153,798 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,012 images, 59,568 bibliographic items, 413,155 distributional records.

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gelidiales
Family Pterocladiaceae
Genus Pterocladiella

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Cabrillo National Monument, California, USA. 07 Sep 2018.

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Pterocladiella capillacea, lower intertidal, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Pterocladiella capillacea, lower intertidal, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Pterocladiella capillacea, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Pterocladiella capillacea, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Pterocladiella capillacea, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
TS, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2006. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
TS, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
TS, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
LS, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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33 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; mid intertidal pools
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand 1997: 118, figs 1 a, 2 b, 3 b, 4, 5

Published in: Santelices, B. & Hommersand, M. (1997). Pterocladiella, a new genus in the Gelidiaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 114-119.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Pterocladiella.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus capillaceus S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: Locus, Mare mediterraneum [Mediterranean Sea] (Gmelin 1768: 146). Lectotype: original illustration (Gmelin , 1768, pl. 15 fig.1). (epitype) (Womersley & Guiry 1994: 139).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), capillarg, hair-like, thread-like (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus capillaceus S.G.Gmelin 1768
Gelidium capillaceum (S.G.Gmelin) Meneghini 1854
Pterocladia capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Bornet 1876

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus pinnatus Hudson 1762
Fucus corneus var. pinnatus (Hudson) Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Gelidium corneum f. clavatum Ardissone 1874
Gelidium pyramidale N.L.Gardner 1927
Pterocladia densa Okamura 1934
Gelidium okamurae Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1937
Pterocladia pyramidalis (N.L.Gardner) E.Y.Dawson 1945
Pterocladia mexicana W.R.Taylor 1945
Pterocladia robusta W.R.Taylor 1945
Pterocladia okamurae (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) W.R.Taylor 1945
Pterocladia complanata N.H.Loomis 1949
Pterocladia pinnata (Hudson) Papenfuss 1950
Pterocladia lindaueri K.C.Fan 1961

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Pterocladia pinnata (Huds.) Papenf. as a synonym of this species.

Distributional notes
According to Morton (1994: 55) the records of Pterocladiella capillacea from Northern Ireland have probably been misidentified - they are more likely to be Gelidium latifolium.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Pterocladia capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Bornet)
Chinese: Yimaocai (Santelices 1988).

Japanese: Obakusa (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

(as Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand)
English: Branched Wing Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Japanese: Kata-obakusa (Shimada & Masuda 2002).

Description
Cartilaginous, dark purplish-red, flattened fronds, 2 mm wide, to 200 mm high. Pinnate or bipinnate, often bare at base, branches opposite or alternate, often tapering at both ends; frequently give a 'Christmas-tree' appearance. Fronds in loose tuft from a rhizoidal base.

Habitat
In large pools and lagoons in the lower intertidal and shallow subtidal, widely distributed on south and south-western shores, never common.

Key characteristics
Larger, darker and more purplish-red than Gelidium pusillum or G. pulchellum; normally, Pterocladia is not found fringing the edges of pools like the latter. Main axes are generally more flattened and apices more obtuse than G. pulchellum.

Similar species
Gelidium sesquipedale is known only a restricted number of localities in SW Britain (mainly Cornwall) although it is much commoner in N France; this species is larger and relatively less flattened.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Boo, G.H. & Geraldino, P.J.L. (2016). Pterocladiella maribagoensis (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), a new marine alga from Cebu, Philippines. Phytotaxa 288(3): 239-248, 10 figs.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Iha, C., Milstein, D., Guimaraes, S.M.P.B., Freshwater, D.W. & Oliveira, M.C. (2015). DNA barcoding reveals high diversity in the Gelidiales of the Brazilian southeast coast. Botanica Marina 58(4): 295=305.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Perrone, C., Felicini, G.P. & Bottalico, A. (2006). The prostrate system of the Gelidiales: diagnostic and taxonomic importance. Botanica Marina 49: 23-33.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Santelices, B. (1999). Taxonomic status of the species originally ascribed to the genus Pterocladia (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 71-80. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2002). Japanese species of Pterocladiella Santelices et Hommersand (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 167-181. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Xia, B.M. & Wang, Y.Q. (1999). Taxonomic studies on Pterocladiella (Gelidiaceae, Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from China. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 81-86. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 23307 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bottalico, A., Delle Foglie, C.I.& Fanelli, M. (2008). Growth and reproductive phenology of Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales) from the southern Adriatic Sea. Botanica Marina 51: 124-131.
Garcia-Jiménez, P. & Robaina, R.R. (2012). Effects of ethylene on tetrasporogenesis in Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 48(3): 710-715.
Scrosati, R. & Servière-Zaragoza, E. (2000). Ramet dynamics for the clonal seaweed Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta): a comparison with Chondrus crispus and with Mazzaella cornucopiae (Gigartinales). Journal of Phycology 36: 1061-1068.
Scrosati, R. (2002). Morphological plasticity and apparent loss of apical dominance following the natural loss of the main apex in Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) fronds. Phycologia 41: 96-98.
Servière-Zaragoza, E. & Scrosati, R. (2002). Reproductive phenology of Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) from southern Baja California, Mexico. Pacific Science 56: 285-290.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 11 December 2018.

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