153,622 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,421 bibliographic items, 412,629 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Peyssonneliaceae

Peyssonneliaceae Denizot, 1968: 86, 308.

Source: Dixon, K.R. (2018). Peyssonneliales. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 208-244. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Original publication: Denizot, M. (1968). Les algues floridées encroutantes (à l'éxclusion des Corallinacées). pp. [1]-310, 227 figs. Paris: Laboratoire de Cryptogamie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.

Description:
Thallus dorsiventral, flabellate (often with some overlapping lobes), crust-like, mostly prostrate and firmly attached, or with free margins, occasionally calcified; ventral surface with or without attachment rhizoids. Structure often with a distinct basal layer (the hypothallus) or middle layer (the mesothallus) from which ascending, and sometimes descending, filaments (the perithallus) arise. Calcified cell wall thickenings present in the perithallus of some species; these can be uniformly distributed or clustered around particular cells (cystoliths). Life history triphasic with isomorphic gametophyte and tetrasporophyte generations. Reproductive structures arranged in nemathecia, usually separated by paraphyses. Spermatangial nemathecia usually without paraphyses. Carpogonial branches 2–4-celled. Auxiliary cells intercalary in modified 3–6-celled filaments that are produced as laterals from the basal cells of paraphyses. Carposporangia in a linear series or branched clusters among paraphyses; gonimolobes developing from diploidised auxiliary cells or directly from connecting filaments. Tetrasporangial nemathecia with or without paraphyses. Tetrasporangia borne either directly from the upper perithallial cells or laterally from the basal cells of paraphyses, with or without pedicels, cruciately to irregularly cruciately divided.

Key References
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ballantine, D. & Ruiz, H. (2011). Metapeyssonnelia milleporoides a new species of coral-killing red alga (Peyssonneliaceae) from Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Botanica Marina 54(1): 47-51.

Ballantine, D.L. & Ruiz, H. (2005). Two Peyssonnelia species (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta) from Puerto Rico including Peyssonnelia flavescens sp. nov. Phycologia 44: 328-334, 15 figs. 1 Table.

Ballantine, D.L. & Ruiz, H. (2006). Peyssonnelia imbricata sp. nov. (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta) from Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Botanica Marina 49: 431-437.

Ballantine, D.L. & Ruiz, H. (2010). Two new deepwater Peyssonnelia species, Peyssonnelia iridescens and Peyssonnelia gigaspora (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta) from Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Phycologia 49(6): 537-544.

Ballantine, D.L., C.Lozada-Troche & H.Ruiz (2014). Metapeyssonnelia tangerina (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta), a new species associated with coral reef habitats in Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Phycological Research 62(3): 197-205, 12 fig., 2 tables.

Boudouresque, C.-F., Coppejans, E. & Marcot, J. (1976). Un nouveau genre de Peyssonneliaceae, Metapeyssonnelia (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 15: 283-288.

Dixon, K.R. & Saunders, G.W. (2013). DNA barcoding and phylogenetics of Ramicrusta and Incendia gen. nov., two early diverging lineages of the Peyssonneliaceae (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 52(1): 82-108.

Irvine, L.M. & Maggs, C.A. (1983). Peyssonneliaceae. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1, Rhodophyta. Part 2A Cryptonemiales (sensu stricto), Palmariales, Rhodymeniales. (Irvine, L.M. Eds), pp. 52-61. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Jeong, S.Y., Bustamante, D., Lee, J.G., Won, B.Y., Kim, S.H. & Cho, T. (2017). Two new records of Peyssonnelia species and Sonderophycus cauliferus comb. nov. within the family Peyssonneliaceae (Peyssonneliales) from Korea. Korean J. Environm. Biol. 35(3): 345-353, 4 fig.

Kang, S.-J., Lee, J.W., Lee, W.J., Oh, Y.S. & Lee, H.-B. (2006). Taxonomic characteristics of Peyssonnelia capensis Montagne (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta) from Jeju Island in Korea. Algae 21(2): 209-216, 4 figs, 3 tables. [in Korean]

Krayesky, D.M., Norris, J.N., Gabrielson, P.W., Gabriela, D. & Fredericq, S. (2009). A new order of red algae based on the Peyssonneliaceae, with an evaluation of the ordinal classification of the Florideophyceae (Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 122: 364-391.

Marcot-Coqueugniot, J. (1988). Some Peyssonneliaceae (Rhodophyceae) collected in depth off the coast of Brazil. Vie Milieu 38: 299-309.

Marcot-Coqueugniot, J. (1988). Sur quelques Peyssonneliaceae (Rhodophyceae) récoltées en profundeur au large des côtes du Brésil. Vie Milieu 38: 299-309.

Marcot-Coqueugniot, J., Boudouresque, C.-F. & Thomassin, B. (1988). Peyssonnelia (Rhodophyta: Peyssonneliaceae) des fonds sédimentaires des récifs coralliens de la région de Tuléar (sud-ouest de Madagascar). Botanica Marina 31: 263-282, 52 figs, IX tables. [in French, English abstract]

Pueschel, C.M. & Saunders, G.W. (2009). Ramicrusta textilis sp. nov. (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta), an anatomically complex Caribbean alga that overgrows corals. Phycologia 48(6): 480-491.

South, G.R. & Whittick, A. (1976). Aspects of the life history of Rhodophysema elegans (Rhodophyta, Peyssonneliaceae). British Phycological Journal 11: 349-354.

Verlaque, M., Ballesteros, E. & Antonius, A. (2000). Metapeyssonnelia corallepida sp. nov. (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta), an Atlantic encrusting red alga overgrowing corals. Botanica Marina 43: 191-200.

Zhang, D. & Jinghua, Z. (1981). Ramicrusta, a new genus of Peyssonneliaceae. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica 12(6): 538-544, 2 plates.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=5207

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 November 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:5207

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