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Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) A.D.Zinova

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Phyllophora

Pictures

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Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) A.D.Zinova
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

 

Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada
© Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca)

Publication details
Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) A.D.Zinova 1970: 103, 104

Published in: Zinova, A.D. (1970). Novitates de algis marinis e sinu Czaunskensi (Mare Vostoczno-Sibirskoje dictum). Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii (Novitates Systematicae Plantarum non Vascularium) 7: 102-107.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phyllophora is Phyllophora rubens (Linnaeus) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Coccotylus truncatus (Pallas) M.J.Wynne & J.N.Heine

Basionym
Fucus truncatus Pallas

Type information
Type locality: "Eismeer", Eastern Siberia (Silva 1996-to date). Lectotype: LE (Le Gall & Saunders 2010: 382). Notes: Dixon & Irvine (1977: 227) cite "lectotype: LE" Arctic Seas but do not indicate who it was designated the lectotype. Le Gall & Saunders (2010: 382) designate as lectotype, a specimen labeled "truncatus" in what must be Pallas's hand (shown in a copy of photographs of Pallas's collection). Le Gall & Saunders (2010: 382) write "Although Newroth (1970, p. 30; see also Newroth and Taylor 1971) did not view the type collection at the time he wrote his PhD dissertation, he relays correspondence with Zinova in which a specimen with Pallas’s handwriting is discussed and presumably provides the basis for figure 1 in her own work (Zinova 1970, the figure caption in Russian indicating essentially ‘‘Typical form’’) in which the new combination Phyllophora truncata (Pall.) Zinova is presented. Subsequently, Newroth received two photographs of Pallas’s collection and kindly provided us with a copy, which shows a specimen labeled ‘‘truncatus’’ in what must be Pallas’s hand that we designate as the lectotype of C. truncatus."

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), truncate, i.e., ending very abruptly as if cut straight across (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Guiry (1997) suggests consulting Wynne & Heine (1992) regarding the synonymy between Phyllophora truncata and Coccotylus truncata.

Habitat notes
Epilithic, in lower littoral pools, sublittoral to at least 10 m ; often at the lower limit of algal vegetation (Dixon & Irvine 1977). - (17 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Wynne, M.J. & Heine, J.N. (1992). Collections of marine red algae from St. Matthew and St. Lawrence Islands, the Bering Sea. Nova Hedwigia 55: 55-97.

Key references
Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Created: 11 October 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1229 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Maekinen, A., Kaeaeriae, J. & Rajasilta, M. (1988). Factors controlling the occurrence of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Huds.) Lamour. and Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) Zinova in the upper littoral of the archipelago of S.W. Finland. In: The Baltic Sea Environment: History, Euthrophication, Recruitment, Ecotoxicology. (Theede, H. & Schramm, W. Eds) Vol.6, pp. 140-146. Kieler Meeresforsch.
Mikulich, D.V., Voloshchenko, I.A. & Medvedeva, E.I. (1988). The jelly-forming capacity of polysaccharides from the red algae Furcellaria lumbricalis (Huds.) Lamour. and Phyllophora truncata (Pall.) Newroth et Taylor (the Bight of Kassari of the Baltic Sea). Rast. Resur. 24(3): 456-460.
Newroth, P.R. (1971). Studies on the life histories in the Phyllophoraceae. I. Phyllophora truncata (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales). Phycologia 10: 345-354.
Newroth, P.R. (1972). Studies on life histories in the Phyllophoraceae. I. Phyllophora truncata (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales). Phycologia 10: 345-354, 16 figs.
Westlund, P., Roomans, G.M. & Pedersén, M. (1981). Localization and quantification of iodine and bromine in the red alga Phyllophora truncata (Pallas) A. D. Zinova by electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis. Botanica Marina 24: 153-156.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=12750

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 October 2018.

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