154,195 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,059 images, 59,693 bibliographic items, 415,383 distributional records.

Bulbochaete C.Agardh, 1817

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Chlorophyceae
Order Oedogoniales
Family Oedogoniaceae

Holotype species: Bulbochaete setigera C.Agardh ex Hirn

Original publication and holotype designation: Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Huxley, R. & Pentecost, A. (2002). Order Oedogoniales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 409-432. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Description: Uniseriate filaments with extensive unilateral branching; usually attached to substratum by differentiated holdfast cells. Vegetative cells uninucleate, highly vacuolate, and with a large reticulate, parietal chloroplast containing one to many (usually) pyrenoids. Pyrenoid matrix penetrated by numerous, branched, cytoplasmic channels. Vegetative filaments with cells of two morphological types 1) basal holdfast cells, 2) nearly cylindrical intercalary cells, that are often somewhat greater in width at apical end, and 3) smaller, terminal, "hair" cells with bulbous or swollen base and bearing a much elongated, slender, hair-like, cytoplasmic appendage. Hair cells one of most conspicuous and distinctive features of genus. Cell division restricted to basal cells of main filament and branches, or to intercalary cells which give rise to branching. Asexual reproduction by multiflagellate zoospores, germination of akinetes, or fragmentation of filaments. Sexual reproduction oogamous; monoecious or dioecious; some species nannandrous with dwarf male filaments derived from androspores. Two successive divisions of oogonial mother cell produce large, swollen oogonium subtended by two supporting (suffultory) cells. Single egg in oogonium fertilized by much smaller, multiflagellate male gamete. Resulting zygote (oospore) gradually turns red and develops a thick wall with species specific surface ornamentation. Meiosis thought to be zygotic. Zygote germination typically produces four motile cells, each capable of attaching to substratum and producing a new filament through repeated cell division.

Information contributed by: L.R. Hoffman. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 30 Dec 2015 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Bulbochaete occurs in a wide variety of freshwater habitats; only a few species are known from brackish waters. Normally epiphytic and attached to aquatic vegetation by basal holdfast cell; occasionally free-floating. Most frequently encountered in small bodies of shallow, standing water such as ponds, small lakes, and ditches. Cosmopolitan with greatest abundance of species in temperate and subtropical regions. Shares with other genera in Oedogoniales the following unique features of cell division (1) formation of ring of new cell wall material near anterior end of each dividing cell; (2) rupture of parental cell wall in this position; and (3) the gradual extension of ring of wall material to form new cylindrical wall components distributed to both daughter cells following cytokinesis. Cell division also leads to formation of an "apical cap" marking the cell wall near apex of apical-most daughter cell. Combined light and electron microscopic investigations have clarified many structural and developmental aspects of cell division, hair cell formation, and gametogenesis.

Common names

(as Bulbochaete)
Swedish: Bulbalger (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Numbers of names and species: There are 141 species names in the database at present, as well as 69 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 136 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Keshri, J.P. (2008). The genus Bulbochaete C.A. Agardh (Chlorophyta Oedogoniales) in West Bengal, India. Bibliotheca Phycologica 114: 1-103, 1 table, 26 pls.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 December 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43422

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 January 2019.

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