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Amphiroa nobilis Kützing

Publication details
Amphiroa nobilis Kützing 1849: 703

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1849). Species algarum. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-922. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Amphiroa is Amphiroa tribulus (J.Ellis & Solander) J.V.Lamouroux.

Origin of species name
Adjective B (Latin), famous, renowned, grand, or notable.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
See Harvey et al. (2013: 137) for a discussion of the taxonomic status of this species. - (15 Apr 2014) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: "Ad Novam-Hollandiam. (v s.)" (Kützing 1849: 703). Holotype: MEL 47417 (Kützing 1849: 703). Notes: Harvey et al. (2013: 137) note "Kützing's (1849) dried material (Fig. 49A) consists of a single fragment in a packet now in L and numbered 938.92-320. It is the only packet in Kützings herbarium that can be linked to the protologue of A. nobilis (Kützing 1849: p. 703). Kützing annotated this packet (Fig. 49B) with Amphiroa nobilis Sonder (an unpublished herbarium name that Kützing attributed to Sonder), Amphiroa nobilis Kg. (the protologue name), the number 30 (which was assigned to A. nobilis in the protologue  see Kützing 1849: p. 703), Tab. Phyc. VIII 51 (referring to pl. 51 in Kützing 1858, where the species is illustrated; illustrations are reproduced here in Fig. 49E), and N. Holland (=Australia, the collection locality). On another label associated with L 938.92-320 (Fig. 49D), Kützing wrote Amphiroa nobilis N.Holld, galaxauroides N.H. and 4 Ex, indicating he had seen four pieces of material. In conjunction with the present study, W. Woelkerling and W. F. Prudhomme van Reine discovered that the material illustrated in Kützing (1858) comes from MEL-47417 (Fig. 48A), being the same specimen on which Sonder (1848a: p. 188) based the earlier name A. galaxauroides var. tenuior (as ß tenuior)! MEL-47417 is the only specimen in the Sonder herbarium on which Sonder wrote the name A. galaxauroides ß tenuior, and it is the only Sonder specimen in MEL annotated by Kützing with A. nobilis Kg, Tab. ph. viii Tab. 51 f. II. The two pieces of material illustrated on table 51 fig II and labelled g ad h are mirror images of the second piece from the right and the second piece from the left on MEL-47417 (compare Figs 48A and 49E). Collectively, these annotations and the associated illustrations provide strong evidence that Kützings fragment in L (938.92-320) originated from the Sonder specimen in MEL (47417), and that A. nobilis Kützing and A. galaxauroides var. tenuior are ultimately both based solely on MEL-471417."

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Harvey, A.S., Woelkerling, W.J., Huisman, J.M. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2013). A monographic account of Australian species of Amphiroa (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Australian Systematic Botany 26: 81-144.

Womersely, H.B.S. & Johansen, H.W. (1996). Subfamily Amphiroideae Johansen 1969: 47. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Rhodophyta. Part IIIB, Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 283-288. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Created: 13 March 2006 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 15 April 2014 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 231 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 June 2019.

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