153,615 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,407 bibliographic items, 412,628 distributional records.

Eudorina Ehrenberg, 1832

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Chlorophyceae
Order Chlamydomonadales
Family Volvocaceae

Holotype species: Eudorina elegans Ehrenberg

Original publication and holotype designation: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1832). Über die Entwickelung und Lebensdauer der Infusionsthiere; nebst ferneren Beiträgen zu einer Vergleichung ihrer organischen Systeme. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Physikalische Klasse 1831: 1-154, pls I-IV.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Massjuk, N.P. & Lilitska, G.G. (2011). Volvocales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 218-225. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..

Description: Colonies ovoid, ellipsoidal or cylindrical, containing 16 or 32 cells arranged radially in the periphery of a gelatinous matrix, forming a hollow sphere. The matrix does or does not form individual sheaths (species dependent) . Cells ovoid or spherical, each with two equal flagella, a stigma, two contractile vacuoles at the base of flagella, and a massive cup-shaped chloroplast with one (basal) or multiple pyrenoids. Stigmata of anterior cells larger than in posterior cells. No differentiation between somatic and reproductive cells occurs except for E. illinoisensis, in which the anterior four cells are small and facultatively somatic. Asexual reproduction by autocolony formation, each cell of the colony dividing successively to form a plakea, which becomes a daughter colony after inversion. Sexual reproduction anisogamous and produces walled aplanozygotes. Cells of colony divide successively to form sperm packets (bundles of male gametes), or develop into female gametes without cell division. Upon germination, zygotes give rise to a single or two biflagellate gone cells.

Information contributed by: H. Nozaki. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 25 Jan 2012 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Eudorina is cosmopolitan in freshwater; E. elegans is among the most encountered species of green algae. Eudorina initially included only E. elegans; later seven more species were described. Comparative morphology and sexuality in Eudorina and Pleodorina studied using 73 clones from 44 natural populations to evaluate taxonomic characters at specific and infraspecific levels. Pleodorina included in Eudorina based on sexual compatibility between P. illinoisensis (E. illinoisensis) and three Eudorina species (including E. elegans), and on the transformation from somatic to reproductive cells in P. californica in some experimental conditions. Pleodorina and Eudorina are now distinguished based on the presence or absence, respectively, under normal conditions, of obligately somatic cells. Various studies have been carried out on Eudorina species including, ultrastructure of colony development and stigmata, experiments on synchronous populations and genetic analysis.

Numbers of names and species: There are 17 species names in the database at present, as well as 5 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 6 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

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Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 January 2012 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43492

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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