153,622 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,421 bibliographic items, 412,629 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Halymeniaceae

Halymeniaceae Bory, 1828: 158.

Source: Huisman, J.M. & De Clerck, O. (2018). Halymeniales. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 279-294. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Original publication: Bory de St. Vincent, J.B. (1828). Botanique, Cryptogamie. In: Voyage autour du monde, exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la corvette de Sa Majesté, la Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. (Duperrey, L.I. Eds), pp. 97-200. Paris: Bertrand.

Thallus erect or decumbent, simple to richly branched, blade-like and foliose or terete. Structure multiaxial, with a filamentous medulla and a pseudoparenchymatous cortex and with numerous secondary pit connections in the medulla. Pit plugs with a bounding membrane on both surfaces; plug caps absent. Carpogonial branches 2–4-celled, directed outwards. Postfertilisation connecting filaments arising directly from the carpogonium, branched, septate. Auxiliary cells on a separate cortical branch system. Gonimoblast initials single, outwardly directed. Carposporophyte multilobed, most cells forming carposporangia. Tetrasporangia decussately or cruciately divided. Life history triphasic, with isomorphic gametophytes and tetrasporophytes.

Key References
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Araujo, R., Violante, J., Pereira, R., Abreu, H., Arenas, F. & Sousa-Pinto, I. (2011). Distribution and population dynamics of the introduced seaweed Grateloupia turuturu (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) along the Portuguese coast. Phycologia 50(4): 392-402.

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Baweja,P. & Sahoo, D. (2002). Structure and reproduction of Grateloupia filicina (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from Indian coast. Algae 17(3): 161-170, 5 figs.

Bolton, J.J., De Clerck, O., Francis, C.M., Siyanga-Tembo, F. & Anderson, R.J. (2016). Two newly discovered Grateloupia (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) species on aquaculture rafts on the west coast of South Africa, including the widely introduced Grateloupia turuturu. Phycologia 55(6): 659-664.

Cabioch, J., Castric-Fey, A., L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. & Rio, A. (1997). Grateloupia doryphora et Grateloupia filicina var. luxurians (Rhodophyta, Halymeniaceae) sur les côtes de Bretagne (France). Cryptogamie, Algologie 18: 117-137.

Cao, C., Liu, M., Guo, S., Zhao, D., Luan, R. & Wang, H. (2016). Grateloupia ramosa Wang & Luan sp. nov. (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), a new species from China based on morphological evidence and comparative rbcL sequences. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 34(2): 283-294.

Cao, C.C., Li, Y.Z. & H.W. Wang (2016). Morphological observation, life history and rbcL gene sequence analysis of a new species, Grateloupia variata sp. nov. (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from Qingdao, China. Marine Biology Research 12(4): 443-453, 5 fig., II tables.

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Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2018.

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