155,138 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,787 images, 59,962 bibliographic items, 434,255 distributional records.

Taxonomy Detail

Order Prorocentrales

Prorocentrales Lemmermann, 1910: 679.

Source: Moestrup, Ø. & Calado, A.J. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Volume 6: Dinophyceae. pp. [i]-xii, [1]-560, 421 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Original publication: Lemmermann, E. (1910). Algen I (Schizophyceen, Flagellaten, Peridineen). In: Kryptogamenflora der Mark Brandenburg und angrenzender Gebiete herausgegeben von dem Botanishcen Verein der Provinz Brandenburg. Dritter Band. pp. 497-712. Leipzig: Verlag von Grebrüder Borntraeger.

Cells surrounded by two lateral, watchglass-shaped plates and a number of very small plates around the two flagella, which insert anteriorly. One flagellum moves anteriorly, the other transversely or posteriorly. During cell division, each cell takes over one amphiesmal plate and forms a new one. Occasionally, both plates are shed as the cell forms a whole new amphiesma inside the old one.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

?rachmalny, A.F. & L.M. Terenko (2002). New form of Prorocentrum micans Ehr. (Prorocentrales, Dinophyta) from the plankton of the Black Sea (Ukraine). Algologia 12(4): 476-480, 4 fig., 1 table.

Chomérat, N., Saburova, M., Bilien, G. & Al-Yamani, F. (2012). Prorocentrum bimaculatum sp. nov. (Dinophyceae, Prorocentrales), a new benthic dinoflagellate species from Kuwait (Arabian Gulf). Journal of Phycology 48(1): 211-221.

Chomérat, N., Zentz, F., Boulben, S, Bilien, G., van Wormhoudt, A. & Nézan, E. (2011). Prorocentrum glenanicum sp. nov. and Prorocentrum pseudopanamense sp. nov. (Prorocentrales, Diniphyceae), two new benthic dinoflagellate species from South Brittany (northwestern France). Phycologia 50(2): 202-214.

Dodge, J.D. & Bibby, B.T. (1973). The Prorocentrales (Dinophyceae) I. A comparative account of fine structure in the genera Prorocentrum and Exuviaella. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 67: 175-187.

Dodge, J.D. (1976 '1975'). The Prorocentrales (Dinophyceae). II. Revision of the taxonomy within the genus Prorocentrum. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 71: 103-125, 5 figs, 4 pls.

Gárate-Lizárraga, I. & González-Armas, R. (2017). First record of the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum panamense (Prorocentrales, Dinophyceae) in the Mexican Pacific from the Archipiélago de Revillagigedo. CICIMAR Oceánides 32(1): 63-66.

Gómez, F., Qiu, D. & Lin, S. (2017). The synonymy of the toxic dinoflagellates Prorocentrum mexicanum and P. rhathymum and the description of P. steidingerae sp. nov. (Prorocentrales, Dinophyceae). J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 64(5): 668-677, 6 fig., 1 table.

Herrera-Sepúlveda, A., Medlin, L.K., Murugan, G., Sierra-Beltrán, A.P., Cruz-Villacorta, A.A. & Hernández-Saavedra, N.Y. (2015). Are Prorocentrum hoffmannianum and Prorocentrum belizeanum (Dinophyceae, Prorocentrales), the same species? An integration of morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 51(1): 173-188.

Hoppenrath, M. & Leander, B.S. (2008). Morphology and molecular phylogeny of a new marine sand-dwelling Prorocentrum species, P. tsawwassenense (Dinophyceae, Prorocentrales), from British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Phycology 44: 451-466.

Hoppenrath, M. (2000). A new marine sand-dwelling Prorocentrum species, P. clipeus sp. nov. (Dinophyceae, Prorocentrales) from Helgoland, German Bight, North Sea. European Journal of Protistology 36: 29-33.

Nagahama, Y., Murray, S., Tomaru, A. & Fukuyo, Y. (2011). Species boundaries in the toxic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima (Dinophyceae, Prorocentrales), based on morphological and phylogenetic characters. Journal of Phycology 47(1): 178-189.

Takano, Y. & Matsuoka, K. (2011). A comparative study between Prorocentrum shikokuense and P. donghaiense (Prorocentrales, Dinophyceae) based on morphology and DNA sequences. Plankton Benthos Research 6(4): 179-186, 5 figs, 2 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/detail/?taxonid=4498

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 April 2019.

Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:4498

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