153,875 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,014 images, 59,578 bibliographic items, 413,474 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Batrachospermales

Batrachospermales Pueschel & K.M.Cole, 1982: 717.

Type of name: Batrachospermum

Source: Kamiya, M., Lindstrom, S.C., Nakayama, T., Yokoyama, A., Lin, S.-M., Guiry, M.D., Gurgel, F.D.G., Huisman, J.M., Kitayama, T., Suzuki, M., Cho, T.O. & Frey, W. (2017). Rhodophyta. In: Syllabus of Plant Families, 13th ed. Part 2/2 Photoautotrophic eukaryotic Algae. (Frey, W. Eds), pp. [i]-xii, [1]-171. Stuttgart: Borntraeger Science Publishers.

Original publication: Pueschel, C.M. & Cole, K.M. (1982). Rhodophycean pit plugs: an ultrastructural survey with taxonomic implications. American Journal of Botany 69: 703-720.

Key References
Entwisle, T.J., Vis, M.L., Chiasson, W.B., Necchi Jr., O. & Sherwood, A.R. (2009). Systematics of the Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta) - a synthesis. Journal of Phycology 45(3): 704-715, 2 figs, 1 table.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abdelahad, N., Bolpagni, R., Lasinio, G.J., Vis, M.L., Amadio, C., Laini, A. & Keil, E.J. (2015). Distribution, morphology and ecological niche of Batrachospermum and Sheathia species (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in the fontanili of the Po plain (northern Italy). European Journal of Phycology 50(3): 318-329.

Aboal, M., López-Jiménez, E. & Asencio, A.D. (1995). Batrachospermum atrum (Huds.) Harv. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyceae), novedad para la flora algal epicontinental española. Anales Jardín Botánico de Madrid 53: 121-123.

Carmona, J., Loza, V., Sánchez, E. & Perona, E. (2009). Contribución al conocimiento de las Batrachospermales (Rhodophyceae) en el río Guadalix, región central de España. Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficología 42: 5.

Carmona, J., Montejano, G. & Necchi, Jnr., O. (2006). Ecology and morphological characterization of gametophyte and 'Chantransia' stages of Sirodotia huillensis (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from a stream in central Mexico. Phycological Research 54(2): 108-115.

Carmona, J., Perona, E., Sánchez-Díaz, E. & Loza, V. (2011). Morphological and ecological characterization of Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta) in the Jarama Basin, Iberian Peninsula. Limnetica 30: 117-128.

Chankaew, W., Peerapornpisal, Y., Kumano, S. & Ngamriabsakul, C. (2013). A new species of Batrachospermum, B. khaoluangensis Chankaew, Peerapornpisal et Kumano, sp. nov. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from Thailand. Chiang Mai Journal of Science 40: 1-10.

Chapuis, I.S., Necchi, O. Jr., Zuccarello, G.C., Xie, S.L., Aboal, M., Sánchez-Castillo, P.M. & Vis, M.L. (2017). A new genus, Volatus and four new species of Batrachospermum sensu stricto (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 56(4): 454-468, 45 fig., 1 table.

Chiasson, W.B., Salomaki, E.D. & Vis, M.L. (2014). New Collections of Freshwater Red Algae (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from Historically Important Areas in France. Cryptogamie Algologie 35(3): 303-316.

De Castro Agostinho, D. & Necchi, O. (2014). Systematics of the section Virescentia of the genus Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in Brazil. Phycologia 53(6): 561-570, 14 fig., 3 tables.

Elaya Perumal, U., Chaugule, B.B. & Meshram, B.G. (2014). Batrachospermum chauhanii sp. nov. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) a freshwater red alga from the Western Ghats of India. In: National Seminar on "The Taxonomy and Ecology of Freshwater Algae" [Abstracts]. ( Eds), pp. 1-13. Ernakulam, India: Department of Botany, St. Albert’s College.

Entwisle, T.J. & Foard, H.J. (1997). Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in Australia and New Zealand: new taxa and emended circumscriptions in sections Aristata, Batrachospermum, Turfosa and Virescentia. Australian Systematic Botany 10: 331-380.

Entwisle, T.J. & Foard, H.J. (1998). Batrachospermum latericium sp. nov. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from Tasmania, Australia, with new observations on B. atrum and a discussion of their relationships. Muelleria 11: 27-40, 5 figs.

Entwisle, T.J. & Foard, H.J. (1999). Freshwater Rhodophyta in Australia: Ptilothamnion richardsii (Ceramiales) and Thorea conturba sp. nov. (Batrachospermales). Phycologia 38: 47-53, 19 figs, 1 table.

Entwisle, T.J. & Foard, H.J. (2007). Batrachospermales. In: Algae of Australia Batrachospermales, Thoreales, Oedogoniales and Zygnemaceae. (Entwisle, T.J., Skinner, S., Lewis, S.H. & Foard, H.J. Eds), pp. 1-25. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Entwisle, T.J. & Necchi, O., Jr (1992). Phylogenetic systematics of the freshwater red algal order Batrachospermales. Japanese Journal of Phycology 40: 1-12.

Entwisle, T.J., Evans, J.R., Vis, M.L. & Saunders, G.W. (2017 '2018'). Ottia meiospora(Ottiaceae, Rhodophyta), a new genus and family endophytic within the thallus of Nothocladus (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 54(1): 79-84.

Entwisle, T.J., Johnston, E.T., Lam, D.W., Stewart, S.A. & Vis, M.L. (2016). Nocturama gen. nov., Nothocladus s. lat. and other taxonomic novelties resulting from the further resolution of paraphyly in Australasian members of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 52(3): 384-396.

Entwisle, T.J., Skinner, S., Lewis, S.H. & Foard, H.J. (2007). Algae of Australia Batrachospermales, Thoreales, Oedogoniales and Zygnemaceae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-191. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Enwisle, T.J. & Foard, H.J. (1999). Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in Australia and New Zealand: new taxa and records in sections Contorta and Hybrida. Australian Systematic Botany 12(4): 615-633.

Enwisle, T.J. & Foard, H.J. (1999). Sirodotia (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in Australia and New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany 12(4): 605-613.

Evans, J.R., Chapuis, I.S. & Vis, M.L. (2017). Adding to the freshwater red algal diversity in North America: Lympha mucosa gen. et sp. nov. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Algae 32(3): 171-179, 2 fig., 1 table.

Ganesan, E.K., West, J.A., Zuccarello, G.C., Loiseaux de Goër, S. & Rout, J. (2015). Lemanea manipurensis sp. nov. (Batrachospermales), a freshwater red algal species from North-East India. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 30(1): 1-13.

García-Fernández, M.E., Vis, M.L. & Aboal, M. (2015). Kumanoa mahlacensis (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in a Mediterranean coastal wetland, a new species for the European continental algal flora. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 72(1): 1-5.

Gretz, M.R., Sommerfeld, M.R., Athey, P.V. & Aronson, J.M. (1991). Chemical composition of the cell walls of the freshwater red alga Lemanea annulata (Batrachospermales). Journal of Phycology 27: 232-240.

Hall, M.M. & Vis, M.L. (2002). Genetic variation in Batrachospermum helminthosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) among and within stream reaches using intersimple sequence repeat molecular markers. Phycological Research 50(2): 155-162.

Han, J.-F., Nan, F.-R., Feng, J., Lv, J.-P., Liu, Q., Kociolek, J.P. & Xie, S.-L. (2018). Sheathia jinchengensis (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta), a new freshwater red algal species described from North China. Phytotaxa 367(1): 63-70, 3 fig. 1 table.

Hanyuda, T., Suzawa, Y., Suzawa, T., Arai, S., Sato, H., Ueda, K. & Kumano, S. (2004). Biogeography and taxonomy of Batrachospermum helminthosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in Japan inferred from rbcL gene sequences. Journal of Phycology 40: 581-588.

House, D.L., Sherwood, A.R. & Vis, M.L. (2008). Comparison of three organelle markers for phylogeographic inference in Batrachospermum helminthosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from North America. Phycological Research 56(2): 69-75.

House, D.L., Vandenbroek, A.M. & Vis, M. (2010). Intraspecific genetic variation of Batrachospermum gelitanosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in eastern North America. Phycologia 49(5): 501-507.

John, D.M., Johnson, L.R. & Moore, J.A. (1989). Observations on Thorea ramosissima Bory (Batrachospermales, Thoreaceae), a freshwater red alga rarely recorded in the British Isles. British Phycological Journal 24: 99-102.

Kapraun, D.F., Braly, K.S. & Freshwater, D.W. (2007). Nuclear DNA content variation in the freshwater red algal orders Batrachospermales and Thoreales (Florideophyceae, Nemaliophycidae). Phycologia 49: 54-62.

Kato, A., Morita, N., Hiratsuka, T & Suda, S. (2009). Recent introduction of a freshwater red alga Chantransia macrospora (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) to Okinawa, Japan. Aquatic Invasions 4(4): 567-574.

Keil, E.J., Macy, T.R., Kwandrans, J., Eloranta, P., Tomas, P., Aboal, M. & Vis, M.L. (2015). Phylogeography of Batrachospermum gelatinosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) shows postglacial expansion in Europe. Phycologia 54(2): 176-182.

Kusakariba, T. & Necchi Jnr., O. (2009). Daily dynamics of photosynthesis of the freshwater red alga Sirodotia delicatula (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 57(4): 268-277.

Lam, D.W., Entwisle, T.J., Eloranta, P., Kwandrans, J. & Vis, M.L. (2012). Circumscription of species in the genus Sirodotia (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. European Journal of Phycology 47(1): 42-50.

MacFarlane, J.J. & Raven, J.A. (1990). C, N and P nutrition of Lemanea mamillosa Kütz. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in the Dighty-Burn, Angus, U.K.. Plant Cell and Environment 13: 1-13.

Müller, K.M., Vis, M.L., Chiasson, W.B., Whittick, A. & Sheath, R.G. (1997). Phenology of a Batrachospermum population in a boreal pond and its implications for the systematics of section Turfosa (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 68-75, 10 figs, 1 table.

Necchi Júnior, O. & Vis, M.L. (2012). Monograph of the genus Kumanoa (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales). Bibliotheca Phycologica 116: [1]-79, pls 1-26.

Necchi, Jr., O. & Branco, C.C.Z. (1999). Phenology of a dioecious population of Batrachospermum delicatulum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in a stream from southeastern Brazil. Phycological Research 47: 251-256.

Necchi, O. Jr., Vis, M.L. & Oliveira, M.C. (2010). Phylogenetic relationships in Kumanoa (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) species in Brazil with the proposal of Kumanoa amazonensis sp. nov.. Phycologia 49(1): 97-103.

Necchi, O., Jr & Sheath, R.G. (1992). Karyology of Brazilian species of Batrachospermum (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales) (Short Note). British Phycological Journal 27: 423-427, 7 figs, 4 tables.

Necchi, O., Jr & Vis, M.L. (2005). Reproductive ecology of the freshwater red alga Batrachospermum delicatulum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in three tropical streams. Phycological Research 53(3): 194-200.

Necchi, O., Jr (1989). Geographic distribution of the genus Batrachospermum (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales) in Brazil. Rev. Bra. Biol. 49(3): 663-669.

Necchi, O., Jr (1990). Evaluation of numeric taxonomic characters in Brazilian species of Batracospermum (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales). Rev.Bra. Biol. 50(3): 627-641.

Necchi, O., Jr (1990). Revision of the genus Batrachospermum Roth (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales) in Brazil. Bibliotheca Phycologica 84: i-iii, 1-201, 270 figs.

Necchi, O., Jr, Agostinho, D.C. & Vis,M.L. (2018). Revision of Batrachospermum section Virescentia (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) with the establishment of the new genus, Virescentia stat. nov.. Cryptogamie Algologie 39(3): 313-338.

Necchi, O., Jr, Sheath, R.G. & Cole, K.M. (1993). Distribution and systematics of the freshwater genus Sirodotia (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. Journal of Phycology 29(2): 236-243.

Necchi, O., Jr. & Oliveira, M.C. (2011). Phylogenetic affinities of "Chantransia" stages in members of the Batrachospermales and Thoreales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 47(3): 680-686.

Paiano, M.O. & Necchi, O. Jr. (2017). Phylogeography of the freshwater red alga Setacea puiggariana (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales) in Brazil. Phycologia 56(4): 390-395.

Paiano, M.O., Del Cortona, A., Costa, J.F., Liu, S.-L., Verbruggen, H., De Clerck,, O, Necchu, O., Jr (2018). Complete mitochondrial genomes of six species of the freshwater red algal order Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta). Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources 3(2): 607–610, 2 figs.

Paiano, M.O., Del Cortona, A., Costa, J.F., Liu, S.L., Verbruggen, H., De Clerck, O. & Necchi Jr., O. (2018). Organization of plastid genomes in the freshwater red algal order Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 54(1): 25-33.

Pueschel, C.M. (1994). Systematic significance of the absence of pit-plug cap membranes in the Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 30: 310-315.

Pueschel, C.M., Trick, H.N. & Norris, J.N. (1992). Fine structure of the phylogenetically important marine alga Rhodogorgon carriebowensis (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales). Protoplasma 166: 78-88.

Raven, J.A. (1993). The roles of the Chantransia phase of Lemanea (Lemaneaceae, Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) and the 'mushroom' phase of Himanthalia (Himanthaceae, Fucales, Phaeophyta). Botanical Journal of Scotland 46: 477-485.

Rossignolo, N.L. & Necchi, O., Jr. (2016). Revision of section Setacea of the genus Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) with emphasis on specimens from Brazil. Phycologia 55(4): 337-346, 17 figs, 3 tables.

Salomaki, E.D., Kwandrans, J., Eloranta, P. & Vis, M.L. (2014). Molecular and morphological evidence for Sheathia gen. nov. (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) and three new species. Journal of Phycology 50(3): 526-542.

Saunders, G.W. & Necchi, O., Jr (2002). Nuclear rDNA sequences from Ballia prieurii support recognition of Balliopsis gen. nov. in the Batrachospermales (Florideophyceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 41(1): 61-67.

Segui Chapuis, I.. (2016). Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta) from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands: diversity and phylogeny. Doctoral Thesis. : Universidad de Granada.

Seguí-Chapuis, I. (2016). Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta) from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands: Diversity and Phylogeny. : Tesis Doctoral. Universidad de Granada.

Sheath, R.G. & Cole, K.M. (1993). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 2. Chromosome numbers. Phycologia 32: 304-306, 12 figs.

Sheath, R.G. & Müller, K.M. (1997). Ultrastructure of carpogonia and carpogonial branches of Batrachospermum helminthosum and Batrachospermum involutum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 45: 177-181, 10 figs.

Sheath, R.G. & Vis, M.L. (1994). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 6. Section Turfosa. Journal of Phycology 30: 872-884.

Sheath, R.G. & Vis, M.L. (1995). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 7. Section Hybrida. Phycologia 34: 431-438, 28 figs, 2 tables.

Sheath, R.G. & Whittick, A. (1995). The unique gonimoblast propagules of Batrachospermum breutelii (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 34: 33-38.

Sheath, R.G., Müller, K.M., Vis, M.L. & Entwisle, T.J. (1996). A re-examination of the morphology, ultrastructure and classification of genera in the Lemaneaceae (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 44: 233-246.

Sheath, R.G., Müller, K.M., Whittick, A. & Entwisle, T.J. (1996). A re-examination of the morphology and reproduction of Nothocladus lindaueri (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 44(1): 233-246, 59 figs.

Sheath, R.G., Vis, M.L. & Cole, K..M. (1994). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 4. Section Virescentia. Journal of Phycology 30(1): 108-117.

Sheath, R.G., Vis, M.L. & Cole, K.M. (1992). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 1. Section Contorta. Journal of Phycology 28: 237-246.

Sheath, R.G., Vis, M.L. & Cole, K.M. (1993). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 3. Section Setacea. Journal of Phycology 29(5): 719 -725, 18 figs, 2 tables.

Sheath, R.G., Vis, M.L. & Cole, K.M. (1994). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 5. Section Aristata. Phycologia 33: 404-414.

Sheath, R.G., Whittick, A. & Cole, K.M. (1994). Rhododraparnaldia oregonica, a freshwater red algal genus and species intermediate between the Acrochaetiales and the Batrachospermales. Phycologia 33: 1-7.

Sherwood, A.R., Jones, C.A. & Conklin, K.Y. (2014). A new species of Kumanoa (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from Koke`e State Park, Kaua`i, Hawaii. Pacific Science 68(4): 577-585, 2 fig.

Sherwood, A.R., Vis, M.L. & Sheath, R.G. (2004). Phenology and phylogenetic positioning of the Hawaiian endemic freshwater alga, Batrachospermum spermatiophorum (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales). Phycological Research 52(3): 193-203.

Sherwood, A.R., Vis., M.L., Entwisle, T.J., Necchi, Jr., O. & Presting, G.G. (2008). Contrasting intra versus interspecies DNA sequence variation for representatives of the Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta): Insights from a DNA barcoding approach. Phycological Research 56(4): 269-279.

Stewart, S.A. & Vis, M.L. (2007). Investigation of two species complexes in Batrachospermum section Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 46(4): 380-385, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Vis, M.L. & Entwisle, T.J. (2000). Insights into the phylogeny of the Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta) from rbcL sequence data of Australian taxa. Journal of Phycology 36: 1175-1182.

Vis, M.L. & Sheath, R.G. (1996). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 9. Section Batrachospermum : description of five new species. Phycologia 35: 124-134.

Vis, M.L. & Sheath, R.G. (1998). A molecular and morphological investigation of the relationship between Batrachospermum spermatoinvolucrum and B. gelatinosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 33: 231-239, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Vis, M.L. & Sheath, R.G. (1999). A molecular investigation of the systematic relationships of Sirodotia species (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. Phycologia 38: 261-266, 3 figs, 3 tables.

Vis, M.L. (1999). Intersimple sequence repeats (ISSR) molecular markers to distinguish gametophytes of Batrachospermum boryanum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 38: 70-73, 3 figs, 2 tables.

Vis, M.L., Chiasson, W.B. & Sheath, R.G. (2005). Phylogenetic relationship of Batrachospermum species (Batrachospermales, Rhodphyta) from coastal streams in French Guiana. Phycologia 44: 441-446.

Vis, M.L., Feng, J., Chiasson, W.B., Xie, S.-L., Stancheva, R., Entwisle, T.J., Chou, J.-Y. & Wang, W.-L. (2010). Investigation of the molecular and morphological variability in Batrachospermum arcuatum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from geographically distant locations. Phycologia 49(6): 545-553.

Vis, M.L., Harper, J.T. & Saunders, G.W. (2008 '2007'). Large subunit rDNA and rbcL gene sequence data place Petrohua bernabei gen. et sp. nov. in the Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta), but do not provide further resolution among taxa in this order. Phycological Research 55: 103-112.

Vis, M.L., Hodge, J.C. & Necchi, O. Jr. (2008). Phylogeography of Batrachospermum macrosporum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) from North and South America. Journal of Phycology 44: 882-888.

Vis, M.L., Miller, E.J. & Hall, M.M. (2001). Biogeographical analyses of Batrachospermum helminthosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America using molecular and morphological data. Phycologia 50: 2-9.

Vis, M.L., Necchi, O., Jr., Chiasson, W.B. & Entwisle, T.J. (2012). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Kumanoa (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 48(3): 750-758.

Vis, M.L., Saunders, G.W., Sheath, R.G., Dunse, K. & Entwisle, T.J. (1998). Phylogeny of the Batrachospermales (Rhodophyta) inferred from rbcL and 18S ribosomal DNA gene sequences. Journal of Phycology 34: 341-350, 3 figs, 2 tables.

Vis, M.L., Sheath, R.G. & Cole, K.M. (1996). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 8a. Section Batrachospermum: Batrachospermum gelatinosum. European Journal of Phycology 31: 31-40, 19 figs, 1 table.

Vis, M.L., Sheath, R.G. & Cole, K.M. (1996). Distribution and systematics of Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America. 8b. Section Batrachospermum : previously described species excluding Batrachospermum gelatinosum. European Journal of Phycology 31: 189-199.

Vis, M.L., Sheath, R.G. & Entwisle, T.J. (1995). Morphometric analysis of Batrachospermum section Batrachospermum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) type specimens. European Journal of Phycology 30(1): 35-55.

Vis, N.L. & Sheath, R.G. (1997). Biogeography of Batrachospermum gelatinosum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in North America based on molecular and morphological data. Journal of Phycology 33: 520-526, 4 figs, 2 tables.

Xie, S.-L., Shi, Z.-X. & Wang, R.-N. (2004). Taxonomy of the Lemaneaceae (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) in China. Acta Botanica Sinica 46(8): 883-888.

Zucchi, M.R. & Necchi, O., Jr. (2003). Blue-greenish acrochaetioid algae in freshwater habitats are 'Chantransia' stages of Batrachospermales sensu lato (Rhodophyta). Cryptogam. Algol. 24: 117-31.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 December 2018.

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