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Ulva flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Ulva

Pictures

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Ulva flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Hábito. Foto: Ángel Moreira..

Ulva flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

 

Peranema cuneatum Playfair

Ulva flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Hábito. Foto: Ángel Moreira.
©

Publication details
Ulva flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne 2005: 107

Published in: Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh

Basionym
Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: Bangor, Wales (Berger et al. 2003: 290). Lectotype: LD 13702 (Berger et al. 2003: 290). Notes: For an illustration of the type, see Bliding (1960: fig. 43 a-d). Effectively typified by the type of Conferva paradoxa Dillwyn (1809: 70, suppl. pl. F), an illegitimate name. Type locality: Bangor, Wales/ Brighton, England (O'Kelly et al. 2010).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), zigzag, bent alternately in opposite directions (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Enteromorpha paradoxa (C.Agardh) Kützing 1845

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva paradoxa Dillwyn 1809
Enteromorpha clathrata var. hopkirkii (M'Calla ex Harvey) Hamel 1931

Habitat notes
Sea coast, minerally rich inland waters (Mares et al. 2011: table 3). - (22 Dec 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Enteromorpha paradoxa (C.Agardh) Kützing)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Ireland (Adams 1907, Cotton 1912).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Phillips 2002), South Australia (Womersley 1984).

Pacific Islands: Hawaiian Islands (Abbott & Huisman, 2004).

(as Ulva flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) M.J.Wynne)
Europe: Bulgaria (Temniskova, Stoyneva & Kirjakov 2008), Czech Republic (Mares et al. 2011), Finland (Mares et al. 2011), France (Anon. 2017), Greece (Tsiamis et al. ), Hungary (Mares et al. 2011), Norway (Mares et al. 2011), Romania (Mares et al. 2011), Sweden (Mares et al. 2011).

North America: Mexico (Caribbean) (Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017), Texas (Wynne 2009).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Gonzáles et al. 2014, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Curaçao (Fricke et al. 2011, Fricke et al. 2018), Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Moura 2010, Araujo dos Santos & Do Nascimento Moura 2011), Venezuela (García-Soto et al. 2016).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Pham et al. 2011).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Kraft 2007), Queensland (Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Kraft 2007, Kraft et al. 2010).

Pacific Islands: Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014).

Source of current name
Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Key references
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Kraft, G.T. (2007). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 1. Green algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-347, 110 text-figs; 11 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Kraft, L.G.K., Kraft, G.T. & Waller, R.F. (2010). Investigations into southern Australian Ulva (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) taxonomy and molecular phylogeny indicate both cosmopolitanism and endemic cryptic species. Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1257-1277.

Mares, J., Leskinen, E., Sitkowska, M., Skácelová, O. & Blomster, J. (2011). True identity of the European freshwater Ulva (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae) revealed by a combined molecular and morphological approach. Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1177-1192.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Created: 29 August 2007 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 22 May 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2230 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2018.

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