152,876 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,939 images, 59,118 bibliographic items, 408,269 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Gelidiales

Gelidiales Kylin, 1923: 132.

Source: Kamiya, M., Lindstrom, S.C., Nakayama, T., Yokoyama, A., Lin, S.-M., Guiry, M.D., Gurgel, F.D.G., Huisman, J.M., Kitayama, T., Suzuki, M., Cho, T.O. & Frey, W. (2017). Rhodophyta. In: Syllabus of Plant Families, 13th ed. Part 2/2 Photoautotrophic eukaryotic Algae. (Frey, W. Eds), pp. [i]-xii, [1]-171. Stuttgart: Borntraeger Science Publishers.

Original publication: Kylin, H. (1923). Studien über die Entwicklungsgeschichte der Florideen. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, Ny Följd 63(11): 1-139.

Description:
Generally with a Polysiphonia-type life history in which male, female and tetrasporangial or bisporangial plants are nearly identical morphologically except for a single species of <i>Capreolia</i> in which the tetrasporophytes arise directly from the fertilized carpognium. Sex and phase ratios are variable with tetrasporophytes often predominating, or tetrasporophytes may be the only known phase. Cell walls and the intercellular matrix contain agar and other polymers characteristic of agarophytes. Pit connections have pit plugs with a single cap layer. Early development of carpospores and tetraspores is identical and follows a prescribed pattern. Following nuclear division, most of the spore contents pass into the germ tube leaving a largely evacuated spore which is then cut off. The germling initial divides obliquely by a curved wall into cells of unequal size. One, two or more rhizoids are initiated from the distal end, and an apical initial is subsequently formed from the proximal end near the spore wall. Vegetative growth takes place by transverse division of an apical cell producing a uniaxial thallus. Each axial cell bears two opposite periaxial cells that produce lateral filaments of the second order. These are normally interconnected longitudinally by secondary pit connections. Additional secondary pit connections between cortical or medullary cells are common. Filaments of the third order arise in opposite pairs from cell rows of the second order and grow perpendicular to a plane passing through the second-order filaments and the central axis. Thick-walled internal rhizoids develop from cells of third- and higher order cortical filaments and grow basipetally, descending through the cortex and/or medulla, or internal rhizoids are present only at attachment points or are absent. Branching is initiated through the transformation of surface cells of filaments of limited growth into apical initials of filaments of unlimited growth. <br>Sexual plants are dioecious, or rarely monoecious. Male fertile areas form irregular colorless patches or small sori on the surface of the fertile branchlets. Surface cortical cells elongate and divide anticlinally to produce the spermatangial initials. Spermatangia are formed beneath the surface membrane by transverse division of the initials. <br>The female reproductive system develops near the apex on lateral or superficial pinnules, or on ordinary branches, and consists of carpogonia and nutritive filaments before fertilization. The nutritive filaments are branched, short-celled filaments that develop primarily from the basal cells of vegetative filaments of the third order in the fertile area, or sometimes on higher orders of filaments. Functional carpogonia are intercalary and usually develop from suprabasal cells of third-order filaments. They normally occur along the sides of the central furrow in a fertile area. Commonly, carpogonia are cut off as sessile laterals that appear to be non-functional. A fertilized carpogonium enlarges and becomes multinucleate as it forms processes that cut off uninucleate gonimoblast initials. Often multinucleate cells are cut off that produce additional uninucleate gonimoblast filaments. Cortical filaments borne on the carpogonium become modified, their nuclei divide and enlarge, and channels develop through the pit connections leading to cytoplasmic continuity with the fertilized carpogonium. The modified cortical cells either remain distinct or form lobed fusion cells. Gonimoblast filaments grow and ramify between the files and rows of nutritive filaments producing laterals that fuse with terminal or intercalary cells of the nutritive filaments. Additional gonimoblast cells may unite with the resulting fusion cells. Carposporangia are cut off from uninucleate gonimoblast cells or from both uninucleate gonimoblast cells and multinucleate fusion cells. Cystocarps are raised, oval to circular in outline and either unilocular with one potential ostiole, or bilocular with a central partition and two potential ostioles. Carposporangia are clavate to obovate and are borne either in chains on a basal placenta or singly and either solitarily or in terminal clusters on paired placentae alongside the central partition. Inner sterile cortical cells elongate during cystocarp enlargement to form filaments that extend through the cavity of the cystocarp from the base or central partition to the pericarp. Asexual reproduction is by tetrasporangia or bisporangia. Sporangia! initials are cut off laterally from the apical cells of cortical filaments by anticlinal division. At maturity they are laterally pit connected and become embedded as a result of the continued growth of surrounding cortical filaments. Tetrasporangia are broadly ellipsoid to spherical in shape and cruciately or tetrahedrally? divided into four spores each with one nucleus. Bisporangia are transversely divided into two spores, each most commonly containing two nuclei.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Afaq-Husain, S. & Shameel, M. (1996). Morphology, anatomy and reproduction of the populations of a new alga Gelidium usmanghanii (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Candollea 51(2): 433-443, 18 figs..

Akatsuka, I. & Masaki, T. (1983). Beckerella irregularis sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Gelidiaceae) from Japan. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 34: 11-19.

Akatsuka, I. (1970). Morphology of the cortical layer of some species of Gelidiales. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for Phycology 18: 72-76. [in Japanese, English summary]

Akatsuka, I. (1986). Japanese Gelidiales (Rhodophyta), especially Gelidium. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 34: 171-263.

Akatsuka, I. (1987). Taxonomy and distribution of Beckerella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Aquatic Botany 28: 257-274.

Alfonso, B., Hernández, J.C. & Sansón, M. (2018). Tetraspore germination of two vulnerable marine algae, Gelidium canariense and G. arbusculum (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). Botanica Marina 61(2): 111-114.

Alfonso, B., Sangil, C. & Sansón, M. (2017). Morphological and phenological reexamination of the threatened endemic species Gelidium canariense (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from the Canary Islands. Botanica Marina 60(5): 543-553.

Andriamampandry, A.V. (1988). Beckerella pterocladiodes sp. nov. et Gelidium madagascariense sp. nov. deux espèces de Gelidiales - Rhodophytes de Fort-Dauphin (Madagascar). Cryptogamie, Algologie 9: 243-259, 26 figs.

Bailey, J.C. & Freshwater, D.W. (1997). Molecular systematics of the Gelidiales: inferences from separate and combined analyses of plastid rbcL and nuclear SSU gene sequences. European Journal of Phycology 32: 343-352, 2 figs, 3 tables.

Barbagallo, C., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (1979). Sul contenuto in agar di Gelidium latifolium (Greville) Thiret et Birnet (Rhodophyceae, Gelidiales). Pubbl Inst bot Univ Catania : 1-4.

Bird, K.T. (1976). Simultaneous assimilation of ammonium and nitrate by Gelidium nudifrons (Gelidiales: Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 12: 238-241.

Boo, G.H. & Geraldino, P.J.L. (2016). Pterocladiella maribagoensis (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), a new marine alga from Cebu, Philippines. Phytotaxa 288(3): 239-248, 10 figs.

Boo, G.H., Cai, Y. & Boo, S.M. (2016). Molecular identification of gelidioid algae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Singapore with a description of Gelidium sentosaense sp. nov.. Phycologia 55(3): 247-256.

Boo, G.H., Cai, Y., Kim, J.Y. & Boo, S.M. (2015). Phylogeny and morphology of Parviphycus myriocladus (Børgesen) comb. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Asian waters. Botanica Marina 58(6): 475-483.

Boo, G.H., Calderón, M.S. & Boo, S.M. (2017). A new marine alga, Pterocladiella andresii sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) and its relationship to P. caloglossoides from Pacific South America. Phytotaxa 319(2): 139-148, 19 fig., 1 table.

Boo, G.H., Kim, K.M., Nelson, W.A., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., Yoon, K.J. & Boo, S.M. (2014). Taxonomy and distribution of selected species of the agarophyte genus Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology 26: 1243-1251.

Boo, G.H., Le Gall, L., Hwang, I.K. & Boo, S.M. (2016). Pterocladiella feldmannii sp. nov. and P. hamelii sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), two new species uncovered in Madagascar during the Atimo Vatae expedition. Cryptogamie Algologie 37(3): 179-198, 21 figs.

Boo, G.H., Le Gall, L., Hwang, I.K., Miller, K.A. & Boo, S.M. (2018). Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of Ptilophora (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) with descriptions of P. aureolusa, P. malagasya, and P. spongiophila from Madagascar. Journal of Phycology 54(2): 249-263.

Boo, G.H., Le Gall, L., Miller, K.A., Freshwater, D.W., Wernberg, T., Terada, R., Yoon, K.J. & Boo, S.M. (2016). A novel phylogeny of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) based on five genes including the nuclear CesA, with descriptions of Orthogonacladia gen. nov. and Orthogonacladiaceae fam. nov. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 101: 359-372, 6 figs.

Boo, G.H., Le Gall, L., Rousseau, F., Reviers, B. de, Coppejans, E., Anderson, R. & Boo, S.M. (2015). Phylogenetic relationships of Gelidiella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Madagascar with a description of Gelidiella incrassata sp. nov.. Cryptogamie Algologie 36(2): 219-237.

Boo, G.H., Park, J.K. & Boo, S.M. (2013). Gelidiophycus (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales): A new genus of marine algae from East Asia. Taxon 62(6): 1105-1116.

Boo, G.H., Park, J.K., Gerung, G.S. & Boo, S.M. (2013). Transfer of the red alga Gelidium zollingeri Sonder (Gelidiales) to Yonagunia (Halymeniales) based on morphological and molecular evidence. Phycologia 52(3): 279-287.

Bottalico, A., Boo, G.H., Russo, C., Boo, S.M. & Perrone, C. (2014). Parviphycus albertanoae sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from the Mediterranean Sea. Phycologia 53(3): 243-251.

Bottalico, A., Delle Foglie, C.I.& Fanelli, M. (2008). Growth and reproductive phenology of Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales) from the southern Adriatic Sea. Botanica Marina 51: 124-131.

Bottalico, A., Russo, C., Furnari, G. & Perrone, C. (2015). Parviphycus bompardii sp. nov. and P. albertanoae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), two species misidentified as Gelidiella ramellosa in the Mediterranean Sea. Phytotaxa 291(2): 155-164.

Bouza, N., Caujape-Castells, J., Gonzalez-Perez, M.A. & Sosa, P.A. (2006). Genetic structure of natural populations in the red algae Gelidium canariense (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) investigated by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers . Journal of Phycology 42: 304-311.

Bouzon, Z.L., Ouriques, L.C. & Oliveira, E.C. (2005). Ultrastructure of tetraspore germination in the agar-producing seaweed Gelidium floridanum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 44: 409-415.

Bouzon, Z.L., Ouriques, L.C. & Oliveira, E.C. (2007). Spore adhesion and cell wall formation in Gelidium floridanum (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 61-68.

Børgesen, F. (1943). Some marine algae from Mauritius. III. Rhodophyceae. Part 2. Gelidiales, Cryptonemiales, Gigartinales. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Meddelelser 19(1): 1-85, 42 figs, 1 plate.

Carter, A.R. & Anderson, R.J. (1985). Regrowth after experimental harvesting of the agarophyte Gelidium pristoides (Gelidiales: Rhodophyta) in the eastern Cape Province. South African Journal of Marine Science 3: 111-118.

Carter, A.R. & Anderson, R.J. (1986). Seasonal growth and agar contents in Gelidium pristoides (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Port Alfred , South Africa. Botanica Marina 29: 117-123.

Carter, A.R. & Simons, R.H. (1987). Regrowth and production capacity of Gelidium pristoides (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) under various harvesting regimes at Port Alfred, South Africa. Botanica Marina 30: 227-231.

Carter, A.R. (1993). Chromosome observations relating to bispore production in Gelidium pristoides (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 36: 253-256, 5 figs.

Chapman, V.J. (1956). The marine algae of New Zealand. Part II. Rhodophyceae. Issue 1: Bangiophyceae and Florideophycidae (Nemalionales, Bonnemaisoniales, Gelidiales). In: . ( Eds), pp. 1-113. Lehre: Cramer.

Chapman, V.J. (1969). The marine algae of New Zealand. Part III. Rhodophyceae, Issue 1. Bangiophycidae and Florideophycidae (Nemalionales, Bonnemaisoniales, Gelidiales). In: . ( Eds), pp. 1-113. Lehre: Cramer.

D'Antonio, C.M. & Gibor, A. (1985). A note on some influences of photon flux density on the morphology of germlings of Gelidium robustum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) in culture. Botanica Marina 28: 313-316.

de Oliveira Filho, E.C. & Berchez, F.A.S. (1993). Resource biology of Pterocladia capillaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) populations in Brazil. Hydrobiologia 260/261: 255-261.

Delivopoulos, S.G. (2003). Ultrastructure of cystocarp development in Gelidium robustum (Gelidiaceae: Gelidiales: Rhodophyta). Marine Biology 142: 659-667.

Diaz-Tapia, P. & Bárbara, I. (2014). Seaweeds from sand-covered rocks of the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula. Part 2. Palmariales, Ceramiales (excluding Rhodomelaceae), Gelidiales, Gigartinales, Plocamiales, Rhodymeniales and Scytothamniales. Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 157-199.

Domínguez Álvarez, S., Rico, J.M. & Gil-Rodriguez, M.C. (2011). Photosynthetic response and zonation of three species of Gelidiales from Tenerife, Canary Islands. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 68: 117-124.

Fan, K.-C. & Papenfuss, G.F. (1959). Red algal parasites occurring on members of the Gelidiales. Madroño 15: 33-38, 10 figs.

Fan, K.-C. (1961). Morphological studies of the Gelidiales. University of California Publications in Botany 32: [i-iv], 315-368, 15 figs, Plates 33-46.

Feldmann, J. & Hamel, G. (). Floridées de France VII. Gélidiales. Revue Algologique IX: 210-264 (+ plates), 36 figs, 5/6 plates (some confusion in numbering of plates). [in French]

Feldmann, J. & Hamel, G. (1936). Floridées de France VII. Gélidiales. Revue Algologique 9: 85-140, 36 figs, pls 2-6.

Fralick, R. A., Baldwin, H. P., Neto, A. I. & Hehre, E. J. (1990). Physiological responses of Pterocladia and Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from the Azores, Portugal. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 479-482.

Fredriksen, S. & Rueness, J. (1990). Culture studies on Pterocladia melanoidea (Schousboe ex Bornet) comb. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 29: 182-190.

Fredriksen, S., Rico, J.M. & Rueness, J. (1993). Comparison of Gelidium latifolium (Grev.) Born. et Thur. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) isolates from Spain and Norway. Journal of Applied Phycology 5: 117-122.

Freshwater, D.W. & Rueness, J. (1994). Phylogenetic relationships of some European Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) species based upon rbcL nucleotide sequence analysis. Phycologia 33(3): 187-194, 2 figs, 3 tables.

Freshwater, D.W., Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. (1995). A molecular phylogeny of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) based on analysis of plastid rbcL nucleotide sequences. Journal of Phycology 31(4): 616-632, 9 figs, 3 tables.

Freshwater, D.W., Tudor, K., O'Shaughnessy, K. & Wysor, B. (2010). DNA barcoding in the red algal order Gelidiales: comparison of COI with rbcL and verification of the "barcoding gap". Cryptogamie Algologie 31(4): 435-449.

Freshwater, W.D. (1993). Cytophotometric estimation of inter- and intraspecific variation in nuclear DNA content in ten taxa of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology abd Ecology 166: 231-239.

Friedlander, M. (2009). Advances in cultivation of Gelidiales. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 19: 1-6.

Ganesan, M., Reddy, C.R.K., Eswaran, K. & Jha, B. (2008). Seasonal variation in the biomass, quantity and quality of agar from Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskal) Feldmann et Hamel (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from the Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve, India. Phycological Research 56(2): 93-104.

Givernaud, T., Sqali, N., Barbaroux, O., Orbi, A., Semmaoui, Y., Eddine Rezzoum, N., Mouradi, A. & Kaas, R. 2005 (2005). Mapping and biomass estimation for a harvested population of Gelidium sesquipedale (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) along the Atlantic coast of Morocco. Phycologia 44: 66-71.

Givernaud, T.H., Mouradi, A., Hassani, A., Akallal, R. & Riyahi, J. (2003). Design of a new technique for the reseeding of overharvested beds of Gelidium sesquipedale (Turn.) Thuret (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) in Morocco. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 123-130.

Grusz, A.L. & Freshwater, D.W. (2014). Studies of Costa Rican Gelidiales (Florideophyceae), II. Two Pacific taxa including Gelidium microglossum sp. nov.. Pacific Science 68(1): 97-110.

Guiry, M.D. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1993). Capreolia implexa gen. et sp. nov. in Australia and New Zealand (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta); an intertidal red alga with an unusual life history. Phycologia 32: 266-277.

Hatta, A.M. & Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (1991). A taxonomic revision of Indonesian Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Blumea 35: 347-380, 14 figs, 4 tables.

Hernández, I., Fernández, J.A. & Niell, F.X. (1995). A comparative study of alkaline phosphatase activity in two species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 30: 69-77, 8 figs, 3 tables.

Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. (1988). An investigation of cystocarp development in Gelidium pteridifolium with a revised description of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 27: 254-272, 34 figs.

Hommersand, M.H. & Fredericq, S. (1996). Vegetative and reproductive development of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from La Jolla, California. Nova Hedwigia 112: 147-160.

Huisman, J.M., Phillips, J.C. & Freshwater, D.W. (2009). Rediscovery of Gelidiella ramellosa (Kützing) Feldmann et Hamel (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from near the type locality in western Australia. Cryptogamie, Algologie 30(1): 3-16.

Iha, C., Milstein, D., Guimaraes, S.M.P.B., Freshwater, D.W. & Oliveira, M.C. (2015). DNA barcoding reveals high diversity in the Gelidiales of the Brazilian southeast coast. Botanica Marina 58(4): 295=305.

Iha, C., O'Shaughnessy, K.A., Guimarães, S.M.P.B., Oliveira, M.C. & Freshwater, D.W. (2016). Taxonomic reappraisal of Gelidium coarctacum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) and Gelidium lineare sp. nov. from the tropical western Atlantic. Phycologia 55(5): 555-563.

Jamas, M., Iha, C., Oliveira, M.C., Guimarães, S.M.P.B. & Fujii, M.T. (2017). Morphological and molecular studies on Gelidiaceae and Gelidiellaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Brazil with description of the new species Gelidium calidum. Phytotaxa 314(2): 195-218, 10 fig., 3 tables.

Kaneko, T. (1968). Morphological and developmental studies of Gelidiales II. On Acanthopeltis japonica Okamura. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 19: 165-172, 4 text figs, 1 table, 6 plates .

Kapraun, D. F., Dutcher, J. A. & D., W. F. (1993). Quantification and characterization of nuclear genomes in commercial red seaweeds: Gracilariales and Gelidiales. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 679-688.

Kapraun, D.F. & Bailey, J.C. (1989). Karyology and nuclear DNA content of Gelidium pusillum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from North Carolina, USA. Japanese Journal of Phycology 37: 201-207.

Kapraun, D.F., Dutcher, J.A. & Freshwater, D.W. (1993). Quantification and characterization of nuclear genomes in commercial red seaweeds: Gracilariales and Gelidiales. Hydrobiologia 260-261: 679-688.

Kim, K.M. & Boo, S.M. (2012). Phylogenetic relationships and distribution of Gelidium crinale and G.pusillum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) using coxl and rbcl sequences. Algae 27: 83-94.

Kim, K.M., Gerung, G.S. & Boo, S.M. (2011). Corrigendum [Two-gene sequences and morphology of Gelidium zollingeri (Kützing) comb. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta)]. Algae 26(2): 209.

Kim, K.M., Gerung, G.S. & Boo, S.M. (2011). Two-gene sequences and morphology of Gelidium zollingeri (Kützing) comb. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Algae 26(1): 33-40, 4 figs. 1 table.

Kim, K.M., Hwang, I.K., Park, J.K. & Boo, S.M. (2011). A new agarophyte species, Gelidium eucorneum sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), based on molecular and morphological data. Journal of Phycology 47(4): 904-910.

Kim, K.M., Hwang, I.K., Yoon, H.S. & Boo, S.M. (2012). Four novel Gelidium species (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) discovered in Korea: G. coreanum, G. jejuensis, G. minimum and G. prostatum. Phycologia 51(4): 461-474.

Kraft, G.T. & Abbott, I.A. (1998). Gelidiella womersleyana (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), a diminutive new species from the Hawaiian Islands. Botanica Marina 41: 51-61, 17 figs, 1 table.

Kraft, G.T. (1976). The morphology of Beckerella scalaramosa, a new species of Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) from the Philippines. Phycologia 15: 85-91, 15 figs.

Kumar, G.R., Reddy, C.R.K., Ganesan, M., Thiruppathi, S., Dipakkore, S., Eswaran, K., Roa, P.V.S. & Jha, B. (2004). Tissue culture and regeneration of thallus from callus of Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 43: 596-602, 9 figs, 3 tables.

Lee, H.-B. & Kim, J.-I. (1995). Notes on gelidiales species from Korea. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 161-174. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Lee, H.B. (1994). Some species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Korea. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 67-79.

Lee, Y. & Kim, B. (2003). New red alga, Acanthopeltis longiramulosa sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Jeju Island, Korea. Phycological Research 51(4): 259-265.

Lin, S.-M. & Freshwater, D.W. (2008). The red algal genus Gelidiella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Taiwan, including Gelidiella fanii sp. nov. Phycologia 47: 168-176.

Liso, R., Calabrese, G. & Chieppa, M. (1978). Research on ascorbic acid physiology in red algae. IV. On the seasonal variation of AA/DHA ratio in Pterocladia capillacea (Gmel.) Born. et Thur. (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). Phycologia 17: 143-147, 2 figs, 1 table.

Matsuhiro, B. & Urzúa, C.C. (1990). Agars from Gelidium rex (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 204/205: 545-549.

Matsuhiro, B. & Urzua, C.C. (1990). Agars from Gelidium rex (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta).. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 545-549.

Matsuhiro, B. & Urzúa, C. C. (1990). Agars from Gelidium rex (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 545-549.

Meer, J. P. v. d. (1990). Isolation and genetic characterization of self-sterile mutants in a monoecious red alga Gelidium vagum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 389-395.

Mercado, J.M., Niell, F.X. & Gil-Rodríguez, M.C. (2001). Photosynthesis might be limited by light, not inorganic carbon availability, in three intertidal Gelidiales species. New Phytologist 149: 431-439.

Millar, A.J.K. & Freshwater, D.W. (2005). Morphology and molecular phylogeny of the marine algal order Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) from New South Wales, including Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands. Australian Systematic Botany 18: 215-263.

Mouradi-Givernaud, A., Givernaud, T., Morvan, H. & Cosson, J. (1992). Agar from Gelidium latifolium (Rhodophyceae, Gelidiales): biochemical composition and seasonal variations. Botanica Marina 35: 153-159, 6 figs, 1 table.

Nelson, W.A., Farr, T.J. & Broom, J.E.S. (2006). Phylogenetic diversity of New Zealand Gelidiales revealed by rbcL sequence data. Journal of Applied Phycology 18: 653-661.

Nelson, W.A., Farr, T.J. & Broom, J.E.S. (2007). Phylogenetic diversity of New Zealand Gelidiales as revealed by rbcl sequence data. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 18: 427-435.

Nelson, W.A., Knight, G.A., Falshaw, R., Furneaux, R.H., Falshaw, A. & Lynds, S.M. (1994). Characterisation of the enigmatic, endemic red alga Gelidium allanii (Gelidiales) from northern New Zealand - morphology, distribution, agar chemistry. Journal of Applied Phycology 6: 497-507, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Norris, R.E. (1987). A re-evaluation of Ptilophora Kützing and Beckerella Kylin (Gelidiales, Rhopdophyceae) with a review of South African species. Botanica Marina 30: 243-258, 23 figs.

Norris, R.E. (1990). Ptilophora hildebrandii (Hauck) comb. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyceae), its range extended to South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 56: 133-135, 3 figs.

Norris, R.E. (1992). A proposed phylogenetic scheme for the Gelidiales. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 151-171. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Norris, R.E. (1992). The marine red algae of Natal, South Africa: order Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Mem. Bot. Survey S. Afr. 61: (iii +) 43, 22 figs.

Oates, B.R. & Cole, K.M. (1994). Comparative studies on hair cells of two agarophyte red algae, Gelidium vagum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) and Gracilaria pacifica (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 33: 420-433, 29 figs, 1 table.

Oliveira, E.C. & Berchez, F.A.S. (1993). Resource biology of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) population in Brazil. Hydrobiologia 260/261: 255-261.

Oliveiro, E. C., Saito, R. M., Santos Neto, J. F. & Garófalo, G. M. C. (1996). Temporal and spatial variation in agar from a population of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Brazil. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 501-504.

Olivieria F. , E. C. d. & Berchez, F. A. S. (1993). Resource biology of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) populations in Brazil. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 255-261.

Patwary, M.U., Sensen, C.W., MacKay, R.M. & van der Meer, J.P. (1998). Nucleotide sequence of small-subunit and internal transcribed spacer regions of nuclear rRNA genes support the autonomy of some genera of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 34: 299-305, 3 figs, 4 tables.

Perrone, C. & Delle Foglie, C.I. (2006). Parviphycus felicinii sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from south-east Italy. Cryptogamie, Algologie 27: 199-209, 26 figs.

Perrone, C., Felicini, G.P. & Bottalico, A. (2006). The prostrate system of the Gelidiales: diagnostic and taxonomic importance. Botanica Marina 49: 23-33.

Polifrone, M., Gil-Rodriguez, M.C., Domínguez Álvarez, S., Stroobant, M. & Viera-Rodriguez, M.A. (2012). Reproductive phenology of three species of Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) in two macroalgal communities from Tenerife (Atlantic Ocean, Canary Islands, Spain). Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69: 247-252.

Quintano, E., Díez, I., Muguerza, N., Santolaria, A. & Gorostiaga, J.M. (2015). Epiphytic flora on Gelidium corneum (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales) in relation to wave exposure and depth. Scientia Marina 79: 479-486.

Rascio, N., Mariani, P., Vecchia, F.D. & Trevisan, R. (1991). The vegetative thallus of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) .1. An ultrastructural and cytochemical study. Botanica Marina 34: 177-185.

Rascio, N., Mariani, P., Vecchia, F.D. & Trevisan, R. (1991). The vegetative thallus of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) .2. Pit connections. Botanica Marina 34: 187-194.

Renfrew, D.E., Gabrielson, P.W. & Scagel, R.F. (1989). The marine algae of British Columbia, northern Washington, and southeast Alaska: division Rhodophyta (red algae), class Rhodophyceae, order Gelidiales. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 3295-3314.

Rico, J.M. & Guiry, M.D. (1997). Life history and reproduction of Gelidium maggsiae sp. nov. (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) from Ireland. European Journal of Phycology 32: 267-277, 31 figs.

Rico, J.M., Freshwater, D.W., Norwood, K.G. & Guiry, M.D. (2002). Morphology and systematics of Gelidiella tenuissima (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). Phycologia 41: 463-469.

Rodríguez, D. (1996). Vegetative propagation by fragmentation of Gelidium sclerophyllum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 361-365.

Rodríguez de Rios, N. (1991). Estudios taxonómicos en agarofitas de Venezuela I. Notas sobre el género Gerlidium Lamouroux (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). Ernstia n.s. 1: 5-20.

Rodríguez de Rios, N. (1992). Estudios taxonomicos en agarofitas de Venezuela II. Notas sobre el genero Pterocladia J. Agardh (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). Ernstia n.s. 2: 77-93.

Rojas H., R., León M., N. & Rojas O., R. (1996). Practical and descriptive techniques for Gelidium rex (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) culture. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 367-370.

Roleda, M.Y., Ganzon-Fortes, E.T. & Montaño, N.E. (1997). Agar from vegetative and tetrasporic Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 40: 501-506.

Roleda, M.Y., Ganzon-Fortes, E.T., Montaño, N.E. & de los Reyes, F.N. (1997). Temporal variation in the biomass, quantity and quality of agar from Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskål) Feldmann et Hamel (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales) from Cape Bolinao, NW Philippines. Botanica Marina 40: 487-495.

Roleda, M.Y., Montaño, N.E., Ganzon-Fortes, E.T. & Villanueva, R.D. (1997). Acetic acid pretreatment in agar extraction of Phillipine Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskaal) Feldmann et Hamel (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). Botanica Marina 40: 63-69.

Rueness, J. & Fredriksen, S. (1990). Field and culture studies of species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from their northern limit of distribution in Europe. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 419-424.

Rueness, J. & Fredriksen, S. (1998). Intraspecific reproductive variation in Gelidium pusillum (Stackh.) Le Jol. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) fom Europe. Journal of Applied Phycology 10: 253-260, 17 figs.

Rueness, J. & Fredriksen, S. (1990). Field and culture studies of species of Gelidium(Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from their northern limit of distribution in Europe. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 419-424.

Salinas, J.M. (1991). Spray system for re-attachment of Gelidium sesquipedale (Clem.) Born. et Thur. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 221: 107-117.

Santelices, B. & Abbott, I.A. (1985). Gelidium rex sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from central Chile. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweds With Refernce to some Paicific and Caribbean Species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds), pp. 33-36. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program.

Santelices, B. & Flores, V. (1995). Spermatangial sori on cystocarpic branchlets of species of Gelidium and Pterocladia (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 34: 337-341, 12 figs, 2 tables.

Santelices, B. & Flores, V. (2004). Additional Observations on Spermatangial Sori in Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiellaceae, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 109-118.

Santelices, B. & Hommersand, M. (1997). Pterocladiella, a new genus in the Gelidiaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 114-119.

Santelices, B. & Rico, J.M. (2002). Nomenclature and typification of Gelidiella tenuissima (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) (Research note). Phycologia 41: 436-440.

Santelices, B. & Stewart, J.G. (1985). Pacific species of Gelidium Lamouroux and other Gelidiales (Rhodophyta), with keys and descriptions to the common or economically important species. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweds With Refernce to some Paicific and Caribbean Species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds), pp. 17-31. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program.

Santelices, B. (1976). Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes of some Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 15: 165-173, 33 figs.

Santelices, B. (1977). A taxonomic review of Hawaiian Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Pacific Science 31: 61-84.

Santelices, B. (1978). Multiple interaction of factors in the distribution of some Hawaiian Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Pacif Sci 32: 119-147.

Santelices, B. (1978). The morphological variation of Pterocladia caerulescens (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) in Hawaii. Phycologia 17: 53-59.

Santelices, B. (1988). Taxonomic studies on Chinese Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 91-107.

Santelices, B. (1990). New and old problems in the taxonomy of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 204/205: 125-135.

Santelices, B. (1990). New and old problems in the taxonomy of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 125-135.

Santelices, B. (1991). Variations in cystocarp structure in Pterocladia (Gelidiales: Rhodophyta). Pacific Science 45: 1-11.

Santelices, B. (1997). The sexual reproductive development of Pterocladiella bulbosa (Loomis) comb. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie: Algologie 18(3): 297-307, 17 figs, 1 table.

Santelices, B. (1997). The spermatangial sorus of Gelidiella acerosa (Gelidiellaceae, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 77-87. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Santelices, B. (1999). Patterns of carposporangial production among species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 55-69. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Santelices, B. (1999). Taxonomic status of the species originally ascribed to the genus Pterocladia (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 71-80. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Santelices, B. (2002). The taxonomic status of Gelidiella adnata (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 151-166. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Santelices, B. (2004). Parviphycus, a new genus in the Gelidiellaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 25: 313-326.

Santelices, B., Oliger, P. & Montalva, S. (1981). Production ecology of Chilean Gelidiales. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 10: 351-356.

Santos, R. & Duarte, P. (1996). Fecundity, spore recruitment and size in Gelidium sesquipedale (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia : .

Santos, R. & Nyman, N. (1998). Population modelling of Gelidium sesquipedale (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). J. Appl. Phycol. 10: 261-272.

Santos, R. & Duarte, P. (1996). Fecundity, spore recruitment and size in Gelidiium sesquipedale (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 223-228.

Scrosati, R. (2002). Morphological plasticity and apparent loss of apical dominance following the natural loss of the main apex in Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) fronds. Phycologia 41: 96-98.

Scrosati, R. (2002). Morphological plasticity and apparent loss of apical dominance following the natural loss of the main apex in Pterocladiella capillaceae (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) fronds. Phycologia 41: 96-98.

Servière-Zaragoza, E. & Scrosati, R. (2002). Reproductive phenology of Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) from southern Baja California, Mexico. Pacific Science 56: 285-290.

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (1999). First report of Gelidiella ligulata (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) in Japan. Phycological Research 47: 97-100, 9 figs.

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2000). New records of Gelidiella pannosa, Pterocladiella caerulescens and Pterocladiella caloglossoides (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) from Japan. Phycological Research 48: 95-102.

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2002). Japanese species of Pterocladiella Santelices et Hommersand (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 167-181. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2003). Reassessment of the taxonomic status of Gelidium subfastigiatum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 51(4): 271-278.

Shimada, S., Horiguchi, T. & Masuda, M. (1999). Phylogenetic affinities of genera Acanthopeltis and Yatabella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) inferred from molecular analyses. Phycologia 38: 528-540, 15 figs, 3 tables.

Shimada, S., Horiguchi, T. & Masuda, M. (2000). Confirmation of the status of three Pterocladia species (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) described by K. Okamura. Phycologia 39: 10-18, 17 figs, 1 table.

Shimada, S., Horiguchi, T. & Masuda, M. (2000). Two new species of Gelidium (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales), Gelidium tenuifolium and Gelidium koshikianum, from Japan. Phycological Research 48: 37-46.

Shimada, S.. (2000). A systematic study of the order Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) from Japan. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. pp. 1-95. Hokkaido: University of Sapporo.

Sindhu, P. & Panikkar, M.V.N. (1992). Marine algae of Kerala. I: Gelidiales. Seaweed Research and Utilisation 14: 119-127, 32 figs.

Sohrabipour, J., Lim, P.-E., Maggs, C.A. & Phang, S.-M. (2013). Two new species and two new records of Pterocladiella (Gelidiales) from Malaysia based on analyses of rbcL and coxI gene sequences. Phycologia 52(6): 517-537.

Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1970). Systematics of Indian Gelidiales. Phykos 9: 63-78.

Sreenivasa Rao, P. (1971). Systematics of Indian Gelidiales. Phykos 9: 63-78, 8 figs, 2 plates.

Thomas, D.T. & Freshwater, D.W. (2001). Studies of Costa Rican Gelidiales (Rhodophyta): four Caribbean taxa including Pterocladiella beachii sp. nov.. Phycologia 40: 340-350.

Tronchin, E., Anderson, R.J. & Bolton, J.J. (2003). A socio-ecological investigation of the Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) harvesting industry of the eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 115-122.

Tronchin, E.M. & Freshwater, D.W. (2007). Four Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) new to southern Africa, Aphanta pachyrrhiza gen. et sp. nov., Gelidium profundum sp. nov., Pterocladiella caerulescens and P. psammophila sp. nov.. Phycologia 46(3): 325-348, 49 figs, 4 tables.

Tronchin, E.M., De Clerck, O., Freshwater, D.W., Bolton, J.J. & Anderson, R.J. (2004). Ptilophora leliaertii and Ptilophora coppejansii, two new species of Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) from South Africa. European Journal of Phycology 39: 395-410.

Tronchin, E.M., Freshwater, D.W. & Bolton, J.J. (2003). A re-evaluation of the genera Beckerella and Ptilophora (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. Phycologia 42: 80-89.

Tronchin, E.M., Freshwater, D.W., Bolton, J.J. & Anderson, R.J. (2002). A reassessment and reclassification of species in the genera Onikusa Akatsuka and Suhria J. Agardh ex Endlicher (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) based on molecular and morphological data. Botanica Marina 45: 548-558.

Ugadim, Y. (1974). Algas marinhas bentonicas do litoral Sul do Estado de São Paulo e do litoral do Estado do Parana. III. Divisão Rhodophyta (1): Goniotrichales, Bangiales, Nemalionales e Gelidiales. Bol. Bot. Univ. São Paulo 2: 93-137.

van der Meer, J.P. (1990). Isolation and genetic characterization of self-sterile mutants in a monoecious red alga Gelidium vagum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 204/205: 389-395.

Vignon, M.R., Morgan, E. & Rochas, C. (1994). Gelidium sesquipedale (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). I. Soluble polymers. Botanica Marina 37: 325-329, 4 figs, 2 tables.

Vignon, M.R., Rochas, C., Vuong, R., Tekely, P. & Chanzy, H. (1994). Gelidium sesquipedale (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). II. An ultrastructural and morphological study. Botanica Marina 37: 331-340, 7 figs, 1 table.

Wang, X., Xia, B., Boo, G.H. & Wang, G. (2018). Gelidium sanyaense sp. nov. and G. yangmeikengense sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from southern China based on morphology and molecular data. Phycologia 57(1): 41-51.

Wiriyadamrikul, J., Park, J.K., Lewmanomont, K. & Boo, S.M. (2010). Additional records of Gelidiella fanii (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from the western Pacific based on morphology, rbcL and cox1 analyses. Botanica Marina 53(4): 343-350.

Womersley, H.B.S. & Guiry, M.D. (1994). Order Gelidiales Kylin 1923: 132. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part IIIA. Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 118-142. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. 1-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Wynne, M.J. (2010). The transfer of Gelidiella trinitatensis W.R.Taylor (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) to Parviphycus. Feddes Repertorium 121: 156-162.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Xia, B.M. & Wang, Y.Q. (1999). Taxonomic studies on Pterocladiella (Gelidiaceae, Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from China. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 81-86. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Xia, B.M., Tseng, C.K. & Wang, Y.Q. (2002). Synopsis of the Chinese species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 183-205. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Xia, B.M., Tseng, C.K. & Yang, Y.-Q. (2004). Studies on Chinese species of Gelidiella and Pterocladiella (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) . Hydrobiologia 512: 201-207.

Yoneshigue-Braga, Y. (1971). Flora marinha bentônica da Baia de Guanabara e cercanias, 3: Rhodophyta, 1: Goniotrichales, Bangiales, Compsopogonales, Nemalionales e Gelidiales. Publ. Inst. Pesq. Mar., Rio de Janeiro 55: 1-65, pl. 1-15, 1 mapa.

Yoon, K.J., Kim, K.M., Boo, G.H., Miller, K.A. & Boo, S.M. (2014). Mitochondrial cox1 and cob sequence diversities in Gelidium vagum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) in Korea. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 29(1): 15-25.

Zhang, J.F. & Xia, E. (1988). Chinese species of Gelidium Lamouroux and other Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) with key, list and distribution of common species.. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 109-113. California Sea Grant College Program.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=4616

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 September 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4616

SITE © 1996 - 2018 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio