152,885 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,939 images, 59,127 bibliographic items, 408,269 distributional records.

Alatocladia (Yendo) H.W.Johansen, 1969

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Corallinaceae
Subfamily Corallinoideae

Holotype species: Alatocladia modesta (Yendo) H.W.Johansen

Original publication and holotype designation: Johansen, H.W. (1969). Morphology and systematics of coralline algae with special reference to Calliarthron. University of California Publications in Botany 49: 1-98, 33 figs, 2 tables, 19 plates.

Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Description: Thalli with holdfasts bearing one to several erect, pinnately branched, articulated fronds. Fronds of calcified, flat intergenicula separated by uncalcified genicula. Intergenicula of arching tiers of interlaced medullary cells surrounded by a photosynthetic cortex and a unistratose layer of epithallial cells. Cells in contiguous filaments often fusing; secondary pit-connections lacking. Genicula of single tiers of long, straight, unbranched cells uncalcified except where they project into neighboring intergenicula. Trichocytes unknown. Reproductive cells forming within conceptacles originating in medullary meristems at or near branch apices. Except in male plants conceptacles occasionally bearing surmounting branches. Conceptacle pores usually subapical. Tetrasporangial conceptacles with paraphyses and containing >30 mature tetrasporangia prior to spore discharge. Sexual plants dioecious. Pore of each spermatangial conceptacle opening at tip of beak projecting from roof. Carpogonial conceptacles with extensive layer of supporting cells with carpogonial filaments. Carposporangial conceptacles containing broad, thin fusion cells with gonimoblast filaments arising from margins and upper surfaces. Spores germinating into crustose sporelings by the Corallina-type of spore germination.

Information contributed by: H.W. Johansen. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 29 Dec 2015 by Paul Gabrielson.

Comments: Alatocladia modesta occurs in Japan from Hokkaido to southern Japan, Korea, and Kamchatka; A. yessoensis is endemic to Japan. Despite sharing the character of interwoven medullary filaments Alatocladia and Calliarthron are not supported as sister taxa based on rbcL sequence data. The former differs from the latter in having paraphyses in tetrasporangial conceptacles.

Numbers of names and species: There are 2 species names in the database at present, of which 2 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Gabrielson, P.W., Miller, K.A. & Martone, P.T. (2011). Morphometric and molecular analyses confirm two distinct species of Calliarthron (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), a genus endemic to the northeast Pacific. Phycologia 50(3): 298-316.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 December 2015 by Paul Gabrielson

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=42634

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
Paul Gabrielson in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2018.

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