153,593 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,399 bibliographic items, 411,125 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Dictyotales

Dictyotales Bory, 1828: 142.

Source: Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156.

Original publication: Bory de St. Vincent, J.B. (1828). Botanique, Cryptogamie. In: Voyage autour du monde, exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la corvette de Sa Majesté, la Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. (Duperrey, L.I. Eds), pp. 97-200. Paris: Bertrand.

Description:
Gametophytes and sporophytes parenchymatous, with apical or marginal growth; several scattered discoid plastids and no pyrenoid; isomorphic life history; oogamous sexual reproduction.

Key References
Ribero Siguan, M.A., Gomez Garreta, A., Salvador Soler, N. Rull Lluch, J. & Kapraun, D.F. (2011). Nuclear content estimates suggest a synapomorphy between Dictyota and six genera of the Dictyotales (Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 32(2): 205-219.

Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156.

Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abbas, A. & Shameel, M. (2013). Morpho-anatomical studies on the genus Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophycota) from the Coast of Karachi, Pakistan. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences 50(1): 21-36, 34 figs.

Abbott, I.A. (1977). On the identity of Zonaria hawaiiensis (Phaeophyta, Dictyotales). Bulletin of the Japanese Society for Phycology 25 (Suppl.): 1-8.

Aguirre-Lipperheide, M. & Evans, L.V. (1993). A sterilization protocol for the Dictyotales (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 29: 243 -251, 7 figs, 1 table.

Allender, B.M. & Kraft, G.T. (1983). The marine algae of Lord Howe Island (New South Wales): the Dictyotales and Cutleriales (Phaeophyta). Brunonia 6: 73-130, 29 figs.

Allender, B.M. (1977). Ecological experimentation withthe gnerations of Padina japonica Yamada (Dictyotales: Phaeophyta). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 26: 225-234.

Amado Filho, G. M., Karez, C. S., Pfeiffer, W. C., Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y. & Farina, M. (1996). Accumulation, effects on growth, and localization of zinc in Padina gymnospora (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 451-456.

Ampili, P., Panikkar, M.V.N. & Chauhan, V.D. (1987). Attachment of the tetraspores of Padina dubia Hauck (Phaeophyta, Dictyotales). Japanese Journal of Phycology 35: 209-213, 5 figs, 1 table.

Ateweberhan, M., Bruggemann, J.H. & Breeman, A.M. (2005). Seasonal patterns of biomass, growth and reproduction in Dictyota cervicornis and Stoechospermum polypodioides (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta) on a shallow reef flat in the southern Red Sea (Eritrea) . Botanica Marina 48: 8-17.

Barceló, M.C., Gómez Garreta, A., Ribera, M.A. & Rull Lluch, J. (1998). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XI. Lobophora variegata (Lamour.) Womersley, Padina pavonica (L.) Thivy y Zonaria tournefortii (Lamour.) Mont. (Dictyotales, Fucophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 22: 179-186.

Begum, M. & Khatoon, N. (1993). Addition to the species of Dilophus J. Agargh and Spatoglossum Kuetzing (Phaeophyta-Dictyotales) from the coast of Karachi, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 25: 93-97, 5 figs.

Benson, M.R. (1986). A demographic study of Dictyopteris undulata Holmes (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta) at Santa Catalina Island. Phycologia 25: 448-454.

Bhamrah, G. & Kaur, I. (2005). Vegetative anatomy and tetrasporogenesis in Stoechospermum marginatum (C. Agardh) Kützing (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae). Algae 20(4): 315-324, 4 figs.

Bittner, L., Payri, C.E., Couloux, A., Cruaud, C., Reviers B. de & Rousseau, F. (2008). Molecular phylogeny of the Dictyotales and their position within the Phaeophyceae, based on nuclear, plastid and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49(1): 211-226.

Blackmore, N.L., Critchley, A.T. & Pienaar, R.N. (1994). Studies on Dictyopteris longifolia (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta) from South Africa. I. Production and morphogenesis of tetraspores. Japanese Journal of Phycology 42: 377-384.

Bula-Meyer, G. (1994). Notas sobre Dictyota pfaffii y D. humifusa (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). Anales Inst. Invest. Mar. Punta de Betín 23: 177-181.

Coppejans, E. (1990). Dictyota adnata Zanardini (Phaeophyta, Dictyotales) a remarkable mangrove inhabiting species in Kenya. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 60: 371-380.

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Dahl, A.L. (1971). Development, form and environment in the brown alga Zonaria farlowii (Dictyotales). Botanica Marina 14: 76-112.

de Andrade, M.R., Farina, M. & Amado Filho, G.M. (2002). Role of Padina gymnospora (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) call walls in Cadmium accumulation. Phycologia 41: 39-48.

De Clerck, O. & Coppejans, E. (1997). Note on Stoechospermum Kütz. (Dictyotales - Phaeophyta). Cryptogamie, Algologie 18: 337-341.

De Clerck, O. & Coppejans, E. (1999). Two new species of Dictyota (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta) from the Indo-Malayan region. Phycologia 38: 184-194, 17 figs, 2 tables.

De Clerck, O., De Vos, P., Gillis, M. & Coppejans, E. (2001). Molecular systematics in the genus Dictyota (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta): a first attempt based on restriction patterns of the Internal Transcribed Spacer 1 of the rDNA (ARDRA-ITS1). Syst. Geogr. Pl. 71: 25-35.

De Clerck, O., Leliaert, F., Verbruggen, H., Lane, C.E., De Paula, J.C., Payo, D.I. & Coppejans, E. (2006). A revised classification of the Dictyoteae (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) based on rbcL and 26S ribosomal DNA sequence data analyses. Journal of Phycology 42: 1271-1288, 6 figs.

de Széchy, M.T.M. & Nasser, C.A.G. (1989). Aspectos fenológicos de Padina gymnospora (Kuetzing) Sonder (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). I - Nota preliminar. Insula 19(Suppl.): 51-70.

De-Paula, J.C., Lopes-Filho, E.A.P., Salgueiro, F., Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y., Cavalcanti, D.N., Villaça, R.C. & Teixeira, V.L. (2018). Diterpenes content of the brown alga Dictyota ciliolata (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) and recognition of a Brazilian haplotype based on psbA sequences. New Zealand Journal of Botany 56: 415-429, 4 figs, 2 tables.

Diannelidis, B.-E. & Delivopoulos, S.G. (1999). Ultrastructural effects of heavy metals on the pidermal cells of Dilophus spiralis (Mont) Hamel (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). International Journal on Algae 1(3): 21-30.

Díaz-Martínez, S., Zuccarello, G.C., Salazar Chávez, G.A., Pedroche, F.F. & Ávila-Ortiz, A.G (2016). Species of Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) in tropical Mexican waters based on molecular-assisted taxonomy. Phycologia 55(6): 673-687, 29 fig., 1 table.

Edelstein, T. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1975). The thallus and spore development of Lobospira bicuspidata Areschoug (Dictyotales: Phaeophyta). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 99: 149-156, 5 figs.

Eizaguirre, M. del C. & Vera, B. (2013). Dictyopteris jolyana E.C. Oliveira & R.P. Furtado (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae), nuevo registro para la coata venezolana. Acta Botanica Venezuelica 36(2): 261-267, 1 fig.

Fleury, B.G., Kelecom, A., Pereira, R.C. & Teixeira, V.L. (1994). Polyphenols, terpenes and sterols in Brazilian Dictyotales and Fucales (Phaeophyta). Botanica Marina 37: 457-462, 3 figs, 1 table.

Gaillard, J. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. (1976). Corrélations morphogènes et comportement des deux initiales filles chez le Dictyota dichotoma (Huds.) Lamouroux (Dictyotales-Phéophycée). Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D 282: 2167-2170.

Gaillard, J. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. (1990). Morphogenèse du Dictyota dichotoma (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). III. Ontogenèse et croissance des frondes adventives. Phycologia 29: 39-53, 39 figs, 7 tables.

Gaillard, J. (1963). Sur le mode de croissance des plantules de Taonia atomaria (Woodw) J. Ag. (Dictyotales).. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. 257: 725-726.

Gaillard, J. (1972). L'iridescence chez deux Dictyotales, Dictyota dichotoma (Huds.) Lamouroux et Zonaria tournefortii (Lamour.) Montagne. Cytologie des cellules iridescentes. Botaniste 55: 71-79.

Gaillard, J. (1972). Quelques remarques sur le cycle reproducteur des Dictyotales et sur ses variations. Soc. Bot. Fr., Mém. 1972: 145-150.

Geraldino, P.J.L., Liao, L.M. & Boo, S.M. (2005). Morphological study of the marine algal genus Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from southern Philippines: 3 species new to Philippines. Algae 20(2): 99-112, 3 figs, 1 table.

Gómez Garreta, A., Bárbara, I., Rull Lluch, J., Barceló Martí, M.C., Pérez Ruzafa, I. & Ribera Siguán, M.A. (2009). Descripción de las estructuras reproductoras masculinas de Dictyopteris lucida (Dictyotales, Phaephyceae). Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficología 42: 9.

Gómez Garreta, A., Ribera, M.A., Barceló, M.C. & Rull Lluch, J. (2002). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XVI. Dictyopteris polypodioides (DC.) Lamour. y Spatoglossum solieri (Chauv. ex Mont.) Kütz. (Dictyotales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 26: 153-160.

Gómez Garreta, A., Rull Lluch, J., Barceló Martí, M.C. & Ribera Siguán, M.A. (2007). On the presence of fertile gametophytes of Padina pavonica (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from the Iberian coasts. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 64: 27-33.

Gómez Gómez, A., Peralta Poch, B., Riera Ribas, F., Gómez Garreta, A., Ribera Siguan, M.A. & Rull LLuch, J. (2015). Padina ditristromatica and Padina pavonicoides (Dictyotales, Phaeophyuceae): two new records for the marine benthic flora of the Mediterranean Spanish coasts. Cryptogamic Studies 36(1): 55-63.

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Hoffmann, A.J. & Malbrán, M.E. (1989). Temperature, photoperiod and light interactions on growth and fertility of Glossophora kunthii (Phaeophyta, Dictyotales) from central Chile. Journal of Phycology 25: 129-133.

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Hwang, I-K., Lee, W.J., Kim H.-S & De Clerck, O. (2009). Taxonomic reappraisal of Dilophus okamurae (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta) from the western Pacific Ocean. Phycologia 48: 1-12.

Hwang, I.-K., Kim, H.-S. & Lee, W.J. (2004). Morphological characteristics of brown alga Spatoglossum crassum Tanaka (Dictyotaceae, Dictyotales), new to Korea. Algae 19(3): 191-199, 6 figs, 1 table.

Hwang, I.K., Kim, H.-S. & Lee, W.J. (2004). Evidence for taxonomic status of Pachydictyon coriaceum (Holmes) Okamura (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) based on morphology and plastid protein encoding rbcL, psaA and psbA gene sequences. Algae 19(3): 175-190, 11 figs, 2 tables.

Hwang, I.K., Kim, H.-S. & Lee, W.J. (2005). Polymorphism in the brown alga Dictyota dichotoma (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from Korea. Marine Biology, Berlin 147: 999-1015.

Iryu, Y. (2016). Fossil Newhousia imbricata (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from postglacial coral reef deposits in Tahiti. Paleontological Research 20(1): 18-23, 2 figs.

Katsaros, C. & Galatis, B. (1985). Ultrastructural studies on thallus development in Dictyota dichotoma (Phaeophyta, Dictyotales). British Phycological Journal 20: 263-276, 21 figs.

Katsaros, C. & Galatis, B. (1988). Thallus development in Dictyopteris membranacea (Phaeophyta, Dictyotales). British Phycological Journal 23: 71-88.

Kaur, I. & Kumari, S. (1998). Light and electron microscope studies on Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley ex Oliveira (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). Algae 13(3): 323-329, 3 figs.

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Lozano-Orozco, J.G., Sentíes, A., De Clerck, O., Dreckmann, K.M. & Díaz-Larrea, J. (2015). Two new species of the genus Dictyota (Phaeophyceae: Dictyotales) from the Mexican Caribbean. American Journal of Plant Sciences 6: 2492-2501.

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Mendoza-González A.C. & Mateo-Cid, L.E. (2005). El género Dictyopteris J. V. Lamouroux (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) en las costas de México. Hidrobiológica 15(1): 43-63. [in Spanish]

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Mya Kyawt Wai & Soe-Htun, U. (2009). Studies on the morphology and distribution of Padina antillarum (Kützing) Piccone (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta) from Myanmar. Universities Research Journal 2(3): 323-342.

Nelson, W.A., Bilewitch, J.P. & Sutherland, J.E. (2018). Distribution of the genus Zonaria (Dictyotales: Phaeophyceae) in New Zealand, and description of Zonaria cryptica sp. nov. from Stewart Island. New Zealand Journal of Botany 56(3): 264-275, 5 fig., 1 table.

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Ni-Ni-Win, Hanyuda, T., Arai, S., Uchimura, M., Prathep, A., Draisma, S.G.A., Phang, S.M., Abbott, I.A., Millar, A.J.K. & Kawai, H. (2011). A taxonomic study of the genus Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) including the description of four new species from Japan, Hawaii, and the Andaman Sea. Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1193-1209.

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Ni-Ni-Win, Hanyuda, T., Draisma, S.G.A., Verheij, E., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Lim, P.-E., Phang, S.-M. & Kawai, H. (2012). Morphological and molecular evidence for two new species of Padina (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae), P. sulcata and P. calcarea, from the central Indo-Pacific region. Phycologia 51(5): 576-585.

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Panikkar, M.V.N. & Chauhan, V.D. (1991). On the life history of Padina dubia Hauck (Dictyotales, Dictyotaceae) in culture. Seaweed Research and Utilisation 13: 149-159, 23 figs, 1 table.

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Pena Martín, C., Gómez Garreta, A. & Crespo, M.B. (2005). Sobre la presencia de Dictyota mediterranea (Schiffner) G. Furnari (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) en la Península Ibérica. Acta Botanica Malacitana 29: 255-260.

Phillips, J.A. & Clayton, M.N. (1991). Biflagellate spermatozoids in the Dictyotales - The structure of gametes and gametangia in Zonaria angustata (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). Phycologia 30: 205-214.

Phillips, J.A. & Clayton, M.N. (1993). Comparative flagellar morphology of spermatozoids of the Dictyotales (Phaeophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 28: 123-127, 10 figs, 3 tables.

Phillips, J.A. & Clayton, M.N. (1994). Flagellate spores in Homoeostrichus olsenii Womersley (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae): the largest known motile reproductive cells of marine macroalgae. Phycologia 33: 415-419, 11 figs, 1 table.

Phillips, J.A. & Clayton, M.N. (1997). Comparative studies on gametangial distribution and structure in species ofZonaria and Homoeostrichus (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from Australia. European Journal of Phycology 32: 25-34, 28 figs, 5 tables.

Phillips, J.A. & Huisman, J.M. (1998). Dictyopteris serrata (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae): a little known algal species newly recorded from Australia. Botanica Marina 41: 43-49, 17 figs, 1 table.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 November 2018.

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