Coenocystis Korshikov, 1953
Lectotype species: Coenocystis planctonica Korshikov
Original publication:Korshikov, A.A. (1953). Viznachnik prisnovodnihk vodorostey Ukrainsykoi RSR [Vyp] V. Pidklas Protokokovi (Protococcineae). Bakuol'ni (Vacuolales) ta Protokokovi (Protococcales) [The Freshwater Algae of the Ukrainian SSR. V. Sub-Class Protococcineae. Vacuolales and Protococcales]. pp. 1-439. Kyjv [Kiev]: Akad. NAUK URSR.
Type designated in Komárek, J. & Fott, B. (1983). Chlorophyceae (Grünalgen) Ordnung: Chlorococcales. Das Phytoplankton des Süsswassers. In: Das Phytoplankton des Süsswassers (Die Binnengewässer) XVI. (Huber-Pestalozzi, G. Eds), pp. -x, -1044. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller).
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Tsarenko, P.M. (2011). Sphaeropleales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 280-355. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..
Description: Thalli colonial with 2, 4, 8, 16 or more cells embedded in spherical to irregular structureless, gelatinous envelope. Cells oval to cylindrical, 5-25 x 3-20 &m, with smooth cell walls. Cells uninucleate; chloroplast single and parietal, usually band-shaped to lobed but stellate in one species; pyrenoid single. Asexual reproduction by autospores; 2-4-8 spores per sporangium, released by fragmentation of sporangial walls into two or more parts, these remaining visible in colony envelope. Spores generally arranged in parallel in long axis of cell; when 4 spores these often tetrahedral. Flagellated stages and sexual reproduction unknown. Coenocystis planktonic in rivers and lakes in diverse habitats including peat bogs; reported from Europe and North and South America, probably cosmopolitan. Species distinguished base based on differences in chloroplast morphology and cell dimensions. Coenocystis estheriana retained by other authors in Siderocelis.
Information contributed by: D. Garbary & A. Comas. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 27 Jan 2012 by M.D. Guiry.
Numbers of names and species: There are 15 species names in the database at present, as well as 3 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 8 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 27 January 2012 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43464
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 June 2019.