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Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Ulva

Pictures

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Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Foto: Ángel Moreira..

Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 28 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

 

Chaetomorpha clavata Kützing

Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be)

Publication details
Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller 1778: 7, pl. DCCLXIII [763]: fig. 1

Published in: Müller, O.F. (1778). Flroa danica. Vol. 5, fasc. 13 pp. 8, Plates 721-780. Havniae [Copenhagen].

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), producing offsets, bearing progeny as offshoots (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva enteromorpha f. prolifera (O.F.Müller) Van Heurck
Ulva compressa var. prolifera (O.F.Müller) C.Agardh 1823
Enteromorpha compressa var. prolifera (O.F.Müller) Greville 1830
Enteromorpha prolifera (O.F.Müller) J.Agardh 1883

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Enteromorpha salina Kützing 1845
Enteromorpha salina var. polyclados Kützing 1845
Enteromorpha compressa var. trichodes Kützing 1845
Enteromorpha polyclados (Kützing) Kützing 1856

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Enteromorpha torta (Mert.) Reinb. as a synonym of this species.

Distributional notes
Results of studies carried out by O'Kelly et al. (2010) suggest that Ulva populations in tropical and subtropical regions consist of species that are largely unique to these areas, for which the application of names based on types from temperate and boreal European and North American waters is inappropriate. - (1 Sep 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Usually in marine and brackish waters. However, it has been reported from freshwater pools and salt marshes, as well. Molecular data indicates that freshwater samples are genetically distinct from the marine/brackish polulations (Shimada et al. 2008). - (15 Mar 2018) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Enteromorpha prolifera (O.F.Müller) J.Agardh)
Chinese: Tai-tiao (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

Hawaiian: Limu 'Ele'ele, Hulu'ilio (Abbott 1984).

Japanese: Suji-awnori (Tokida 1954), Suji-aonori (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

Swedish: Spretig tarmalg (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Type information
Type locality: "U. p. tubulosa simplex teres, adultior compressiuscula. In fossa ad Nebbelund Lalandiae" [Lolland, Denmark] Notes: Womersley (1984; 156, 157) reports that the type is from Lolland, Denmark and that it has been lost. Lolland Island, Denmark (O'Kelly et al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavienda 2018), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Fredriksen & Kile 2012, Hop et al. 2012 , Fredriksen et al. 2014), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013).

Europe: Apulia (Bottalico et al. 2016), Baltic Sea (Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Milchakova 2011), Britain (Hayden & Waaland 2004, Brodie et al. 2007, Brodie et al. 2016), Bulgaria (Berov et al. 2012), France (Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova et al. 2011), Germany (Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016), Greece (Christia et al. 2011, Tsiamis et al. ), Ireland (Guiry 2012), Portugal (Araújo et al. 2009), Romania (Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Slovenia (Rindi & Battelli 2005), Spain (Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Hernández et al. 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Turkey (Europe) (Taskin et al. 2008 ), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (John et al. 2004).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010), Baffin Island (Küpper et al. 2016), California (CA) (Hayden & Waaland 2004, Miller 2012), Florida (FL) (Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Maine (MA) (Saunders & Kucera 2010, Field et al. 2018), Manitoba (Saunders & Kucera 2010), New Brunswick (Saunders & Kucera 2010), Newfoundland (Saunders & Kucera 2010), Oregon (OR) (Kraft et al. 2010), Texas (TX) (Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013), Washington (WA) (Hayden & Waaland 2004).

Central America: Costa Rica (Fernández-García et al. 2011), El Salvador (Fernández-García et al. 2011), Guatemala (Fernández-García et al. 2011), Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche et al. 2005), Panama (Fernández-García et al. 2011).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Suárez 2005, Gonzáles et al. 2014, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Curaçao (Fricke et al. 2018), Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2013, Croce et al. 2015), Brazil (Moura 2010), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011).

Africa: Egypt (Mediterranean) (Shabaka 2018), Equatorial Guinea (John et al. 2004 ), Ghana (John et al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Namibia (John et al. 2004), Senegal (John et al. 2004, John et al. 2004), Western Sahara (John et al. 2004).

South-west Asia: (Sohrabipour & Rabiei 2007), Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), India (Rao & Gupta 2015), Israel (Hoffman 2004), Kuwait (Al-Yamani et al. 2014), Sri Lanka (Coppejans et al. 2009), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: China (Titlyanov et al. 2011, Liu et al. 2012, Kang et al. 2014 , Guo et al. 2017), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015), Japan (Ogawa et al. 2013, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Korea (Bae 2010), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Heesch et al. 2009, Broady et al. 2012).

Pacific Islands: American Samoa (Skelton et al. 2004), Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014).

(as Enteromorpha compressa var. prolifera (O.F.Müller) Greville)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Enteromorpha salina Kützing)
Europe: Germany (Mauch & Schmedtje 2003), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960).

North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1928, Taylor 1960), Louisiana (LA) (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Pacific Islands: Easter Island (Santelices & Abbott 1987).

(as Enteromorpha salina var. polyclados Kützing)
North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1928, Dawes 1974).

South America: Galápagos Islands (Taylor 1945, Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

(as Enteromorpha compressa var. trichodes Kützing)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

(as Enteromorpha polyclados (Kützing) Kützing)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Enteromorpha prolifera (O.F.Müller) J.Agardh)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979, Gallardo et al. 1993), Balearic Islands (Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1985, Gallardo et al. 1993), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995), Black Sea (Gallardo et al. 1993), Britain (Newton 1931, Burrows 1991, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Whitton et al. 2003), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Corsica (Gallardo et al. 1993), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Gallardo et al. 1993, Coppejans & Kling 1995, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Mauch & Schmedtje 2003), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Athanasiadis 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Cotton 1912, Pybus 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Burrows 1991, Morton 1994), Italy (Edwards et al. 1975, Gallardo et al. 1993, Gallardo et al. 1993, Cecere et al. 1996, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997, Stegenga, Kaaremans & Simons 2007, Veen et al. 2015), Norway (Jaasund 1965, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Romania (Caraus 2002), Spain (Miranda 1931, Miranda 1934, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Ballesteros 1983, Gallardo et al. 1985, Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Ruzafa 1990, Conde, Flores-Moya & Vera 1990, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Barbara, Cremades & López Rodriguez 1992, Gallardo et al. 1993, Flores-Moya et al. 1994, Guillermes, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1994, Flores-Moya et al. 1995, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Rodriguez-Prieto et al. 1997, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Calvo & Bárbara 2002, Peña & Bárbara 2002), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1949), Turkey (Europe) (Güven & Öztig 1971, Gallardo et al. 1993, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994), Bermuda (Taylor 1957, Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Anon. 2011), E. Greenland (Lund 1959, Pedersen 1976), Greenland (Pedersen 2011), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun et al. 2002), Tristan da Cunha (Baardseth 1941).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Saunders 1901, Lindstrom 1977, Scagel et al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989), California (CA) (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Silva 1979), Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Florida (FL) (Taylor 1928, Taylor 1960, Dawes 1974), Georgia (Schneider & Searles 1991), Gulf of California (Setchell & Gardner 1924, Dawson 1944), Maine (MA) (Mathieson et al. 2001), New Hampshire (HN) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), North Carolina (NC) (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Oregon (OR) (Hansen 1997), Québec (Taylor 1957), South Carolina (SC) (Taylor 1957, Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Texas (TX) (Taylor 1960), Virginia (VA) (Humm 1979), Washington (WA) (Scagel et al. 1989).

Central America: Panama (Wysor 2004).

Caribbean Islands: Barbados (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985, Boraso de Zaixso 2004, Boraso & Zaixso 2011), Brazil (Taylor 1930, Taylor 1960, Oliveira Filho 1977), Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Peru (Dawson, Acleto & Foldvik 1964, Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Uruguay (Howe 1931, Coll & Oliveira 1999), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Egypt (Aleem 1993), Equatorial Guinea (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003), Ghana (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Gallardo et al. 1993, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Namibia (Rull Lluch 2002), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993).

Indian Ocean Islands: Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Ahmed et al. 2008), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Gupta 2012), Iraq (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Maulood et al. 2013), Israel (Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Levant states (Gallardo et al. 1993), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008, Tseng 2009, Wang 2012), Commander Islands (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 1997), Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Hiraoka 2003), Kamchatka (Klochkova, Korolyova & Kusidi 2009), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008, Lee et al. 2011), Kurile Islands (Nagai 1940), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Kloczcova 1996, Selivanova 2002), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987), Vietnam (Tsutsui et al. 2005, Tien 2007).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Millar & Kraft 1994), New Zealand (Adams 1994, Nelson & Phillips 1996), Queensland (Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Womersley 1984), Tasmania (Womersley 1984), Victoria (Womersley 1984).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013, Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Abbott & Huisman, 2004), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999).

Key references
Bae, H.B. (2010). Ulotrichales, Ulvales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 1, Number 1. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Cladophorales, Bryopsidales. Marine green algae. (Bae, E.H., Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J., Hwang, I.-K., Kiim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. Eds), pp. 7-52. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Hayden, H.S. & Waaland, J.R. (2004). A molecular systematic study of Ulva (Ulvaceae, Ulvales) from the northeast Pacific. Phycologia 43: 364-382.

Heesch, S., Broom, J.E.S., Neill, K.F., Farr, T.J., Dalen, J.L. & Nelson, W.A. (2009). Ulva, Umbraulva and Gemina: genetic survey of New Zealand taxa reveals diversity and introduced species. European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 143-154, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Kirkendale, L., Saunders, G.W. & Winberg, P. (2013). A molecular survey of Ulva (Chlorophyta) in temperate Australia reveals enhanced levels of cosmopolitanism. Journal of Phycology 49(1): 69-81.

Leliaert F., Zhang X., Ye N., Malta E.J., Engelen A.E., Mineur F., Verbruggen H. & De Clerck O. (2009). Identity of the Qingdao algal bloom. Phycological Research 57: 147-151.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Ogawa, T., Ohki, K. & Kamiya, M. (2013). Differences of spatial distribution and seasonal succession among Ulva species (Ulvophyceae) across salinity gradients. Phycolgia 52(6): 637-651.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Created: 27 October 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 15 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7746 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Guo, Y., Wang, H.Z., Wu, C.H., Fu, H.H. & Jiang, P. (2017). Cloning and characterization of nitrate reductase gene in Ulva prolifera (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 53(5): 1035-1043.
Huan, L., Gu, W., Gao, S. & Wang, G. (2016). Photosynthetic activity and proteomic analysis highlights the utilization of atmospheric CO2 by Ulva prolifera (Chlorophyta) for rapid growth. Journal of Phycology 52(6): 1104-1113.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 November 2018.

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