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Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Gigartinaceae
Genus Gigartina

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
middle intertidal, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
Mastocarpus stellatus, lower intertidal, South of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
Mastocarpus stellatus, lower intertidal, South of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
middle intertidal, Beach of Razo, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
middle intertidal, Beach of Razo, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
to be dried, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 201. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
South of Portugal, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
North of Spain 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
Petrocelis cruenta, South of Portugal, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters
South of Portugal, 2010. 08 Nov 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry Black Head, Co. Clare, Ireland; plants on exposed rocks
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters 1902: 64

Published in: Batters, E.A.L. (1902). A catalogue of the British marine algae being a list of all the species of seaweeds known to occur on the shores of the British Islands, with the localities where they are found. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 40(Supplement): 1-107.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gigartina is Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry

Basionym
Fucus stellatus Stackhouse

Type information
Type locality: western shores of England (Stackhouse 1797: 53, pl. 12). Type: Stackhouse; Notes: The name has been typified with Stackhouse’s description in Withering (1797: 99); the original specimens have not been found. The figure in pl. 12 of Stackhouse (1797) could serve as a lectotype.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), stellate, with narrow divisions radiating from the center like the rays of a star (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters)
English: Irish moss (Dickinson 1963), Carrageen (Anonymous 1978).

Finnish: Punalevä-suku (European Communities 1998).

Gaeilge: Carraigín fiadháin (Brennan 1950), Clúimhín cait (Anonymous 1978).

Portuguese: Musgos, Botelhas (European Communities 1998).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931, Dixon & Irvine 1977), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974), Ireland (Adams 1907, Cullinane 1969, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983), Norway (Jaasund 1965), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Anadón 1983, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Silva & Fernández 1988).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986).

Source of current name
Guiry, M.D., West, J.A., Kim, D.-H. & Masuda, M. (1984). Reinstatement of the genus Mastocarpus Kützing (Rhodophyta). Taxon 33: 53-63.

Key references
Zinova, A.D. (1955). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Determination book of the red algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-219 [+ 1], 169 figs. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 28 September 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4787 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Barwell, C.J. & Blunden, G. (1981). Hordenine from the red alga Gigartina stellata. Journal of Natural Products 44: 500-502.
Barwell, C.J. & Guiry, M.D. (1984). Hordenine content of Gigartina stellata and Carrageen. British Phycological Journal 19: 189.
Burns, R.L. & Mathieson, A.C. (1972). Ecological studies of economic red algae. II. Culture studies of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse and Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 8: 1-6.
Burns, R.L. & Mathieson, A.C. (1972). Ecological studies of economic red algae. III. Growth and reproduction of natural and harvested populations of Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters in New Hampshire.. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 9: 77-95.
Chen, L.C.-M. & Craigie, J.S. (1981). Carrageenan analysis in apomictic Gigartina stellata - new puzzles. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 10: 391-396.
Chen, L.C.-M., Edelstein, T. & McLachlan, J. (1974). The life history of Gigartina stellata (Stackh.) Batt. (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales) in culture. Phycologia 13: 287-194.
Chen, L.C.-M., McLachlan, J., Neish, A.C. & Shacklock, P.F. (1973). The ratio of kappa- to lambda- carrageenan in the nuclear phases of the Rhodophycean algae, Chondrus crispus and Gigartina stellata. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 53: 11-16.
Dion, P. & Delépine, R. (1979). Cycles de développement de Gigartina stellata et Petrocelis cruenta (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales) étudiés in situ, à Roscoff. Revue Algologique, Nouvelle Serie 14: 327-341.
Dion, P. & Delépine, R. (1983). Experimental ecology of Gigartina stellata (Rhodophyta) at Roscoff, France, using an in situ culture method. Botanica Marina 26: 201-211.
Edelstein, T., Chen, L.C.-M. & McLachlan, J. (1974). The reproductive structures of Gigartina stellata (Stackh.) Batt. (Gigartinales, Rhodophyceae) in nature and culture. Phycologia 13: 99-107.
Fernández, C. (1992). Criterios biológicos para la explotación de los campos naturales de las especies productoras de carragenatos (Chondrus crispus y Gigartina stellata). Cuadernos Área Ciencias Mariñas, Sem. Est. Galegos 5: 9-16.
Guiry, M.D. & Coleman, M.M. (1982). Observations on the phenology and life history of a monoecious strain of Gigartina stellata (Stackh.) Batters (Rhodophyta) in Galway Bay. British Phycological Journal 17: 232.
Guiry, M.D. & West, J.A. (1983). Life history and hybridization studies on Gigartina stellata and Petrocelis cruenta (Rhodophyta) in the North Atlantic. Journal of Phycology 19: 474-494.
Mathieson, A.C. & Tveter, E. (1976). Carrageenan ecology of Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters. Aquatic Botany 2: 353-361.
Munda, I. (1977). The structure and distribution of the Gigartina stellata (Stackh.) Batters and Chondrus crispus Stackh. associations in Icelandic waters. Botanica Marina 20: 291-301.
Pybus, C. (1977). The ecology of Chondrus crispus and Gigartina stellata (Rhodophyta) in Galway Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 57: 609-628.
Rueness, J. (1978). A note on development and reproduction in Gigartina stellata (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales) from Norway. British Phycological Journal 13: 87-90.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=12367

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2018.

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