De Masi, F. (2001). Sexual and asexual reproduction in a freshwater population of Bangia atropurpurea (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from eastern Sicily (Italy). Phycologia 40: 88-96.

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Kim, N.-G. & Notoya, M. (2004). Life history of Porphyra seriata Kjellman (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) from Korea in laboratory cuture. Algae 19(4): 303-309, 7 figs.

Kim, N.-G. (1999). Culture studies of Porphyra dentata and P. pseudolinearis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta), two dioecious species from Korea.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 127-135.

Kitade, Y., Asamizu, E., Fukuda, S., Nakajima, M., Ootsuka, S., Endo, H., Tabata, S. & Saga, N. (2008). Identification of genes preferentially expressed during asexual sporulation in Porphyra yezoensis gametophytes (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 44(1): 113-123.

Klein, A.S, Mathieson, A.C., Neefus, C.D., Cain, D.C., Taylor, H.A., Teasdale, B.W., West, A.L., Hehre, E.J., Brodie, J., Yarish, C. & Wallace, A.L. (2003). Identification of north-western Atlantic Porphyra (Bangiaceae, Bangiales) based on sequence variation in nuclear SSU and plastid rbcL genes. Phycologia 42: 109-122, 3 figs, 5 tables.

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Levring, T. (1953). The marine algae of Australia. I. Rhodophyta: Goniotrichales, Bangiales and Nemalionales. Arkiv för Botanik, Uppsala Ser. 2, 2: 457-530, 55 figs.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 November 2018.

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