154,920 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,864 bibliographic items, 429,774 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Class Raphidophyceae

Raphidophyceae Chadefaud ex P.C.Silva 1980.

Source: Silva, P.C. (1980). Names of classes and families of living algae: with special reference to their use in the Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Regnum Vegetabile 103: 1-156.

Original publication: Silva, P.C. (1980). Names of classes and families of living algae: with special reference to their use in the Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Regnum Vegetabile 103: 1-156.

Authority notes: The name Raphidophyceae Chadef. ex P. C. Silva (1980) was indicated by its author to be based on Raphidomonas F. Stein (1878).

Key References
Engesmo, A., Eikrem, W., Seoane, S., Smith, K., Edvardsen, B., Hofgaard, A. & Tomas, C.R. (2016). New insights into the morphology and phylogeny of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae), with the description of Heterosigma minor sp. nov.. Phycologia 55(3): 279-294.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bowers, H.A., Tomas, C., Tengs, T., Kempton, J.W., Lewitus, A.J. & Oldach, D.W. (2006). Raphidophyceae (Chadefaud ex Silva) systematics and rapid identification: sequence analyses and real-time PCR assays. Journal of Phycology 42: 1333-1348.

Cavalier-Smith, T. & Chao, E.E. (1996). 18S rRNA sequence of Heterosigma carterae (Raphidophyceae), and the phylogeny of heterokont algae (Ochrophyta). Phycologia 35: 500-510, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Chiovitti, A, Ngoh, J.E. & Wetherbee, R. (2006). 1,3-beta-D-glucans from Haramonas dimorpha (Raphidophyceae). Botanica Marina 49(4): 360-362, 1 fig., 1 table.

Chiovitti, A., Ngoh, J.E. & Wetherbee, R. (2006). 1,3-B-D-glucans from Haramonas dimorpha (Raphidophyceae). Botanica Marina 49: 360-362.

Chiovitti, A., Ngoh, J.E. & Wetherbee, R. (2006). 1-3-ß-D-glucans from Haramonas dimorpha (Raphidophyceae). Botanica Marina 49(4): 360-362.

Clark, D.R. & Flynn, K.J. (2002). N-assimilation in the noxious flagellate Heterosigma carterae (Raphidophyceae): dependence on light, N-source and physiological state. Journal of Phycology 38: 503-512.

Connell, L. (2002). Rapid identification of marine algae (Raphidophyceae) using three-primer PCR amplification of nuclear internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions from fresh and archived material. Phycologia 41: 15-21.

Coyne, K.J. (2010). Nitrate reductase (NR1) sequence and expression in the harmful alga Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 46(1): 135-142.

Cronberg, G. (2005). The life cycle of Gonyostomum semen (Raphidophyceae). Phycologia 44: 285-293.

Demura, M., Nakayama, T., Kasai, F. & Kawachi, M. (2014). Genetic structure of Japanese Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae) populations revealed using microsatellite markers. Phycological Research 62: 102-108.

Demura, M., Noël, M.-H., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M.M. & Kawachi, M. (2009). Taxonomic revision of Chattonella antiqua, C. marina and C. ovata (Raphidophyceae) based on their morphological characteristics and genetic diversity. Phycologia 48(6): 518-535.

Dorantes-Aranda, J.J., Nichols, P.D., Waite, T.D. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2013). Strain variability in fatty acid composition of Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae) and its relation to differing ichthyotoxicity toward rainbow trout gill cells. Journal of Phycology 49(2): 427-438.

Figueroa, R.I. & Rengefors, K. (2006). Life cycle and sexuality of the freshwater raphidophyte Gonyostomum semen (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 42: 859-871.

Fredrickson, K.A., Strom, S.L., Crim, R. & Coyne, K.J. (2011). Interstrain variability in physiology and genetics of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae) from the west coast of North America. Journal of Phycology 47(1): 25-35.

Garg, S., Rose, A.L., Godrant, A. & Waite, T.D. (2007). Iron uptake by the ichthyotoxic Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae): impact of superoxide generation. Journal of Phycology 43(5): 978-991.

Grant, B., Waller, R.F., Clementson, L.A. & Wetherbee, R. (2013). Psammamonas australis gen. et sp. nov. (Raphidophyceae), a new dimorphic, sand-dwelling alga. Phycologia 52(1): 57-64.

Han, M.-S., Kim, Y.-P. & Cattolico, R.A. (2002). Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae) resting cell formation in batch culture: strain identity versus physiological response. Journal of Phycology 38: 304-317.

Haque, S.M. & Onoue, Y. (2002). Effects of salinity on growth and toxin production of a noxious phytoflagellate, Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Botanica Marina 45: 356-363.

Hara, Y. & Chihara, M. (1982). Ultrastructure and taxonomy of Chattonella (Class Raphidophyceae) in Japan. Japanese Journal of Phycology 30: 47-56.

Hara, Y., Doi, K. & Chihara, M. (1994). Four new species of Chattonella (Raphidophyceae, Chromophyta) from Japan . Japanese Journal of Phycology 42: 407-420.

Hara, Y., Inouye, I. & Chihara, M. (1985). Morphology and ultrastructure of Olithodiscus luteus (Raphidophyceae) with special reference to the taxonomy. Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 98: 251-262.

Hiroishi, S., Uchida, A., Nagasaki, K. & Ishida, Y. (1988). Note: A new method for identification of inter- and intra-species of the red tide algae Chattonella antiqua and Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae) by means of monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Phycology 24: 442-444, 1 table.

Horiguchi, T. & Hoppenrath, M. (2003). Haramonas viridis sp. nov. (Raphidophyceae, Heterokontophyta), a new sand-dwelling raphidophyte from cold temperate waters. Phycological Research 51(1): 61-68.

Horiguchi, T. (1996). Haramonas dimorpha gen. et sp. nov. (Raphidophyceae), a new marine raphidophyte from Australian mangrove. Phycological Research 44: 143-150, 18 figs, 1 table.

Inouye, I, Hara, Y. & Chihara, M. (1992). Further observations on Olisthodiscus luteus (Raphidophyceae, Chromophyta): the flagellar apparatus ultrastructure. Japanese Journal of Phycology 40: 333-348.

Ishida, K., Cavalier-Smith, T. & Green, B.R. (2000). Endomembrane structure and the chloroplast protein targeting pathway in Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae, Chromista). Journal of Phycology 36: 1135-1144.

Khan, S., Arakawa, O. & Onoue, Y. (1995). Effects of physiological factors on morphology and motility of Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae). Botanica Marina 38: 347-353, 8 figs, 3 tables.

Khan, S., Arakawa, O. & Onoue, Y. (1996). A toxicological study of the marine phytoflagellate, Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae). Phycologia 35: 239-244, 10 figs, 1 table.

Kim, J.-H., Park, B.S., Wang, P., Kim, J.H., Youn, S.H. & Han, M.-S. (2015). Cyst morphology and germination in Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Phycologia 54(5): 435-439.

Kim, S.Y., Seo, K.S., Lee, C.G. & Lee, Y. (2007). Diurnal modification of a red-tide causing organism Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae) from Korea. Algae 22(2): 95-106, 12 figs.

Klopper, S., John, U., Zingone, A., Mangoni, O., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Cembella, A.D. (2013). Phylogeny and morphology of a Chattonella (Raphidophyceae) species from the Mediterranean Sea: what is C. subsalsa?. European Journal of Phycology 48(1): 79-92.

Kohata, K. & Watanabe, M. (1988). Diel changes in the composition of photosynthetic pigments and cellular carbon and nitrogen in Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 24: 58-66, 9 figs, 2 tables.

Lawrence, J.E., Chan, A.M. & Suttle, C.A. (2001). A novel virus (HaNIV) causes lysis of the toxic bloom-forming alga Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 37: 216-222.

Mangahas, J.L., Cattolico, R.A. & Reynolds, A.E. (1995). Note: Analysis of Heterosigma carterae (Chromophyta, Raphidophyceae) chloroplast rpoB gene sequence. Journal of Phycology 31: 808-812, 1 fig, 1 table.

Meksumpun, S., Montani, S. & Uematsu, M. (1994). Elemental components of cyst walls of three marine phytoflagellates, Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae), Alexandrium catenella and Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 33: 275-280, 12 figs, 1 table.

Menezes, M. (2010). Raphidophyceae. In: Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil. Vol. 1. (Forzza, R.C. Eds), pp. 415-416. Rio de Janeiro: Andrea Jakobsson Estúdio; Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Nishibori, N. & Nishijima, T. (2004). Changes in polyamine levels during growth of a red-tide causing phytoplankton Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 39: 51-55.

Patterson, G.W. & Vanvalkenburg, S.D. (1990). Sterols of Dictyocha fibula (Chrysophyceae) and Olisthodiscus luteus (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 26: 484-489.

Potter, D., Saunders, G.W. & Andersen, R.A. (1997). Phylogenetic relations of the Raphidophyceae and Xanthophyceae as inferred from nucleotide sequences of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene. American Journal of Botany 84: 966-972.

Potter, D., Saunders, G.W. & Andersen, R.A. (1997). Phylogenetic relationships of the raphidophyceae and xanthophyceae as inferred from nucleotide sequences of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene. American Journal of Botany 84: 966-972, 5 figs, 2 tables.

Sassenhagen, I., Rengefors, K., Richardson, T.L. & Pinkney, J.L. (2014). Pigment composition and photo acclimation as keys to the ecological success of Gonystomum semen (Raphidophyceae, Stramenopiles). Journal of Phycology 50(6): 1146-1154.

Seo, K.. & Lee, C.K. (2007). Nutrient uptake and growth kinetics of Chattonella antiqua (Hada) Ono (Raphidophyceae) isolated from Korea. Algae 22(3): 235-240, 5 figs.

Shikata, T., Yoshikawa, S., Matsubara, T., Tanoue, W., Yamasaki, Y., Shimasaki, Y., Matsuyama, Y., Oshima, Y., Jenkinson, I.R. & Honjo, T. (2008). Growth dynamics of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae) in Hakata Bay, Japan. European Journal of Phycology 43: 395-411.

Starmach, K. (1974). Cryptophyceae-Kryptofity. Dinophyceae-Dinofity. Raphidophyceae-Rafidofity. In: Flora slodkowodna Polski. Tom 4. (Starmach, K. & Sieminska, J. Eds), pp. 520. Warszawa, Kraków: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Strom, S.L., Harvey, E.L., Fredrickson, K.A. & Menden-Deuer, S. (2013). Broad salinity tolerances as a refuge from predation in the harmful raphidophyte alga Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 49(1): 20-31.

Tai, V., Lawrence, J.E., Lang, A.S., Chan, A.M., Culley, A.I. & Suttle, C.A. (2003). Characterization of HaRNAV, a single-stranded RNA virus causing lysis of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 343-352.

Takahashi, K. & Ikawa, T. (1988). The characteristics of photosynthesis and carbon metabolism in Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Japanese Journal of Phycology 36: 202-211.

Throndsen, J. (1996). Note on the taxonomy of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Phycologia 35: 367.

Tyrrell, J.V., Bergquist, P.R., Bergquist, P.R. & Scholin, C.A. (2001). Detection and enumeration of Heterosigma akashiwo and Fibrocapsa japonica (Raphidophyceae) using rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Phycologia 40: 457-467.

Täuscher, L. (2013). Checklisten und Gefährdungsgrade der Algen des Landes Brandenburg III. Checklisten und Gefährdungsgrade der Raphidophyceae/ Chloromonadophyceae, Haptophyta (Haptophyceae/ Prymnesiophyceae), Cryptophyta (Cryptophyceae),Dinophyta (Dinophyceae) und Euglenophyta (Euglenophyceae). Verh. Bot. Ver. Berlin Brandenburg 146: 109-128.

Vesk, M. & Moestrup, Ø. (1987). The flagellar root system in Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Protoplasma 137: 15-28.

Watanabe, M., Kohata, K. & Kunugi, M. (1987). 31P nuclear magnetic resonance study of intracellular phosphate pools and polyphosphate metabolism in Heterosigma akashiwo (Hada) Hada (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 23: 54-62, 6 figs, 1 table.

Watanabe, M., Kohata, K. & Kunugi, M. (1988). Phosphate accumulation and metabolism by Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae) during diel vertical migration in a stratified microcosm. Journal of Phycology 24: 22-28, 5 figs, 1 table.

Watanabe, M., Takamatsu, T., Kohata, K., Kunugi, M., Kawashima, M. & Koyama, M. (1989). Luxury phosphate uptake and variation of intracellular metal concentrations in Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 25: 428-436, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Wood, G.J. & Flynn, K.J. (1995). Growth of Heterosigma carterae (Raphidophyceae) on nitrate and ammonium at three photon flux densities: evidence for N stress in nitrate-growing cells. Journal of Phycology 31: 859-867, 7 figs, 2 tables.

Yamaguchi, H., Hoppenrath, M., Takishita, K. & Horiguchi, T. (2008). Haramonas pauciplastida sp. nov. (Raphidophyceae, Heterokontophyta) and phylogenetic analyses of Haramonas species using small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences. Phycological Research 56(2): 127-138.

Yamaguchi, H., Nakayama, T., Murakami, A. & Inouye I. (2010). Phylogeny and taxonomy of the Raphidophyceae (Heterokontophyta) and Chlorinimonas sublosa gen. et sp. nov. a new marine sand-dwelling raphidophyte. Journal of Plant Research 123: 333-342.

Yamaguchi, M. & Imai, I. (1994). A microfluorometric analysis of nuclear DNA at different stages in the life history of Chattonella antiqua and Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae). Phycologia 33: 163-170, 7 figs, 1 table.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=4333

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 March 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4333

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