152,923 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,947 images, 59,143 bibliographic items, 408,271 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Ulvaceae

Ulvaceae J.V.Lamouroux ex Dumortier, 1822: 72, 102.

Type of name: Ulva L.

Source: Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Original publication: Dumortier, B.-C. (1822). Commentationes botanicae. Observations botaniques, dédiées à la Société d'Horticulture de Tournay. pp. [i], [1]-116, [1, tabl., err.]. Tournay: Imprimerie de Ch. Casterman-Dieu, Rue de pont No. 10.

Thalli multicellular, either tubular composed by 1 cell thick tubes, or expanded into broad distromatic blades, branched or unbranched, attached to various substrates or free-floating. Cells mostly uninucleate, possessing a single laminate or cup-shaped chloroplast with one or several pyrenoids. Life history diplohaplontic and isomorphic. Asexual reproduction by biflagellate or quadriflagellate zoospores. Sexual reproduction by biflagellate anisogamous, rarely isogamous gametes formed by unisexual or bisexual thalli, often parthenogenetic. Zoids exit singly through a pore in the sporangial or gametangial cell wall, and they have bilobed terminal caps.

Members of Ulvaceae are prevalent in marine coastal ecosystems providing nutrients and habitat to invertebrates and fishes, and they are able to grow rapidly in response to eutrophication producing massive nuisance blooms.

Key References
Norris, J.N. (2010). Marine algae of the Northern Gulf of California: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 94: i-x, 1-276.

Huisman, J.M. (2015). Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. pp. [i]-viii, 1-320, 56 figs, 14 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aguilar-Rosas, R., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E. & Pedroche, F.F. (2005). Ulva fasciata Delile (Ulvaceae, Chlorophycota): a species newly introduced into Pacific Mexico . Botanica Marina 48: 46-51.

Alamsjah, M.A., Hirao, S., Ishibashi, F., Oda, T. & Fujita, Y. (2009). Algicidal activity of polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from Ulva fasciata and U. pertusa (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) on phytoplankton. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 19: 263-270, 1 fig, 6 tables.

Alongi, A., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (2014). A nomenclatural reassessment of some of Blidings Ulvaceae. Webbia: Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Geography 69(1): 89-96, 8 figs.

Anderson, R. J., Monteiro, P. M. S. & Levitt, G. J. (1996). The effect of localised eutrophication on competition between Ulva lactuca (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) and a commercial resource of Gracilaria verrucosa (Gracilariacea, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 291-296.

Arasaki, S. (1946). Studies on the swarmers and their development in Ulvaceae and Monostromataceae. Seibutu 1: 281-287.

Bae, E.H. & Lee, I.K. (2001). Umbraulva, a new genus based on Ulva japonica (Holmes) Papenfuss (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) . Algae 16(3): 217-231, 10 figs, 4 tables.

Boraso, A.L. (1970). Sobre la presencia de Blidingia minima (Nägeli ex Kützing) Kylin var. Minima en la Argentina (Chlorophyta, Ulvaceae). Physis 30: 167-170.

Caldas, M.J.T. & Campos, M.A.P. (1975). Estudo preliminar de três algas da familia Ulvaceae, da praia da Mãe Luisa (RN). Revta. Farm. Bioquim. Univ. S.Paulo, São Paulo 13(2): 337-350, tab. 1-3.

Carter, N. (1926). An investigation into the cytology and biology of the Ulvaceae. Annals of Botany 40: 128-208.

Collins, F.S. (1903). The Ulvaceae of North America. Rhodora 5: 1-31, Plates 41-43.

Dizerbo, A.H. & Gilly, R. (1970). Un Ulva lactuca L. (Chlorophycees, Ulvaceae) de l'atoll de Clipperton (Pacifique nord). Revue Algologique, Nouvelle Serie 1: 90-91.

Dural, B. (1990). Taxonomic Investigations of some members os Ulvales distributing in the Çandarli Bay. II. Ulvaceae. B. Enteromorpha species. II Section Prolifera, Clathrata and Intestinalis groups.. Doga, Turk. J. Botany 15: 1-19.

Hayden, H.S. & Waaland, J.R. (2002). Phylogenetic systematics of the Ulvaceae (Ulvales, Ulvophyceae) using chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences. Journal of Phycology 38: 1200-1212.

Hayden, H.S. & Waaland, J.R. (2004). A molecular systematic study of Ulva (Ulvaceae, Ulvales) from the northeast Pacific. Phycologia 43: 364-382.

Iima, M. & Fukusumi, K. (1996). First report of Chloropelta caespitosa (Ulvaceae, Ulvales, Ulvophyceae) in Japan. Phycological Research 44: 167-171.

Kostamo, K., Blomster, J., Korpelainen, H., Kelly, J., Maggs, C.A. & Mineur, F. (2008). New microsatellite markers for Ulva intestinalis (Chlorophyta) and the transferability of markers across species Ulvaceae. Phycologia 47: 580-587.

Lee, I.K., Lee, Y.-P. & Ahn, Y.S. (1986). Flora of marine algae in Cheju Island 1. Ulvaceae. Korean Journal of Phycology 1: 157-167.

Medcalf, D.G., Root, C.F., Craney, C.L., Mukhopadhyay, D., Miller, C.K. & Hopewell, W.D. (1972). Chemical characterization of the mucilaginous polysaccharides from Ulvaceae species native to Puget Sound. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 7: 541-547.

Mshigeni, K.E. & Kajumulo, A.A. (1979). Effects of the environment on polymorphism in Ulva fasciata Delile (Chlorophyta, Ulvaceae). Botanica Marina 22: 145-148, 4 figs.

Oróstica, M., Calderon, M.S., Boo, S.M., Sandoval, C. & Edding, M. (2017). Nuevo registro de Ulva australis (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) en el norte de Chile. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 52: 621-630, 3 figs.

Pacheco-Ruíz, I., Zertuche-González, J.A., Chee-Barragán, A. & Arroyo-Ortega, E. (2002). Biomass and potential commercial utilization of Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta, Ulvaceae) beds along the north-west coast of the Gulf of California (Research note). Phycologia 41: 199-201.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1954). Suppression of the genus Letterstedtia, with a review of the genera comprising the Monostromaceae and Ulvaceae. In: Huitième Congrès International de Botanique, Paris 1954, Rapports et Communications parvenus avant le Congrès. ( Eds) Vol.Sect. 17, pp. p 96.

Phillips, J.A. & Clayton, M.N. (1983). Morphology and development in culture of Enteromorpha linza (L.) J. Agardh (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta), a common marine alga of Southern Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 31: 11-18.

Phillips, J.A. (1988). Field, anatomical and developmental studies on southern Australian species of Ulva (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta). Australian Systematic Botany 1: 411-456, 29 figs, 7 tables.

Phillips, J.A. (1990). Life history studies of Ulva rigida C. Ag. and Ulva stenophylla S. et G. (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) in Southern Australia. Botanica Marina 33: 79-84.

Rybak, A., Czerwoniec, A., Gabka, M. & Messyasz, B. (2014). Ulva flexuosa (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) inhabiting inland aquatic ecosystems: molecular, morphological and ecological discrimination of subspecies. European Journal of Phycology 49(4): 471-485.

Rybak, A.S. (2015). Revision of herbarium specimens of freshwater Enteromorpha-like Ulva (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) collected from Central Europe during the years 1849–1959. Phytotaxa 218(1): 1-29.

Spalding, H.L., Conklin, K.Y., Smith, C.M., O'Kelly, C.J. & Sherwoods, A.R. (2016). New Ulvaceae (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) from mesophotic ecosystems across the Hawaiian Archipelago. Journal of Phycology 52(1): 40-43.

Sudakova, E.A. & Egorova, I.N. (2009). On the record of Percursaria percursa (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) in mineral spring of the Central Siberia. Botanicheskiy Zhurnal 94(11): 1697-1699. [in Russian]

Sviridenko, B.F., Sviridenko, T.V., Murashko, Yu.A. & Bulatova, E.V. (2015). [Green alga Percursaria percursa (A. G.) Bory (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) found in the south of the West Siberian Plain]. Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Biology. Ecology 11: 22-31.

Taskin, E. (2007). A summary of reports of Ulvaceae (Chlorophyta) from Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10(11): 1934-1937, 1 table.

Tokuda, H. (1984). Influence of an aqueous extract of a mineral oil on phototaxis of gametes and zoospores and on germination of zygotes of Ulva pertusa (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 11: 433-437.

Wang, J., Li, N., Jiang, P., Boo, S.M., Lee, W.J., Cui, Y., Lin, H. & Zhao, J. (2010). Ulva and Enteromorpha (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) from two sides of the Yellow Sea: analysis of nuclear rDNA ITS and plastid rbcL sequence data. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 28(4): 762-768.

Wille, N. (1890). Ulvaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 74-79. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.

Woolcott, G.W. & King, R.J. (1993). Taxonomy of Ulvaceae, Monostromataceae and Percursariaceae (Chlorophyta) in Australia. Korean Journal of Phycology 8(2): 121-144, 5 figs, 5 tables.

Yamada, Y. & Saito, E. (1938). On some culture experiments with the swarmers of certain species belonging to the Ulvaceae. Scientific Papers of the Institute of Algological Research, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University 2: 35-51.

Yoshida, K. (1970). Studies on germling development and life-history in Ulvaceae and Monostromataceae. Publ. Sto Mar. Biol. Lab. 18: 243-273.

Yoshida, T. (1970). Studies on germling development and life-history in Ulvaceae and Monstromataceae Part I. Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab. 17: 403-428.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:5205

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