Holotype species: Pelagophycus giganteus Areschoug
Currently accepted name for the type species: Pelagophycus porra (Léman) Setchell
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Description: Thalli large, annual, but some plants may persist for 2 years. Holdfast flat and circular, composed of widely spreading, dichotomously branched, slender haptera, produced in irregular whorls. Single stipe, 3-27 m long, solid and terete throughout much of its length, the upper portion expanded into a hollow apophysis which is constricted near distal end and terminates in an oblong to spherical pneumatocyst, 6-20 cm in diameter. Short, thick stalk at top of pneumatocyst subtends a pair of sympodially branched "antler" systems, with a single blade borne at the end of each branch. Blades 5-20 m long, up to 1 m in width, thin, coarsely corrugated, with small spines along the margins and on both surfaces. Spores produced in unilocular sporangia with paraphyses in irregular extensive sori on both surfaces of the blades. Gametophytes dimorphic, dioecious, oogamous, branched uniseriate filaments. Pelagophycus occurs in extensive subtidal forests in the coastal waters of southern California and northwestern Baja California, Mexico, in waters of 20-90 m depth. The flattened holdfast typically anchors the plant in gravel or loose sediment bottoms. The pneumatocyst remains submerged. Three species have been proposed, all occurring in southern California. P. giganteus has a larger holdfast, a shorter stipe, a more elliptical pneumatocyst, more flattened "antlers" and larger but fewer blades than P. porra, with P. intermedius being intermediate in these characteristics. These species are considered ecotypes belonging to a single species. Natural hybrids of Pelagophycus and Macrocystis are known from nature and have also been produced in the laboratory. Natural hybrids have a lower longevity than Pelagophycus. These hybrids are sterile, although a recent hybrid was found to produce functional spores. Hybrids of Pelagophycus and Dictyoneuropsis were produced in the laboratory.
NCBI Nucleotide Sequences
Numbers of names and species: There are 3 species (and infraspecific) names in the database at present, of which 1 has been flagged as currently accepted taxonomically.
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is currently accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=42360
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 10 March 2014.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:7724