154,915 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,867 bibliographic items, 430,765 distributional records.

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Udoteaceae
Genus Penicillus


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Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Porto Santo, Madeira. 17 Jan 2019. Pedro Neves. © Pedro Neves (nevesdiver@gmail.com).

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
en su hábitat natural, en la zona Habana-Matanzas. Foto: Ángel Fernández..

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Boheydulang, Sabah Reef Slope 15m. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Boheydulang, Sabah Reef Slope 15m. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Lower reef slope, inter-reefal, 22m, east Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Lower reef slope, inter-reefal, 22m, east Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).


Stypocaulon durum (Ruprecht) Okamura

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck Boheydulang, Sabah Reef Slope 15m
© Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com)

Publication details
Penicillus capitatus Lamarck 1813: 299

Published in: Lamarck, [J.B.P.A.] de (1813). Sur les polypiers empâtés. Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 20: 294-312, 370-386, 432-458.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Penicillus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), with a knob-like head or tip (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina penicillus Linnaeus 1758
Coralliodendron penicillus (Linnaeus) Kützing 1841
Espera mediterranea Decaisne 1842
Corallocephalus penicillus (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843
Penicillus mediterraneus (Decaisne) Thuret 1892
Penicillus capitatus f. mediterranea (Decaisne) P.Huvé & H.Huvé 1964

Distributional notes
Extensive meadows found in La Palma may be related to recent increases in sea water temperature and tropicalization of the marine flora and fauna of the Canary Islands detected during the past decade (Sangil et al. 2010). - (7 Oct 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

(as Penicillus capitatus Lamarck)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Gallardo et al. 1993), Balearic Islands (Ballesteros 1992, Gallardo et al. 1993, Ribera, Coloreu, Rodriguez Prieto & Ballesteros 1997), Corsica (Gallardo et al. 1993), France (Gallardo et al. 1993, Anon. 2017), Greece (Athanasiadis 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Tsiamis et al. ), Italy (Gallardo et al. 1993, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002), Spain (Gallardo et al. 1985, Gallardo et al. 1993, Flores-Moya et al. 1995), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Sangil et al. 2010, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004).

North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1928, Taylor 1960, Dawes 1974, Collado-Vides et al 2005, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008, Collado-Vides et al. 2011), Mexico (Taylor 1960, Tussenbroek et al. 2006), Mexico (Caribbean) (Taylor 1972), Texas (TX) (Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013).

Central America: Belize (Taylor 1960, Norris & Bucher 1982, Littler & Littler 1997), Panama (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1960, Kooistra 2002, Wysor & Kooistra 2003).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cayman Islands (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Cabrera, Moreira & Suárez 2004, Suárez 2005, Gonzáles et al. 2014, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Curaçao (Fricke et al. 2018), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Netherlands Antilles (Taylor 1960), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), St. Eustatius (van der Loos & Prud'homme van Reine 2015, van der Loos et al. 2017), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Aves (Taylor 1960), Brazil (Taylor 1960, Oliveira Filho 1977, Moura 2010), Colombia (Taylor 1960, Schnetter 1969), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990, Bito et al. 2016).

Africa: Algeria (Gallardo et al. 1993), Egypt (Gallardo et al. 1993), Egypt (Mediterranean) (Shabaka 2018), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993, Verlaque et al. 2017).

South-west Asia: Levant states (Gallardo et al. 1993).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Bostock & Holland 2010).

(as Espera mediterranea Decaisne)
Europe: Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974).

(as Penicillus capitatus f. mediterranea (Decaisne) P.Huvé & H.Huvé)
Europe: Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977), France (Anon. 2017), Spain (Seoane-Camba 1965).

Key references
Bito, A., Vera, B., Ardito, S. & Farci, G, (2016). Penicillus dumentosus (Lamouroux) Blainville f. expansus Börgesen y Penicillus lamourouxii Decaisne (Chlorophyta, Udoteaceae) nuevos registros para la costa Venezolana. Acta Cientifica Venezolana (Botánica) 67(1): 87-97.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Kooistra, W.H.C.F. (2002). Molecular phylogenies of Udoteaceae (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) reveal nonmonophyly for Udotea, Penicillus and Chlorodesmis. Phycologia 41: 453-462.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Silva, P.C. (1955). The dichotomous species of Codium in Britain. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 34: 565-577, 5 figs, 1 plate.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Created: 08 September 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5054 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cinelli, F. & Salghetti-Drioli, U. (1983). Observations en plonge sur les peuplements a Penicillus capitatus et sur la floraison de Posidonia oceanica de l'ile d'Elbe (Mediterranee occidentale). Rapp Comm int Mer Médit 28: 8.
Huvé, P. & Huvé, H. (1964). A propos de Penicillus capitatus Lamarck, forma mediterranea (Decaisne) comb. nov. (Caulerpale, Udotéacée). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 4: 99-111.
Meinesz, A. (1972). Sur la croissance et le développement du Penicillus capitatus Lamarck forma mediterranea (Decaisne) P. et H. Huvé (Caulerpale, Udoteacée). Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D 275: 667-669.
Meinesz, A. (1975). Premières observations sur la reproduction du Penicillus capitatus Lamarck forma mediterranea (Decaisne) P. et H. Huvé (Caulerpale, Udoteacée). An. Mus. Hist. Nat. Nice 3: 19-20.
Sangil, C., Sanson, M., Afonso-Carillo, J. & Martin-Garcia, L. (2010). Extensive off-shore meadows of Penicillus capitatus (Udoteaceae, Chlorophyta) in the Canary Islands (eastern Atlantic Ocean). Botanica Marina 53(2): 183-187.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 March 2019.

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