152,895 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,947 images, 59,136 bibliographic items, 408,271 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Laminariales

Laminariales Migula, 1909: 243.

Type of name: Laminariaceae Bory, 1820

Source: Adl, S.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Farmer, M.A., Andersen, R.A., Anderson, O.R., Barta, J.R., Bowser, S.S., Brugerolle, G., Fensome, R.A., Fredericq, S., James, T.Y., Karpov, S., Kugrens, P., Krug, J., Lane, C.E., Lewis, L.A., Lodge, J., Lynn, D.H., Mann, D.G., McCourt, R.M., Mendoza, L., Moestrup, Ø., Mozley-Standridge, S.E., Nerad, T.A., Shearer, C.A., Smirnov, A.V., Speigel, F.W. & Taylor, M.F.J.R. (2005). The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52: 399-451.

Original publication: Migula, W. (1908-1909). Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Deutsch-Österreich und der Schweiz im Anschluß an Thome's Flora von Deuschland. Band II. Algen. 2. Teil. Rhodophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Characeae. pp. i-iv, 1-383, 122 (41 col.) pls. Gera, R.: Verlag Friedrich von Zezschwitz.

Description:
Gametophyte small and filamentous with apical growth; sporophyte large and parenchymatous, with intercalary growth; several scattered discoid plastids with no pyrenoid; heteromorphic life history; öogamous sexual reproduction (eggs occasionally flagellate).

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Aguilar-Rosas, R., Marcos-Ramirez, R., Caceres-Rubio, C.F. & McPeak, R.H. (2003). New record of Macrocystis laevis Hay (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) on the Pacific coast of Chile. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 337-340.

Aguilar-Rosas, R., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Avila-Serrano, G. & Marcos-Ramirez, R. (2004). First record of Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) on the Pacific coast of Mexico. Botanica Marina 47: 255-258.

Ahn, J.S., Woo, S., Kim, J.H., Oh, Y.S., Oak, J.H. & Yum, S. (2004). Optimization of RNA purification method from Ecklonia cava Kjellman (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Algae 19(2): 123-127, 5 figs, 1 table.

Altamirano, M., Murakami, A. & Kawai, H. (2003). Photosynthetic performance and pigment content of different developmental stages of Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 46: 9-16.

Altamirano, M., Murakami, A. & Kawai, H. (2004). High-light stress in different life-history stages of Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Aquatic Botany 79: 125-135.

Andersen, G.S., Pedersen, M.F. & Nielsen, S.L. (2013). Temperature acclimation and heat tolerance of photosynthesis in Norwegian Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 49(4): 689-700.

Anonymous (1997). Lectotypification of Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura and morphological comparison on root between E. stolonifera and E. kurome Okamua (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Japanese Journal of Phycology 45: 15-19.

Apt, K.E. (1988). Etiology and development of hyperplasia induced by Streblonema sp. (Phaeophyta) on members of the Laminariales. Journal of Phycology 24: 28-34.

Ar Gall, E., Aseni, A., Marie, D. & Kloareg, B. (1996). Parthenogenesis and apospory in the Laminariales: a flow cytometry analysis. European Journal of Phycology 31: 369-380, 17 figs, 3 tables.

Aruga, Y., Toyoshima, M. & Yokohama, Y. (1990). Comparative photosynthetic studies of Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) bladelets with and without zoosporangial sori. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 473-477.

Aruga, Y., Toyoshima, M. & Yokohama, Y. (1990). Comparative photosynthesis studies of Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) bladelets with and without zoosporangial sori. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 473-477.

Asensi, A. & de Reviers, B. (2009). Illustrated catalogue of types of species historically assigned to Lessonia (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) preserved at PC, including a taxonomic study of three South-American species with a description of L. searlesiana sp. nov. and a new lectotypification of L. flavicans. Cryptogamie, Algologie 30(3): 209-249.

Augyte, S., Lewis, L., Lin, S., Neefus, C.D. & Yarish, C. (2018). Speciation in the exposed intertidal zone: the case of Saccharina angustissima comb. nov. & stat. nov. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) . Phycologia 57(1): 100-112.

Avila, M., Hoffmann, A.J. & Santelices, B. (1985). Interacciones de temperatura, densids de flujo fotónico y fotoperíodo sobre el desarrollo de etapas microscópicas de Lessonia nigrescens (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 58: 71-82.

Báez, J.C., Olivero, J., Peteiro, C., Ferri-Yánez, F., García-Soto, C. & Real, R. (2010). Macro-environmental modelling of the current distribution of Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Ochrophyta) in northern Iberia. Biological Invasions 12: 21-31.

Barbagallo, C., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (1979). Contenuto in acido alginico in tre Laminariales dello Stretto di Messina. Pubbl Inst bot Univ Catania : 1-7.

Barrales, H.L., Peterson, R.L., Grenville, D.J. & Gerrath, J.F. (1981). Use of clearing and flourescense techniques in anatomical studies of the sporophyte of Macrocystis (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Phycologia 20: 392-396, 6 figs.

Bharathan, G. & Shinmura, I. (1986). A note on parthenogenesis in four species of Laminariales. Japanese Journal of Phycology 34: 13-18.

Bhattacharya, D. & Druehl, L.D. (1990). Restriction enzyme analysis of variation and taxonomy in the kelp genus Laminaria (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Hydrobiologia 204/205: 105-110.

Bhattacharya, D. & Druehl, L. D. (1990). Restriction enzyme analysis of variation and taxonomy in the kelp genus Laminaria (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 105-110.

Blunden, G., Gordon, S.M. & Keysell, G.R. (1982). Lysine betaine and other quaternary ammonium compounds from British species of the Laminariales. Journal of Natural Products 45: 449-452.

Blunden, G., Guiry, M.D., Druehl, L.D., Kogame, K. & Kawai, H. (2012). Trigonelline and other betaines in species of Laminariales. Natural Product Communications 7: 863-865.

Boden, G.T. (1979). The effect of depth on summer growth of Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Phycologia 18: 405-408, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Bolton, J.J. & Anderson, R.J. (1987). Temperature tolerances of two southern African Ecklonia species (Alariaceae: Laminariales) and of hybrids between them. Marine Biology, Berlin 96: 293-297, 4 figs.

Bolton, J.J. & Levitt, G.L. (1985). Light and temperature requirements for growth and reproduction in gametophytes of Ecklonia maxima (Alariaceae: Laminariales). Marine Biology, Berlin 87: 131-135.

Boo, G.H., Lindstrom, S.C., Klochkova, N.C., Yotsukura, N., Yang, E.C., Kim, H.G., Waaland, J.R., Cho, G.Y., Miller, K.A. & Boo, S.M. (2011). Taxonomy and biogeography of Agarum and Thalassiophyllum (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) based on sequences of nuclear, mitochondrial, and plastid markers. Taxon 60(3): 831-840.

Boo, S.M., Lee, W.J., Yoon, H.S., Kato, A. & Kawai, H. (1999). Molecular phylogeny of Laminariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from small subunit ribosomal DNA sequences. Phycological Research 47: 109-114, 2 figs, 1 table.

Borlongan, I,A., Matsumoto, K., Nakazaki, Y., Shimada, N., Kozono, J., Nisihara, G.N., Shimada, S., Watanabe, Y. & Terada, R. (2018). Photosynthetic activity of two life history stages of Costaria costata (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) in response to PAR and temperature gradient. Phycologia 57(2): 159-168.

Boudouresque, C.-F., Gerbal, M. & Knoepffler-Peguy, M. (1985). L'algue japonnaise Undaria pinnatifida (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) en Méditerranée. Phycologia 24: 364-366.

Breton, T.S., Nettleton, J.C., O'Connell, B. & Bertocci, M. (2018). Fine-scale population genetic structure of sugar kelp, Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), in eastern Maine, USA. Phycology 57(1): 32-40.

Bringloe, T.T., Bartlett, C.A.B., Bergeron, E.S., Cripps, K.S.A., Daigle, N.J., Gallagher, P.O., Gallant, A.D., Giberson, R.O.J., Greenough, S.J., Lamb, J.M., Leonard, T.W., Mackay, J.A., McKenzie, A.D., Persaud, S.M., Sheng, T., Mills, A.M.E.S., Moore, T.E. & Saunder, G.W. (2018). Detecting Alaria esculenta and Laminaria digitata (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) gametophytes in red algae, with consideration of distribution patterns in the intertidal zone. Phycologia 57(1): 1-8.

Buggeln, R.G. & Varangu, L.K. (1983). The cross-wing translocation pathway in the blade of Alaria esculenta (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Phycologia 22: 205-209, 6 figs.

Buggeln, R.G. (1974). Negative phototropism of the haptera of Alaria esculenta (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 10: 80-82, 2 figs, 1 table.

Buggeln, R.G. (1974). Physiological investigations on Alaria esculenta (L.) Grev. (Laminariales) I. Elongation of the blade. Journal of Phycology 10: 283-288.

Buggeln, R.G. (1976). The rate of translocation in Alaria esculenta (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 12: 439-442.

Buggeln, R.G. (1978). Physiological investigations on Alaria esculenta (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). IV. Inorganic and organic nitrogen in the blade. Journal of Phycology 14: 156-160, 5 figs.

Buggeln, R.G. (1978). Physiological investigations on Alaria esculenta (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) III. Exudation by the blade. Journal of Phycology 14: 54-56.

Buggeln, R.G. (1981). Note: Source-sink relationship in the blade of Alaria esculenta (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 17: 102-104, 2 figs, 1 table.

Campbell, S.J., Bité, J.S. & Burridge, T.R. (1999). Seasonal patterns in the photosynthetic capacity, tissue pigment and nutrient content of different development stages of Undaria pinnatifida (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) in Port Phillip Bay, South-Eastern Australia. Botanica Marina 42: 231-242.

Casas, G. N. & Piriz, M. L. (1996). Surveys of Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in Golfo Nuevo, Argentina. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 213-215.

Casas, G., Scrosati, R. & Piriz, M.L. (2004). The invasive kelp Undaria pinnatifida (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) reduces native seaweed diversity in Nuevo Gulf (Patagonia, Argentina). Biological Invasions 6: 411-416.

Casas, G.N. & Piriz, M.L. (1996). Surveys of Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in Golfo Nuevo, Argentina. Hydrobiologia : In Press.

Castric-Fey, A., Beaupoil, C., Bouchain, J., Pradier, E. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.Th. (1999). The introduced alga Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Alariaceae) in the rocky shore ecosystem of the St. Malo area: growth rate and logevity of the sporophyte. Botanica Marina 42: 83-96, 8 figs, 5 tables.

Castric-Fey, A., Beaupoil, C., Bouchain, J., Pradier, E. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.Th. (1999). The introduced alga Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Alariaceae) in the rocky shore ecosystem of the St. Malo area: morphology and growth of the Sporophyte. Botanica Marina 42: 71-82, 18 figs, 1 table.

Castric-Fey, A., Girard, A. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.T. (1993). The distribution of Undaria pinnatifida (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) on the coast of St. Malo (Brittany, France). Botanica Marina 36: 351-358, 5 figs.

Cecere, E., Petrocelli, A. & Saracino, O.D. (2000). Undaria pinnatifida (Fucophyceae, Laminariales) spread in the central Mediterranean: its occurrence in the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Ionian Sea, southern Italy). Cryptogamie, Algologie 21: 305-309.

Chapman, A., R. O. (1993). Hard data for matrix modelling of Laminaria digitata (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) populations. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 263-267.

Chapman, A.R.O. (1973). Phenetic variability of stipe morphology in relation to season, exposure and depth in the non-digitate complex of Laminaria Lamour. (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) in Nova Scotia. Phycologia 12: 53-58, 7 figs, 2 tables.

Cho, G.Y. (2010). Laminariales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 2. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ishigeales, Dictyotales, Desmarestiales, Sphacelariales, Cutleriales, Ralfisales, Laminariales. (Anon. Eds), pp. 175-196. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Cho, G.Y., Klochkova, N.G., Krupnova, T.N. & Boo, S.M. (2006). The reclassification of Lessonia laminarioides (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae): Pseudolessonia gen. nov. Journal of Phycology 42: 1289-1299.

Choi, D.M., Ko, Y.W., Kang, R.-S. & Kim, J.H. (2015). Morphological and genetic variability among Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) populations in Korea. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 30(2): 89-101.

Cole, K. (1964). Induced fluorescence in gametophytes of some Laminariales. Canadian Journal of Botany 42: 1173-1181.

Colombo-Pallotta, M.F., Garcia-Mendoza, E. & Ladah, L.B. (2006). Photosynthetic performance, light absorption, and pigment composition of Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) blades from different depths. Journal of Phycology 42: 1225-1234.

Connolly, D.J. & McLean, R.O. (1989). Tissue culture in the Laminariales. British Phycological Journal 24: 301.

Cosson, J. & Olivari, R. (1982). Premiers résultats concernant les possibilitiés d'hybridation interspécifiques et intergénériques chez les Laminariales des côtes de la Manche.. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D Sér. 3, 295: 382-384.

Cosson, J. (1973). Influence des conditions de culture sur le développement de Laminaria digitata (L.) Lam. (Phéophycées, Laminariales). Soc Phycol de France Bull No 18: 104-112.

Coyer, J.A. & Zaugg-Hagland, A.C. (1982). A demographic study of the elk kelp, Pelagophycus porra (Laminariales, Lessoniaceae), with notes on Pelagophycus x Macrocystis hybrids. Phycologia 21: 399-407, 5 figs, 4 tables.

Cremades, J., Freire-Gago, Ó. & Peteiro, C. (2006). Biología, distribución e integración del alga alóctona Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en las comunidades bentónicas de las costas de Galicia (NW de la Península Ibérica). Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 63: 169-187.

Cremades, J., S. Baamonde, J.M.Salinas & T.C.Fuertes (2007). Nuevo método para el cultivo industrial de Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en las costas gallegas. : XI Congreso Nacional de Acuicultura:559-562.

Curiel, D., Rismondo, A., Marzocchi, M. & Solazzi, A. (1994). Distribuzione di Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) nella Laguna di Venezia. Soc. Ven. Sc. Nat. 19: 121-126, 3 figs.

Dean, T.A. & Jacobsen, F.R. (1984). Growth of juvenile Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales) in relation to environmental factors. Marine Biology, Berlin 83: 301-311.

Demalsy, P. & Feller-Demalsy, M.-J. (1975). Recherches sur les Alaria (Phaeophyceae) de l'est canadien II. Treatment de sporocystes de Laminariales par la réaction nucléale de Feulgen "in toto". Can J Bot 53: 421-423.

Demes, K.W, Graham, M.H. & Suskiewicz, T.S. (2009). Phenotypic plasticity reconciles incongruous molecular and morphological taxonomies: the giant kelp, Macrocystis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), is a monospecific genus (note). Journal of Phycology 45(6): 1266-1269.

Demes, K.W. & Graham, M.H. (2011). Abiotic regulation of investment in sexual versus vegetative reproduction in the clonal kelp Laminaria sinclairii (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(3): 463-470.

DeWreede, R.E. (1986). Demographic characteristics of Pterygophora californica (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Phycologia 25: 11-17.

Dixon, J., Schroeter, S.C. & Kastendiek, J. (1981). Effects of the encrusting Bryozoan, Membranipora membranacea, on the loss of blades and fronds by the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 17: 341-345, 1 fig, 6 tables.

Druehl, L. D. (1969). The northeast Pacific rim distribution of the Laminariales. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 6: 161-170.

Druehl, L.D. & Boal, R. (1981). Manipulation of the Laminariales life-cycle and its consequences for kombu mariculture. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 10: 575-580.

Druehl, L.D. & Hsiao, S.I.C. (1969). Axenic culture of Laminariales in defined media. Phycologia 8: 47-49.

Druehl, L.D. (1970). The pattern of Laminariales distribution in the northeast Pacific. Phycologia 9: 237-247.

Druehl, L.D. (1992). Molecular evolution in the Laminariales: A review. NATO ASI ser G 22: 205-217.

Druehl, L.D., Collins, J.D., Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). An evaluation of methods used to assess intergeneric hybridization in kelp using Pacific Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41: 250-262.

Dunton, K.H. (1985). Growth of dark-exposed Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. and Laminaria solidungula J. Ag. (Laminariales: Phaeophyta) in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 94: 181-189.

Edding, M. E., Fonck, E., Orrego, P., Venegas, M. & Macchiavello, J. (1993). A comparison between two populations of Lessonia trabeculata (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) microscopic stages. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 231-237.

Edding, M., Venegas, M., Orrego, P. & Fonck, E. (1990). Culture and growth of Lessonia trabeculata (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) juvenile sporophytes in La Herradura de Guayacan Bay, northern Chile. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 361-366.

Edding, M., Venegas, M., Orrego, P. & Fonck, E. (1990). Culture and growth of Lessonia trabeculata (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) juvenile sporophytes in La Herradura de Guayacan Bay, northern Chile. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 361-366.

Emerson, C.J., Buggeln, R.G. & Bal, A.K. (1982). Translocation in Saccorhiza dermatodea (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae): anatomy and physiology. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 2164-2184.

Evans, L.V. (1964). Looking at chromosomes of some of the Laminariales. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 391-392.

Evans, L.V. (1965). Cytological studies in the Laminariales. Annals of Botany 29: 541-562.

Fenton, G.E. & Ritz, D.A. (1989). Spatial variability of 13C:12C and D:H in Ecklonia radiata (C. Ag.) J. Agardh (Laminariales). Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 28: 95-101.

Fernández, P.A., Hurd, C.L. & Roleda, M.Y. (2014). Bicarbonate uptake via an anion exchange protein is the main mechanism of inorganic carbon acquisition by the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) under variable pH. Journal of Phycology 50(6): 998-1008.

Floc'h, J.-Y., Pajot, R. & Mouret, V. (1996). Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) 12 years after its introduction into the Atlantic Ocean. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 217-222.

Flores-Moya, A. & Fernández, J.A. (1998). The role of external carbonic anhydrase in the photosynthetic use of inorganic carbon in the deep-water alga Phyllariopsis purpurascens (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Planta 207: 115-119.

Flores-Moya, A. & Henry, E.C. (1998). Gametophyte and first stages of the sporophyte of Phyllariopsis purpurascens (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) (Research Note). Phycologia 37: 398-401, 9 figs.

Flores-Moya, A. (1997). Changes in reproductive effort, lamina-area index, and standing crop with depth in the deep-water alga Phyllariopsis purpurascens (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Phycologia 36: 32-37.

Forrest, B.M., Brown, S.N., Taylor, M.D., Hurd, C.L. & Hay, C.H. (2001 '2000'). The role of natural dispersal mechanisms in the spread of Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 39: 547-553.

Fredj, G. & Giermann, G. (1969). Observation en S. P. 300 sur Laminariales dans le détroit de Messine. Rapport et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions de la Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditeranée 20: .

Fredriksen, S., Sjøtun, K., Lein, T.E. & Rueness, J. (1995). Spore dispersal in Laminaria hyperborea (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Sarsia 80: 47-54, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Freire-Gago, O., Peteiro, C. & Cremades, J. (2006). La integracion del alga aloctona Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en la flora de las costas atlánticas peninsulares. Algas 35(Junio): 25-32, 2 figs. [in Spanish]

Freitas, J.R.C., Salinas Morrondo, J.M. & Cremades Ugarte, J. (2016). Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Ochrophyta) farming in an industrial IMTA system in Galicia (Spain). J. Appl. Phycol. 28(1): 377-385.

Gao, X. (2017). Interactive effects of nutrient availability and temperature on growth and survival of different size classes of Saccharina japonica (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 56(3): 253-260.

Germann, I. (1988). Effects of the 1983-El Niño on growth and carbon and nitrogen metabolism of Pleurophycus gardneri (Phaeophyceae: Laminariales) in the northeastern Pacific. Marine Biology, Berlin 99: 445-455.

Giaccone, G. (1969). Laminariales from western Mediterranean Sea: taxonomical and phytosociological study. Giornale Botanico Italiano 103: 457-474.

Giaccone, G. (1969). Note sistematiche ed osservazioni fitosociologiche sulle Laminariales del Mediterraneo occidentale. Giornale Botanico Italiano 103 (6): 457-474.

González García, J.A. & Conde Poyales, F. (1993). Estudio biogeografico de las Fucales y Laminariales Atlanticas en el litoral Mediterraneo de Marruecos. Acta Botanica Malacitana 18: 39-44.

González, A., Beltrán, J., Hiriart-Bertrand, L., Flores, V., de Reviers, B., Correa, J.A. & Santelices, B. (2012). Identification of cryptic species in the Lessonia nigrescens complex (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 48(5): 1153-1165.

Gordon, D.K. & DeWreede, R.E. (1978). Factors influencing the distribution of Egregia menziesii (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) in British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 56: 1198-1205.

Han, T. & Kain (Jones), J.M. (1996). Effect of photon irradiance and photoperiod on young sporophytes of four species of the Laminariales. European Journal of Phycology 31: 233-240, 10 figs, 1 table.

Hay, C.H. & Luckens, P.A. (1987). The Asian kelp Undaria pinnatifida (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) found in a New Zealand harbour. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 329-332.

Hay, C.H. (1987). Lessonia adamsiae sp. nov. (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) from the Snares Islands, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 295-308.

Hay, C.H. (1989). Lessonia tholiformis sp. nov. (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 27: 461-469.

Hay, C.H. (1990). The distribution of Macrocystis (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) as a biological indicator of cool sea surface temperature, with special reference to New Zealand waters. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 20(4): 313-336.

Heesch, S. & Peters, A.F. (1999). Scanning electron microscopy observation of host entry by two brown algae endophytic in Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 47: 1-6.

Henkel, S.K. & Murray, S.N. (2007). Reproduction and morphological variation in southern California populations of the lower intertidal kelp Egregia menziesii (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 43(2): 242-255, 9 figs, 4 tables.

Henriquez, L.A., Buschmann, A.H., Maldonado, M.A., Graham, M.H., Hernández-González, M.C., Pereda, S.V. & Bobadilla, M.I. (2011). Grazing on giant kelp microscopic phases and the recruitment success of annual populations of Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in southern Chile. Journal of Phycology 47(2): 252-258.

Henry, E.C. & Cole, K.M. (1982). Ultrastructure of swarmers in the Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). I. Zoospores. Journal of Phycology 18: 550-569.

Henry, E.C. & Cole, K.M. (1982). Ultrastructure of swarmers in the Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). II. Sperm. Journal of Phycology 18: 570-579.

Henry, E.C. & South, G.R. (1987). Phyllariopsis gen. nov. and a reappraisal of the Phyllariaceae Tilden 1935 (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 26: 9-16.

Henry, E.C. (1987). Primitive reproductive characters and a photoperiodic response in Saccorhiza dermatodea (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). British Phycological Journal 22: 23-31.

Henry, E.C. (1987). The life history of Phyllariopsis brevipes (Phyllaria reniformis) (Phyllariaceae, Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), a kelp with dioecious but sexually monomorphic gametophytes. Phycologia 26: 17-22.

Hernández-Carmona, G., Rodríguez-Montesinos, Y.E., Casas-Valdes, M.M., Vilchis, M.A. & Sánchez-Rodríguez, I. (1991). Evaluación de los mantos de Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) e Baja California, México. III Verano 1986 y su variación estacional. Cienc. mar. 17(4): 121-145.

Hurd, C.L. & Pilditch, C.A. (2011). Flow-induced morphological variations affect diffusion boundary-layer thickness of Macrocystis pyrifera (Heterokontophyta, Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 341-351.

Hurd, C.L., Durante, K.M. & Harrison, P.J. (2001 '2000'). Influence of bryozoan colonization on the physiology of the kelp Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) from nitrogen-rich and -poor sites in Barkley Sound, British Columbia, Canada. Phycologia 39: 435-440.

Hymanson, Z.P., Reed, D.C., Foster, M.S. & Carter, J.W. (1990). The validity of using morphological characteristics as predictors of age in the kelp Pterygophora californica (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Marine Ecology Progress Series 59: 295-304.

Indergaard, M., Skjakbraek, G. & Jensen, A. (1990). Studies on the influence of nutrients on the composition and structure of alginate in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). BOTAN MARIN 33(3): 277-288.

Indergaard, M., Skjåk-Braek, G. & Jensen, A. (1990). Studies on the influence of nutrients on the composition and structure of alginate in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 33: 277-288.

Iwao, T., Kurashima, A. & Maegawa, M. (2008). Effect of seasonal changes in the photosynthates mannitol and laminaran on maturation of Ecklonia cava (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) in Nishiki Bay, central Japan. Phycological Research 56(1): 1-6.

Izquierdo Moreno, J.L.. (1999). Estudio biosistemático del género Laminaria sect. Digitatae (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) en las costas atlánticas de la Península Ibérica. pp. 198. Dpto. de Biología Vegetal I. Facultad de Biología. Univ. Complutense de Madrid.

Izquierdo, J.L., Conde, F. & Flores-Moya, A. (1995). Adiciones a la distribución geográfica del género Phyllariopsis Henry et South (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Acta Botanica Malacitana 20: 281-282.

Izquierdo, J.L., Gallardo, T. & Pérez-Ruzafa, I. (1996). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. IX. Sacchorhiza polyschides (Lightf.) Batt. y Chorda filum (L.) Stackh. (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 20: 105-115.

Izquierdo, J.L., Navarro, M.J. & Gallardo, T. (1993). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica. IV. Laminaria ochroleuca Pylaie, L. hyperborea (Gunner) Foslie y L. saccharina (L.) Lamour. (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 18: 291-304.

Izquierdo, J.L., Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M. & Gallardo, T (1997). An anatomical study of Laminaria ochroleuca Pylaie (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Nova Hedw. 66: 51-66.

Jackson, C., Salomaki, E.D., Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2017). Kelp transcriptomes provide robust support for interfamilial relationships and revision of the little jnown Arthrothamnaceae (Laminariales) (Letter). Journal of Phycology 53(1): 1-6.

James, D.E., Stull, J.K. & Wheeler, J.N. (1990). Toxicity of sewage-contaminated sediment cores to Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) gametophytes determined by digital image analysis. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 483-489.

Jennings, R. (1967). The development of the gametophyte and young sporophyte of Ecklonia radiata (C. Ag.) J. Ag. (Laminariales). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 50: 93-96, 2 figs, 1 table.

Jensen, A., Indergaard, M. & Holt, T.J. (1985). Seasonal variation in the chemical composition of Saccorhiza polyschides (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 28: 375-381.

Johnston, C. S. & Davies, J. M. (1969). Aspects of the intermediary metabolism of members of the Fucales and Laminariales. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 6: 501-506.

Joska, M.A.P. & Bolton, J.J. (1987). In situ measurement of zoospore release and seasonality of reproduction in Ecklonia maxima (Alariaceae, Laminariales). British Phycological Journal 22: 209-214.

Kain (Jones), J.M., Holt, T.J. & Dawes, C.P. (1990). European Laminariales and their cultivation. In: Economically important marine plants of the Atlantic: their biology and cultivation.. (Yarish, C., Penniman, C.A. & Van Patten, P. Eds), pp. 95-111. Grotonne: Connecticut Sea Grant College Program.

Kawai, H. & Kurogi, M. (1985). On the life history of Pseudochorda nagaii (Pseudochordaceae fam. nov.) and its transfer from the Chordariales to the Laminariales (Phaeophyta). Phycologia 24: 289-296.

Kawai, H. & Nabata, S. (1990). Life history and systematic position of Pseudochorda gracilis sp. nov. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 26: 721-727.

Kawai, H. & Sasaki, H. (2001 '2000'). Molecular phylogeny of the brown algal genera Akkesiphycus and Halosiphon (Laminariales), resulting in the circumscription of the new families Akkesiphycaceae and Halosiphonaceae. Phycologia 39: 416-428.

Kawai, H., Hanyuda, T., Lindeberg, M. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2008). Morphology and molecular phylogeny of Aureophycus aleuticus gen. et sp. nov. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from the Aleutian Islands. Journal of Phycology 44: 1013-1021.

Kawai, H., Sasaki, H., Maeda, Y. & Arai, S. (2001). Morphology, life history, and molecular phylogeny of Chorda rigida, sp. nov. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from the Sea of Japan and the genetic diversity of Chorda filum. Journal of Phycology 37: 130-142.

Kawashima, S. (1986). Drifting records of alien species of the Laminariales (1). Nereocystis luetkeana (Mertens) Postels et Ruprecht. Japanese Journal of Phycology 34: 230-231.

Kawashima, S. (1986). Drifting records of alien species of the Laminariales (2). Alaria fistulosa Postels et Ruprecht. Japanese Journal of Phycology 34: 332-333.

Kawashima, Y. & Tokuda, H. (1990). Callus formation in Ecklonia cava Kjellman (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Hydrobiologia 204/205: 375-380.

Kawashima, Y. & Tokuda, H. (1993). Regeneration from callus of Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Hydrobiologia 260/261: 385-389.

Kawashima, Y. & Tokuda, H. (1990). Callus formation in Ecklonia cava Kjellman (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 375-380.

Kawashima, Y. & Tokuda, H. (1993). Regeneration from callus of Undria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 385-389.

Keats, D.W. & South, G.R. (1985). Aspects of the reproductive phenology of Sacchorhiza dermatodea (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) in Newfoundland. British Phycological Journal 20: 117-122.

Keats, D.W., South, G.R. & Steele, D.H. (1981). The occurrence of Agarum cribrosum (Mert.) Bory (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) in relation to some of its competitors and predators in Newfoundland. Phycologia 21: 189-191.

Kim, W.Y., Choi, S.-J., Chung, I.K. & Shin, J.H. (2005). A transplanting method of Laminaria japonica Areschoug (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Algae 20(2): 151-155, 3 figs, 2 tables.

Klimova, A.V., Klochkova, N.G., Klochkova, T.A. & Kim, G.H. (2018). Morphological and molecular identification of Alaria paradisea (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) from the Kurile Islands. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 33(1): 37-48.

Klochkova, N.G. & Klochkova T.A. (2010). Costulariella, a new substitute name for Costularia Ju. Petrov et I. Gussarova (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Algae 25(4): 183-185.

Klochkova, N.G. & Krupnova, T.N. (2004). New species of Laminariales (Phaeophyta) from Far East Seas of Russia. Algologiya 14: 86-94.

Kloczcova, N.G. & Kloczcova, T.A. (2010). Costulariella, a new substitute name for Costularia Ju. Petrov et I. Gussarova (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Algae 25(4): 183-185.

Koch, K., Thiel, M., Hagen, W., Graeve, M., Gómez, I., Jofre, D., Hofmann, L.C., Tala, F. & Bischof, K. (2016). Short- and long-term acclimation patterns of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) along a depth gradient. Journal of Phycology 52(2): 260-273.

Koch, K., Thiel, M., Tellier, F., Hagen, W., Graeve, M., Tala, F., Laeseke, P. & Bischof, K. (2015). Species separation within the Lessonia nigrescens complex (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) is mirrored by ecological traits. Botanica Marina 58(2): 81-92.

Kogame, Y. & Kawai, H. (1996). Development of the intercalary meristem in Chorda filum (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) and other primitive Laminariales. Phycological Research 44: 247-260.

Kopczak, C.D. (1994). Variability of nitrate uptake capacity in Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) with nitrate and light availability. Journal of Phycology 30: 573-580, 5 figs, 4 tables.

Kraan, S., Tramullas, A.V. & Guiry, M.D. (2000). The edible brown seaweed Alaria esculenta (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales): hybridization, growth and genetic comparisons of six Irish populations. Journal of Applied Phycology 12: 577-583.

Kuwano, K., Kono, S., Jo, Y-H., Shin, J-A. & Saga, N. (2004). Cryopreservation of the gametophytic cells of Laminariales (Phaeophyta) in liquid nitrogen (Note) . Journal of Phycology 40: 606-610.

Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). Molecular investigation reveals epi/endophytic extrageneric kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) gametophytes colonizing Lessoniopsis littoralis thalli. Botanica Marina 48: 426-436.

Lane, C.E., Lindstrom, S.C. & Saunders, G.W. (2007). A molecular assessment of northeast Pacific Alaria species (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) with reference to the utility of DNA barcoding . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 634-648.

Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.

Larkum, A.W.D. (1986). A study of growth and primary production in Ecklonia radiata (C. Ag.) J. Agardh (Laminariales) at a sheltered site in Port Jackson, New South Wales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 96: 177-190.

Lawrence, J.M. & McClintock, J.B. (1988). Allocations of organic material and energy to the holdfast, stipe, and fronds in Postelsia palmaeformis (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) on the California coast. Marine Biology, Berlin 99: 151-155.

Leal, P.P., Hurd, C.L. & Roleda, M.Y. (2014). Meiospores produced in sori of nonsporophyllous laminae of Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) may enhance reproductive output (Note). Journal of Phycology 50(2): 400-405.

Lee, J.-A., Sunwoo, Y.-I., Lee, H.-J., Park, I.-H. & Chung, I.-K. ("1990 '1989'"). The effects of copper on the early stages of Undaria pinnatifida (Harv.) Suringar (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) under temperature-irradiance gradienty. Korean Journal of Phycology 4(1): 41-53, 4 figs, 4 tables.

Lee, J.H., Kim, D.-H., Jung, S.-P., Choi, S.-J., Chung, I.K. & Shin, J.A. (2005). Cultivation of Laminaria japonica (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in Udo Coast, Jeju, Korea. Algae 20(2): 167-176, 15 figs, 11 tables.

Lee, S.-H., Kang, S.-M., Sok, C.H., Hong, J.T., Oh, J.-Y. & Jeon, Y.-J. (2015). Cellular activities and docking studies of eckol isolated from Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) as potential tyrosinase inhibitor. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 30(2): 163-170.

Lee, Y.-P. (1998). Undariella, a new genus of the Alariaceae (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Algae (The Korean Journal of Phycology) 13: 419-426.

Lee, Y.-P. (1999). Nomenclatural correction of Undariella, a new genus of the Alariaceae (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Algae (The Korean Journal of Phycology) 14(1): 79 only.

Leliaert, F., Kerckhof, F. & Coppejans, E. (2000). Eerste waarnemingen van Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en de epifyt Pterothamnion plumula (Ellis) Nägeli (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) in Noord Frankrijk en België. Dumortiera 75: 5-10.

Levitt, G.J., Anderson, R.J., Simons, R.H. & Jarman, N.G. (1992). Past, present and future utilization of South African Laminariales. In: Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Sustainable Seaweed Resource Development in sub-Saharan Africa. (Mshigeni, K.E., Bolton, J.J., Critchley, A.T. & Kiangi, G. Eds), pp. 171-187. K. Mshigeni.

Lobban, C.S. (1976). The growth and death of the Macrocystis sporophyte (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Phycologia 17: 196-212.

Lobban, C.S. (1978). The growth and death of the Macrocystis sporophyte (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Phycologia 17: 196-212.

López Varela, C. (2000). Estudio de las poblaciones infralitorales de Laminaria ochroleuca y L. hyperborea (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en Galicia. PhD Thesis. pp. 1-116. La Coruña: Facultad de Ciencias, Universidade da Coruña.

Lüning, K. & Müller, D.G. (1978). Chemical interaction in sexual reproduction of several Laminariales (Phaeophyceae): release and attraction of spermatozoids. Zeit. Pflanzenphysiol. 89: 333-341.

Lüning, K. (1994). Circadian growth rhythm in juvenile sporophytes of Laminariales (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 30: 193-199, 7 figs.

Macaya, E.C. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2010). DNA barcoding and genetic divergence in the giant kelp Macrocystis (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 46(4): 736-742.

Magne, F. (1952). Méiose et nombre chromosomique chez les Laminariaceae (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. 236: 515-517.

Maier, I. (1984). Culture studies of Chorda tomentosa (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). British Phycolgical Journal 19: 95-106.

Mairh, O.P., Ohno, M. & Matsuoka, M. (1991). Culture of brown alga Laminaria japonica (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) in Warm Waters of Shikoku, Japan. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20(1): 55-60.

Makarov, V.N., Schoschina, E.V. & Lüning, K. (1995). Diurnal and circadian periodicity of mitosis and growth in marine macroalgae. I. Juvenile sporophytes of Laminariales (Phaeophyta). European Journal of Phycology 30: 261-266.

Markham, J.W. (1972). Distribution and taxonomy of Laminaria sinclairii and L. longipes (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Phycologia 11: 147-157.

Martínez, E. A. (1996). Micropopulation differenciation in phenol content and susceptibility to herbivory in the Chilean kelp Lessonia nigrescens (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 205-211.

Matson, P.G. & Edwards, M.S. (2006). Latitudinal variation in stipe hollowing in Eisenia arborea (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Phycologia 45: 343-348.

Matsumura, W., Yasui, H. & Yamamoto, H. (2000). Mariculture of Laminaria japonica (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) using protoplast regeneration. Phycological Research 48: 169-176.

Matsumura, W., Yasui, H. & Yamamoto, H. (2001). Successful sporophyte regeneration from protoplasts of Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 40: 10-20.

Maxell, B.A. & Miller, K.A. (1996). Demographic studies of the annual kelps Nereocystis luetkeana and Costaria costata (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in Puget Sound, Washington. Botanica Marina 39: 479-489.

Mayes, C., Saunders, G.W., Tan, I.H. & Druehl, L.D. (1992). DNA extraction methods for kelp (Laminariales) tissue. Journal of Phycology 28: 712-716.

McPeak, R. H. (1981). Fruiting in several species of Laminariales from Southern California. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 404-409.

Miller, S,M., Hurd, C.L. & Wing, S.R. (2011). Variations in growth, erosion, productivity, and morphology of Ecklonia radiata (Alariaceae; Laminariales) along a fjord in southern New Zealand. Journal of Phycology 47(3): 505-516.

Miller, S.M., Wing, S.R. & Hurd, C.L. (2006). Photoacclimation of Ecklonia radiata (Laminariales, Heterokontophyta) in Doubtful Sound, Fjordland, Southern New Zealand . Phycologia 45: 44-52.

Milligan, K.L.D. & DeWreede R.E. (2004). Morphological variations do not effectively reduce drag forces at high wave-exposure for the macroalgal species, Hedophyllum sessile (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Phycologia 43: 236-244.

Minchin, D. & Nunn, J. (2014). The invasive brown alga Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar, 1873 (Laminariales: Alariaceae), spreads northwards in Europe. BioInvasions Records 3(2): 57-63.

Morita, T., Kurashima, A. & Maegawa, M. (2003). Temperature requirements for the growth and maturation of the gametophytes of Undaria pinnatifida and U. undarioides (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 51(4): 154-160.

Morita, T., Kurashima, A. & Maegawa, M. (2003). Temperature requirements for the growth of young sporophytes of Undaria pinnatifida and Undaria undarioides (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 51(3): 266-270.

Motomura, T. & Sakai, Y. (1984). Ultrastructural studies of gametogenesis in Laminaria angustata (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) regulated by iron concentration in the medium. Phycologia 23: 331-343, 30 figs.

Motomura, T. & Sakai, Y. (1988). The occurrence of flagellated eggs in Laminaria angustata (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 24: 282-285.

Motomura, T. (1989). Ultrastructural study of sperm in Laminaria angustata (Laminariales, Phaeophyta), especially on the flagellar apparatus. Japanese Journal of Phycology 37: 105-116.

Motomura, T. (1990). Ultrastructure of fertilization in Laminaria angustata (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) with emphasis on the behavior of centrioles, mitochondria and chloroplasts of the sperm. Journal of Phycology 26: 80-89, 42 figs.

Motomura, T. (1990). Ultrastructure of fertilization in Laminaria angustata (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) with emphasis on the behaviour of centrioles, mitochondria and chloroplasts of the sperm. J. Phycol 26: 80-89.

Motomura, T., Ichimura, T. & Melkonian, M. (1997). Coordinative nuclear and chloroplast division in unilocular sporangia of Laminarea angustata (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 33: 266-271, 20 figs.

Müller, D.G., Maier, I. & Gassmann, G. (1985). Survey on sexual pheromone specificity in Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 24: 475-477, 2 figs, 1 table.

Müller, D.G., Maier, I., Marie, D. & Westermeier, R. (2016). Nuclear DNA level and life cycle of kelps: evidence for sex-specific polyteny in Macrocystis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) (Letter). Journal of Phycology 52(2): 157-160.

Nakahara, H. & Nakamura, Y. (1973). Parthenogenesis, apogamy and apospory in Alaria crassifolia (Laminariales). Marine Biology, Berlin 18: 327-332.

Neefus, C. D., Allen, B. P., Baldwin, H. P., Mathieson, A. C., Eckert, R. T., Yarish, C. & Miller, M. A. (1993). An examination of the population genetics of Laminaria and other brown algae in the laminariales using starch gel electrophoresis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 67-79.

Nishide, E., Anzai, H., Uchida, N. & Nisizawa, K. (1996). Changes in M:G ratios of extracted and residual alginate fractions on boiling with water the dried brown alga Kjellmaniella crassifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 515-518.

North, J.N., Anderson, E.K. & Chapman, F.A. (1990). Abundance changes in Laminaria setchelli and Pterygophora californica (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) near the Diablo Canyon Power Plant. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 233-239.

North, W. J., Anderson, E. K. & Chapman, F. A. (1990). Abundance changes in Laminaria setchelli and Pterygophora californica (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) near the Diablo Canyon Power Plant. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 223-239.

North, W.J., Liu, T., Chen, J. & Suo, R. (1988). Cultivation of Laminaria and Macrocystis (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in the People's Republic of China. Phycologia 27: 298-299.

Norton, T.A. (1972). The development of Saccorhiza dermatodea (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) in culture. Phycologia 11: 81-86.

Notoya, M. & Aruga, Y. (1989). Tissue culture from the explant of Ecklonia cava Kjellman (Laminariales; Phaeophyta). Japanese Journal of Phycology 37: 302-304.

Notoya, M. & Aruga, Y. (1990). Relation between size and age of holdfasts of Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in northern Honshu, Japan. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 241-246.

Notoya, M. & Aruga, Y. (1990). Tissue culture from the explant of stipe of Eisenia bicyclis (Kjellman) Setchell (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Japanese Journal of Phycology 38: 387-390.

Notoya, M. & Asuke, M. (1984). Distribution of Laminariales plants along the coast of Aomori Prefecture. Sci Rep Aquaculture Cen Aomori Pref 3: 15-18.

Notoya, M. & Kim, H.G. (1996). Influence of light intensity and temperature on callus cell propagation and differentiation to bladelets from the explants of young sporophyte of Kjellmaniella crassifolia Miyabe (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Algae (The Korean Journal of Phycology) 11(1): 179-182, 3 figs.

Notoya, M. & Aruga, Y. (1990). Relation between size and age of holdfasts of Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in northern Honshu, Japan. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 241-246.

Notoya, M. & Aruga, Y. (1990). Relation between size and age of holdfasts of Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in northern Honshu, Japan. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 241-246.

Notoya, M. (1985). Morphology of young sporophyte of three species of Laminariales in culture. Sci Rep Aquaculture Cen Aomori Pref 4: 1-7.

Notoya, M. (1988). Tissue culture from the explant of Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Japanese Journal of Phycology 36: 175-177.

Notoya, M., Nagashima, M. & Aruga, Y. (1992). Influence of light intensity and temperature on callus development in young sporophytes of four species of Laminariales (Phaeophyta). Korean Journal of Phycology 7(1): 101-107, 7 figs, 2 tables.

Novaczek, I. (1981). Stipe growth rings in Ecklonia radiata (C. Ag.) J. Ag. (Laminariales). British Phycological Journal 16: 363-371, 3 figs.

Novaczek, I. (1984). Response of Ecklonia radiata (Laminariales) to light at 15 C with reference to the field light budget at Goat Island Bay, New Zealand. Marine Biology, Berlin 80: 263-272.

Novaczek, I., Bird, C.J. & McLachlan, J. (1986). The effect of temperature on development and reproduction in Chorda filum and C. tomentosa (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) from Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 2414-2420.

O'Kelly, C.J. & Floyd, G.L. (1984). The absolute configuration of the flagellar apparatus in zoospores from two species of Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Protoplasma 123: 18-25.

Oh, S.-H. & Koh, C.-H. (1996). Growth and photosynthesis of Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) on a cultivation ground in Korea. Botanica Marina 39: 389-393.

Ohmori, T. (1972). Sorus development on Laminariales. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 7: 98-99.

Oppliger, L.V., Correa, J.A. & Peters A.F. (2007). Parthenogenesis in the brown alga Lessonia nigrescens (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from central Chile. Journal of Phycology 43: 1295-1301.

Oppliger, L.V., Correa, J.A., Faugeron, S., Beltrán, J., Tellier, F., Valero, M. & Destombe, C. (2011). Sex ratio variation in the Lessonia nigrescens complex (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae: effect of latitude, temperature, and marginality. Journal of Phycology 47(1): 5-12.

Pérez Cordero, S., Ribamar Da Cruz Freitas Junior, J. & Cremades Ugarte, J. (2012). Optimización del cultivo de Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en sistemas IMTA en la Ría de Ares y Betanzos (A Coruña). Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficol. 46: 19.

Pérez-Cirera, J.L., Salinas, J.M., Cremades, J., Bárbara, J., Granja, A., Veiga, A.J. & Fuertes, C. (1997). Cultivo de Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en Galicia. Nova Acta Cientifica Compostelana (Bioloxía) 7: 3-28.

Pérez-Ruzafa, I., Izquierdo, J.L., Araújo, R., Sousa-Pinto, I., Pereira, L. & Bárbara, I. (2003). Distribution maps of marine algae from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. XVII. Laminaria rodriguezii Bornet and aditions to the distribution maps of L. hyperborea (Gunner.) Foslie, L. ochroleuca Bach. pyl. and L. saccharina (L.) Lamour. (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 27: 155-164.

Pérez-Ruzafa, I., Menéndez, J.L. & Salinas, J.M. (2002). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica y las Islas Baleares. XV. Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 26: 147-151.

Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M., Menéndez, J.L. & Salinas, J.M. (2002). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XV. Undaria pinnatifida(Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 26: 147-151.

Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2012). Observations on fish grazing of the cultured kelps Undaria pinnatifida and Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) in Spanish Atlantic waters. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation, International Journal of the Bioflux Society 5: 189-196.

Peteiro, C. (2008). A new record of the introduced seaweed Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from the Cantabrian Sea (northern Spain) with comments on its establishment. Aquatic Invasions 3: 413-415.

Peteiro, C., Cremades, J. & Salinas, J.M. (2001). Cultivo experimental con fines industriales de Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en la ría de Ares y Betanzos (A Coruña) (Resumen). Algas .

Peters, A. F. & Schaffelke, B. (1996). Streblonema (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae) infection in the kelp Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) in the western Baltic. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 111-116.

Peters, A.F. & Schaffelke, B. (1996). Streblonema (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae) infection in the kelp Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) in the western Baltic. Hydrobiologia 326/327: 111-116, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Peters, A.F. (1998). Ribosomal DNA sequences support taxonomic separation of the two species of Chorda: reinstatement of Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). European Journal of Phycology 33: 65-71, 5 figs, 4 tables.

Petrov, Y.E. (1974). Clavis synoptica Laminarialium et Fucalium e maribus URSS [Synoptical Key to the Laminariales and Fucales of the Seas of the USSR]. Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii (Novitates Systematicae Plantarum non Vascularium) 11: 153-169.

Pfister, C.A. & Betcher, S.P. (2018). Climate drivers and animal host use determine kelp performance over decadal scales in the kelp Pleurophycus gardneri (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 54(1): 1-11.

Pfister, C.A. & Van Alstyne, K.L. (2003). An experimental assessment of the effects of nutrient enhancement on the intertidal kelp Hedophyllum sessile (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) (Note). Journal of Phycology 39: 285-290.

Qin, S., Sun, G.-Q., Jiang, P., Zou, L.-H., Wu, Y. & Tseng, C.K. (1999). Review of genetic engineering of Laminaria japonica (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in China. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 469-472.

Renard, P., Arbault, S., Kaas, R. & Perez, R. (1992). A method for the cryopreservation of the gametophytes of the food alga Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales). C R Acad Sci [III] 315(11): 445-451.

Ribamar da Cruz Freitas Junior, J. (2015). Desarrollo y aplicaciones del cultivo de Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Ochrophyta) en sistemas de acuicultura multitrófica integrada (AMTI). Doctoral Thesis.

Roleda, M.Y., Hanelt, D., Kräbs, G. & Wiencke, C. (2004). Morphology, growth, photosynthesis and pigments in Lamninaria ochroleuca (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) under ultraviolet radiation. Phycologia 43: 603-613, 7 figs, 3 tables.

Rothman, M.D., Mattio, L., Andeson, R.J. & Bolton, J.J. (2017). A phylogeographic investigation of the kelp genus Laminaria (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), with emphasis on the South Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Phycology 53(4): 778-789.

Rothman, M.D., Mattio, L., Wernberg, T., Anderson, R.J., Uwai, S., Mohring, M.B. & Bolton, J.J. (2015). A molecular investigation of the genus Ecklonia (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) with special focus on the southern hemisphere. Journal of Phycology 51(2): 236-246.

Rusanowski, P. C. & Vadas, R. L. (1981). Localization of Laminaran and a model for cell metabolite utilization in the Laminariales. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 232-243.

Salinas, J.M., Cremades, J., Peteiro, C. & Fuertes, C. (2006). Influencia de las características del hilo de semilla en el cultivo industrial de Undaria pinnatifida y Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía 22: 65-72.

Salinas, J.M., Llera, E.M. & Fuertes, C. (1996). Sobre la presencia de Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en Asturias (mar Cantábrico). Bol. Inst. Español Oceanogr. 12: 77-79.

Sasaki, H. & Kawai, H. (2007). Taxonomic revision of the genus Chorda (Chordaceae, Laminariales) on the basis of sporophyte anatomy and molecular phylogeny. Phycologia 46: 10-21.

Sasaki, H., Lindstrom, S.C., Waaland, J.R. & Kawai, H. (2003). Occurrence of the gametophyte of Agarum clathratum (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) as an endophyte in Orculifilum denticulatum (Gigartinales, Rhodophyceae). Phycological Research 51(3): 192-202.

Saunders, G.W. & Druehl, L.D. (1992). Nucleotide sequences of the small-subunit ribosomal RNA genes from selected Laminariales (Phaeophyta): Implications for kelp evolution.. Journal of Phycology 28: 544-549.

Saunders, G.W. & Druehl, L.D. (1993). Revision of the kelp family Alariaceae and the taxonomic affinities of Lessoniopsis Reinke (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 689-697.

Saunders, G.W. & McDevit, D.C. (2014). A DNA barcode survey of Haida Gwaii kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) reveals novel ecological and distributional observations and Saccharina druehlii sp. nov . Botany : 10.1139/cjb-2014-0119.

Schaffelke, B., Campbell, M.L. & Hewitt, C.L. (2005). Reproductive phenology of the introduced kelp Undaria pinnatifida (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) in Tasmania, Australia. Phycologia 44: 84-94.

Schmid, M. & Stengel, D.B. (2015). Intra-thallus differentiation of fatty acid pigment profiles in some temperate Fucales and Laminariales. Journal of Phycology 51(1): 25-36.

Schmitz, K. & Lobban, C.S. (1976). A survey of translocation in Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Marine Biology, Berlin 36: 207-216.

Scrosati, R.A. (1991). Estudios anatómicos de Lessonia vadosa (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) de la Argentina. Bol. Soc. Arg. Bot. 27(3-4): 165-171.

Scrosati, R.A. (1993). Anatomical study of Lessonia nigrescens (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) from Chile. Darwiniana 32: 271-278.

Searles, R.B. (1978). The genus Lessonia Bory (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) in southern Chile and Argentina. British Phycological Journal 13(4): 361-381.

Selivanova, O.N., Zhigadlova, G.G. & Hansen, G.I. (2007). Revision of the systematics of algae in the order Laminariales (Phaeophyta) from the Far-Eastern Seas of Russia on the basis of molecular-phylogenetic data. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 33: 278-289.

Serisawa, Y., Akino, H., Matsuyama, K, Ohno, M., Tanaka, J. & Yokahama, Y. (2002). Morphometric study of Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) sporophytes in two localities with different temperature conditions. Phycological Research 50(3): 193-199.

Serisawa, Y., Yokahama, Y., Aruga, Y. & Tanaka, J. (2001). Photosynthesis and respiration in bladelets of Ecklonia cava Kjellman (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in two localities with different temperature conditions. Phycological Research 49: 1-11.

Serisawa, Y., Yokahama, Y., Aruga, Y. & Tanaka, J. (2002). Growth of Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) sporophytes transplanted to a locality with different temperature conditions. Phycological Research 50(3): 201-208.

Serisawa, Y., Yokohama, Y., Aruga, Y. & Tanaka, J. (2004). Dark respiration of the stipe of Ecklonia cava (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in relation to temperature. Phycological Research 52(2): 174-179.

Sjøtun, K. & Fredriksen, S. (1995). Growth allocation in Laminaria hyperborea (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) in relation to age and wave exposure. Marine Ecology Progress Series 126: 213-222, 9 figs, 2 tables.

Sjøtun, K. & Schoschina, E.V. (2002). Gametophytic development of Laminaria spp. (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) at low temperature. Phycologia 41: 147-152.

Sjøtun, K., Fredriksen, S. & Rueness, J. (1996). Seasonal growth and carbon and nitrogen content in canopy and first-year plants of Laminaria hyperborea (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 35: 1-8, 7 figs, 1 table.

Spurkland, T. & Iken, K. (2011). Salinity and irradiance effects on growth and maximum photosynthetic quantum yield in subarctic Saccharina latissima (Laminariales, Laminaraceae). Botanica Marina 54(4): 355-365.

Staehr, P.A. & Wernberg, T. (2009). Physiological responses of Ecklonia radiata (Laminariales) to a latitudinal gradient in ocean temperature. Journal of Phycology 45: 91-99.

Starko, S. & Martone, P.T. (2016). Evidence of an evolutionary-developmental trade-off between drag avoidance and tolerance strategies in wave-swept intertidal kelps (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 52(1): 54-63.

Stekoll, M. S. & Else, P. V. (1990). Cultivation of Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in southeastern Alaskan waters. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 445-451.

Stekoll, M.S. & Else, P.V. (1990). Cultivation of Macrocystis integrifolia (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in southeastern Alaskan waters. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 445-451.

Surif, M.B. & Raven, J.A. (1989). Exogenous inorganic carbon sources for photosynthesis in seawater by members of the Fucales and the Laminariales (Phaeophyta): ecological and taxonomic implications. Oecologia 78: 97-105.

Surif, M.B. & Raven, J.A. (1990). Photosynthetic gas exchange under emersed conditions in eulittoral and normally submersed members of the Fucales and the Laminariales: interpretation in relation to C isotope ratio and N and water use efficiency. Oecologia 82: 68-80.

Tala, F. & Edding, M. (2007). First estimates of productivity in Lessonia trabeculata and Lessonia nigrescens (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) from the southeast Pacific. Phycological Research 55(1): 66-79.

Tala, F., Véliz, K., Gomez, I. & Edding, M. (2007). Early life stages of the South Pacific kelps Lessonia nigrescens and Lessonia trabeculata (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) show recovery capacity following exposure to UV radiation (Research Note). Phycologia 46(4): 467-470.

Tan, I.H. & Druehl, L.D. (1996). A ribosomal DNA phylogeny supports the close evolutionary relationships among the Sporochnales, Desmarestiales and Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 32: 112-118.

Tellier, F., Tapia, J., Faugeron, S., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2011). The Lessonia nigrescens species complex (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) shows strict parapatry and complete reproductive isolation in a secondary contact zone . Journal of Phycology 47(4): 894-903.

Terada, R., Shikada, S., Watanabe, Y., Nakazaki, Y., Matsumoto, K., Kozono, J., Saino, N. & Nishihara, G.N. (2016). Effect of PAR and temperature on the photosynthesis of the Japanese alga, Ecklonia radicosa (Laminariales), based on field and laboratory measurements. Phycologia 55(2): 178-186.

Tokida, J. (1960). Marine algae epiphytic on Laminariales plants. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 11: 73-105.

Tokida, J., Nakamura, Y. & Druehl, L.D. (1980). Typification of species of Laminaria (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) described by Miyabe and taxonomic notes on the genus in Japan. Phycologia 19(4): 317-328.

tom Dieck, I. (1993). Temperature tolerance and survival in darkness of kelp gametophytes (Laminariales, Phaeophyta): ecological and biogeographical implications. Marine Ecology Progress Series 100: 253-264.

Toth, R. (1974). Sporangial structure and zoosporogenesis in Chorda tometnosa (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 10: 170-185.

Toth, R. (1976). The release, settlement and germination of zoospores in Chorda tomentosa (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 12: 222-233.

Uwai, S., Arai, S., Morita, T. & Kawai, H. (2007). Genetic distinctness and phylogenetic relationships among Undaria species (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) based on mitochondrial cox3 gene sequences. Phycological Research 55(4): 263-271.

Uwai, S., Nelson, W., Neill, K., Wang, W.D., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Boo, S.M., Kitayama, T. & Kawai, H. (2006). Genetic diversity in Undaria pinnatifida (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) deduced from mitochondria genes - origins and succession of introduced populations. Phycologia 45: 687-695.

Van Tussenbroek, B.I. (1989). Observations on branched Macrocystis pyrifera (L.) C. Agardh (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in the Falkland Islands. Phycologia 28: 169-180.

Van Tussenbroek, B.I. (1989). Smooth-bladed Macrocystis (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) from the Falkland Islands. Phycologia 28: 520-523.

Van Tussenbroek, B.I. (1989). The life-span and survival of fronds of Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in the Falkland Islands. British Phycological Journal 24: 137-141.

Varvarigos, V., Katsaros, C. & Galatis, B. (2004). Radial F-actin configurations are involved in polarization during protoplast germination and thallus branching of Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). Phycologia 43: 693-702.

Vasquez, J. A. & Santelices, B. (1990). Ecological effects of harvesting Lessonia(Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in central Chile. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 41-47.

Vásquez, X., Gutiérrez, A., Buschmann, A.H., Flores, R., Farias, D. & Leal, P. (2014). Evaluation of repopulation techniques for the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (Laminariales). Botanica Marina 57(2): 123-130.

Venegas, M., Matsuhiro, B. & Edding, M.E. (1993). Alginate composition of Lessonia trabeculata (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) growing in exposed and sheltered habitats. Botanica Marina 36: 47-51, 4 tables.

Venegas, M., Tala, F., Fonck, E. & Vásquez, J. (1992). Sporangial sori on stipes of Lessonia nigrescens Bory (Laminariales, Phaeophyta): a high frequency phenomenon in intertdal populatins of northern Chile. Botanica Marina 35: 573-578, 3 figs, 6 tables.

Villouta, E. & Santelices, B. (1986). Lessonia trabeculata sp. nov. (Laminariales, Phaeophyta), a new kelp from Chile. Phycologia 25: 81-86.

Wernberg, T. & Vanderklift, M.A. (2010). Contribution of temporal and spatial components to morphological variaton in the kelp Ecklonia (Laminariales). Journal of Phycology 46(1): 153-161.

Wernberg, T., Coleman, M., Fairhead, A., Miller, S. & Thomsen, M. (2003). Morphology of Ecklonia radiata (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) along its geographic distribution in south-western Australia and Australasia. Marine Biology, Berlin 143: 47-55.

Wernberg, T., Toohey, B.D. & Kendrick G.A. (2005). Modification of the physical environment by an Ecklonia radiata (Laminariales) canopy and its implications for associated foliose algae. Aquatic Ecology 39: 419-430.

Westermeier, R. & Gómez, I. (1996). Biomass, Energy content and major organic compounds in the brown alga Lessonia nigrescens (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from Mehuín, South Chile. Botanica Marina 39: 553-559.

Whittick, A. (1983). Spatial and temporal distributions of some dominant epiphytes on the stipes of Laminaria hyperborea (Gunn.) Fosl. (Phaeophyta, Laminariales) in SE Scotland. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 73: 1-10.

Yang, G., Sun, Y., Shi, Y., Zhang, L., Guo, S., Li, B., Li, X., Li. Z., Cong, Y. & Zhao, Y. (2009). Construction and characterization of a tentative amplified fragment length polymorphism-simple sequence repeat linkage map of Laminaria (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 45(4): 873-878.

Yarish, C., Penniman, C. A. & Egan, B. (1990). Growth and reproductive responses of Laminaria longicruris (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) to nutrient enrichment. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 505-511.

Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y. (1990). The life cycle of Laminaria abyssalis (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in culture. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 461-466.

Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y. (1990). The life cycle of Laminaria abyssalis (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) in culture. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 461-466.

Yoshida, T. & Terawaki, T. (1990). Lectotypification of Ecklonia kurome Okamura (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Japanese Journal of Phycology 38: 187-188.

Yotsukura, N. & L.D.Druehl (2009). A new name for Laminaria sachalinensis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). J. Jap. Bot. 84(2): 113.

Yotsukura, N., Kawai, T., Kawashima, S., Ebata, H. & Ichimura, T. (2006). Nucleotide sequence diversity of the 5S rDNA spacer in the simple blade kelp genera Laminaria, Cymathaere and Kjellmaniella (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) from northern Japan. Phycological Research 54(4): 269-279.

Yotsukura, N., Nagai, N. & Kawai, T. (2016). A taxonomic re-examination of Saccharina longipedalis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae), an endemic kelp species around Lake Akkeshi in eastern Hokkaido, Japan. Botanica Marina 59(2-3): 205-210.

Zuccarello, G.C. & Martin, P. (2016). Phylogeography of the Lessonia variegata species complex (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales) in New zealand. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 31(2): 91-103.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=4586

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4586

SITE © 1996 - 2018 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio