154,916 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,880 bibliographic items, 431,338 distributional records.

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Cladophorales
Family Valoniaceae
Genus Valonia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
1. Portion of a cushion. 2. Individual branch from a cushion. 3. Habitat, on intertidal dead corals (Okinawa Island, Japan).. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Hawaii; scale 1 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
KwaZulu-Natal. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (Robert.Anderson@uct.ac.za).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Lung-tung, Taipei County, Taiwan. 1997. 5. 24. Photo by Huang Su-fang, National Taiwan Museum, from http://www.ntm.gov.tw/seaweeds. Huang Su-fang. © Sue Huang (sfhuang@ntm.gov.tw).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Lagoon of Lesina, Italy; unattached balls floating because of trapped air bubbles.. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Lagoon of Lesina, Italy; unattached balls at the bottom of fishing wiers. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Lagoon of Lesina, Italy; internal structure of large, unattached ball.. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh
Lagoon of Lesina, Italy; big unattached ball.. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

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Gelidium corneum var. latifolium Greville

Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh Lagoon of Venice; type locality; lectotype of the genus
© Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it)

Publication details
Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh 1823: 429

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1823). Species algarum rite cognitae, cum synonymis, differentiis specificis et descriptionibus succinctis. Volumen primum pars posterior. pp. [vii-viii], [399]-531. Lundae [Lund]: ex officina Berlingiana.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Valonia.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Noun (Greek), a ball of hair or a concretion found in the stomach of the goat and other ruminants.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Valonia utricularis var. aegagropila (C.Agardh) Hauck 1876
Valonia utricularis f. aegagropila (C.Agardh) Hauck 1884

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Valonia savignyana Audouin 1826
Valonia aegagropila f. confervacea (Zanardini) Kuckuck 1907
Valonia aegagropila f. veneta Kuckuck 1907
Valonia aegagropila var. luxurians Schiffner & Vatova 1938

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996) the following names have been misapplied to this species by various authors:Valonia utricularis and Valonia confervoides. Please consult original reference for more information.

Habitat notes
Widespread in most warm seas. Grew in shallow water on rocks, accumulating sediment in the spaces between the vesicles (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (21 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Lectotype locality: Venezia (Venice, Italy) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 801). Lectotype: Bosc s.n.; LD 15978 (Leliaert & Coppejans 2004: 203). Notes: Silva et al. (1996) recommend consulting Egerod (1952: 348) and Olsen & J. West (1988: 106) for more information on the lectotype locality of this species. The herbarium no. cited in Lipkin & Silva (2002: 61) is LD 15977.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

(as Valonia aegagropila C.Agardh)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gallardo et al. 1993), Balearic Islands (Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1985, Gallardo et al. 1993, Ribera, Coloreu, Rodriguez Prieto & Ballesteros 1997), France (Verlaque 2001), Greece (Christia et al. 2011, Tsiamis et al. ), Italy (Gallardo et al. 1993, Gallardo et al. 1993, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Leliaert & Coppejans 2004), Sardinia (Gallardo et al. 1993), Spain (Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo et al. 1985, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Ruzafa 1990, Gallardo et al. 1993, Flores-Moya et al. 1995, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 2008), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Veneto (Sfriso 2011), Venice Lagoon (Sfriso et al. 2018).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1981, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Salvage Islands (Parente et al. 2000).

North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1928, Taylor 1960).

Central America: Belize (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Suárez 2005, Gonzáles et al. 2014, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Curaçao (Fricke et al. 2018), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930, Taylor 1960, Oliveira Filho 1977, Moura 2010), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Aleem 1993, Marconi et al. 2011, Issa et al. 2014), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Leliaert & Coppejans 2004, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Mauritius (Børgesen 1940, Børgesen 1946, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sudan (Papenfuss 1968, Osman & Mohammed 2016), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Leliaert & Coppejans 2004, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993).

Indian Ocean Islands: Chagos Archipelago (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Rodrigues Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, De Clerck et al. 2004), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Gupta 2012, Rao & Gupta 2015), Oman (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Wynne & Jupp 1998, Wynne 2018), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008, Titlyanov et al. 2011), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015), Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Titlyanov et al 2006, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012, Anon. 2012), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Malaysia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Phang et al. 2009), Myanmar (Burma) (Soe-Htun et al. 2009, Myo Min Tun & Soe-Htun 2014), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Elvira et al. 2012, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Pham et al. 2011), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Tien 2007, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Coral Sea Islands Territory (Millar 1999), Queensland (Lewis 1987, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman & Verbruggen 2015).

Pacific Islands: American Samoa (Skelton et al. 2004), Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Abbott & Huisman, 2004, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950, Dawson 1957), New Caledonia (Payri 2007), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970).

Key references
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. & Leliaert, F. (2015). Cladophorales. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 32-67. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2004). New records and notes on marine benthic algae of American Samoa - Chlorophyta & Phaeophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 25: 291-312.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Created: 16 September 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8225 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Machín-Sánchez, M., Díaz-Larrea, J., Pérez-Ruzafa, A., Bacallado, J.J., Gil-Rodríguez, M.C. (2013). Evidencias moleculares confirman la presencia de Valonia aegagropila en Canarias. Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias 25: 59-66.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 March 2019.

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