153,560 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,957 images, 59,363 bibliographic items, 410,286 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Sphacelariales

Sphacelariales Migula, 1908: 173 [key], 237.

Source: Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1982). A taxonomic revision of the European Sphacelariaceae (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Leiden Botanical Series 6: [i-x], 1-293, 660 figs, XXI tables, 6 pls.

Original publication: Migula, W. (1908-1909). Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Deutsch-Österreich und der Schweiz im Anschluß an Thome's Flora von Deuschland. Band II. Algen. 2. Teil. Rhodophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Characeae. pp. i-iv, 1-383, 122 (41 col.) pls. Gera, R.: Verlag Friedrich von Zezschwitz.

Authority notes:

Description:
Gametophyte and sporophyte branched multiseriate filaments, with apical growth; several scattered discoid plastids and no pyrenoid; generally with an isomorphic alternation of generations; isogamous, anisogamous or öogamous sexual reproduction.

Key References
Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Kawai, H. (2010). A revised classification of the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from a psbC and rbcL based phylogeny. European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 308-326.

Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1982). A taxonomic revision of the European Sphacelariaceae (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Leiden Botanical Series 6: [i-x], 1-293, 660 figs, XXI tables, 6 pls.

Migula, W. (1908-1909). Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Deutsch-Österreich und der Schweiz im Anschluß an Thome's Flora von Deuschland. Band II. Algen. 2. Teil. Rhodophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Characeae. pp. i-iv, 1-383, 122 (41 col.) pls. Gera, R.: Verlag Friedrich von Zezschwitz.

Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156.

Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Anilkumar, C. & Panikkar, M.V.N. (1992). Marine algae of Kerala - II: Sphacelaria Lyngbye (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Seaweed Research and Utilisation 14: 129-134, 27 figs.

Draisma, S.G.A. & Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (2010). Proposal to conserve the name Sphacelaria (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 59(6): 1891-1892.

Draisma, S.G.A., Keum, Y.-S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Lokhorst, G.M. (1998). The species of Sphacelaria (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae) in China with a description of a new species. Botanica Marina 41: 181-190, 25 figs, 2 tables.

Draisma, S.G.A., Olsen, J.L., Stam, W.T. & Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (2002). Phylogenetic relationships within the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae): rbcL, RUBISCO spacer and morphology. European Journal of Phycology 37: 385-402.

Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Kawai, H. (2014). A revised classification of the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from a psbC and rbcL based phylogeny (Corrigendum). European Journal of Phycology 49(4): 576.

Ducreux, G. (1983). Isolement expérimental des cellules terminales de l'apex de Sphacelaria cirrosa (Roth) C. Agardh (Sphacelariales, Phéophycées) et analyse comparée de leurs potentialités morphogénétiques. Phycologia 22: 415-429, 37 figs, 1 table.

Galatis, B., Katsaros, C. & Mitrakos, K. (1977). Fine structure of vegetative cells of Sphacelaria tribuloides Menegh. (Phaeophyceae, Sphacelariales) with special reference to some unusual proliferations of the plasmalemma. Phycologia 16: 139-151, 24 figs.

Gibson, M. (1994). Reproduction in Cladostephus spongiosus in southern Australia (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 33: 378-383, 13 figs, 2 tables.

Heesch, S., Peters A.F., Broom, J.E. & Hurd, C.L. (2008). Affiliation of the parasite Herpodiscus durvillaeae (Phaeophyceae) with the Sphacelariales based on DNA sequence comparisons and morphological observations. European Journal of Phycology 43: 283-295.

Henry, E.C. (1987). Morphology and life histories of Onslowia bahamensis sp. nov. and Verosphacela ebrachia gen et sp. nov., with a reassessment of the Choristocarpaceae (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 26: 182-191.

Henry, E.C. (1987). The life history of Onslowia endophytica (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae) in culture. Phycologia 26: 175-181.

Jorde, I. & Klavestad, N. (1960). On the Sphacelariales of a fjord area in west Norway. Nytt Magasin for Botanikk 8: 89-102.

Katsaros, C. & Galatis, B. (1986). Ultrastructural studies on zoosporogenesis of Halopteris filicina (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyta). Phycologia 25: 358-370.

Katsaros, C. & Galatis, B. (1990). Thallus development in Halopteris filicina (Phaeophycee, Sphacelariales). British Phycological Journal 25: 63-74, 21 figs.

Kawai, H. & Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1998). Life history of Japanese Stypocaulon durum (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 46: 263-270, 24 figs, 2 tables.

Keum, Y.-S. (2010). Sphacelariales, Cutleriales, Ralfsiales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 2. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ishigeales, Dictyotales, Desmarestiales, Sphacelariales, Cutleriales, Ralfisales, Laminariales. (Anon. Eds), pp. 19-69. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Keum, Y.-S., Oak, J.H. & Boo, S.M. (1999). Sphacelaria californica and S. novae-hollandiae, two related species of the genus Sphacelaria (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyta). Algae 14(1): 23-35, 52 figs, 2 tables.

Keum, Y.-S., Oak, J.H., Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Lee, I.K. (2005). Taxonomic reappraisal of Sphacelaria rigidula and S. fusca (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae) based on morphology and molecular data with special reference to S. didichotoma. Algae 20(1): 1-13, 31 figs, 1 table.

Keum, Y.-S., Oak, J.H., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Lee, I.K. (2001). Two species of Sphacelaria (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae), S. solitaria (Pringsheim) Kylin and S. recurva sp. nov. from Korea. Botanica Marina 44: 267-275.

Keum, Y.-S., Oak, J.H., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Lee, I.K. (2003). Comparative morphology and taxonomy of Sphacelaria species with tribuliform propagules (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 46: 113-124.

Kitayama, T. (1994). A taxonomic study of the Japanese Sphacelaria (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Ser. B (Botany) 20: 37-141, 70 figs, 8 tables.

Kitayama, T., Kawai, H. & Yoshida, T. (1991). Morphological observations on Sphacelaria californica Sauvageau ex Setchell et Gardner (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae), new to Japan. Japanese Journal of Phycology 39: 189-193.

Krishnamurthy, V. & Baluswami, M. (2010). Phaeophyceae of India and neighbourhood Volume I Ectocarpales, Sphacelariales, Dictyotales, Chordariales and Scytosiphonales. pp. [2], i-iv, 1-193, 308 figs, pls I-VI. Chennai: Krishnamurthy Institute of Algology.

Mazariegos-Villareal, A., Riosmena-Rodrigues, R., Rivera-Camacho, A.R. & Serviere-Zaragoza, E. (2010). First report of Cladostephus spongiosus (Sphacelariales: Phaeophyta) from the Pacific coast of Mexico. Botanica Marina 53(2): 153-157.

Meinderts, M. (1984). Reproduction and life-histories of Halopteris paniculata (Suhr) P. v. R. (Sphacelariales: Phaeophyta) and Halopteris ramulosa Sauv. (Spacelariales: Phaeophyta). In: ASPAB 1984. Programme and Abstracts. ( Eds), pp. 21.

Moore, L.B. (1951). Reproduction in Halopteris (Sphacelariales). Annals of Botany, Fennici 15(58): 265-278.

Nagasato, C., Tanaka, A., Ito, T., Katsaros, C. & Motomura, T. (2017). Intercellular translocation of molecules via plasmodesmata in the multiseriate filamentous brown alga, Halpteris congesta (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 53(2): 333-341.

Novaczek, I., Breeman, A.M. & van den Hoek, C. (1989). Thermal tolerance of Stypocaulon scoparium (Phaeophyta, Sphacelariales) from eastern and western shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 43: 183-193.

Prud'homme Van Reine, W. F. (1981). Morphology and life history of Battersia mirabilis reinke ex batters (Phaeophyceae, Sphacelariales). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 135-139.

Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Star, W. (1981). Transmission electron microscopy of apical cells of Sphacelaria spp. (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Blumea 27: 523-546.

Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1972). Notes on Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) I. On the identity of Sphacelaria paniculata Suhr. Blumea 20: 133-137, Plate I.

Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1972). Notes on Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) II. On the identity of Cladostephus setaceus Suhr and remarks on European Cladostephus. Blumea 20: 138-144, pl. II.

Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1974). Geographic distribution of European Sphacelaria species in the world (Phaeophyceae, Sphacelariales). Bulletin de la Société Phycologique de France 19: 171-177.

Prud'Homme van Reine, W.F. (1978). Criteria used in systematic studies in the Sphacelariales. In: Modern approaches to the taxonomy of red and brown algae. (Irvine, D.E.G. & Price, J.H. Eds) Vol.Systematics Association Special Vol. 10, pp. 301-323. London: Academic Press.

Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1991). Stypocaulon and Halopteris (Stypocaulaceae, Sphacelariales, Phaeophycophyta), reasons to separate these genera again. Journal of Phycology 27 (suppl.): p 60.

Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1993). Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) of the world, a new synthesis. Korean Journal of Phycology 8(2): 145-160, 3 tables.

Searles, R.B. & Leister, G.L. (1980). North Carolina marine algae. IX. Onslowia endophytica gen. et sp. nov. (Phaeophyta, Sphacelariales) and notes on other new records for North Carolina. Journal of Phycology 16: 35-40.

Tamura, H., Mine, I. & Okuda, K. (1996). Cellulose-synthesizing terminal complexes and microfibril structure in the brown alga Sphacelaria rigidula (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 44(1): 63-68.

Tokida, J. (1931). On two species of Sphacelariales new to Japan. Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 11: 215-220.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 November 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4578

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