147,740 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,153 images, 56,634 bibliographic items, 352,691 distributional records.

Caulacanthus Kützing, 1843

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Caulacanthaceae

Lectotype species: Caulacanthus ustulatus (Mertens ex Turner) Kützing

Original publication:Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Type designated in Agardh, J.G. (1851). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumen secundum: algas florideas complectens. Part 2, fasc. 1. pp. 337 [bis]-351 [bis] 352-506. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Kylin, H. (1956). Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen. pp. i-xv, 1-673, 458 figs. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerups.

Description: Plants typically form low tangled clumps of terete erect and prostrate axes up to 3 cm high, the axes attached by numerous scattered holdfast pads. Each central axial cell cuts off 2 periaxial cells. Carpogonial branches are 3-celled and directed toward the thallus surface. Connecting filaments are single and short from fertilized carpogonia. Gonimoblasts develop toward the thallus interior initially, then come to radiate from a large central fusion cell incorporating several cells of the central axial filament of the fertile lateral spine or branchlet. Searles (1968) reports that several gonimoblast initials are formed, although Min-Thein and Womersley (1976) suspect that this may result from early incorporation of a single gonimoblast initial into the fusion cell. Carposporangia are single and terminal; cystocarps are embedded in distal axes and have a single ostiole formed by localized separation of cortical filaments. Spermatangia form in extensive sori near branch tips of monoecious gametophytes, whereas tetrasporangia are scattered.

Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft & M.D. Guiry. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 20 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: The morphology of the type species is detailed by Searles (1968), with further comments on recent taxonomic activity being given by Norris and Wynne (1968).

Distribution: The type species is widely distributed in the Mediterranean Sea, Africa, and western Pacific Oceans, western North America, Australia and New Zealand. According to Searles (1968) it is questionably distinct from C. okamurae Yamada from Japan and apparently differs indicus Weber-van Bosse (Malaysia) in lacking a dimorphism between sterile and tetrasporangium-bearing parts of sporophytic fronds. Searles (1968) suggests that its wide occurrence may be its physiological resilience, as indicated by its exclusively intertidal habitats. Chapman (1950) calls attention to interesting ring-like configurations of Caulacanthus populations associated with mussel beds. Caulacanthus salifugus Cribb (1965) is based on sterile material growing with moss and Oedogonium sp. in a Queensland seml-marine cavern. Zuccarello, West & Rueness (2002) discuss the genus and its species and conclude that while there are moleculat differences between populations from the Atlantic and Pacific, distinguishing these morhologically is not possible.

NCBI Nucleotide Sequences

Numbers of names and species: There are 12 species (and infraspecific) names in the database at present, of which 3 have been flagged as currently accepted taxonomically.

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is currently accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Caulacanthus compressus Harvey S 
Caulacanthus divaricatus (Suhr) Papenfuss S 
Caulacanthus fastigatus Kützing S 
Caulacanthus horridulus Montagne S 
Caulacanthus indicus Weber-van Bosse S 
Caulacanthus okamurae Yamada C 
Caulacanthus rayssiae Feldmann & G.Feldmann S 
Caulacanthus rigidus Kützing S 
Caulacanthus salifugus A.B.Cribb C 
Caulacanthus spinellus (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Kützing S 
Caulacanthus ustulatus var. fastigiatus (Kützing) Pilger S 
Caulacanthus ustulatus (Mertens ex Turner) Kützing C - type

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=kd0ccdc71d8758e7a

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 March 2017.

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