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Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithothamniaceae
Tribe Phymatolitheae
Genus Phymatolithon


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Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants at MLWS. 18 Apr 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine
Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower intertidal rock under Fucus. 04 Aug 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).


Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants at MLWS
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine 1986: 71

Published in: Woelkerling, W.J. & Irvine, L.M. (1986). The typification and status of Phymatolithon (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). British Phycological Journal 21: 55-80, 18 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phymatolithon is Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan

Type information
Lectotype locality: Mingant, near Brest, Finistère, France (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 266). Notes: This type locality was first recorded by Woelkerling & L. Irvine (1986: 69, 71)

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), purple (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. papillatum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. tuberculatum Foslie 1895
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. validum Foslie 1895
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. sublaeve Foslie 1905
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. tuberculatum (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Phymatolithon polymorphum f. validum (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. intermedium Foslie 1908
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. sublaeve A.D.Zinova 1955

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithothamnion purpureum P.Crouan & H.Crouan)
Europe: Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

(as Phymatolithon purpureum (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Woelkerling & L.M.Irvine)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavienda 2018), Russia (Arctic) (Vinogradova 2010), White Sea (Mikhaylova 2017).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016, Hernández-Kantún et al. 2017), Faroe Islands (Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017, Hernández-Kantún et al. 2017), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Hernández- Kantún et al. 2015, Peña et al. 2015, Hernández-Kantún et al. 2017), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001, Hernández-Kantún et al. 2017), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Bárbara et al. 2005), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Cape Verde Islands (John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Africa: South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1994, Selivanova 2002).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Hernández-Kantún, J.J., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Peña, V., Maggs, C.A. & Rindi, F. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of rhodolith formation in the Corallinales (Rhodophyte). European Journal of Phycology 50(1): 46-61.

Irvine, L.M. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1986). Proposal to conserve Phymatolithon against Apora (Rhodophyta: Corallinaceae). Taxon 35: 731-733.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2010). Taxonomic review of the Corallinales (Rhodophyta) in the northern Russian seas. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 95(5): 667-681, 6 pls.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 October 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8324 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 January 2019.

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