154,882 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,855 bibliographic items, 429,125 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Rhodymeniales

Rhodymeniales F.Schmitz in Engler, 1892: 19.

Source: Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Original publication: Schmitz, F. (1892). [6. Klasse Rhodophyceae]. 2. Unterklasse Florideae. In: Syllabus der Vorlesungen über specielle und medicinisch-pharmaceutische Botanik. Eine Uebersicht über das gesammte Pflanzensystem mit Berücksichtigung der Medicinal- und Nutzpflanzen. Grosse Ausgabe. (Engler, A. Eds), pp. 16-23. Berlin: Borntraeger.

Thallus erect or decumbent, of various forms, simple or branched; branches terete or flattened, solid or hollow, occasionally segmented. Structure multiaxial; medulla of large hyaline cells, grading to a cortex of smaller pigmented cells; in hollow genera sometimes with longitudinal filaments; vesicular cells occasionally present in hollow genera, borne on medullary cells or filaments and projecting into the central cavity. Cells multinucleate; secondary pit connections present; pit plugs lacking cap layers. Spermatangia on outer cortical cells, mostly in inconspicuous sori. Carpogonial branches 3- or 4-celled, on an inner cortical cell in close association with a 2- or 3-celled auxiliary cell branch; auxiliary cells present before fertilisation. Following fertilisation the diploid nucleus transferred to the auxiliary cell directly or by a connecting cell. Carposporophyte with a basal erect fusion cell; gonimoblast with terminal carposporangia or composed entirely of carposporangia; basal nutritive tissue occasionally present, sometimes connected by slender filaments or stellate cells (tela arachnoidea) to the pericarp. Cystocarps mostly protuberant, rarely immersed; pericarp well developed, mostly ostiolate. Tetrasporangia cruciately or tetrahedrally divided, terminal or intercalary, rarely forming polysporangia, scattered in the cortex or in pits. Life history triphasic, with tetrasporophytes isomorphic with gametophytes [after Womersley (1996)].

Key References
Filloramo, G.V. & Saunders, G.W. (2016). Application of multigene phylogenetics and site-stripping to resolve intraordinal relationships in the Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 52(3): 339-355.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abbott, I.A. & Littler, M.M. (1969). Some Rhodymeniales from Hawaii. Phycologia 8: 165-169, 5 figs.

Afonso-Carrillo, J. & Sobrino, C. 2004 (2004). Two amphi-Atlantic species of Botryocladia (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta) in the Canary Islands (Eastern Atlantic). Cryptogamie, Algologie 25: 147-159.

Aponte Díaz, M. (1988). Botryocladia ganesanii sp. nov. (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniales) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela. Cryptogamie, Algologie 9: 43-52.

Ballantine, D.L. (1985). Botryocladia wynnei sp. nov. and B. spinulifera (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta) Taylor & Abbott from Puerto Rico. Phycologia 24: 199-204.

Ballantine, D.L. (1989). Reproduction in Caribbean plants of Botryocladia pyriformis and B. wynnei (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 28: 237-242.

Barbara, I. & Veiga, A.J. (1996). The discovery of the female gametophyte and carposphorophyte in Lomentaria orcadensis (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie, Algologie 17: 139-141.

Bárbara, I., Lee, S.-Y., Peña, V., Díaz, P., Cremades, Oak, J.H. & Choi, H.-G. (2008). Chrysymenia wrightii (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta) - a new non-native species for the European Atlantic coast. Aquatic Invasions 3: 367-375.

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Dalen, J.L. & Saunders, G.W. (2007). A review of the red algal genus Leptofauchea (Faucheaceae, Rhodymeniales) including a description of L. chiloensis sp. nov.. Phycologia 46: 198-213.

Dawson, E.Y. (1963). Marine red algae of Pacific Mexico. Part 6. Rhodymeniales. Nova Hedwigia 5: 437-476, Plates 77-95.

De Masi, F. & Gargiulo, G.M. (1982). Rhodymenia delicatula P.J.L. Dangeard (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniales) en Méditerranée. Giornale Botanico Italiano 116: 117-121.

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Delivopoulos, S.G. & Kugrens, P. (1984). Ultrastructure of the fusion cell in Faucheocolax attenuata Setch. (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniales). J. Cell Sci. 72: 307-319.

Delivopoulos, S.G. & Kugrens, P. (1985). Thylakoid formation from coiled lamellar bodies during carposporogenesis in Faucheocolax attenuata Setch. (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniales). J. Cell Sci. 75: 215-224, 12 figs.

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Filloramo, G.V. & Saunders, G.W. (2015). A re-examination of the genus Leptofauchea (Faucheaceae, Rhodymeniales) with clarification of species in Australia and the northwest Pacific. Phycologia 54(4): 375-384.

Filloramo, G.V. & Saunders, G.W. (2016). Molecular-assisted alpha taxonomy of the genus Rhodymenia (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales) from Australia reveals overlooked species diversity. European Journal of Phycology 51(3): 354-367, 22 fig., 1 table.

Filloramo, G.V. & Saunders, G.W. (2018). Assesssment of the order Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta) from British Columbia using an integrative taxonomic approach reveals overlooked and cryptic species diversity. Botany 96: 359-383, 12 fig., 1 table.

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Huvé, P. & Huvé, H. (1971). Une nouvelle espèce de Rhodymenia des côtes orientales de Tunisie:Rhodymenia leptofaucheoides nov. sp. (Rhodophycées, Rhodyméniales, Rhodyméniacées). Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 16: 51-60.

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Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 March 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4608

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