153,875 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,014 images, 59,578 bibliographic items, 413,474 distributional records.

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Lord Howe Island, Australia. 21 Nov 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Lord Howe Island, Australia. 21 Nov 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Lord Howe Island, Australia. 21 Nov 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Bheemili coast, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India. . 14 Mar 2010. Mohan Dev. © Mohan Dev (mohandevt@gmail.com).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Magaluf, Balearic Islands, Spain; invasive plants on a Posidonia oceanica rhizome. 26 Apr 2007. Eduardo Infantes Ordas (eduardo.infantes@uib.es). © Eduardo Infantes Ordas (eduardo.infantes@uib.es).

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh
Alicante, Spain. Carolina Pena Martín (carolina.pena@ua.es). © Carolina Pena Martín (carolina.pena@ua.es).

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45 Found - Displaying 31 through 40

 

Audouinella concrescens (K.M.Drew) P.S.Dixon

Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh Bheemili coast, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
© Mohan Dev (mohandevt@gmail.com)

Publication details
Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh 1873: 35

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1873 '1872'). Till algernes systematik. Nya bidrag. Lunds Universitets Års-Skrift, Afdelningen for Mathematik och Naturvetenskap 9(8): 1-71.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus racemosus Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: Suez, Egypt (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 832). Type: Herb. Forsskal, C 845 (Belton et al. 2014: 50). Notes: Leg. P. Forsskål (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 65).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), with flowers borne in racemes.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus racemosus Forsskål 1775

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus clavifer Turner 1807
Caulerpa obtusa J.V.Lamouroux 1809
Fucus uvifer Turner 1811
Caulerpa uvifera C.Agardh 1817
Caulerpa clavifera (Turner) C.Agardh 1817
Caulerpa clavifera var. uvifera (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1823
Chauvinia clavifera (Turner) Bory 1829
Chauvinia clavifera var. uvifera (C.Agardh) Kützing 1849
Caulerpa racemosa var. uvifera (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1873
Caulerpa racemosa var. clavifera (Turner) Weber Bosse 1898
Caulerpa feldmannii Rayss & Edelstein 1960
Caulerpa racemosa var. disticha V.J.Chapman 1977
Caulerpa racemosa var. mucronata L.N.de Senerpont Domis 2003

Nomenclatural notes
Børgesen (1940) cites this species as Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) Weber van Bosse.

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Caulerpa racemosa (Forssk) J. Agardh var. peltata (J.V. Lamour.) Eubank, Caulerpa peltata J.V. Lamour, Caulerpa occidentalis (J. Agardh) Jaasund and Caulerpa lamourouxii C. agardh as synonyms of this species.

Distributional notes
Widespread in warm seas. (Lipkin & Silva 2002). Pantropical (Belton et al. 20140. - (22 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
One of the three varieties occurring in the Mediterranean has invasive characteristics and has become aggressively widespread throughout the Mediterranean basin since the early 1990s; Piazzi et al. (2001) provided experimental evidence of its deleterious effects on macroalgal diversity on local scale. Verlaque et al. (2003), on the basis of molecular data, confirmed that this invasion is the result of a recent introduction and identified the invasive variety as C. racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Caulerpa clavifera (Turner) C.Agardh)
Hawaiian: limu fuafua (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

(as Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J.Agardh)
?: Lelato, Ararucip, Tahmuck (Madlener 1977), Lelatu, Limu Eka (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

English: Sea Grapes, Mouse plant (Madlener 1977).

Ilocano: Ar-arucep (Lembi & Waaland 1988).

Japanese: Surikogidzuta (Madlener 1977).

Tagalog: Lato (Lembi & Waaland 1988).

Tahitian: Rimu (Lembi & Waaland 1988).

(as Caulerpa racemosa var. clavifera (Turner) Weber Bosse)
Indonesian: Lai lai (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
sennarizuta {Jap}; nama {Fiji}; ar-arusip {Cagay}; latu {Cebu}

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Belton, G.S., Huisman, J.M. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2015). Caulerpaceae. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 75-102. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Belton, G.S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Huisman, J.M., Draisma, S.G.A. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2014). Resolving phenotypic plasticity and species designation in the morphology challenging Caulerpa racemosa-peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 50(1): 32-54.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Hodgson, L.M. Pham Huu Tri, Lewmanomont, K. & McDermid, K.J. (2004). Annotated checklist of species of Caulerpa and Caulerpella (Bryopsidales, Caulerpaceae) from Vietnam, Thailand and the Hawaiian Islands. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 21-38.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Kraft, G.T. (2007). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 1. Green algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-347, 110 text-figs; 11 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Littler, D.S. & Littler, M.M. (1997). An illustrated flora of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 9: 1-149, 190 figs.

Nizamuddin, M. (1991). The green marine algae of Libya. pp. 1-230. Bern: El-Faateh University, Department of Botany.

Nuber, N., Gornik, O., Lauc, G., Bauer, N., Zuljevic, A., Papes, D. & Zoldos, V. (2007). Genetic evidence for the identity of Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in the Adriatic Sea. European Journal of Phycology 42: 113-120.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Sauvage, T., Payri, C., Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Verbruggen, H., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, F.D., Gabriel, D., Sherwood, A.R. & Fredericq, S. (2013). Molecular diversity of the Caulerpa racemosa-Caulerpa peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Bryopsidales) in New Caledonia, with new Australasian records for C. racemosa var. cylindracea. Phycologia 52(1): 6-13.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Stam, W.T., Olsen, J.L., Zaleski, S.F., Murray, S.N., Brown, K.R. & Walters, L.J. (2006). A forensic and phylogenetic survey of Caulerpa species (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) from the Florida coast, local aquarium shops, and e-commerce: establishing a proactive baseline for early detection. Journal of Phycology 42: 1113-1124.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Created: 16 September 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 August 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 37812 times since it was created.

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Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aleem, A.A. (1992). Caulerpa racemosa (Chlorophyta) on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt. Phycologia 31: 205-206.
Alongi, G., Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Giaccone, G. (1993). Prima segnalazione di Caulerpa racemosa (Chlorophyceae, Caulerpales) per le coste italiane. Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. 26(342): 49-53.
Bachir Bouiadjra, B., Belbachir, N., Youcef Benkada, M., Maarouf, A. & Riadi, H. (2010). Sur la presence de l'algue marine Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) devant la côte Mostaganemoise (Ouest Algerie). Acta Botanica Malacitana 35: 168-171.
Ballesteros, E., Grau, A.M. & Riera, F. (1999). Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J. Agardh (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) a Mallorca. Boll. Soc. Hist. Nat. Balears 42: 63-68.
Belton, G.S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Huisman, J.M., Draisma, S.G.A. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2014). Resolving phenotypic plasticity and species designation in the morphology challenging Caulerpa racemosa-peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 50(1): 32-54.
Bernardeau Esteller, J. & Martínez Garrido, J. (2010). Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea en el Mediterraneo: Estudios en la Región de Murcia. ALGAS. Boletín de Sociedad Española de Ficología 43: 19-26, 6 Fig.
Bernardeau-Esteller, J., Marín-Guirao, L., Sandoval-Gil, J.-M. & Ruiz, J.M. (2011). Photosynthesis and daily metabolic carbon balance of the invasive Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Chlorophyta, Caulerpales) along a depth gradient. Scientia Marina 75: 803-810.
Blazina, M., Ivesa, L. & Najdek, M. (2009). Caulerpa racemosa: adaptive varieties studied by fatty acid composition (Northern Adriatic Sea, Vrsar, Croatia). European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 183-189, 4 figs, 1 table.
Box, A., Sureda, A., Tauler, P., Terrados, J., Marba, N., Pons, A. & Deudero, S. (2010). Seasonality of caulerpenyne content in native Caulerpa prolifera and invasive C. taxifolia and C. racemosa var. cylindraceae in western Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 53(4): 367-375.
Buia, M.C., Petrocelli, A. & Saracino, O.D. (1998). Caulerpa racemosa spread in the Mediterranean Sea: first record in the Gulf of Taranto. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 52: 527-529.
Capiomont, A., Breugnot, E., den Haan, M. & Meinesz, A. (2005). Phenology of a deep-water population of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 48: 80-83.
Capiomont, A., Breunot, E., den Hanne, M. & Meinesz, A. (2005). Phenology of a deepwater population of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in the northwestern Mediterranean See. Botanica Marina 48: 80-83.
Ceccherelli, G. & Campo, D. (2002). Different effects of Caulerpa racemosa on two co-occurring seagrasses in the Mediterranean. Botanica Marina 45: 71-76.
Ceccherelli, G. & Piazzi, L. (2005). Exploring the success of manual eradication of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta): the effect of habitat. Cryptogamie 26: 319-328.
Ceccherelli, G., Cinelli, F. & L. Piazzi (2000). Response of the nonindigennous Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh to the native seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L) Delile: effect of density of shoots and orientation of edges of meadows. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 243: 227-240.
Ceccherelli, G., Cinelli, F. & L. Piazzi (2001). The development of Caulerpa racemosa at the margin of Posidonia oceanica. Fourth International Workshop on Caulerpa taxifolia : edit., GIS Posidonie publ., fr.: 376-384.
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Durand, C., Manuel, M., Boudouresque C.F., Meinesz A., Verlaque M. & Le Parco Y. (2002). Molecular data suggest a hybrid origin for the invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15: 122-133.
Enguix, A.M., Argente, J., Chicharro, J., Ferrer, Z. & Castañer, V. (2013). Seguimento de la dispersión de Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea en espacios naturales protegidos marinos de la Comunidad Valenciana. Algas. Boletín de Sociedad Española de Ficología 47: 8-13.
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Famà, P., Olsen, J.L., Stam, W.T. & Procaccini, G. (2000). High levels of intra- and inter-individual polymorphism in the rDNA ITS1 of Caulerpa racemosa (Chlorophyta. European Journal of Phycology 35: 349-356.
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Giaccone, G. & Di Martino, V. (1996). La vegetazione a Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh nella Baia di S. Panagia (Sicilia Sud-Orientale). Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania 28: 59-73.
Guillén, J.E., Jiménez, S., Martínez, J., Triviño, A., Múgica, J., Argilés, J. & Bueno, M. (2010). Expansion of the invasive algae Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque 2003 on the region of Valencia seabed. Thalassas 26: 135-149.
Huvá, H. (1957). Sur une variété nouvelle pour la méditeranée du Caulerpa racemosa (Forssk.) Agardh. Rec. Trav. Station mar. d'Endoume 12: 67-73.
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Klein, J. (2007). Impact de Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) sur les communautés macrophytiques en Méditerranée nord-occidentale. : Thèse de Doctorat, Université Aix-Marseille II, France. 315 pp.
Lipkin, Y. & Friedmann, I. (1967). Persistent juvenile stage of Caulerpa racemosa (Forskål) Agardh in the eastern Mediterranean. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 35: 243-249.
Mezgui, Y., Djellouli, A.S. & Benchick Almi (2007). Etude biométrique (Biomasse et phénologie) des populations à Caulerpa racemosa dans la Région de Bizerte (Tunisie). In: United Nations Environment Programme (Ed.), Proceedings of the 3rd Mediterranean Symposium on Marine Vegetation, Marseille, France, 27-29 March 2007. Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas. 111-116 Tunis, Tunisia.
Moreira-Reyes, A. & Gil-Rodríguez, M.C. (2008). Variaciones espaciales y temporales de Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Chlorophycota) en Los Cristianos e Igueste de San Andrés, Tenerife, Islas Canarias. Vieraea 36: 91-102.
Nuber, N., Gornik, O., Lauc, G., Bauer, N., Zuljevic, A., Papes, D. & Zoldos, V. (2007). Genetic evidence for the identity of Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in the Adriatic Sea. European Journal of Phycology 42: 113-120.
Ohba, H. & Enomoto, S. (1987). Culture studies on Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyceae). II. Morphological variation of C. racemosa var. leatevirens under various culture conditions. Japanese Journal of Phycology 35: 178-188.
Ohba, H., Nashima, H. & Enomoto, S. (1992). Culture studies on Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyceae) III. Reproduction, development and morphological variation of laboratory-cultured C. racemosa var. peltata. Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 105: 589-600, 27 figs.
Ould-Ahmed, N. & A. Meinesz (2007). First record of the invasive alga Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) on the coast of Algeria. Cryptogamie Algologie 28(3): 303-305.
Pena Martín, C., Cristóbal Fernanz, J. C., Crespo, B. & Sánchez, M. (2003). Caulerpa racemosa (Forssk.) J. Agardh (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyceae), nueva para la flora de Alicante. Anales Jardín Botánico de Madrid 60: 448-449.
Piazzi, L. & Ceccherelli, G. (2006). Persistence of biological invasion effects: Recovery of macroalgal assemblages after removal of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 68: 455-461.
Piazzi, L., Balestri, E. & Cinelli 1994 (1994). Presence of Caulerpa racemosa in the northwestern Mediterranean. Cryptogamie, Algologie 15: 183-189.
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Piazzi, L., Balestri, E., Magri, M. & Cinelli, F. (1997). Expansion de l'algue tropicale Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh (Bryopsidophyceae, Chlorophyta) le long de la côte Toscane (Italie). Cryptogamie, Algologie 18(4): 343-350.
Piazzi, L., Ceccherelli, G. & Cinelli, F. (2001). Threat to macroalgal diversity: effects of the introduced green alga Caulerpa racemosa in the Mediterranean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 210: 149-159.
Piazzi, L., Meinesz, A., Verlaque, M., Açali, B., Antolic, B., Argyrou, M., Baltana, D., Ballesteros, E., Calvo, S., Cinelli, F., Cirik, S., Cossu, A., d'Archino, R., Djellouli, A.S., Javel, F., Lanfranco, E., Mifsud, C., Pala, D., Panayotidis, P., Peirano, A., Pergent, G., Petrocelli, A., Ruitton, S., Zuljevic, A. & Ceccherelli, G. (2005). Invasion of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea: an assessment of the spread. Cryptogamie, Algologie 26: 189-202.
Rehm, A.E. & Almodovar, L.R. (1971). The zonation of Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh at La Parguerra, Puerto Rico. Revue Algologique, Nouvelle Serie 2: 143-151.
Renoncourt, L. & Meinesz, A. (2002). Formation of propagules on an invasive strain of Caulerpa racemosa (Chlorophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea (Research Note). Phycologia 41: 533-535.
Ruiz Fernández, J.M., Ramos Segura, A. & García Muñoz, R. (2007). Aparición y propagación del alga tropical Caulerpa racemosa en el litoral de la región de Murcia. IEO: revista Inst. Español Oceanogr. 8: 29-34.
Ruíz, J.M., Martín-Guirao, L., Bernardeau-Esteller, J., Ramos-Segura, A., García-Muñoz, R. & Sandoval-Gil, J.M. (2011). Spread of the invasive alga Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) along the Mediterranean coast of the Murcia Region (SE Spain). Animal. Biodiv. & Conserv. 34: 73-82.
Sauvage, T., Payri, C., Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Verbruggen, H., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, F.D., Gabriel, D., Sherwood, A.R. & Fredericq, S. (2013). Molecular diversity of the Caulerpa racemosa-Caulerpa peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Bryopsidales) in New Caledonia, with new Australasian records for C. racemosa var. cylindracea. Phycologia 52(1): 6-13.
Sotto, F. (1978). The culture of Caulerpa racemosa in Kalawisan, Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines: a potential for the seaweed industry. Philippine Scientist, University of San Carlos 15: 109-111.
Vázquez-Luís, M.; Sánchez-Jerez, P. & Bayle-Sempere, J.T. (2010). Effects of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea on prey availability: an experimental approach to predation of amphipods by Thalassoma pavo (Labridae). Hydrobiologia 654: 147-154.
Verlaque, M., Afonso-Carillo, J., Gil-Rodríguez, M.C., Durand, C., Boudouresque, C.F. & Le Parco, Y. 2004 (2004). Blitzkrieg in a marine invasion: Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) reaches the Canary Islands (north-east Atlantic). Biological Invasions 6: 269-281.
Verlaque, M., Boudouresque, C.-F., Meinesz, A. & Gravez, V. (2000). The Caulerpa racemosa complex (Caulerpales, Ulvophyceae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 43: 49-68, 18 figs, 3 tables.
Verlaque, M., Durand, C., Huisman, J.M., Boudouresque, C-F., & Le Parco, Y. (2003). On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 38: 325-339.
Wang, H., Li, Y.-L., Shen, W.-Z., Rui, W., Ma, X.-J. & Cen, Y.-Z. (2007). Antiviral activity of a sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) compound isolated from the green alga Caulerpa racemosa. Botanica Marina 50(3): 185-190.
Zuljevic, A., Antolic, B., Nikolic, V., Despalatovic, M. & Cvitkovic, I. (2012). Absence of successful sexual reproduction of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in the Adriatic Sea. Phycologia 51(3): 283-286.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 December 2018.

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