155,248 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,041 bibliographic items, 435,057 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Chaetophoraceae

Chaetophoraceae Greville, 1824: xix, 321.

Type of name: Chaetophora Schrank (1783)

Source: Caisová, L., Pérez Reyes, C., Cruz Álamo, V., Martel Quintana, A., Surek, B. & Melkonian, M. (2015). Barrancaceae: a new green algal lineage with structural and behavioral adaptations to a fluctuating environment. American Journal of Botany 102(9): 1482-1492.

Original publication: Greville, R.K. (1824). Flora edinensis: or a description of plants growing near Edinburgh, arranged according to the Linnean system, with a concise introduction to the natural orders of the class Cryptogamia, and illustrated plates. pp. i-lxxxi, 1-478. Edinburgh: Printed for William Blackwood, Edinburgh; and T. Cadell, Strand, London.

Branched filaments, growing in aquatic (freshwater) or terrestrial habitats. Filaments consist of a prostrate (or rhizoidal) and upright system, sometimes terminating with gradually tapering, multicellular hairs. Filaments with apical–basal polarity defined by a prostrate system (or rhizoids) at the end of the filament attached to the substratum. Upright system with apical growth. Cells uninucleate. Chloroplast single and parietal, pyrenoid(s) present. Asexual reproduction by quadriflagellate zoospores arising 1-several per cell or by aplanospores (biflagellate zoospores are reported in some taxa). Vegetative reproduction by disintegration of filaments and by akinetes. Sexual reproduction isogamous. As a nonhomoplasious molecular synapomorphy, the spacer between Helices 9-10 [H144-H184a] in the nuclear-encoded 18S rRNA has 9 instead of 8 nucleotides (unique within Chlorophyta). The fifth pair of Helix E10_1 [H184b-1] in the nuclear-encoded 18S rRNA is A-U instead of U-G (unique within Chlorophyceae). The second nucleotide in the internal loop of Helix 13 [H289] (reverse strand) is G instead of A (unique within Viridiplantae). Emended description (Caisová & Melkonian, 2018: 387).

Key References
Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Caisová, L. & Melkonian, M. (2018). The Chaetophorales (Chlorophyceae) - a taxonomic revision at family level. European Journal of Phycology 53(3): 381-392.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aboal, M. & Fletcher, L. (1997). Clorofíceas asociadas a lentejas de agua: Chaetotheke reptans Düringer (Chaetosphaeridiaceae) y Chlorochytrium paradoxum (Klebs) G.S. West (Chlorochytriaceae) primeras citas para la Península Ibérica y nuevos datos sobre Gongrosira disciformis Fritsch (Chaetophoraceae). Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 55: 457-458.

Cambell, E.O. & Sarafis, V. (1972). Schizomeris-a growth form of Stigeoclonium tenue (Chlorophyta: Chaetophoraceae). Journal of Phycology 8: 276-282, 14 figs.

Deng, Y., Tang, X., Ding, L. & Lian, S. (2011). A new record from China of epiphytic marine algae, Acrochaete leptochaete (Chaetophoraceae, Chlorophyta) with its primary experimental biology. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 29: 350-355.

Dias, I.C.A. & Bicudo, C.E.M. (2001). Chaetophoraceae, Microsporaceae, Schizomeridaceae and Ulotrichaceae from Biological Reserve of Poço das Antas, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Algological Studies 102: 73-91, 13 fig.

Hazen, T.E. (1902). The Ulothricaceae and Chaetophoraceae of the United States. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 11: 135-250.

Iyengar, M.O.P. (1932). Fritschiella, a new terrestrial member of the Chaetophoraceae. New Phytologist 31(5): 329-335.

Johansen, J.R. & Lowe, R.L. (2007). Draparnaldia appalachiana sp. nova (Chaetophoraceae, Chlorophyceae) from the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Algological Studies/Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement Volumes 123: 35-45, 4 figs.

Johnstone, I.M. (1977). Draparnaldiopsis: A filamentous green alga (Chlorophyta, Chaetophoraceae) requiring vitamin B12. Phycologia 16: 183-187, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Johnstone, I.M. (1978). Phenotypic plasticity in Draparnaldia (Chlorophyta: Chaetophoraceae) I. Effects of the chemical environment. Journal of Phycology 14: 302-308, 9 figs, 4 tables.

Kogame, K. & Yoshida, T. (1988). Observations on Bolbocoleon piliferum Pringsheim (Chaetophoraceae, Chlorophyta) newly found in Japan. Japanese Journal of Phycology 36: 52-54.

Lambert, F.D. (1912). Didymosporangium repens: new genus and species of Chaetophoraceae. Tufts College Studies, Science Series 3(2): 111-115.

Molinari-Novoa, E.A. (2016). Uvulifera, a new generic name for Coccobotrys (Chaetophoraceae). Notulae Algarum 5: 1-2.

Nielsen, R. & Pedersen, P.M. (1977). Separation of Syncoryne reinkei nov. gen., nov. sp. from Pringsheimiella scutata (Chlorophyceae, Chaetophoraceae). Phycologia 16: 411-416, 25 figs.

Nielsen, R. (1979). Culture studies on the type species of Acrochaete, Bolbocoleon and Entocladia (Chaetophoraceae, Chlorophyceae). Botaniska Notiser 132: 441-449, 3 figs.

Nielsen, R. (1980). A comparative study of five marine Chaetophoraceae. British Phycological Journal 15: 131-138, 29 figs.

Nielsen, R. (1983). Culture studies of Acrochaete leptochaete comb. nov. and A. wittrockii comb. nov. (Chaetophoraceae, Chlorophyceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 3: 689-694, 31 figs.

O'Kelly, C.J. & Yarish, C. (1980). Observations on marine Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta). I. Sporangial ontogeny in the type species of Entocladia and Phaeophila. Journal of Phycology 16: 549-558, 27 figs.

O'Kelly, C.J. & Yarish, C. (1981). Observations on marine Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta). II. On the cicumscription of the genus Entocladia Reinke. Phycologia 20: 32-45.

O'Kelly, C.J. (1982). Chloroplast pigments in selected marine Chaetophoraceae and Chaetosiphonaceae (Chlorophyta): the occurrence and significance of siphonaxanthin. Botanica Marina 25: 133-137.

O'Kelly, C.J. (1982). Observations on marine Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta). III. The structure, reproduction and life history of Endophyton ramosum. Phycologia 21: 247-257.

O'Kelly, C.J. (1983). Observations on marine Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta). IV. The structure, reproduction, and life history of Acrochaete geniculata (Gardner) comb. nov. Phycologia 22(1): 13-21.

O'Kelly, C.J. (1983). Transfer of Internoretia fryeana from the Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta) to the Ectocarpaceae (Phaeophyta). Phycologia 22: 197-200.

Prescott, G.W. (1955). The fresh-water algae of Montana. I. New species of Chaetophoraceae. Hydrobiologia 7: 52-59.

Shameel, M. (1978). Contributions to the Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta) of the coast of Karachi. Botanica Marina 21: 387-391, 3 figs.

Smith, G.M. & Klyver, F.D. (1929). Draparnaldiopsis, a new member of the algal family Chaetophoraceae. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 48: 196-203, 1 pl.

South, G.R. (1974). Contributions to the flora of marine algae of eastern Canada, II. Family Chaetophoraceae. Naturaliste Can. 101: 905-923.

Su, H., Feng, J., Lv, J.-P., Liu, Q., Nan, F.-R. & Xie, S.-L. (2019). Fritschiella aquatilis (Chaetophoraceae, Chlorophyta), a new freshwater green algae species from China. Phytotaxa 392(4): 277-290, 6 fig., 6 tables.

Wille, N. (1890). Chaetophoraceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 86-101. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.

Yamaguishi-Tomita, N. (1970). Bolbocoleon jolyi, a new species of Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyceae) from Redonda Island, Abrolhos, eastern Brazil. Phycologia 9: 125-132, 20 figs.

Yarish, C. (1975). A cultural assessment of the taxonomic criteria of selected marine Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta). Nova Hedwigia 26: 385-430, 1 table, 8 plates [= 54 figs].

Yarish, C. (1976). Polymorphism of selected marine Chaetophoraceae (Chlorophyta). British Phycological Journal 11: 29-38.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 May 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:5162

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