155,256 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,864 images, 60,045 bibliographic items, 435,064 distributional records.

Microcladia Greville, 1830

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Suborder Ceramiineae
Family Ceramiaceae
Subfamily Ceramioideae
Tribe Ceramieae

Holotype species: Microcladia glandulosa (Solander ex Turner) Greville

Original publication and holotype designation: Greville, R.K. (1830). Algae britannicae, or descriptions of the marine and other inarticulated plants of the British islands, belonging to the order Algae; with plates illustrative of the genera. pp. [i*-iii*], [i]-lxxxviii, [1]-218, pl. 1-19. Edinburgh & London: McLachlan & Stewart; Baldwin & Cradock.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Nomenclatural notes
Monotypic when introduced. - (25 Jan 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Description: Thallus erect, branching alternate or appearing pectinate distichous, terete to strongly compressed, apices forcipate, corticated throughout by irregular cells. Cells uninucleate. Procarps near branch apices on basal (supporting) cells of short lateral branches, 1 or 2 4-celled carpogonial branches on each supporting cell. Auxiliary cell, cut off from supporting cell, leading to development of carposporophyte with rounded groups of carposporangia, with or without involucre. Spermatangia on cells of outer cortical layers of upper branches. Tetrasporangia immersed in upper cortex, tetrahedrally divided. Closely allied to Ceramium Roth, some features like Carpoblepharis K├╝tzing.

Information contributed by: E.M. Wollaston. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 25 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Widespread in temperate to warm seas.

Numbers of names and species: There are 15 species names in the database at present, of which 10 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Wynne, M.J. & Schneider, C.W. (2010). Addendum to the synoptic review of red algal genera. Botanica Marina 53: 291-299.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 30 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33051

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 May 2019.

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