154,882 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,855 bibliographic items, 429,125 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Charales

Charales Dumortier, 1829: 76.

Source: Silva, P.C. (1980). Names of classes and families of living algae: with special reference to their use in the Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Regnum Vegetabile 103: 1-156.

Authority notes: CHARALES R. Wettstein

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Allen,G.O. & Herter,W.G. (1934). Charales Uruguayenses. Revista Südamericana 1(3): 87-91.

Barinova, S., Romanov, R. & Solak, C.N. (2014). New record of Chara Hispida (L.) Hartm. (Streptophyta: Charophyceae, Charales) from the Isikli Lake (Turkey) and critical checklist of Turkish Charophytes. Natural Resources and Conservation 2(3): 33-42, 4 figs.

Borisova, O.V. (2015 '2014'). Charales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 454-465. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2002). Order Charales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 593-612. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cartajena, M.G. & Carmona, J. (2009). Morphological and ecological characterization of Charales (Chlorophyta) from calcareous tropical streams in Mexico. Cryptogamie, Algologie 30(3): 193-208.

Casanova, M.T. (1997). Oospore variation in three species of Chara (Charales, Chlorophyta). Phycologia 36: 274-280, 27 figs, 2 tables.

García, A. & A.R.Chivas (2004). Quaternary and extant euryhaline Lamprothamnium Groves (Charales) from Australia: Gyrogonite morphology and paleolimnological significance. J. Paleolimnol. 31: 321-341, 35 fig.

García, A. & Chivas, A.R. (2006). Diversity and ecology of extant and Quaternary Australian charophytes (Charales). Cryptogamie, Algologie 27(4): 311-322.

García, A. (1998). Nitella ignescens sp. nov. and N. ungula sp. nov. (Charales, Charophyta) from Australia. Phycologia 37: 53-59, 26 figs, 2 tables.

García,A. & Casanova,M.T. (2003). Lamprothamnium heraldii sp. nov. (Charales, Charophyta) from Australia: the first dioecious representative of the genus. Phycologia 42: 622-628.

Hussain,M.I. & Khoja,T.M. (1999). Chara braunii (Charales, Charophyta) in an Arid Rainfed Waterbody, Saudi Arabia. Aust. J. Bot. 47: 427-436.

John, D.M. & Moore, J.A. (1987). An SEM study of the oospore of some Nitella species (Charales, Chlorophyta) with descriptions of wall ornamentation and an assessment of its taxonomic importance. Phyclogia 26: 334-355.

John, D.M. & Moore, J.A. (1988). New features of the outer oospore wall in the Charales - are they the taxonomists' Rosetta Stone?. British Phycological Journal 23: 291.

John, D.M., Moore, J.A. & Green, D.R. (1990). Preliminary observations on the structure and ornamentation of the oosporangial wall in Chara (Charales, Chlorophyta). British Phycological Journal 25: 1-24, 63 figs, 1 table.

Kato, S., Sakayama, H., Sano, S., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M.W., Tanaka, J. & Nozaki, H. (2008). Morphological variation and intraspecific phylogeny of the ubiquitous species Chara braunii (Charales, Charophyceae) in Japan. Phycologia 47: 191-202.

Krause, W. (1997). Charales (Charophyceae). Vol. 18 pp. 202. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Langangen, A & Pavlides, G. (1999). Chara tenuispina A.Braun (Charales) fouund in Greece . Allionia 36: 93.

Langangen, A. & L. Zhakova (2002). Tolypella canadensis Sawa (Charales), a charophyte new to the flora of Russia, with remarks on its ecology and distribution. J. Nat. Mus., Nat. Hist. Ser. 17(1-4): 85-89. [in English]

Langangen, A. (2001). Some charophytes (Chlorophyta, Charales) from Alaska, USA. Acta Musei Nationalis Prague, Series B. Historia Naturalis 57(3-4): 51-56. [in English]

Langangen,A. (2006). Chara rohlenae Vilhelm (Charales) found in Greece. Allionia 40: 31.

Langangen,A. (2010). Some charophytes (Charales) collected on the island of Evia, Greece i 2009. Fl. Medit. 20: 149-157.

Leitch, A.R., John, D.M. & Moore, J.A. (1990). The oosporangium of the Characeae (Chlorophyta, Charales). Progress in Phycological Research 7: 213-268.

Ling, Y.J., Xie, S.L. & Langangen, A. (2000). Charales of China. Nova Hedwigia 71(1-2): 69-94.

Migula, W. (1925). Charophyta - (Charales) . In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz, Bd. 11: Heterokontae, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta, Charophyta. (Pascher, A., Schiller, J. & Migula, W. Eds), pp. 207-250. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Naz, S., Schubert, H. & Diba, N.J. (2010). Diversity of charophytes (Charales, Charophyta) in Bangladesh. Charophytes 2(2): 66-71.

Noedoost, F., Riahi, H., Sheidai, M. & Ahmadi, A. (2015). Distribution of Charophytes from Iran with three new records of Characeae (Charales, Chlorophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 36(4): 389-405.

Nordstedt,C.F.O. (1924). Charales in Wille.N.: Deutsche Südpolar Expedition 1901-1903. II.Teil Süsswasseralgen von der inselgruppe Kerguelen. . Berlin.

Nozaki, H., Kodo, M., Miyaji, K., Kato, M., Watanabe, M.M. & Kasaki, H. (1998). Observations on the morphology and oospore wall ornamentation in culture of the rediscovered Japanese endemic Nitella gracilens (Charales, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 33: 357-359, 6 figs.

Romanov, R.E. (2015). Chara inconnexa Allen (Streptophyta: Charales) and taxonomic ambiguities associated with subgymnophyllous species close to C. contraria A. Braun ex Kütz. s. str.. Cryptogamie Algologie 36(4): 371-388.

Romanov, R.E., Patova, E.N., Teteryuk, B. Yu, Chemeris, E.V. (2018). Charophytes (Charales, Charophyceae) on the northeastern edge of Europe: is it something different across Northern Europe in their diversity and biogeography? . Nova Hedwigia 147: 161-182, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Sakayama, H. (2008). Taxonomy of Nitella (Charales, Charophyceae) based on comparative morphology of oospores and multiple DNA marker phylogeny using cultured material (Review). Phycological Research 56(3): 202-215.

Sakayama, H., Arai, S., Nozaki, H., Kasai, F. & Watanabe, M. (2006). Morphology, molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of Nitella comptonii (Charales, Characeae). Phycologia 45: 417-421.

Sakayama, H., Hara, Y. & Nozaki, H. (2004). Taxonomic re-examination of six species of Nitella (Charales, Charophyceae) from Asia, and phylogenetic relationships within the genus based on rbcL and atpB gene sequences. Phycologia 43: 91-104.

Sakayama, H., Hara, Y., Arai, S., Sato, H. & Nozaki, H. (2004). Phylogenetic analyses of Nitella subgenus Tieffallenia (Charales, Charophyceae) using nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. Phycologia 43: 672-681.

Sakayama, H., Kai, A., Nishiyama, M., Watanabe, M.M., Kato, S., Ito, M., Nozaki, H. & Kawai, H. (2015). Taxonomy, morphology, and genetic variation of Nitella flexilis var. bifurcata (Charales, Characeae) from Japan. Phycological Research 63(3): 159-166.

Sakayama, H., Kasai, F., Nozaki, H., Watanabe, M.M., Kawachi, M. Shigyo, M., Nishihiro, J., Washitani, I., Krienitz, L. & Ito, M. (2009). Taxonomic reexamination of Chara globularis (Charales, Charophyceae) from Japan based on oospore morphology and rbcL gene sequences, and the description of C. leptospora sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 45(4): 917-927.

Sakayama, H., Miyaji, K., Nagumo, T., Kato, M., Hara, Y. & Nozaki, H. (2005). Taxonomic reexamination of 17 species of Nitella subgenus Tieffallenia (Charales, Charophyceae) based on internal morphology of the oospore wall and multiple DNA marker sequences. Journal of Phycology 41: 195-211.

Soulié-Märsche, I. & García, A. (2015). Gyrogonites and oospores, complementary viewpoints to improve the study of the charophytes (Charales). Aquatic Botany 120: 7-17.

Täuscher, L. (2011). Die Charales exsiccatae-Sammlung von Dr. Dietrich Schmidt (1942-2004) für das Bundesland Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Archiv der Freunde der Naturgeschichte in Mecklenburg 2011: 155-162.

Täuscher, L. (2012). Die Armleuchteralgen-Besiedlung (Charales) der Gewässer in der Märkischen Schweiz (Brandenburg, Deutschland). Vegetation of stoneworts (Charales) in waters of "Märkische Schweiz" (Brandenburg, Germany). Rostocker Meeresbiologische Beiträge 24: 100-105.

Täuscher, L. (2012). Die Vorkommen von Armleuchteralgen (Charales) im Norden von Sachsen-Anhalt (Deutschland). The occurrence of stoneworts (Charales) in the north part of the federal state Saxony-Anhalt (Germany). Rostocker Meeresbiologische Beiträge 24: 111-118.

Täuscher, L. (2102). Die Charales exsiccatae-Sammlung von Dr. Dietrich Schmidt (1942-2004) aus Gewässern des Landes Brandenburg. Verhandlungen des Botanischen Vereins von Berlin und Brandenburg 145: 249-253.

Urbaniak, J., Langangen, A. & van Raam, J. (2012). Oospore wall ornamentation in the genus Tolypella (Charales, Charophyceae) (Note). Journal of Phycology 48(6): 1538-1545.

Vouilloud, A.A., Caceres, E.J. & Leonardi, P.I. (2007). Amitosis, including nucleolar behaviour during fragmentation, in both axial and corticating cells of Chara contraria (Charales, Charophyta). Phycologia 46: 178-186.

Vouilloud, A.A., Leonardi, P.I. & Caceres, E.J. (2012). Ultrastructure of male gametogenesis in Chara contraria var. nitelloides (Charales, Charophyceae) revisited: a model for a better characterization of the process in Charales. Phycologia 51(3): 239-246.

Wang,Z. (1984). Two new charophyte genera from the Upper Permian and their bearing on the phylogeny and classification of Charales and Trochiliscales . Acta Micropalaeontol. Sinica 1(1): 49-60, 1 fig., II pls., l table.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 March 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4526

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