152,930 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,947 images, 59,150 bibliographic items, 408,271 distributional records.

Iridaea Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1826, nom. et typ. cons.

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Gigartinaceae

Holotype species: Iridaea cordata (Turner) Bory de Saint-Vincent

Original publication and holotype designation: Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B. (1826). Iridée. Iridea. In: Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle. (Audouin, I. et al. Eds) Vol. 9, pp. 15-16. Paris:
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Precise date of publication25 Feb 1826

Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Nomenclatural notes
The spelling "Iridaea" (Bory used both "Iridea" and "Iridaea") has been conserved; the generitype has also been conserved. - (5 Jan 2010) - M.D. Guiry

Description: Plants of the largest species reach 140 cm in length. Thalli are erect, usually in clusters, from a crustose base and form linear-lanceolate to broadly foliose blades. Cystocarps are dispersed and embedded in the thallus, the carposporophytes being surrounded by a filamentous hull. Spermatangia form in extensive sori on the blades. Tetrasporangia arise in short chains laterally derived from cells within medullary filaments.

Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 16 Mar 2016 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: The typification and nomenclatural history of this important carrageenanophyte are extremely complex (Parkinson, 1981), and the final composition of the genus probably awaits major changes. Leister (1977) has foreshadowed that some or many of the species now placed in Iridaea will be transferred to the undescribed genus Boryella based on differences in the ontogeny of the involucres of sterile filaments that surround the carposporophyte during its initiation and development, as well as the mode of tetrasporangial formation. Carrageenans in species of Iridaea vary with the ploidy level (McCandless et al. 1975; Waaland 1975), permitting identification of juvenile and sterile individuals as gametophytes or sporophytes. Utilizing this character, Dyck et al. (1985) assessed and speculated on the possible causes of eastern Pacific populations that were highly skewed to one generation or the other, and May (1986) considers possible causes of a northeastern Pacific population of one species that was 83% gametophytes and 17% sporophytes. Hannach and Waaland (1986) summarize knowledge of the biology, ecology, and economic potential of Iridaea, concluding that our understanding is not yet at the point of managing existing wild populations to provide sustained yields or to achieve successful commercial cultivation. Distribution: The centre of distribution for the species now credited to Iridaea is western South America, with a major extension up the North American coast through southern Alaska to northern Japan. Other species occur on the islands of the Subantarctic (Ricker 1986).

Common names

(as Iridaea)
Japanese: Ginnanso (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Numbers of names and species: There are 114 species names in the database at present, as well as 22 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 18 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Hommersand, M.H., Guiry, M.D., Fredericq, S. & Leister, G.L. (1993). New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 105-120, 41 figs.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 October 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=35752

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2018.

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