153,607 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,405 bibliographic items, 411,227 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Rhodymeniales

Rhodymeniales F.Schmitz in Engler, 1892: 19.

Source: Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Original publication: Schmitz, F. (1892). [6. Klasse Rhodophyceae]. 2. Unterklasse Florideae. In: Syllabus der Vorlesungen über specielle und medicinisch-pharmaceutische Botanik. Eine Uebersicht über das gesammte Pflanzensystem mit Berücksichtigung der Medicinal- und Nutzpflanzen. Grosse Ausgabe. (Engler, A. Eds), pp. 16-23. Berlin: Borntraeger.

Thallus erect or decumbent, of various forms, simple or branched; branches terete or flattened, solid or hollow, occasionally segmented. Structure multiaxial; medulla of large hyaline cells, grading to a cortex of smaller pigmented cells; in hollow genera sometimes with longitudinal filaments; vesicular cells occasionally present in hollow genera, borne on medullary cells or filaments and projecting into the central cavity. Cells multinucleate; secondary pit connections present; pit plugs lacking cap layers. Spermatangia on outer cortical cells, mostly in inconspicuous sori. Carpogonial branches 3- or 4-celled, on an inner cortical cell in close association with a 2- or 3-celled auxiliary cell branch; auxiliary cells present before fertilisation. Following fertilisation the diploid nucleus transferred to the auxiliary cell directly or by a connecting cell. Carposporophyte with a basal erect fusion cell; gonimoblast with terminal carposporangia or composed entirely of carposporangia; basal nutritive tissue occasionally present, sometimes connected by slender filaments or stellate cells (tela arachnoidea) to the pericarp. Cystocarps mostly protuberant, rarely immersed; pericarp well developed, mostly ostiolate. Tetrasporangia cruciately or tetrahedrally divided, terminal or intercalary, rarely forming polysporangia, scattered in the cortex or in pits. Life history triphasic, with tetrasporophytes isomorphic with gametophytes [after Womersley (1996)].

Key References
Filloramo, G.V. & Saunders, G.W. (2016). Application of multigene phylogenetics and site-stripping to resolve intraordinal relationships in the Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 52(3): 339-355.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Abbott, I.A. & Littler, M.M. (1969). Some Rhodymeniales from Hawaii. Phycologia 8: 165-169, 5 figs.

Afonso-Carrillo, J. & Sobrino, C. 2004 (2004). Two amphi-Atlantic species of Botryocladia (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta) in the Canary Islands (Eastern Atlantic). Cryptogamie, Algologie 25: 147-159.

Aponte Díaz, M. (1988). Botryocladia ganesanii sp. nov. (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniales) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela. Cryptogamie, Algologie 9: 43-52.

Ballantine, D.L. (1985). Botryocladia wynnei sp. nov. and B. spinulifera (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta) Taylor & Abbott from Puerto Rico. Phycologia 24: 199-204.

Ballantine, D.L. (1989). Reproduction in Caribbean plants of Botryocladia pyriformis and B. wynnei (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 28: 237-242.

Barbara, I. & Veiga, A.J. (1996). The discovery of the female gametophyte and carposphorophyte in Lomentaria orcadensis (Rhodymeniales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie, Algologie 17: 139-141.

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Dalen, J.L. & Saunders, G.W. (2007). A review of the red algal genus Leptofauchea (Faucheaceae, Rhodymeniales) including a description of L. chiloensis sp. nov.. Phycologia 46: 198-213.

Dawson, E.Y. (1963). Marine red algae of Pacific Mexico. Part 6. Rhodymeniales. Nova Hedwigia 5: 437-476, Plates 77-95.

De Masi, F. & Gargiulo, G.M. (1982). Rhodymenia delicatula P.J.L. Dangeard (Rhodophyta, Rhodymeniales) en Méditerranée. Giornale Botanico Italiano 116: 117-121.

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Filloramo, G.V. & Saunders, G.W. (2016). Molecular-assisted alpha taxonomy of the genus Rhodymenia (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodymeniales) from Australia reveals overlooked species diversity. European Journal of Phycology 51(3): 354-367, 22 fig., 1 table.

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Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 November 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4608

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