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Porphyra umbilicalis (Linnaeus) J.Agardh, nom. illeg.

Publication details
Porphyra umbilicalis (Linnaeus) J.Agardh 1883: 66, nom. illeg.

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1883). Till algernes systematik. Nya bidrag. (Tredje afdelningen.). Lunds Universitets Års-Skrift, Afdelningen for Mathematik och Naturvetenskap 19(2): 1-177, IV pls.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Porphyra is Porphyra purpurea (Roth) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing

Ulva umbilicalis Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "in Oceano" (Linnaeus 1753: 1163). Epitype: J. Brodie & P.K. Hayes; 23 July 1998; From the back of a limpet. BM 000769632 (Brodie et al. 2008: 1330). Notes: A lectotype was designated by Brodie & Irvine (2003: 130) as Dillenius, Hist. Musc.: Pl. 8: fig. 3 (1742 '1741'). An epitype, the lectotype of Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing, q.v. from Scotland, was subsequently selected by Brodie et al. (2008: 1330).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Illegitimate: later homonym of Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing. - (10 Dec 2008) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
purple laver {Eng}; chishima-kuro-nori {Jap}; laver {Eng}; porphyrtang {Ger}; pink laver {Eng}; "laver, purple"; "laver, pink"

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Brodie, J. Irvine, L., Neefus, C.D. & Russell, S. (2008). Ulva umbilicalis Linnaeus and Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing (Rhodophyta, Bangiaceae): a molecular and morphological redescription of the species, with a typification update. Taxon 57: 1328-1331, 1 fig.

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Created: 10 December 2008 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 23 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3023 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Brodie, J. Irvine, L., Neefus, C.D. & Russell, S. (2008). Ulva umbilicalis Linnaeus and Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing (Rhodophyta, Bangiaceae): a molecular and morphological redescription of the species, with a typification update. Taxon 57: 1328-1331, 1 fig.
Conway, E. (1964). Autecological studies of the genus Porphyra. II. Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) J. Ag.. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 349-363, 2 pls.
Conway, E. (1964). Comments on Porphyra umbilicalis. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 393.
Drew, K.M. (1949). Conchocelis-phase in the life-history of Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) Kütz. Nature, London 166: 748-749.
Drew, K.M. (1954). Studies in the Bangioideae III. The life-history of Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) Kütz. var. laciniata (Lightf.) J. Ag. A. The conchocelis-phase in culture. Annals of Botany, New Series 18: 183-211.
Eriksen, R.L., Green, L.A. & Klein, A. S. (2016). Genetic variation within and among asexual populations of Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) in the Gulf of Maine, USA. 59(1): 1-12.
Figueroa, F.L., Aguilera, J. & Niell, F.X. (1995). Red and blue light regulation of growth and photosynthetic metabolism in Porphyra umbilicalis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 30: 11-18, 10 figs, 3 tables.
Frei, E. & Preston, R.D. (1964). Non-cellulosic structural polysaccharides in algal cell walls II. Association of xylan and mannan in Porphyra umbilicalis. Proc. Roy. Soc. London, Ser. B 160: 314-327.
Giraud, N. & Magne, F. (1968). La place de la méiose dans le cycle de développement de Porphyra umbilicalis. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D 267: 586-588.
Grubb, V. (1924). Observations on the ecology and reproduction of Porphyra umbilicalis (L) J. Ag.. Revue Algologique No 3: 1-12 (reprint nos).
Grubb, V.M. (1923). The attachments of Porphyra umbilicalis, (L.) J. Ag.. Annals of Botany 37: 131-140.
Gröniger, A., Hallier, C. & Häder, D.P. (1999). Influence of UV radiation and visible light on Porphyra umbilicalis: Photoinhibition and MAA concentration. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 437-445.
Gunawardena, P. & Williamson, F. B. (1981). Structure and composition of the cell wall, intercellular matrix and other cuticle of Porphyra umbilicalis (L.). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 568-572.
Hernández, I. (1996). Analysis of the expression of alkaline phosphatase activity as a measure of phosphorus status in the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) Kützing. Botanica Marina 39: 255-262.
Hilditch, C.M., Jones, P.B., Balding, P., Smith, A.J. & Rogers, L.J. (1991). Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylases from macroalgae - proteolysis during extraction and properties of the enzyme from Porphyra umbilicalis. Phytochemistry 30(3): 745-750.
Kraemer, G.P. & Yarish, C. (1999). A preliminary comparison of the mariculture potential of Porphyra purpurea and Porphyra umbilicalis. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 473-477.
Kurogi, M. & Sato, S. (1967). Effect of photoperiod on the growth and maturation of Conchocelis-thallus of Porphyra umbilicalis (l.) Kütz. and Porphyra pseudocrassa Yamada et Mikami. Bull Tohoku Reg Fish Res Lab No 27: 111-130.
Kurogi, M., Sato, S. & Yoshida, T. (1967). Effect of water temperature on the liberation of monospores from the Conchocelis of Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) Kütz. Bull Tohoku Reg Fish Res Lab No 27: 131-139.
Kylin, H. (1949). Über Porphyra umbilicalis und Porphyra laciniata. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets i Lund Förhandlingar 17: 1-3.
Liu, X.-W. & Kloareg, B. (1991). Tissue culture of Porphyra umbilicalis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). I. The effects of plant hormones on callus induction from tissue explants. C R Acad Sci 312(10): 517-522.
López-Figueroa, F. & Niell, F.X. (1989). Red-light and blue-light photoreceptors controlling chlorophyll a synthesis in the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis and in the green alga Ulva rigida. Physiologia Plantarum 76: 391-397.
Lüning, K. (2001). Circadian growth rhythm in Porphyra umbilicalis (Rhodophyta): spectral sensitivity of the circadian system. Journal of Phycology 37: 52-58.
Lüning, K., Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (1997). Diurnal and circadian periodicity of mitosis and growth in marine macroalgae. III. The red alga Porphyra umbilicalis. European Journal of Phycology 32: 167-173, 7 figs.
Pereira, R., Sousa-Pinto, I. & Yarish, C. (2001). Studies on the life cycle of Porphyra dioica and Porphyra umbilicalis from Portugal. J. Phycol. 37, suppl.: 40-41.
Quigley, C.T.C., Morrison, H.G., Medonça, I.R. & Brawley, S.H. (2018). A common garden experiment with Porphyra umbilicalis (Rhodophyta) evaluates methods to study spatial differences in the macroalgal microbiome. Journal of Phycology 54(5): 653-664.
Rees, T.K. (1940). A preliminary account of the life-history of Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) Ag.. Annals of Botany New Series 4(July): 669-672.
Royer, C.J., Blouin, N.A. & Brawley, S.H. (2018). More than meets the eye: regional specialisation and microbial cover of the blade of Porphyra umbilicalis (Bangiophyceae, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 61(5): 459-465.
Schramm, W. (1972). The effects of oil pollution on gas exchange in Porphyra umbilicalis when exposed to air. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 7: 309-315.
Shameel, M. (1978). Comparitive effects of pressure, temperature and oxygen tension on photosynthetic and respiratory rates in Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) J. Ag. Pakistan Journal of Botany 10: 119-131.
Teasdale, B.W. & Klein, A.S. (2010). Genetic variation and biogeographical boundaries within the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 53(5): 417-431.
Turvey, J. R. & Rees, D. A. (1958). The carbohydrate of red algae: Porphyra umbilicalis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 3: 74-75.
Turvey, J. R. & Williams, T. P. (1964). Sugar sulphates from the mucilage of Porphyra umbilicalis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 4: 370-373.
Van Tussenbroek, B.I. (1984). Effect of continuous unilateral irradiation on the conchocelis of Porphyra umbilicalis (L.) J. Ag. and some other red algae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 83: 263-274.
Wiencke, C. & Lüachli, A. (1983). Tonoplast fine structure and osmotic regulation in Porphyra umbilicalis. Planta 159: 342-346.
Wiencke, C., Knoth, A. & Stelzer, R. (1984). Changes of protoplasmic and vascuolar volume during osmotic adaptation and ion compartmentation in Porphyra umbilicalis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 11: 481-484.
Wiencke, C., Stelzer, R. & Läuchli, A. (1983). Ion compartmentation in Porphyra umbilicalis determined by electron-probe X-ray microanalysis. Planta 159: 336-341.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 March 2019.

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