153,593 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,399 bibliographic items, 411,125 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Gelidiaceae

Gelidiaceae Kützing, 1843: xxiv, 390, 405.

Source: Huisman, J.M., Boo, G.H. & Boo, S.M. (2018). Gelidiales. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 245-264. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Original publication: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.

Description:
Thallus with prostrate and erect axes or erect axes only; the latter terete to flattened, irregularly, alternately or pinnately branched; prostrate axes stoloniferous, irregularly branched, terete to compressed, attached by complex brush-like haptera consisting of both internal rhizines, growing independent and protruding between surface cells, and pigmented multicellular filaments originating from surface cells; haptera adhering to or penetrating the substratum. Structure as for the order, generally with many internal rhizines originating from the inner cortical cells and growing basipetally, obliquely or transversally through the thallus. Life history biphasic or triphasic. Gametophytes dioecious or occasionally monoecious. Cystocarps raised, bilocular, with carposporangia developing on both locules; spermatangia in colorless sori. Tetrasporangia in apical sori with or without sterile margins, cruciately or tetrahedrally divided; young sori usually with tetrasporangia arranged in ordered parallel rows; mature tetrasporangia either irregularly arranged or in parallel rows.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Akatsuka, I. & Iwamoto, K. (1978). Histochemical localization of agar and cellulose in the tissue of Gelidium pacificum (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 22: 367-370.

Akatsuka, I. & Iwamoto, K. (1979). Histochemical localization of agar and cellulose in the tissue of Gelidium pacificum (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 22: 367-370.

Akatsuka, I. & Masaki, T. (1983). Beckerella irregularis sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Gelidiaceae) from Japan. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 34: 11-19.

Akatsuka, I. (1973). Male organs of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Japanese Journal of Botany 48: 52-54.

Akatsuka, I. (1979). A note on the male reproductive organs of Gelidium japonicum Okam. and Beckerella subcostata (Okam.) Kylin (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Revue Algologique, Nouvelle Serie 14: 17-20.

Akatsuka, I. (1981). Comparative morphology of the outermost cortical cells in the Gelidiaceae (Rhodophyta) of Japan. Nova Hedwigia 35: 453-463.

Akatsuka, I. (1986). Surface cell morphology and its relationship to other generic characters in non-parasitic Gelidiaceae (Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 29: 59-68, 1 fig, VII tables.

Anderson, R.J. & Bolton, J.J. (1985). Suitability of the agarophyte Suhria vittata (L.) J. Ag. (Rhodophyta: Gelidiaceae) for mariculture: geographical distribution, reproductive phenology and growth of sporelings in culture in relation to light and temperature. South African Journal of Marine Science 3: 169-178, 9 figs.

Boo, S,M., Kim, S.Y., Hong, I.S. & Hwang, I.K. (2010). Reexamination of the genus Pterocladiella (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) in Korea based on morphology and rbcL sequences. Algae 25(1): 1-9, 3 figs, 1 table.

Dalcina, J. (1945). Algas marinhas: as algas da familia "Gelidiaceae" e o fabrico do Agar-agar e algas comestíveis. Caça e Pesca, São Paulo, 4(44): 18-21, 3 fig.

de Oliveira Filho, E.C. & Sazima, I.P. (1973). On the biology of agarophyte algae I. Regeneration, growth and phenology in natural populations of Pterocladia capillacea (Rhodophyta, Gelidiaceae). Bol Zool Biol Mar N S No 30: 677-690.

de Paula, É.J., Ugadim, Y. & Shintani, R.S. (1988). Gelidium floridanum Taylor (Rhodophyta-Gelidiaceae) observacões na natureza e em cultivo no laboratorio. Gayana, Bot. 45: 379-390.

Delivopoulos, S.G. (2003). Ultrastructure of cystocarp development in Gelidium robustum (Gelidiaceae: Gelidiales: Rhodophyta). Marine Biology 142: 659-667.

Dixon, P.S. (1961). On the classification of the Florideae with particular reference to the position of the Gelidiaceae. Botanica Marina 3: 1-16.

Echegaray Taborga, J. & Seoane-Camba, J.A. (1996). Ultratructure of adhesión and movement of the tetraspores of Gelidium Lamour. (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 54(1): 55-60.

Felicini, G.P. & Perrone, C. (1986). Une étude en lumière polarisée sur le parcours des hyphes dan le thalle de Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 25: 37-46.

Fredriksen, S., Guiry, M.D. & Rueness, J. (1994). Morphological and biosystematic studies of Gelidium pusillum and G. pulchellum (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) from Europe. Phycologia 33: 462-470.

Furnari, G., Perrone, C. & Vinogradova, K.L. (2014). Proposal to conserve the name Gelidium bipectinatum against Fucus serra (Gelidium serra) (Rhodophyta: Gelidiaceae). Taxon 63(2): 427-428.

Guiry, M.D. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1992). Gelidiella minima sp. nov. (Rhodophyta) from Victoria, Australia: implications for the generic classification of the Gelidiaceae. British Phycological Journal 27: 165-176, 17 figs, 1 table.

Jamas, M., Iha, C., Oliveira, M.C., Guimarães, S.M.P.B. & Fujii, M.T. (2017). Morphological and molecular studies on Gelidiaceae and Gelidiellaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Brazil with description of the new species Gelidium calidum. Phytotaxa 314(2): 195-218, 10 fig., 3 tables.

Kinoshita, L.S.. (1973). Estudo sobre a produção primária de algas bentônicas, 1: Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). São Paulo: p. iii + 1-70, fig. 1, 1-18, tab. 1-3 (Dissertaçao de Mestrado em Botânica, Universidade de São Paulo). .

Lin, S.-M., Liu, M.-C., Guiry, M.D., Ang, P., Jr., & Hsueh, H.-J. (2018). A reassessment of Gelidium divaricatum G. Martens (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) from Hong Kong, including Gelidiophycus hongkongensis sp. nov. Phytotaxa 348(1): 49-55, 3 figs.

Maggs, C.A. & Rico, J.M. (1991). A karyological demonstration of meiosis in Gelidium latifolium (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) from Ireland. Phycologia 30: 487-494, 38 figs.

Miller, I.J. & Furneaux, R.H. (1982). Agars from New Zealand red algae in the family Gelidiaceae: a structural study. N. Z. J. Sci. 25: 15-18.

Norris, R.E. (1987). Pterocladia (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta), a genus previously unknown in South Africa, as it occurs in Natal. South African Journal of Botany 53: 39-43, 8 figs.

Oliveira Filho, E.C. de & Sazima, I.P. (1973). Estudos sobre a biologia de algas agarófitas. I- Reconolização, brotamento e fenologia em populações naturais de Pterocladia capillacea (Rhodophyta-Gelidiaceae). Bol. Zol. Biol. Mar., N. S. 30: 677-690.

Onraët, A.C. & Robertson, B.L. (1987). Seasonal variation in yield and properties of agar from sporophytic and gametophytic phases of Onikusa pristoides (Turner) Akatsuka (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 30: 491-495.

Rico, J.M. & Fernández, C. (1996). Seasonal nitrogen metabolism in an intertidal population of Gelidium latifolium (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 31: 149-155, 6 figs, 1 table.

Rico, J.M., Domínguez-Álvarez, S., Morales-Pérez, C.E. & Gil-Rodríguez, M.C. (2005). Variability in sporangial types in Gelidium canariense (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophycota). Rev. Acad. Canar. Cienc. XVII (Núm. 4): 19-25.

Rico, J.M., Horgan, C. & Guiry, M.D. (1996). Latitudinal ecotypes in north-eastern Atlantic populations of Gelidium pusillum (Gelidiaceae; Rhodophyta). In: Irish Marine Science 1995. (Keegan, B.F. & O'connor, R. Eds), pp. 105-116. Galway: Galway University Press.

Rodríguez, D. & Santelices, B. (1987). Patterns of apical structure in the genera Gelidium and Pterocladia (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 12: 199-203.

Rodríguez, D. & Santelices, B. (1987). Patterns of apical structure in the genera Gelidium and Pterocladia (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 151/152: 199-203.

Santelices, B. & Hommersand, M. (1997). Pterocladiella, a new genus in the Gelidiaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 114-119.

Santelices, B. & Montalva, S. (1983). Taxonomic studies on Gelidiaceae (Rhodophyta) from central Chile. Phycologia 22: 185-196.

Schmitz, F. & Hauptfleisch, P. (1897). Gelidiaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 340-349. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.

Silva, P.C. (1978). Type specimens of Gelidiaceae (Rhodophyceae) described by Nina H. Loomis. Phycologia 17: 257-261.

Sindhu, P. & Panikkar, M.V.N. (1995). On the occurrence of a new species of Pterocladia J.G. Agardh (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) from Kanyakumari, India. Seaweed Research and Utilisation 17(1/2): 23-29, 14 figs.

Sosa, P. A., Jiménez del Río, M. & García-Reina, G. (1993). Physiological comparison between gametophytes and tetrasporophytes of Gelidium canariensis (Gelidiaceae: Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 445-449.

Sosa, P.A. & Garciareina, G. (1992). Genetic variability and differentiation of sporophytes and gametophytes in populations of Gelidium arbuscula (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) determined by isozyme electrophoresis. Marine Biology, Berlin 113(4): 679-688.

Sousa-Pinto, I., Lewis, R. & Polne-Füller, M. (1996). The effect of phosphate concentration on growth and agar content of Gelidium robustum (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) in culture. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 437-443.

Sousa-Pinto, I., Murano, E., Coelho, S., Felga, A. & Pereira, R.C. (1999). The effect of light on growth and agar content of Gelidium pulchellum (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 329-338.

Stewart, J.G. & Norris, J.N. (1981). Gelidiaceae (Rhodophyta) from the northern Gulf of California, Mexico. Phycologia 20: 273-284, 15 figs, 1 table.

Stewart, J.G. (1983). Vegetative growth rates of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 26: 85-94.

Stewart, J.G. (1984). Vegetative growth rates of Pterocladia capillacea (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 27: 85-94.

Talarico, L. & Rasico, N. (1988). Ultrastructural and biochemical observations on phycobilisomes and phycobiliprotein composition of Pterocladia capillacea (Gmel.) Born. et Thur., Gelidiaceae (Rhodophyta). Giornale Botanico Italiano 122: 79-81.

Tronchin, E., Samaai, T., Anderson, R.J. & Bolton, J.J. (2006). Sponge-seaweed associations in species of Ptilophora (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 54(2): 140-148.

Ugadim, Y. (1987). Distribuicão das espécies de Gelidium e Pterocladia (Gelidiaceae-Rhodophyta) no litoral Brasileiro. Nerítica (Pontal do Sul, PR) 2(Suppl.): 65-74.

Ugadim, Y. (1988). Estudo comparado de Gelidium coarctatum Juetzing e Pterocladia capillaceae (Gmelin) Bornet et Thuret (Rhodophyta-Gelidiaceae) no litoral Brasileiro. Gayana, Bot. 45: 203-223.

Woelkerling, W.J., Furneri, G., Guardia, R. & Perrone, C. (2018). Gelidiella tinerfensis Seoane-Camba (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta): nomenclatural validity, typification, and taxonomic status. Notulae Algarum 80: 1-5, 1 fig.

Wynne, M.J. & Freshwater, D.W. (2004). Gelidium omanense sp. nov. (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Sultanate of Oman. Botanica Marina 47(1): 64-72.

Xia, B.M. & Wang, Y.Q. (1999). Taxonomic studies on Pterocladiella (Gelidiaceae, Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from China. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 81-86. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Yoneshigue, Y. & Oliveira Filho, E.C. de (1984). Algae from Cabo Frio upwelling area. 2. Gelidiocolax pustulata (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta): an unusual new putative parasitic species. Journal of Phycology 20: 440-443.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 November 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:5217

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