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Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ectocarpales
Family Chordariaceae
Genus Leathesia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Cape Clear Island, Co. Cork, Ireland. 24 Jun 2015. Ger Morgan. © Ger Morgan.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Mid-tidal zone, Bamfield, B.C. 24 Oct 2014. Bridgette Clarkston. © 2014 Bridgette Clarkston.

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Leathesia marina, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Leathesia marina, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Leathesia marina, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Laminaria ochroleuca with Phyllariopsis brevipes subsp. pseudopurpurascens, subtidal (5 m), Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 27 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 27 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

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Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne Bamfield, Vancouver Island, Canada
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne 1842: 370

Published in: Decaisne, J. (1842). Essais sur une classification des algues et des polypiers calcifères de Lamouroux. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Seconde série 17: 297-380, pls 14-17.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Leathesia is Leathesia tuberiformis S.F.Gray.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chaetophora marina Lyngbye

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), growing in the sea (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chaetophora marina Lyngbye 1819

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Tremella difformis Linnaeus 1755
Rivularia tuberiformis Smith 1809
Nostoc marinum C.Agardh 1810
Leathesia tuberiformis S.F.Gray 1821
Clavatella nostoc-marina Bory 1823
Corynephora marina (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1824
Nostoc mesentericum C.Agardh 1824
Clavatella difformis (Linaeus) Fries 1835
Leathesia difformis Areschoug 1847
Leathesia difformis var. tingitana Schousboe ex Bornet 1892
Leathesia nana Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1924
Leathesia amplissima Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1924

Nomenclatural notes
The genus Tremella Linnaeus (1753: 1157) was lectotypified by Tremella nostoc Linnaeus by Donk (1958: 245). As this is an entity with a later starting point (ICBN Art. 13.1, Nostocaceae heterocystaceae), under the provisions of ICBN Art. 13.2, all included species in the genus Tremella thus also have a later starting point (1 January 1886), regardless of their current generic placement. Tremella difformis Linnaeus (1755: 429) is thus not a valid name dating from 1755. Nostoc marinum C. Agardh (1812: 45) is similarly invalid. The earliest valid name that can be used for the entity widely known as Leathesia difformis is Chaetophora marina Lyngbye (Pedroche et al. 2008: 60). Leathesia difformis can be ascribed to J.E. Areschoug, 1847, but priority must be given to Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne, 1842. - (12 Mar 2009) - M.D. Guiry

Distributional notes
"This cosmopolitan species, in the Mediterranean Sea was accidentally introduced by aquaculture (Cormaci et al., 2004: 179, as L. difformis)." (Cormaci et al. 2012: 166). It was first found in first found in the Etang de Thau (France) around 1905 (Verlaque et al. 2015: 69). - (27 Aug 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Leathesia difformis Areschoug)
English: Sea Cauliflower (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), Punctured Ball Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Gaeilge: Bolgán (Brennan 1950), Bolgach (Anonymous 1978).

Japanese: Nebarimo (Tokida 1954).

Swedish: Murkelalg (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Agardh, J.G. (1848). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumen Primum. Algas fucoideas complectens. pp. [i-vi], [i]-viii, [1]-363. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup.

Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Kim, H.-S. (2010). Ectocarpaceae, Acinetopsoraceae, Chordariaceae. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 1. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ectocarpales. Marine brown algae I. (Kim, H.-S. & Boo, S.-M. Eds), pp. [3]-137. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; University of California Berkeley.

Poza, A.M., Gauna, M.C., Escobar, J. F. & Parodi, E.R. (2017). Heteromorphic phases of Leathesia marina (Ectocarpales, Ochrophyta) over time from northern Patagonia, Argentina. Phycologia 56(5): 579-589.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 01 October 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 October 2017 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7533 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Poza, A.M., Gauna, M.C., Escobar, J. F. & Parodi, E.R. (2017). Heteromorphic phases of Leathesia marina (Ectocarpales, Ochrophyta) over time from northern Patagonia, Argentina. Phycologia 56(5): 579-589.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2018.

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