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Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithothamniaceae
Tribe Phymatolitheae
Genus Phymatolithon

Pictures

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Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Zeeland delta, Netherlands. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Ireland. Bernard Picton. © Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Ireland. Bernard Picton. © Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; rocks at low water. 18 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey
Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; low intertidal rock under Fucus serratus. 04 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey Ireland
© Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk)

Publication details
Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey 1966: 325

Published in: Adey, W.H. (1966). The genera Lithothamnium, Leptophytum (nov. gen.) and Phymatolithon in the Gulf of Maine. Hydrobiologia 28: 321-370, 112 figs, tables I-VI.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phymatolithon is Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Melobesia lenormandii Areschoug

Type information
Type locality: Arromanches-les-Bains, Calvados, France (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 265). Lectotype: September 1847; LD herb. alg. Agardh 50674 (Woelkerling 1988: 219). Notes: Isolectotype CN.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia lenormandii Areschoug 1852
Lithophyllum lenormandii (Areschoug) Rosanoff 1866
Lithothamnion lenormandii (Areschoug) Foslie 1895
Squamolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) Heydrich 1911

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithophyllum laeve Strömfelt 1886
Lithothamnion lenormandii f. sublaeve Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion stroemfeltii f. tenuissimum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion lenormandii f. typicum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion laeve f. tenuissimum (Foslie) Foslie 1898
Lithothamnion lenormandii var. sublaeve (Foslie) Batters 1902
Lithothamnion annulatum Foslie 1906
Squamolithon lenormandi f. roscoviense Heydrich 1911
Mesophyllum annulatum (Foslie) W.H.Adey 1970
Clathromorphum annulatum (Foslie) M.L.Mendoza 1992

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Thin, rough, lilac calcareous crust, with smooth glossy margins, sometimes scaly, firmly attached to substrate, to 600 µm thick.

Habitat
Lower intertidal rock pools and shallow subtidal, on rock, widely distributed, common.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithothamnion lenormandii (Areschoug) Foslie)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Ercegovic 1980), Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), France (Feldmann 1939), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977, Diapoulis, Haritonidis & Koussouris 1986), Ireland (Adams 1907, Cotton 1912), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli et al. 1976), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Miranda 1931), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944), Turkey (Europe) (Güven & Öztig 1971).

Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Levring 1974).

North America: Mexico (Dawson 1960).

Central America: El Salvador (Fernández-García et al. 2011).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930 ).

Africa: Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968 ), Mauritius (Børgesen 1943).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Papenfuss 1964).

(as Lithothamnion lenormandii f. sublaeve Foslie)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Ireland (Cotton 1912).

(as Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavienda 2018).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Curiel et al. 2012), Apulia (Bottalico et al. 2016), Balearic Islands (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Milchakova 2011), Britain (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Athanasiadis 1987, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Hernández- Kantún et al. 2015, Peña et al. 2015), Isla de Alborán (Conde & Flores Moya 2000), Italy (Babbini & Bressan 1997, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Serio et al 2006), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Araújo et al. 2009, Lugilde et al. 2016), Romania (Caraus 2017), Sardinia (Babbini & Bressan 1997, Furnari et al. 2003), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Sicily (Alongi et al. 2012), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Boisset & Barceló 1984, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo et al. 1985, Ramos Esplá 1985, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Ruzafa 1990, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Conde et al. 1996, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Bárbara et al 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Lugilde et al. 2016), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Turkey (Europe) (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin et al. 2008, Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Parente), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Lawson et al. 1995, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004).

North America: Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Manitoba (Saunders & McDevit 2013), New Hampshire (HN) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986, Mathieson & Hehre 1986), Nova Scotia (Peña et al. 2015).

South America: Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Africa: Algeria (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Egypt (Aleem 1993), Libya (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Babbini & Bressan 1997, Moussa et al. 2018), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Babbini & Bressan 1997).

South-west Asia: Levant states (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008, Tseng 2009, Xia 2013), Japan (Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Russia (Far East) (Kloczcova 1996, Selivanova 2002).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Wiencke & Clayton 2002), Îles Kerguelen (Wiencke & Clayton 2002), Macquarie Island (Wiencke & Clayton 2002).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bressan, G. & Babbini, L. (2003). Biodiversità marina delle coste Italiane: Corallinales del Mar Mediterraneo: guida all deteminazione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(Suppl. 2): 1-237.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of marine algae of Kamchatka and surrounding areas. Vol. 2. Red seaweeds]. pp. 1-301. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Kloczcova, N.G. (1996). Flora vodoroslei makrofitov Tatarskogo Proliva i osobennosti ee formirovanija [Macrophyte algal flora of Tatars Gulf (Sea of Japan) and peculiarities of its formation]. pp. 1-289. Vladivostock: Dalnauka. [in Russian]

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. IV Corallinales . pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-147, pls I-V. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 October 2018 by Paul Gabrielson

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6532 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Millson, C. & Moss, B.L. (1985). Ultrastructure of the vegetative thallus of Phymatolithon lenormandii (Aresch. in J. Ag.) Adey. Botanica Marina 28: 123-132.
Moss, B.L. & Gilchrist, C.J. (1981). Cell wall structure and pit connections in Phymatolithon lenormandii. British Phycological Journal 16: 138.

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Paul Gabrielson in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 December 2018.

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