153,631 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,983 images, 59,437 bibliographic items, 412,634 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Family Cystocloniaceae

Cystocloniaceae Kützing, 1843: 390.

Source: Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Original publication: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.

Description:
Thallus small to moderately large, richly branched, mostly erect, although often tangled and forming secondary anastomoses. Axes terete, slightly compressed or flat, cartilaginous, usually thickly branched with only short spinous branchlets or a mixture of short and long branchlets, or furcately or laterally and usually complanately branched. Structure uniaxial, with a prominent apical cell and an axial filament that is obvious in sections at all parts of the thallus, or becoming inconspicuous. Medulla pseudoparenchymatous, of large hyaline cells surrounding the central axial filament (if obvious); in some species with rhizoidal filaments in the immediate vicinity of the axial filament. Cortex of small pigmented cells; in some taxa showing rosettes in surface view. Spermatangia borne in chains in slightly swollen nemathecia at the base of branchlets, or scattered in the outer cortex. Carpogonial branches 3 (–4)-celled, laterally and outwardly directed, on an inner or mid-cortical supporting cell. Auxiliary cell immediately distal to the supporting cell. Carposporophytes with a fusion cell or several central cells, with radiating gonimoblast filaments terminating in chains of carposporangia, or forming a reticulum of elongate cells with discrete clusters of small cells bearing single carposporangia. Cystocarps immersed or protruding, usually without an ostiole. Tetrasporangia zonately divided, in raised nemathecia partially or entirely girdling the base of short branchlets, or scattered in the outer cortex. Life history triphasic with isomorphic gametophytes and tetrasporophytes [after Womersley (1994a: 409; 1994b: 436)]

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chiovitti, A., Kraft, G.T., Bacic, A., Craik, D.J., Munro, S.L.A. & Liao, M.-L. (1998). Carrageenans from Australian representatives of the Family Cystocloniaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), with description of Calliblepharis celatospora sp. nov., and transfer of Austroclonium to the Family Areschougiaceae. Journal of Phycology 34: 515-535, 27 figs, 6 tables.

Conde, F. & Gallardo, T. (2002). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XIV. Calliblepharis (Cystocloniaceae, Gigartinales, Rhodophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 26: 137-146.

Díaz-Tapia, P., Boo, S.M., Geraldino, P.J.L., Maneiro, I., Bárbara, I. & M.H. Hommersand (2013). Morphology and systematics of Calliblepharis hypneoides, sp. nov. (Cystocloniaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula . European Journal of Phycology 48(4): 380-397, 55 fig., 2 tables.

Fredericq, S., Hommersand, M.H. & Leister, G.L. (1992). Morphology and systematics of Acanthococcus antarcticus (Cystocloniaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 31: 101-118, 43 figs.

Guimarães, S.M.P.B. & Valentin Pereira, A.P. (1993). Rodofíceas marinhas bentônicas do Estado do Espírito Santa, Brasil: genero Calliblepharis (Cystocloniaceae, Gigartinales). Hoehnea 20: 35-46.

Hansen, G.I. (1980). A morphological study of Fimbrifolium, a new genus in the Cystocloniaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 16: 207-217.

Jesus, P.B., Guimares, S.M.P.B. & Nunes, J.M.C. (2013). Hypnea platyclada a new species of red alga (Rhodophyta, Cystocloniaceae) from Brazil. Phytotaxa 85(1): 26-34, 17 fig., 1 table.

Nauer, F., Cassano, V. & Oliveira, M.C. (2016). Hypnea wynnei and Hypnea yokoyana (Cystocloniaceae, Rhodophyta), two new species revealed by a DNA barcoding survey on the Brazilian coast. Phytotaxa 268(2): 123–134, 14 figs.

Reani, A., Cosson, J., Parker, A. & Zaoui, D. (1998). Seasonal variation of growth carrageenan content and rheological properties of Cystoclonium purpureum (Huds.) Batters (Rhodophyta, Cystocloniaceae) from the Calvados Coast (France). Botanica Marina 41: 383-387.

Schneider, C.W. (1988). Craspedocarpus humilis sp. nov. (Cystocloniaceae, Gigartinales) from North Carolina, and a reappraisal of the genus. Phycologia 27: 1-9.

Thrainsson, S.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (2012). New features in the vegetative and reproductive morphology of Cystoclonium purpureum (Cystocloniaceae, Rhodophyta) from the North Atlantic Ocean. European Journal of Phycology 47(4): 384-392.

Vásquez-Delfín, E., Boo, G.H., Rodríguez, D., Boo, S.M. & Robledo, D. (2016). Hypnea musciformis (Cystocloniaceae) from the Yucatan Peninsula: morphological variability in relation to life-cycle phase. Phycologia 55(2): 230-242.

Won, B.Y., Jeong, S.Y. & Cho, T.A. (2016). Morphology and phylogeny of Craspedocarpus jindoensis sp. nov. (Cystocloniaceae, Gigartinales) from Korea. Phycologia 55(6): 611-618, 28 fig., 1 table.

Wynne, M.J. (1993). Recognition of Rhodophyllis centrocarpa (Montagne) comb. nov. (Cystocloniaceae, Rhodophyta) from Chile. Cryptogamie, Algologie 14: 145-152, 13 figs.

Yang, M.Y. & Kim, M.S. (2017). Molecular analyses and reproductive structure to verify the generic relationships of Hypnea and Calliblepharis (Cystocloniaceae, Gigartinales), with proposal of C. saidana comb. nov. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 32(2): 87-100, 7 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=5219

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2018.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:5219

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