153,581 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,369 bibliographic items, 411,009 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Caulacanthaceae

Caulacanthaceae Kützing, 1843: 389, 394.

Source: Kamiya, M., Lindstrom, S.C., Nakayama, T., Yokoyama, A., Lin, S.-M., Guiry, M.D., Gurgel, F.D.G., Huisman, J.M., Kitayama, T., Suzuki, M., Cho, T.O. & Frey, W. (2017). Rhodophyta. In: Syllabus of Plant Families, 13th ed. Part 2/2 Photoautotrophic eukaryotic Algae. (Frey, W. Eds), pp. [i]-xii, [1]-171. Stuttgart: Borntraeger Science Publishers.

Original publication: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.

Description:
Thallus erect or tangled or turf-like, sparingly to richly branched, with terete or compressed axes. Structure uniaxial, with an obvious apical cell and a central axial filament. Each axial cell with 1 or 2 periaxial cells; medulla of periaxial filaments (with or without rhizoids) or with branched filaments of gradually smaller cells forming a pseudoparenchymatous cortex. Non-procarpic. Spermatangia in clusters or rosettes on outer cortical cells. Carpogonial branches 2–5-celled, straight, borne on inner cortical or medial to outer medullary cells. Connecting filaments relatively short, unbranched, non-septate. Auxiliary cell a nearby cortical or medullary cell; after diploidisation cutting off an inward gonimoblast initial, eventually forming a fusion cell with radial gonimoblast filaments. Cystocarps internal, without an involucre, splitting around the central axis; carposporangia terminal on short filaments. Tetrasporangia scattered or formed in the slightly thickened cortex, zonately divided. Life history triphasic with isomorphic gametophytes and tetrasporophytes [after Womersley (1994: 448)].

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Delivopoulos, S.G. & Diannelidis, B.E. (1990). Ultrastructure of carposporogenesis in the red alga Caulacanthus ustulatus (Gigartinales, Caulacanthaceae). Ann.Bot. 66: 387-395.

Delivopoulos, S.G. & Diannelidis, B.E. (1990). Ultrastructure of carposporophyte development in the red alga Caulacanthus ustulatus (Gigartinales: Caulacanthaceae). Marine Biology, Berlin 106: 145-152, 13 figs.

Gabrielson, P.W. & Scagel, R.F. (1990). The marine algae of British Columbia, northern Washington, and southeast Alaska: division Rhodophyta (red algae), class Rhodophyceae, order Gigartinales, families Caulacanthaceae and Plocamiaceae. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 1221-1234.

Rueness, J. (1997). A culture study of Caulacanthus ustulatus (Caulacanthaceae, Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Europe and Asia. Cryptogamie, Algologie 18: 175-185, 12 figs.

Silva, J., Lezama, N. & Rull Lluch, J. (2010). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica y las Islas Baleares. XXIV: Catenella caespitosa, Caulacanthus ustulatus y Feldmannophycus rayssiae (Caulacanthaceae, Rhodophyta). Distribution maps of marine algae from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. XXIV. Catenella caespitosa, Caulacanthus ustulatus and Feldmannophycus rayssiae (Caulacanthaceae, Rhodophyta) . Botanica Complutensis 34: 89-93.

Zablackis, E., West, J.A., Liao, M.-L. & Bacic, A. (1993). Reproductive biology and polysaccharide chemistry of the red alga Catenella (Caulacanthaceae, Gigartinales). Botanica Marina 36: 195-202, 20 figs, 2 tables.

Zuccarello, G.C. (2008). A fungal gall of Catenella nipae (Caulacanthaceae, Rhodophyta) and a review of Catenellocolax leeuwenii. Botanica Marina 51: 436-440.

Zuccarello, G.C., West, J. & Rueness, J. (2002). Phylogeography of the cosmopolitan red alga Caulacanthus ustulatus (Caulacanthaceae, Gigartinales). Phycological Research 50(2): 163-172.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=5178

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 November 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:5178

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